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Memorandum referred to in the above letter. prizes, lo await the derision of boili governments, without, for Mr. Asher verbally coisinuniented to me tor zbe inlarortion of ever, pri vliging captures on either side. It appars also diat Mr. the President, that he had nerivedulispatches from his government Foster bad promised to communicate with sir George Prevust aud adressed as Ms. Fuster, catre (I bu live) about the 17th June, from to al vise lojn to propast four government au renvistice. width he was authorjeed to say that a real declaration Full

Sir Georg Prevost luas since proposed to geral Dearborn, at be *ne to this eu'nary, that the orilers in council. so far as zhes the songestion of Nr. Foster, a suspension of offensive operations affected the United States

, would lx. repealed on the first August, bis diul, in a futer which was trauiainitled try the general io the se to k nvivida dia- 1st May, 1813, unless the conduct of the Freuch cretary at war. A provisional agreement was elile red into between guvetnum au the result of the communications with the Ame- Rural Dearborn and col. Baynes, the British adjutant-general, naar geserment should be suck as, in the opinion of his majesty, bx arrof St. Presost's letter, that veitir party should att vffels to render their revival undecessary. Mr. Bitner morouver star 2 sivets, bufore the decision of our govt raruch should be lakta un that live orders would be revivers provided the American goveru- the subject. went did mod, wilbita fourteen days atsir this revived the otheiud Since my return to Washington, the document alluded to in Mr. declaration et their repeal, anoit Briliste arised sessis into their Fuster's dispatch, as finally decided on by the Britisi guvenir gores, and p an end to the restrierive easures which had grown ment, has bren landen? tu sue by Mr. Baker, with a remark, that But et ordeos in council.

its authenticity might be relied on. Mr. Bakar udderh, that it was The di parches authorising this eoramanication to the American not probable that the admiral at Halilax miglit agree likewise to gavetura ne espressly directed that it sluit be urade verlaky, a suspension of captures, though it did not professor appear to be Afr. Hacker did not consider himself as dib: rty in reduce it to writ- acquainted with his sentiments on that point. ing, erea in che forin of a note verbal, or proinevaoria, or to suiter

On mi consideration of all the circumstances which merit De to take a memorandum of his communication at the time in attention, the Prusick ut regnes that it is not in his jours to ace de Dude it, I underscoot from him that the dispriehrs but been open to the propuseni arrangement. The following are anong the prit ed by Mr. Foster at Haliti, ulo, in conseguende ufa cónversation cipal rasons which have produced this decision. he had with vice-astinitul Sawyer and sir Jolm Sherbruke, tiad au

Ist. The President has no power to susprend judicial procitd. thorised Mr. Baker to say, llant these gentleman would agree, as a ings on prizes. A capture, il lawiui, Vests a right, over ulsce le Treasure leading to a suspension of husiilitsess, that all enpturus ioade has no control. Nor could he prevent captures otherwise than by after a day to be fixel, should not be protredu against immedi- an indiscriminate rccal of the couunissons granted to our privateurs, stely, bul bedetainuu w await the future decision of the 160 go which he coudel 10 justily ander existing circunstancts. Veruinenes.--Mr. Foster had not seen sir George Protost, but had 2. The proposition is not made by the British goverunt, nor is written te lju by express, and did noe duube but that he words there any certainly dht it would be approved by it. The proposed agree to an arrangeurent for the temporary suspension of hiuso arrangeuvent, il actedet to, might not be overved by the British

officers berselves it their government, in consequence of the war, Mr. Baker also stated that he had received an authority Fronu ir soul give them iustructions of a different citaracter, even if tiky Foster te act as charge des atfaires, provide the American govern were given without a knowlulge of the arrangement. ment would receive lum in that character. for the purpose of eft

3d. No security is give, or proposedly as to the Lordinis, nor could ahling him officially to communicate the declaration which was to any be relied on. They have engaged in the war on the side of the be expected from the British govertuinent; his functiolis to be un British government, and are now prosecuting it with vigor, in their derstoud, course, as ceasing on the reneważ of hostilities. Trusual savage mode. This can only be restrained by forre, when plied, that althougli, lo xo general and informal a communicatiwin

, once kimose', and that fuiue iuas alieady been ordered out for that no answer might be ueressary, and certainly ny particular answer purpose expectedl, yesI was authorised to say, that the communication is 11. The proposition is not reciprocal, because it restrains the reerived with sincere satisfaction, as it is hoped that the spirit in Uniud Statra from acting where her power is greatest, and leaves which it was authorised by his government may lead to such für Great Britain at liberty, and gives las time to augment kur fureci ther coinmunications as will open the way, not only to an early in our wehborhoo. and satisfactory terruination of existi:g hostilities, but to that en 5th. That as 3 principal shject of the war is to obtain redress XXV aujantivent of all the differences whicla produced there, and against the British practice of impressment, an agrrement to sus that ser unent prale and solid friendship which onght to be mu- pead hostilitis, creu bufore tie British government is beard fra terly desired by both countries and which is sinerrely desired by that suljetty might be considered a relinquishment of that this. With this desire an authority was given to dir. Hissel on the claim. suljeet of an armistice as introductory to a final pacification, as tius ots. It is the nore objectionable, and of the less importance, in been made known to Mr. Fuserr, and the same desire will love felt on consideration of the instructions lueretofore given yoil, which it the feerique out the further and inre particular conmunications net by the British government, -y have alreads' priulucted the which are shortly to be expected with respect to the joint intima same result in a greater extent and more satisfactory for u. tion front Mr. Fuster and the British authorities at Raditax on the I might and, whattin declaration will is objectionabic in many subject of spending judicial proceedings in the case of maritime rspects, particularly the following. Capunts, to be accompanied by a suspensiou of military operas

