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Evils from a Prize in the Lottery. fit down without a caution, which de- for use, and new acquaintances of no use prived them of all ease; and tables which at all; to drink wines which do not agree were screened, by strict laws, from the with one's stomach, and to eat of dishes profane touch of a naked hand,

which one does not know the use of. We Our discoveries had now no end. We had likewise our card-parties, where iny found that tea was not so hurtful to the wife and I soon learned all the fashionable nerves when drank out of a silver tea-pot, games. How we played, I snall not say, and, some how or other, the milk and the but we discovered in no long time, that it sugar derived certain new qualities, from was nut Whitechapel play. being contained in vessels of the fame me My two children, you may suppose, tal. I had saved some pounds of my best did not escape the general metamorphosis; candles from the general sale, as I thought the boy was dispatched to Eton Ichool, I could use my own goods cheaper than, to be brought up with the children of if I bought them of a Itranger, who would other people of fortune, but the girl was of course treat me like a gentleman. But kept at home to see life, and a precious lack-a-day, my wife's lungs were imme- life we led. The inorning was the molt diately fo affected by the smell of the tal- innocent part of it, for we were then low, that I was obliged 10 consign my fast alleep; and yet, Sir, you cannot think wares, the work of my own hands, to how difficult it was to cast off old cufthe use of the servants, and order wax toms, for I frequently awoke at lịx or lights in their place.

seven o'clock, and would have got up, You have now seen me removed from bad not my wife reminded me that it was Whitechapel to Palace-yard, my house unfashionable, and asked, “What must new furnished in a fashionable style, as the servants think?"-Aye, Sir, and even handsome and as useless as money could she, with all her new quality, would purchase. I had hopes I might now be sometimes discover the old leaven of at rest, and enabled to pursue my old Whitechapel. One night, when a lady plans, and was one night stepping out in said the believed it would rain, my wife iearch of some friendly public-house, answered, perhaps it mought. Another where I might smoke my pipe as ustral, time, on seeing a great man go to the and enjoy the luxury of talking politics, House of Lords, although the had with and eating a Welsh rabbit, but no such her at that moment one of the first people thing could be permitted. What! a nian of faihion in the Broad Sanctuary, the of my standing linoak tobacco! Smoak- exclaimed, “ There's a go!" ing was a vulgar, beastly, unfaihionable, Pride, however, will have a fall. vile thing. It might do very well for Grandeur must one day or other expire in Whitechapel, or the Tower Hamlets, but the rocket. My wife was now seized with would not be suffered in any genteel part a very strange disorder, the nature of of the world. And, as for checte, no which I cannot better explain, than by cheese was fit to be brought to table hut saying, that the lott the uie of both her Parmesan, or perhaps a little Chethire feet and legs, and could not go out unless ftewed in claret.

Fie, husband, how in a carriage. This was the more extracould you think of tobacco and Welth ordinary, because, when at home, or even rabbits: I am absolutely ashamed of you: on a vilit, she never could fit a minute in at this rate we might as well have been one place, but was perpetually running living at Whitechapel."

up and down.

She threw out broad To do my wife justice, however, as hints, therefore, that a carriage must be the deprived me of the pleasure of seeing had, and a carriage therefore was procompany out of doors, the took care to cured; but mark the consequences, two provide me with a sufficient number of fervants were added to our former munvisitors. There were Mifters and Mif- her. To be fure, every body must have treffes, Masters and Milles, from all parts a coachman and tcotman. One busineís of St. Margaret's and St. John's parillies, was now, to use our homely phrase, “ as none of which I had the finallett previous good as done," and wirat little the town acquaintance with; but my wife always left, was fully accomplished by a visit to maintained, that seeing company was the Brighton, and another to Tunbridge. mark of fashionable lite, and things had Here, Sir, is a blank in my history, proceeded now too far for me to raise ob- which I shall fill up no otherwise than by jections. Indeed one day drove another out informing you, that I took the advaniage of my head, and I began to be reconciled of an Insolvent act, and by the asistence to fashionable life. I thought it mighty of some friends, who did not delert me pleasant to have new furniture too good when I deserted them, I am once more


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Perfection of the Chinese Government.

