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faithfully and vigorously defended against unjustifiable assaults under cover of pretended foreign titles.

I further deem it a matter of great importance that the time within which claims not heretofore presented to surveyors general may be filed before any tribunal should be limited to a brief period, and that all claims not presented within such period should be definitely barred.

In view of the great length of time that has already been allowed for this purpose, I think that further time should be limited to two years.

I

RAILROAD LAND GRANTS.

The construction of 1,210.68 miles of land-grant railroad was reported during the year, making a total of 17,449.78 miles of road reported as constructed under all grants to June 30, 1883. This aggregate includes 205 miles in the Indian Territory, and 342.87 miles in the State of Texas for which there is no grant, such construction being an incident to land-grant lines proper.

Four hundred and seventy-seven thousand seven hundred and forty and twenty-four one-hundredths acres were certified or patented under railroad grants during the year, and 440,856.52 acres were patented for wagon-roads, an increase in patents for railroads and wagon-roads over the previous year of 742,190.10 acres.

Lists of railroad selections aggregating 3,070,453.41 acres are awaiting examination, being an increase over the previous year of 1,112,060.62 acres.

The number of settlement claims within the granted or indemnity limits of the various railroad grants that were awaiting original or final action at the close of the year was 6,891, an increase of 1,327 over the arrears of the previous year. Of the total number pending 1,464 had received some action, and 5,427 had not been reached for examination.

RIGHT-OF-WAY RAILROADS.

The number of railroad companies recognized as entitled to a right of way through the public lands to land for station purposes, and to take timber and other material from public lands for the construction of their roads, was at the close of the fiscal year one hundred and sixtythree, located in the various public-land States and Territories.

FORFEITURE OF RAILROAD LAND GRANTS.

The following tables show the grants made to several States and corporations for roads that have not been constructed within the time required by law, classified for reference and convenience under four heads, viz:

1. Where the roads have been completed but not within the time required.

2. Where the roads have not been completed within time but which are in course of construction.

3. Where the roads have been partly completed and construction suspended.

4. Where no part of the roads has been constructed.

Twelve grants fall within the first classification, eight in the second, nine in the third, and twelve in the fourth.

[graphic]

Statement showing states and corporations to which grants have been made to aid in the construction of railroads which have been completed, but not within

the time required by law.

[graphic]

Statement showing States and corporations to which grants have been made to aid in the construction of railroads which have not been completed within the

time required by law, but which are in course of construction.

[blocks in formation]

West India Transit.
Vicksburg, Shreveport June 3, 1856

[blocks in formation]

State or corpora

tion to which grant was made.

Name of railroad.

Date of act making grant

and acts extending time for completion of road.

Florida

Louisiana.

Michigan

Atlantic, Gulf and May 17, 1856

and Texas.
Ontonagon and Brulé June 3, 1856

River.
North Wisconsin,

now Chicago, Saint June 3, 1856
Paul, Minneapolis May 5, 1864
and Omaha.

Wisconsin

Nortbern Pacific. Northern Pacific

July 2, 1864
May 7, 1866
July 1, 1868
Apr. 10, 1869
May 31, 1870

14
15
16
16

365
335
255

57
378

July 4, 1879

530.5 1, 104.58 1, 635. 08 1,812.58 708

The date given for the completion of

this road is that fixed by the decision
of the Secretary of the Interior, dated
June 11, 1879. (See General Land

Report for 1879,
June 30 Ehe company has completed
about 150 milenadditional in Montana,
which with that already completed
forms a continuous line from Superior,
Wis., to Wallula Junction, Wash. It
has also constructed 42 miles, ex-
tending from Portland, Oreg., to Kal.
ama, Wash., leaving 516 miles of its
road now unconstructed, to wit: From
Superior to the mouth of the Montreal
River in Wisconsin, 76 miles; from
Wallula Junction, Wash., to Portland,
Oreg., 225 miles; and the branch line
in Washington Territory, 215 miles.
So far as known to this office no part
of the main line between Walula
Junction and Portland, nor of the
branch line, is in process of construc.
tion.

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Statement showing States and corporations to which grants have been made to aid in the construction of railroads which have been partly completed and con

struction suspended, so far as known to this office.

Date of act making

grant and acts extending time for completion of road.

[blocks in formation]

Alabama Alabama

67. 35

Selma, Rome, and Dalton.. Mobile and Girard

June 3, 1856 June 3, 1856

11 11

17 17

June 3, 1866 100 June 3, 1866

143. 93 84

23. 42 Road not built on line of definite location. 139 Date of construction not known, no offi.

cial evidence thereof being on file. 46

Michigan.

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20

Michigan
Iowa.
Wisconsin

78 S

June 3, 1856
Marquette and Ontonagon June 18, 1864

May 20, 1868

June 3, 1856
Northern Central, Michigan | July 3, 1866
Sioux City and Saint Paul May 12, 1864
Wisconsin Central..

May 5, 1864

Apr. 9, 1874
Oregon Central...

May 4, 1870
Southern Pacific (main line). July 27, 1866

72

June 3, 1873
Sept. 20, 1881 56 25
Dec. 31, 1876 248

5*25
May 4, 1876

1221 July 4, 1878 232

56. 25 257

2633 93

66}

2673 84

9

28 S 94

471

97

97

Oregon Central Southern Pacific

16 14

292

240

472

324

84

[merged small][graphic]
[blocks in formation]

State or corpora

tion to which grant was made.

Name of railroad.

* Main line.

† Branch.

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