ist. Because it aserts a rigin in the British government to restore tions. The authority given in Mr. Russel just alliked to, and of the orders in council, or any part thereof, to their full effect ou a which Mr. Foster was the bearer, is full proof of the solicitude of principle of retaliation on trimerwuler circumstamas vf salah the government of the United Sinets to bring about a pineral suisse alone is to judge ; a riglit wbieliilis guvernament cannot actinit, pension of hostilities on admissible urins, with a little delay as expecually in the exitu lieretufore chained, and seled ou by the possible. It was not to be douted, therefore, that an, other prac.

British government. ticable esperien for attaining a similar result would radily be concurred in. Uponelu most favorable consideration, however, which the 28th of April, 1811, hy which the repeal of the decree of Here

211. That the r pealisfoundedesclusively on the Fienels decrde of could be given to the ea perliest sugged through live, it did not lin and Milan, annonseed on the 5th of August, 1810, to the of appear to be redeeil de to any practically shape to which the exe-fict on the first of Novrinber, of that your at which time their cutive would love horised to give it the necessary sanctos, por puration actually createdly is disregardles, as are the clains of the jexleted is it protra'se that it it was bess liable to insuperable diffeul United States arising from the repeal on that day, even accurling to ties, tai it evuld have any mal rial erfect previous to the risult the Britista pledge. of the facilicadiance made by the governmeir, and which inuse, it'favorably received become operative 19:301 as any other arrang

3d. That even if the United States had no riglt to claim the re ne chat vull 1:09 b made. It was stated to Mr. Baker, that the peal of the British or less in council prior to the French dreso: 1 Presiden did nu, lebar existing circumstances, consilli i Mr. Fusche 28th of April, 1811, my botines there mulinication of that kort ter as desden! math the power of appointing a charge des autres ; to the British goverimot on the 20th of May, ut loc present year, but that we difficulty, jis point of form, would be made, as any an.

the British repeal ought to have borne date 16:1) that day, and beau pleatic coru wnications through lin, ur any other channel, would subject to none of the linitations atrached to it. be received wick aitention and respect.

These remarks on the dccderation of the Prince Regent, which

ar ikit purettet! with rigor, cur in the t'hll extent which they nught TIL SECOLTART OF STATE TO MR. NISSEL. Ix, are applicable to it, in macon to the state of things whicles Departner State, ditet 21, 1812.

isted before the determination of the Lost S:ates to resist the ag. [Extract). My last beturiu you wan of the site July, and was! Katssinns of the British government by war. By that detrruination forwarekod by the British packit, the Alaska, u odrede special piothorn lations tween the two countries have bern altogether chang. te tio of Mr. Baber. The objart oi' limit letrer, aidot the vient), and it is only by a termination of the Star, or by hicasares lead. queerling one of the 24th of June, 13s to invest you with powering wil by consent of both goceruments, that its talanities can to stipend by an armistice, on sweh Geir condicions al je was porio De cinelor mitigated. It is not how a question whether the devlesame could not be rejected, the operation of t!w wir which hati ration of the Prince Request is such as ought to bave proluced 23. Inen brought on the wed States by the injustice and violener of repeal of the non-insportation act, had war not been declarrel, le the Briusli gor: moment. It the momento the declaration of war. Surse, by the declaration of war, that question is supererur and the Presides were in the necessity which preduerel in looked the non-iimportation having been continued in force by congress, to its lammation and provide for it, and happy will it befor both an! xcorne a measure of war, and among the most eficient, it is countries, if the disposicion fielt, at the advance's made on liis no longer subject to the control of the executive in the site, and puit, are entertained aml met by the Britisla government in a simi- for the purpose for while it was adopted. Jarjisite You late bcu: infopined in Mr. Comham of lat passed in one out thet. By ripurling di orders in course without reiving the