• 165 quietly set down in my old shop, com There is no mystery. The plain cause pleatly cured of my violent fit of gran- is, that the government of China is deur. I am now endeavouring to repair founded on the model of that of heaven, my affairs as well as I can, but I cannot in which there is no church and state, no hold my head fo high. They are perpe. property government. tually asking me at the club, - What my Pray explain the emperor :t'other end of the town friends would He indeed is no deity, except in power. have said in such and such a cafe?" and He may be a tyrant; but a country, conas I go to church on Sundays, I fome- taining three hundred millions of souls, times hear the neigbours saying,

is ro wide, that his tyranny is comparathere goes the man that got the prize.' tively small, and felt only by a few rich Wherefore, Sir, for the benefit of all people round him, a few ambitious men, fuch unfortunately lucky men as myself, who chule to trample the flippery ice of I hope you will give this a place in your

fortune. Magazine. I am, Sir, your very hum Setting the emperor aside, I fay the ble fervant,

DAVID Dip. government of China resembles the pe-Whitechapel High-street,

petual aristocracy of heaven, in that raMarch 10, 1798.

dical point, that it is regulated by MIND only.

It is a mere LITERARY government, For the Monthly Magazine.

in which the skilful, (a perpetual and inT HAVE been lately occupied with the defeatible law of nature) 'conduct and 1 perusal of the recent accounts of guide the ignorant. Chinz, by Sir GEORGE STAUNTON, and

Their schools and colleges, instead of Mr. ANDERSON. The first is too ver- ripening fools into eloquent senators, or bole; but both are interesting. Some pedantic clergy, are dedicated to instruct confiderations naturally arise, of high im- youth in the united practical sciences of portance to human fociety.

morals and politics. A man is promoted I do not find that I have discovered in exact proportion to his merit and from either works, the state of pro- knowledge. The exaninations are pubperty in China; though no topic can be lic: and no influence is, or can be used. more interesting. Are the estates large, There is a rabbinical fable of a reor small? Is the inheritance firm and le- bellion in heaven. It is impoflible. Pure cure? These are questions not answered. incorporeal minds must feel their own We only know that there is no hereditary gradations. Even on earth, the men of nobility and that large estates, if such greatest genius are always the most moexist, can bestow no fort of influence, or deft; because they are most conscious of political power. There is no church and the abilities of others, and of their own Rate: there is no property governinent defects. An angel must see, by one Yet I have heard of some distant coun

g‘ance of intuition, whether he be inferior tries, not far from Terra Incognita, in ox fuperior, in the grand progressive scale which it is said, that church and Itate of existence. muft ftand or fall together; nay, the

In China, government is as it ought clergy gravely toast, CHURCH and flate, to be, a province alloted only to tried while the French were content with a

A man proceeds, in proportion less preposterous order of words, l'Etat to his learning and justice, from a finall et l'Églije.

otice to a greater. A Chinese will laugh In the same countries, it is said, that at the idea of alloting even the meanett property is the natural and just founda- fare in government to a raw college stufion of power; and that a man will serve dent, or å teinplar. bis country in proportion to the stake he

I repeat, therefore, that the amazing bas in its welfare. Good heavens! what duration of the Chinese einpire, its unifools these Chinese are ! Their govern, veriál cultivation, stupendous population, ment is a government without church and unexampled prosperity and liappiness of kate, a government in which property is its inhabitants, its contempt of foolish a political cypher-luch a government wars, &c.* in short, every thing the cannot stand a dozen years. It has food five thousand years : an:

* No foreign conquest has ever affected bas fien all the eminent einpires and re- the internal yovernment of China, because publics tile and fall.

it is founded oa MIND, is regular as the uriWbat is the cause of this unaccount- versal laws of morality, immutable as truth, abie inyery?

eternal as fincere.