The che caration, however, of the Prince Regedit will not l wilt lirte albuser from the city, isinn burrniew between Mr. Bakır'anit sociod of May 1876, or any other ille cal Wolaad, as is und bun. in seq!!! ner of a disputel toin the British government consulto be the case, it removes a great othstack to an aceminin da Mr. Fuitur, makaivet? at Ilalifor, just betörun wild for England, liul. This i'risidh me considers it an indication of a dispustion in and transmitere liy lim to Mr. Barnets relating to a propusted us the Batish goverment to accommorlate the matt reng which sul Jx11540s or repentil the Britislı order in concil: Yu! will have sist between he countries, and I am instrucud tuandire you that, Seen by the note toward 10 you hy vir. (sralan, of Mr. Baker's if suchoisposition really exists, and is pergrypusind in nulisuste communication to that Mr. luster had e'tuorised liini to state cd votlur objects, especially the import one of imprisilocut. 1.441 de commander oth Blotisi furus at Talitax would after a durhlorud happy peace aud reconciliation cannot tad w result

170 g" erston, alu a day to be fixee!, of the coudemmtun uluito

Letters of Mr. Russel tothe Secretary of Statc. ment of the United States furnish sufficient security against a y MN, NUSSEL TO MR. MOYROL.

I liave the bonor to be, with high consideration, sir, your assured obedient servant,

JONA. RUSSEL. London, June 26, 1812. SIR-I have the honor to hand to you, berein, an order of coun

The hon. Jartes Monroe, c. &c. c. cil of the 23d of this month, revoking the orders in council of the 7th of January 1897, and of the 25th of April 1999.

LORD CASTLERLAGH TO MR. RUSSEL. To this erre I have alded copies of two notes of the same date,

Foreign fire, June 29, 1812. from bord Castleruagh, accompanying the communication of it to Lord Castlereagh has the honor to acknowledge the recript of me, and also a copy of my answer.

Mr. Russel's communication of'the 25th inst. With great respect and consideration, I am sir, your very faithe That no mistake may prevail upon the explanation given in conful servant,


versation by lord Castlereagh to Mr. Russel, on the two points re. The huti. James Monroc.

ferral to in Mr. Russel's better, lorl Castlereagh beg, leave to re.

state to Mr. Russel, with respect to the blockade of May, 1:06, linat LORD CASTLEREAGA TO MR. RUSSEL.

in point of fact, this particular blockade has been discontinued for

a length of time, the general retaliatory blockade of the enemy's Foreign Ofice, June 23, 1812.

ports, established under the orders in council of November, 1807, SIR-I am commanded by the Prince Regent to transmit to you, having rendered the entorcement of it by his majesty's ships of war for foar information, the enclosed printed copy of an order in no longer necessary: and that his majesty's government has no inconincil, which his royal highness, acting in the name, and on the tention of recurring to this or w any other blockades of the enriny's behalf of his majesty, was this day pleased to issue, for the

revoca ports, founded upon the ordinary and accustomed principles of ma tinn (on the conditions therein specifiel) of the orders in council, ritime law, which were in force previous to the order in council, of die 7th of January, 1807, and of the 26th of April, 1800, so far without a new notice to neutral powers in the usual forn. a may regard American Versils and their cargoes, being Ainerican

With respect to the provision of the order of the 23d ist, which property from the 1st of August next.

refers to the admission of British ships ot' war into the harbors and I have the honor to be, with great consideration, sir, your most waters of the U. States, lorú Castk riagh informs Mr. Russel, that obedient humble servant, (Signed) CASTLEREAGH.

this claim is made in consequence or his majesty's ships being now 3. Rusic, : ớt, ớc. Ởc.

excluded, whilst those of the enemy are admitti d. It is the par.

tial admission of one of the belligerents, of which Great Britain LORD CAYTLEREAGH TO MR. RUSSEL.

feels hersell entitled to complain, as a preterence in favor of the

enery incompatible with the obligations of strict neutrality. Wire Foreign Office, June 23, 1912. the exclusion general, the British government would consider sich SIR-In communicating to your government the order in council a measure, on the part of America, as matter of discussion be of this date, revoking (under certain conditions therein specified) iween the two states, but not as an act of partiality of which they due of January 7th, 1807, and of April 26th, 1809, I am to rehad in the first instance a right to complaiu. qust that you will at the same time acquaint them that the Prince Lord Castlereagh avails lijmself of this opportunity to renew to Regent's ministers have taken the earliest opportunity, after the Mr. Russel the assurances of his high consideration. frsumption of the government, to advise his royal highness to the slaption of a measure grounded upon the docunient communicated

MR. RUSSEL TO LORD CASTLEREAGU. by you to this office on the 20th ultiino; and his royal highness bopes that this proceeding on the part of the British government may ac.

19, Bentinck-stiret, July 1, 1812. celerate a good understanding on all points of difference between Mr. Russel has the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the note two stati s.

of lord Castlereagh, dated the 29th ult. containing explanations re I shall be happy to have the honor of seeing you at the foreign lative to the two points referred to in Mr. Russel's note of the 20th office, at : o'clock to-morrow; and beg to apprize you that one of of that month and will take the earliest opportunity of communis his majesty's vessels will sail for America with the dispatches of the cating it to his government. government in the course of the present week.

Mr. Russel begs lease to avail himself of this occasion, to repeat
I have the honor to be, with great consideration, sir, your most tu lord Castlereagh che assurance of his high consideration.
otadient humble servant, (Sigued) CASTLEREAGH.
J. Russel, csq.bc.de.c.


London, 1st Sept. 1812. SIR-Yon will perceive by the enclosed copies of notes which 18, Bentinck-street, June 26, 1812. have passed between lord Castlereagh and ne, that the moderate. MY LORD-I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the aud equitable terms proposed for a suspension of hostilities, have two notes addressed to me by your lordship on the 23d of this month, been rejected, and that it is my intention wy return immediately to enebosing an order in council, issued that day by his royal highness thr U. States. the Prince Regint, acting in the name, and on the behalf of his My continuance here, after it has been so broadly intimated to Britannie majesty, for the revocation (on the conditions thereinspe. me by his lordship, that I am no longer acknowledged in my die cified) of the orders in council of the 7th of January, 1807, and of plomatic capacity, and after a knowleige that instructions are the 26th of April 1909, so far as niay regard American vessels and given to the British admiral to negociale an arrangement on the their cargoes, being American property, from the 1st of August other side of the Atlantic, woukl, in sny view of the subject, not

only be useless but in propper. In comingnicating this document to my government, I shall, with li is probable, however, that the vessel in which I propose to em rauch satisfaction, accompany it with the hopes which you state to bark will not take ber departure before the 15th or acth of this be entertained by his royal lighness the Prince Regent, that it may month. gecelerate a good understanding on all points of difference between I have the honor to be, with great consideration, sir, your inost the two states I am the more encouraged to believe that these obedient servant,

JONA. RUSSEL. hopes will not be disappointed from the assurance wbich your lord. To the hun. James Monroe, Ge. ship was pleased to give me, in the conversation of this morning; thar, in the opinion of your lordship, the blockade of the 16th of

MR. RUSSEL TO LORD CASTLERSATH. May, 1806, had wen merged in the orders in council, now revoked, and extinguished with them; and that no condition contained

Lmdon, August 24, 1812. in the onker of the 234 inst. is to be interpreted to restrain the go MY LORD-It is only necessary, I trust, to call the atten:son of vernment of the United States from the exercise of its right to exo your lordship to a review of the conduct of the government of the dud: British arnied vessels from the hariwrs and waters of the United States to prove incontrovertibly its usecasing anxiety to United States when ever there shall be special and sufficient cause maintain the relations of peace and friendsirip with Great Britain. fur so doing; or whenever such exclusion siwil, from a general poli. Its patience in suffering the many wrongs which it has received, ey, be extended to the armoed vessels of the enemies of Great Britain and its perseverance in endeavoring by amicable means to oltain re - This assurance I am happy to consider as evidence of a concili- dress, are known to the world. Despairing, ac longth, ofrecensing atory spirit which will a ford, on every other point of ditterence, this redress from the justice of the British government to which it an explanation equally frank and satisfactory,

bad so often applied in vain, and feeling that a further foriz"arance I am, my lord, with great consideration, your lordship's most would be a virtual surremier of interests and righus exst:ncial in the obrijent servant, (Signed)

JONA, RUSSEL. prosperity and independence of the natiou contid-d to its prt. The right hon. lord viscount Castlereagh, c.

tion, it has been compelled to discharge its high duty by ali appen MR. RUSSEL TO MR. MOXNOF..

While, however, it regards this course as the only one which reha

mained for it to pursue with a hope of preserving any portion of

London, July 2, 1912. that kind of character which constitutes the vital strength oi' every SIR-I avail myself of the opportunity afforded by the British nations, yet it is still willing to give another proolest the spirit whick paeket

, to transmit to you a copy of a note from lori Castlerengho has uniformly distinguished its proceedings, by seeking w airest, of the 29th ult. which I trust will put at rest the blockade of ou terms consistent with justice and honor, the calarities of' wart

It has therefore authorised me to stipulate with his Britannie some I acknowledge the receipt of this note, as you will observe by the jesty's government anarmisticc, 10 commence at or lufore the ex Enelor copy of my regry, witho!!! a comment:

piration of sixty days after the signature of the instrument provid. I did not think it us-fulto enter into a discussion, at this moment, ing for it, on rondition that the orders in council bxs. pogland concerning the legality of that blockade, which as no new coctrit no illegal blockades to be substitui to threeze, art chat onders live appears tube assumed, is made to depend on the fact, the applius immediately

given to discottinge te jasprassment of pursu: <timin tron of an adequate force.