166 Mr:. Webber on Mrs. Langhans's Monument. exact retuerfe of all other states, ancient nument to vanity in a country village, and modern,--all, all, arise froin one became paffionately enamoured of the fimple cause :

curate's wife, a beautiful woman in the Its government is the exact reverse of mot prime of life, and that, a deeply conothers, because it is the province of men of cerned witness of her untimely death, he letters; because it is the sacred prerogative thought of immortalizing at once, his of MIND cnly; while most others are aban- tenderness and her deplorable fate. doned to court intriguesto the wickedness Permit me, Sir, to contradict those and ignorence of men of rank and property two stories, equally founded on truth. -to tygers, sometimes called warriors, Mrs. Langhans was truly beautiful, and Sometimes styled heroes

midiot favourites of the most amiable disposition ; but the bereditary jlupidity-the yellow fever of tender sympathy for the grief of an inconcorruption--brutal force and terror-ond solable husband, the unanimous prayers the worit of all plagues, perverse, ignorant, of a flock by whom the curate and his Profligate ministers, who in China would wife were sincerely beloved, and who rebe burned, if they aspired to the lowest rank warded the labours of the artist, deterof Mandarins.

Z. mined, alone, Mr. Nahl, a Pruffian fculp

tor, to exert his great talents on this To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

mournful occasion. The love of truth,

and the tender care for the sacred memory SIR, IT has often been the misfortune of the elemente relation,, much eftermed and re: writers of travels to deceive their rea

spected, prompt nie to defire you ders, by magnifying, in the liveliness of

this letter in your Magazine. their imagination, the objects they de

I will not attempt a description of this fcribe; or to be themselves deceived by monument, fo often given in many Engthe idle tales of the Ciceroni in Italy, and lifh bcoks of travels, and known by a in other countries by those of the vaicts fine French print, and an English one de place who generally accoinpany them. after it; both, it muft be confefied, give I have lately met with two instances of the

a very inadequate idea of it. If, then, errors into which the travellers were led some amateurs of arts, after the reading by the universal love of mankind for the of this letter, and of the various accounts wonderful. Give me leave, Sir, to cor

of travellers, would wish to see its ori. rect them in your interesting Magazine. ginal model, made by the ftatuary him. Pretending to know more than is com

is my monly known in England about the hif very willingly gratify their curiosity. tory of the fo justly famous Mrs. Lang

I am, Sir, your humble servant,

ELIZABETH WEBBER. hans's monument, at Hindelbank, near Berne, Dr. Smitu* attributes its ori

. No. 8, Mount-fireet, Berkley-square, gin to fome revengeful feelings in Mr.

13th Dec. 1797. Nahl, the sculptor, who thought himself

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. disgraced by the painting and gilding the

SIR, .family of D'E----, had caused to be

G, in answer to N.'s question redaubed over the Superb mausoleum he had erected to one of their relations in the

" coinmunion of saints," has, after a same cliurch. The learned Dr. will, I hope, give credit to a native of Berne, protestant divine, given only a partial and niece of Mrs. Langhans, when the ancient creed, referred by the tradition

. This afferts, that he knows, and has written of the church to the apostles themselves, even more than what is commonly known in Switzerland, and in the family of this comprizes one of the leading dogmata of lady. The anecdote with which he has express, according to B. G.'s quotation

the catholic religion : it does not merely amuled his readers is as fabulous, though from Archbishop Secker, " that communot so much sentimental, as that of nion of benevolence, kind offices, instrucMAYERT.