Anerican vessels, and to restore the citics of the U. Salsaira Io like manner Uhave furborne to notice his lorilship's observa. dy impressed : it being cover will understood that the Britista tions concerning the exclusion from our ports, of British vessels of government will asset to enter in to definite arranged by the seat war. A: sach exclusion is required to accord with the obligations as may be out these nud every other difference, Irs'a (ints to be uf strict neutrality ody, tre conduct and character of the goverb. concluded either at luon or Washine tund, a> on an intens cup


to arons.



sideration of existing circumstances shall be deemed most expedie should desist from jus ancient and accustomed practice of impress As an jixincement to Great Britain to discontinue the practice of ply on the assurance that a law shall hereafter be passed to prohibit

Jing British seamen from the merchant ships of a forvign state, sim. impressment from American vessels, I am authorised to give assu- the employment of British sťamun in the public or commercial ser rances that 'a law shall be passed (to be reciprocal) to probibit the vice of that state. employment of British scaien in the public or commercial service The British government now, as heretofore, is ready to receive of the United States.

from the government of the United States, and amicably to discuss It is sincerely believed that such an arrangement would prove any proposition which professes to have in view either to check more efficacious in securing to Great Britain her samen than the abuse in the exercise of the practice of impressment, or to acconspractice of impressment so derogatory to the sovereign attributes plish by means, less liable to vexation, the object for which im of the United States, and so jucompatible with the personal rights pressment has litherto been found necessary; but they cannot con of their citizens.

sent to suspend the sercise of a right upon which the naval strength Your lordsluip will not be surprised that I have presented the of the einpire mainly depends, until they arr fully convinced that revocation of the orders in council as a preliminary to the suspen- meus can be devised, and will be adopted, by which the object to siou of hostilities, when it is considered that the act of the British be obtained by the exercise of that right can be effectually secured. government of the 23d of June last, ordaining that revucution, is I have the honor to be, sir, your most obe Sicut humble servant, predicated on conditions, the performance of which is rendered (Signed)

CASTLEREAGH. impracticable by the change which is since known to have occur

J. Russel, esq. c. c. br. red in the rations between the two countries. It cannot now be expected that the government of the U. States will imunediately on

MR. RUSSEL TO ORD CASTLEPEAGH. due notice of that act, revoke or cause to be revoked its acts ex. cluding fron the wat is and harbors of the U. States, all British

18, Bentinck-street, 13 September 1812. armed vessels, and interviicting commercial intercourse with Great

MY LORD-I have learnt, with much regret, by your lordship's Britain. Such a proudure would necessarily involve consequences

note, dated the 29th ult. which did not receive until this inor too unreasonable and extravagant

to be for a moment presumed. ing. that the Prince Regent has thought proper to decline to ao The order in council of the 23d of June last, will therefore, accord cude to the proposition for a suspension of hostilities, contained in ing to its own terms be pull and of no effect, and a new act of the my note of the 24th of August. British government, adapted to existing circumstances, is obviously

It has been matter of surprise to me that my view, with regard to required for the electual r’-peal of the orders in council of which the revocation of the orders in council of ihe 23d of Junr lust, the United States complain.

should have been considered to have been incorrect, when it appari The government of the United States considers indemnity for by your forrlship's note that the British goverument itself had derful injuries received under the orders in council and other edicts, viu.

ed it necessary to give powers to the British adıniral to stipulate Jating the rights of the American nation, to be incident to their for its tolletti-et, and thereby admitted that a new act was required repeal, and it believes that satisfactory provision will be made in

for that pnrposes the definite tr-aty, lo he hereafter n pociated, for this purpose.

It now only remains for me to announce to your lordship, that The conditious now offered to the Briush government for the it is my intention to embark immediately at Plymouth, on board tetmination of the war by an armistice as above stated, are so mo- the ship Lark, for the United States, and to request

that permission derate and just in themselves, and so entirely consistent with its may be granted, as soon as may be, for the enbarhalion of my serinterest and honor, that a contident hope is indulged that it will not vasits, baggage and the effects of this legation, and that the neers. hesitate to accep! them. In so doing it will windon no right; it sarpassports may be furnished for my own and their safe conduct will sacrifice no inurest; it will abstain only from violating the to that destination. rights of the U. States, and in return it will restore peace with the

I hvail myself of this occasion to apprize your lordship that I am power from whom in a trendly commercial intercourse so many ben Gaunt Beasely, esq. as its agent for prisoners of war in cui

authorised by the government of the United States to leave Reue Your lordship is undoubtedly aware of the serious dificulties with country, and to d-sire that every necessary facility may be affaded which a prosecution of the war, tvers for a siiort periud, must be him in the exercise of that trust, by the British government. cessarily cmbarrass all future atleropts at accoinmorlation. Passions

1 bave the honor to be, my lord, your lordship's most obedient exasperated by injuries alliances or conquests on tetuis which for humble servant, bid their abandonment will inevitably hereafter embitter and pro


JONA. RUSSEL tract a contest which might now be su easily and happily teruje

The right non. lord viscount Castiercagh, C.
Deeply impressed with these truths, I cannot but persuade my-

MR. RUSSEL TO MR. MONROE. sell that his royal highness the Prince Hugent, will take into his

London Sept. 3, 1812. early consideration the propositions lat rein nade on behalf of the SIR-I enclose nerein a copy of a note received yesterday from United States, and decide on them in a spirit of' consideration and lord Castlereagh which will acquaint you that I have oinainen nig justice.

passports to return to the United States, and that Mr. Beasily is I have the honor to be with high consideration, my lord, your permitted to remain as agent for prisoners of war. lordship's most obedient servant,

Immediately on demanding my passport I addressed to the con(Signed)

JONA. RUSSEL. suls a circular, of which you will also find a copy enclosed. To the right hon.lord viscount Castlerragh, c.

The Swiftsure packet suled on the 31st of last month from Fat

month for America, and it is very probable that she takes out inLORD CASTLEREAGI TO MR. NUSSEL.

structions, suggested by the overture made bete, bom there is no

reason to believe that they can be of a patute to satisty the Uniund

Foreign Ofice, August 29. States. SIR-Alhongh the diplomatic relations between the two governo I have the honor to be, with great consideration, sir, your faitliful vients have been terminated in a declaration of war on the part of and obtient servant,

JON.A. RUSSEL. the U. Suates, 1 bave rolosinta under the peculiar circumstances The hon. Janies Monroe, c*c. of the case, and the authority unuler which you act, to submit to the Pruce Regentille propasition contained in your letter of the 24th

LORD CASTLEREAGA TO MR. RISSEL. inst. for a suspension of hostilities.

Foreign-Office, September 2, 1812. From the period at which your instructions must have been issued, it is obvious that this overture was determined upon by the letter of the ist instant, in which you announce your intention to

SIS-I have laid before his royal highness the Prince Rrgent, your government of the U. Slates, in istorance of the orier in council embark immediately ai Plymouth on board the ship Lark, for the of the 2.34 of June last, and as you inform me that you are not at United States. jiberty to depart from the conditions sul forth in your leterr, it only remains for me to acquaint you that the Prince Regent i els him. order for protection of that ship as a cartel, on bar voyage to Ami

I have alivady had the honor of forwarding to you an admiralty self under the necessity of clining to acecele to the proposition vica, and herewith enclose to you a passport for the fret enherka therein contained, as being on various grounds absolut«ly inadmissi- tion of yourself and family, in conforunity to your request. I he ble. As soon as there was reason to apprehend that Mr. Foster's func to the commissioners of the customs, to give every facility to the

lords commissioners of his majesty's creasury will issue directions Lions miglit have teaser in Americil

, and that he might have been embarkation of your effects. obliged to witheraw himsell, ir: con quence of war having been declared, from the U.States, Infore the alwernemioned order of the to me any particular manner in which I can facilitate your arra..ig

if, previous to your departure from England, you can point out. 234 of Janne, anche instructions consequent thereupon could have ments, I beg that you will command my services: reached hini, incasures were taken for authorising the British ada mural on the American station, to propose to the government of informatiou of your governmen, that there will be no difficu ty.

His royal righness has commander me to signify to you for the the U.States, an immediate a: ad reciprocal revocation of all hostile allowing Mr. Reuleni Gaunt Beastly, as stated in your litt, to orders with the trader of giving till effect, in the event of hostili- reside in this couutis, as the United States agent for prisoners of ties being discontinued, to the provisions of said order, upon the conditions throit. siweitied. From this statement you will perceive that the view you have sideration, sir, your most olovieut'humble server

I have the honor to subscribe myself, with great truth and con. taken of this part of the subjec is incorrect; and that in the pre


CASTLEREAGH. sunt statr of the relations between titlucou tries, the operation of the orier of the 23d of June an only be defeated by a refusal on

J. Rược, cs4 pc. Ức. Jr.
the art of your govor mind to desist front hostilities, or to com.
ply with the conditions expressed in tbe said urrier.

Uuder the cireumstances of your having no powers to nerociate,
I most ici entering into a pictate de tension of the propositions Gentlemen of the Senate, and of the Assembly,

I cammi, huwever, tviraill, or one single point, froin

expressing my surprise in that as a comitioru promovarea to gislature, a declaratior; of war was officially announc

A few days after the last adjournment of the le. should have thought tit tu demand, that the British government ed by the United States against the United Kingdom


of Great Britain and Ireland, and its dependencies. In the attack on Queenston, however, and in the af. The great exposure of a vast range of our southern, fair of Brownston, prior to the surrender of Detroit, northern and Western frontier to annoyance from the and on various other occasions, the army, and milienemy, and to the depredations of savages in alli- tia have invariably exhibited the deliberate and unance with them, rendered the proclamation of hos-daunted bravery of veterans. tilities, during the recess of the legislature, an event I beg leave respectfully to recommend to your conpeculiarly interesting to the citizens of this state, sideration the propriety of making suitable provi. and imposed upon the executive a paramount duty sions for the families of those officers and soldiers to apply the resources which the foresight and libe- of the militia of this state who have been disabled, rality of the legislature had placed at my disposal, or who have fallen in the battle of Queenston. in such manner as not only to provide a security for It has not been usual to protract the November the property and lives of the inhabitants of the fron-meeting of the legislature beyond the time required tiers, but also to subserve the national will, by fa- to discharge the important trust of designating elec. cilitating the operations of the general government tors of President and Vice President of the United for a vigorous prosecution of the war as the most States; but an imperious duty requires that the case certain means of bringing it to a speedy and honora. of John Bowman, convicted of the crime of murder ble termination. My endeavors to accomplish these before Mr. Justice Thompson, at the last court of objects, have been generously seconded the ofli- oyer and terminer, held in the county of Herkimer, cers and soldiers of the militia.