He has feigned that the statuary, while tion, and edification, which should be he was occupied in erecting a superb mo

among all good christians ;” but as a

point of the orthodox creed, acknowledged * Vol. iii. p. 176.66 Tour, on the Continent by the fathers of the church, further im. in 1786 and 1787," &c.

plies, that the faithful on earth commu† “ Tableau Hiftorique, Politique et Philo- nicate, or are in communion with the Sophique de la Sije," p. 22, lettre xx. de angels, and saints in heaven. It has in. Berne.

deed been the general belief of Christians



Communion of Saints..... The Enquirer, No. XV. 167 from the time of the apostles, that there Rome, successor of St. Peter, vicar of is immediately within the divine presence, Jesus Christ


Earth." besides the hosts of angels, a fociety, or Your correspondent N. in propofing community of patriarchs, prophets, mar his question, had probably fome doubts tyrs, and other holy persons *, who, in respecting the consistency of the English their state of glory, still fympathize with church, which obliges its members, durthe faithful below, under their manifold ing divine service, Tolemnly to repeat the trials; allisting, and comforting them in catholic profession of faith, and yet, in various ways, or presenting their prayers, reality, condemns, or rejects *, the prins and intercecing for them with the divine cipal articles of it. majesty.

Feb. 22, 1798.

R. M. The communion of saints, and also the nature of the intercourse which fubfifts between the saints of the triumphant;

THE ENQUIRER, No. XV, heavenly church, and members of the

WHAT IS EDUCATION ? suffering church, or purgatory, and those HE other I a visit to a of the church militant on earth, is explained, anı at the same time enforced as greatly my superior in fortune, I have an indispensable article of belief, by the long been in habits of an easy intimacy. followig decree of the council of Trent. He rose in the world by honor in. The holy fynod commands all bishops, dustry; and married, rather late in life, and all others who have the charge and a lady to whom he had been long‘attachcare of teaching, diligently to instruct the ed, and in whom centered the wealth of faithful: first, concerning the intercef- several expiring families. Their earnest fion and invocation of saints; and con wish for children was not immediately terning the honouring of reliques; and gratified. At length they were made the lawful use of images, according to happy by a son, who, from the moment the practice of the catholic and apostolic he was born, engrossed all their care and church, received from the primitive ages attention. My friend received me in his of Christianity, and according to the con- library, where I found him bufied in sent of the holy fathers, and the decrees of turning over books of education, of which the holy councils ; teaching them that the he'had collected all that were worthy nosaints now reigning, together with Christ, tice, from Xenophon to Lecke, and from do offer their prayers to God for meni Locke to Catharine Macauley. As he that it is good and profitable to invoke knows I have been engaged in the busithem with humble lupplicatior, and to ness of instruction, he did me the honour fly to their prayers, aid, and alsistance, to consult me on the subject of his refor the obtaining the benefits of God, searches, hoping, he said, that, out of all through his son Jesus Christ, our Lord, the systems before him, we should be able who is our only Redeemer and Saviour.” to form a plan equally complete and com

Whoever, therefore, in repeating the prehensive ; it being the determination of creed, serioully professes his faith in the both himielf and his lady to chuse the is communion of faints," must believe best that could be had, and to spare neinot only the above statement respecting it, ther pains nor expence in making their but likewise pledges his belief in the pre- child ail that was great and good. I gave ceding articie, " the holy catholic him my thoughts with the utmost freechurch ;" by which is underifood, in the dom, and after I returned home, threw opinion of good Chriftians, founded on upon paper the obtevations which had the authority of ancient divines †, " the occurred to me. focicty of the faithful, who are united by The first thing to be considered, with the profesion of the same faith, and by respect to education, is the obje&t of it. a participation in the same facraments, This appears to ine to have been generally under the authority of legitimate pastors, misunderftcod. Education, in its largest whole visible head is the pope, bihop offense, is a thing of great fcope and extent:

It includes the whole proceis by which a * Revelations, chap. 4. 6, 7. 20, &c. Juman being is formed to be what he is, Compare, “ St. Cyprian de Mortaiit." " diri

in babits, principles; and cultivation of b. os. de Vidros." . Augustin de Civitate, lib. X. cap. 9."

every kind. Bui of this a very imail t" $. Furnerd. ep 113.” “Cyprian. Lib.

part is in the power even of the parent de Uniät. Lulus." " Auguftin. Lib. de Vera Pelog.cop sund. 7." &c. &c.