be submitted to your attention inmediately. The offiIt was to be feared, whilst Great Britain held, not cial communication of the presiding judge is now only the dominion of the ocean, but was permitted delivered. The unequivocal guilt of the convict on to maintain an undisputed supremacy on the lakes the one hand, and his tender yeara on the other, make also, that the burthen of the militia of this state in your duty, with respect to him, extremely delicate the first campaign of the war, would be extremely and responsible. This is the only matter of extraorarduous. Accordingly, most of the detached mili- dinary nature which I shall, at present, press upon tia, together with a considerable number of inde- your notice. Should you, however, be disposed to pendent, uniform and volunteer companies, have devote attention, during the present session, to been called into actual service, cither at New-York, other subjects, upon the intimation of that intention, Buffalo, Lewistown, Niagara, Oswego, Sacket's Har- I shall do myself the honor of furnishing you, by bor, Ogdensburg, or Plattsburg, or in the frontier special message, a detailed statement of the arrangetowns between those places. It affords me great sa- ments and proceedings which have been adopted subtisfaction, however, to inform you, that it is con- sequently to the declaration of war. In the mean fidently expected that the appropriation made in June time, I cannot refra n from seizing the earliest oplast to meet the emergency of invasion or war, will portunity of suggesting some imperfections which be adequate to defray all the expences hitherto in- experience has pointed out in the existing mode of curred on the part of the state.

detaching militia for public service, that the applicaIn reflecting upon the events and consequences of tion of suitable remedies may be the subject of your the war, from its commencement to the present peri- reflections during the recess of the legislature. od, we find more cause of exultation than could rea All persons above the age of forty-five years, sonably have been expected, considering the pacific amongst whom it is to be presumed the greatest structure of our national government, the enjoyment portion of wealth is distributed, and a great variety of nearly thirty years peace, the smallness of our na-lof persons under that age, are exempt from militavy, the very limited number of our regular and dis. ry duty altogether in time of peace, and there is no ciplined troops, and a temporary deficiency of many provision which subjects them to any contribution mumtions. Nearly as great proportion of homeward or duty in time of war. Besides, the penalty for the bound merchantmen have escaped capture as has disobedience of those who are liable to military duty, been customary during the last three or four years and who are detached for actual service, is pecuniaof peace. The market for the produce of the farmer ry only; and the fine is neither appropriated to the has experienced an unexpected and unusual rise, in- benefit of those whose circumstances de not enable stead of a depression. Upon the ocean and the lakes, them to evade actual service in that way, nor to prowherever our gallant tars have come in contact with vide substitutes for those who neglect to pay the the enemy, their conduct has given lustre to the Ame- penalty. The consequence is, that an afluent porrican character ; and in some instances, their achieve-tion of the community do not participate in the danments bare been brilliant beyond example. It can-gers and burthens of service at all, and many of the not but be expected that the general government, most wealthy of those who may be detached, avoid impressed with the propriety, the justice, and the taking the field by the payment of a trifling amount, indispensible necessity of yielding more ample pro- scarcely exceeding the value of the requisite clothtection to our commerce, and of rendering the Ame- ing and equipments to fit a soldier for service; whilst ricia nation more formidable in war, will increase our the more indigent, perhaps with young families to naval establishment to the extent warranted by the support, are alone subject to the sacrifices of supresources and spirit of the nation.

porting the government and defending the lives and Although the surrender of the north-western ar- property of their fellow-citizens, and receive a commy is greatly to be deplored, and tended to increase pensation, which, in comparison with their earings at the difficulties which the militia of this state have home, is but a mere pittance. Every principle of had to encouriter, and retard the operations of go- policy and justice requires, that some other system vernment ; and although the attack on Queenston be devised, by which the hardships and perils of de did not eventuate propitiously; yet it cannot for a fending the country shall be more equitably diffusmoment be doubted, that the issue of the contest will ed. be glorious to our country. Reverses were to be ex- Gentlemen, pected in the first outset of inexperienced troops. Notwithstanding differences of opinion upon a vaThese have originated, not in a want of valor in our riety of local and other subjects may exist amongst soldiers or of resources in our country, but in the us, yet in the propriety of respecting, and of yield. mavoidable difficulties, under existing circumstan-ing our exertions to support the national will, conces, of directing the one, and developing the other, stitutionally expressed, and to preserve the rights, m a sudden emergency, with the greatest advantage. 'honor and character of the American nation unim

paired, we must all heartily concur. Inspired by one who killed the innocent traveller-my heart is these sentiments, our united efforts, under the smiles straight, and not for any more bloodshed. I would of Providence, cannot but be honorable to ourselves, rather bury and forget all and begin anew, if this and conducive to the lasting happiness and prosperi- should be agreeable to our father the president of the ty of our beloved country:

United States. I request you to send this talk to our DANIEL D. TOMPKINS. father the President. I also request you, our father, Albany, November 3, 1812.

the agent of the Chickesaws, to try and recover the

property of our two distressed hunters, which was The following letter from judge Thompson to his er. taken from them by the whites, of which I have giv

cellency the governor, was the only document or pa- en you a list some time past: they are in very great per accompanying the speech.

distress, being robbed of their clothes and other Albany, November 1, 1812. articles. SIR-Ata court of oyer and terminer, held in and We, the chiefs and warriors of the Cherokees, for the county of Herkimer in September last, a boy representatives of all the Cherokees west of the by the name of John Bowman was convicted of the Mississippi, on the one part, and the great memurder of a female child between four and five years al Mingoes Pukshunnabee and Mushoolatubbee of age. The murder was perpetrated in June, 1811, or Tootumastubbee on the part of the Choctaws, at which time the convict was but little more than agrce : nine years of age. He was sentenced for execution 1st. That there shall henceforth be perpetual on the fourth day of December next. This distant peace between the two nations; that all past differday was appointed for his execution, principally for ences and animosities shall cease, and that the conthe purpose of affording an opportunity of having tracting parties shall also mutually endeavour to his case submitted to the consideration of the legis- preserve peace between themselves and all other lature. I have not thought it necessary to report to nations. your excellency the testimony given upon the trial, 2d. It is hereby agreed between the contracting as I entertained no doubt of the propriety of the parties, that if any murder should hereafter be conconviction. If a particular detail of the evidence is mitted by any Cherokee or a Choctaw, or by any requested, it shall be furnished without delay. I Choctaw or a Cherokee, the guilty person alore shall shall at present only state generally, that the proof be held answerable and suffer for the crime, and that against him was clear and conclusive, to establish no innocent person shall suffer; and the said contract. This guilt. Whether, however, considering his ten- ing parties furthur agree and pledge themselves, and der years, it would not be expedient to arrest his ex- respective nations, that from henceforth retaliation of ecution, by an exchange of punishment, is a ques- murder on innocent person's shall forever cease and tion well worthy the consideration of the legislature. be abolished, any custom to the contrary notwithThe propriety, therefore, of a communication to standing. them on the subject, is respectfully submitted to 3d. The Chickasaws as witnesses to this agree.' your excellency. I am, with due respect, yours, &c. ment, request to be made parties and on principles


of reciprocity do hereby enter into the same obligaTo his excellency the governor.


Done at the council house in the Chickesaw counIndian Treaty.

try this nineteenth day of September, in the year one

thousand eight hundred and twelve, in witness where The following, is perhaps, the first instance in which of we have hereunto set our hands and seals. the aboriginals of our country have formally re

Richard Fields nounced to each other, the principle of general

John Pitchlynn Interpreters. retaliation, and is recorded as an important item

James Colbert. in the history of this people.

(Signed) Runnutoo 4 talk from a great medal Mingo of the Choctaw


Lower Towns.

Council House, Chickesaws, 20th September, 1812.

Tootumastubboe, Great Medal chief of the Choc-

Toutumastubbee, taws observed that he had but a short talk to give,


Chickasaw. and it shoull be a true one. Some white warriors

George Colbert, had killed one of the peaceable Choctaw hunters in

In presence of James Robertson, V. States agent the Chickesaw country, their common hunting to the Chickasaw's, Silas Dinsmoor, United States ground; that his brother wept for the loss : and the agent to the Choctaw's ; Hardy Perry, Charles Frafoolish, hasty Choctaw killed a lonely innocent tra- zer, John L. Mizell, James Pitchlynn, James Gunn. veller. The headmen do not approve of this conduct...Our agent demanded the life of the murder

Swedish Diet. er on account of his retaliating on the innocent, contrary to our stipulation by treaty; the council Speech of the Crown Prince to the deputies of the granted his request, but to gratify the family he be estates, and their dismissal, the 18th of August, longs to, we have postponed the execution of him 1812. tiil we know whether the whites will punish the ag

To the Knighthoorl and Nobility. gressor, as the Choctaw killed was perfectly innocent Good gentlemen of the knighthood and Nobility. of any bad intentions ; hunting on his own hunting The assembly of the kingdom, which has now ground, the Choctaw and Chickesaw countries being arrived at its conclusion, will be remarkable in the common to both nations for the purpose of hunting ; annals of our country. Notwithstanding that the and being at peace with all nations, were not appre- din of arms resounds from the Dwina to the banks of hensive of any danger, and least of all from their bro- the Tagus,-notwithstanding the animosity of sone thers the white people ; being so far from their settle- of our neighbors, your consultations have rendered ments they did not expect they would be hunting themselves remarkable by that coolness which is al enemies there : but if the white people will punish ways the proof of valor and justice, the person who trespassed on our hunting ground by The or:lers of knighthood and nobility have nbkilling one of our men, we are bound to kill the tained fresh claims to their king's respect and trend

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