* Articles of taie Church of England, 22. MOAT:LY MAG, XXIX.



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The Enquirer, No. XV. IVhat is Education?

himself; a sinaller still can be directed by your son : his tastes will be formed by purchased tuition of any kind. You your present situation, and in no degree engage for your child masters and tutors by your former one. But I take great at large salaries, and you do well, for care, you will say, to counteract these they are competent to instruct him ; they tendencies, and to bring him up in hardy will give him the means, at least, of ac and simple manners. I know their value, quiring science and accomplishments; and am resolved that he ihall acquire no but in the business of education, properly other. Yes, you make him hardy ; that so called, they can do little for you. Do is to say, you take a country-house in a you afk then, what will educate your son ? good air, and make him run, well clothed Your example will educate him; your and carefully attended, for, it may be, conversation with


friends i the an hour in a clear frosty winter's day business he sees you transact; the likings upon your gravelled terrace; or perhaps and dillikings you express; these will you take the puny shivering infant from educate him---the society you live in his warnı bed, and dip him in an icy cold will educate hiin; your domestics will bath, and you think you have done great educate him, above all, your rank and fi- matters. And so

you have'; you have tuation in life, your house, your table, done all you can. But you were suffered your pleasure-grounds, your hounds and to run abroad half the day on a bleak your itables will educate hiin. It is not heath, in weather fit and unfit, wading in your power to withdraw him from the barefoot through dirty ponds, sometimes continual influence of these things, except losing your way benighted, scrambling you were to withdraw yourself from them over liedge's, climbing trees, in perils also. You speak of beginning the educa- every hour both of life and limb. Your tion of your son. The moment he was life was of very little consequence to any able to form an idea his education was al- one; even your parents, encumbered with a ready begun ; the education of circum- numerous family, had little time to indulge ftances-insensible education-which,like the foftnesses of affection, or the solicitude insensible perspiration, is of more constant of anxiety; and to every one else it was and powerful effect, and of infinitely of no consequence at all, It is not pormore consequence to the habit than that fible for you, it would not even be right which is direct and apparent. This for you, in your present situation, to pay education goes on at every instant of time; no more attention to your child than was it goes on like time ; you can neither itop paid to you. In thefe mimic experiinents it nor turn its courfe. What these have of education, there is always something a tendency to make your child, that he which distinguishes them from reality; will be. Maxims and documents are some weak part left unfortified, for the good precisely.till they are tried, and no arrows of misfortune to find their way Jonger ; they will teach him to talk, and into. Achilles was a young nobleman, nothing more. The circumstances in dios Achillcus, and therefore, though he which your fon is placed will be even had Chiron for his tutor, there was one more prevalent than your example; and foot left undipped. You may

throw by you have no right to expect him to become Rousseau ; your parents practiced without what you yourself are, but by the fame having read it; and you may read, but means. You, that have toiled during imperious circumstances forbid you the youth, to set your fon upon higher ground, practice of it. and to enable him to begin where you You are sensible of the advantages of left off, do not expect that son to be fimplicity of diet, and you make a point what you were, diligent, model, active, of restricting that of your child to the simple in his tastes, fertile in resources. plaineft food, for you are resolved that he You have put him under quite a different ihall not be nice. But this plain food is master. Poverty educated you; wealth of the choicest quality, prepared by your will educate him. You cannot suppose own cook; his fruit is ripened from your the refult will be the fame. You inust walls ; his cluth, his glasses, all the acnot even expest that he will be what you companiments of the table, are fuch as now are ; for though relaxed perhaps from are only met with

families of opulence; the severity of your frugal habits, you the very fervants who attend him are neat,, till derive advantage from having formed well dressed, and have a certain air of them; and, in your heart, you like plain fanion. You may call this fimplicity, dinners, and early hours, and old friends, but I lay he will be nice, for it is a kind whenever your fortune will perinit you to of fimplicity which only wealth can 20vn, oy them. But it will sut be lo with tain to, and which will fubje&t him to

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