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the Air Force, as the case may be, and for By Mr. CANNON:

protect the public health by preventing misother purposes; without amendment (Rept. H.R. 9036. A bill to amend the act of Oc use of barbiturates, amphetamine, and cerNo. 886). Referred to the Committee of tober 24, 1951 (65 Stat. 634; 40 U.S.C. 193 tain other dangerous drugs; to the Committhe Whole House on the State of the Union. (n)-(w)), as amended, relating to the tee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. Mr. HÉBERT: Committee on Armed Serv- policing of the buildings and grounds of the

By Mr. OLSEN of Montana:

H.R. 9050. A bill to increase annuities payices. H.R. 2988. A bill to amend title 10, Smithsonian Institution and its constituent United States Code, to provide for participa- bureaus; to the Committee on House Ad- able to certain annuitants from the civil tion by members of the Armed Forces in inministration.

service retirement and disability fund; to By Mr. DINGELL:

the Committee on Post Office and Civil Seryternational sports activities; with amendment (Rept. No. 887). Referred to the ComH.R. 9037. A bill to establish a national ice.

By Mr. TUPPER: mittee of the Whole House on the State of policy and program with respect to wild the Union.

H.R. 9051. A bill to promote the developpredatory mammals, and for other purposes; Mr. HÉBERT: Committee on Armed Sery

to the Committee on Merchant Marine and ment of improved local-service aircraft by Fisheries.

providing for temporary Federal assistance ices. H.R. 3005. A bill to amend sections 510

By Mr. DORN:

for such development, and for other purand 591 of title 10, United States Code, to re

H.R. 9038. A bill to amend title VII of the poses; to the Committee on Interstate and move the requirement that an alien must Public Health Service Act so as to extend Foreign Commerce. make a declaration of intention to become to qualified schools of optometry and stu

By Mr. MORSE: a citizen of the United States before he may dents of optometry those provisions thereof H.R. 9052. A bill to amend title 38, United be enlisted or appointed in a Reserve com

relating to student loan programs; to the States Code, to provide vocational rehabiliponent; with amendment (Rept. No. 888).

Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com tation, education and training, and loan Referred to the Committee of the whole merce.

guarantee benefits to persons who served House on the State of the Union.

By Mrs. GREEN of Oregon:

in the Armed Forces on or after January 1, Mr. BOLLING: Committee on Rules. House

H.R. 9039. A bill to provide for judicial 1962, in combat zones, and for other purResolution 564 Resolution for consideration

review of the constitutionality of grants or poses; to the Committee on Veterans' Afof H.R. 8969, a bill to provide, for the period loans under certain acts; to the Commit- fairs. ending June 30, 1964, temporary increases tee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. KARTH: in the public debt limit set forth in section H.R. 9040. A bill to amend the Civil Sery H.J. Res. 795. Joint Resolution to author21 of the Second Liberty Bond Act; without

ice Retirement Act, as amended, to provide ize the President to proclaim October 9 in amendment (Rept. No. 889). Referred to for the recomputation of annuities of retired each year as Leif Erikson Day; to the Comthe House Calendar.

employees who elected reduced annuities at mittee on the Judiciary.
the time of retirement in order to provide

survivor annuities for their spouses; to the H.J. Res. 796. Joint resolution proposing

Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. an amendment to the Constitution of the PUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

By Mr. KING of California:

United States; to the Committee on the Under clause 4 of rule XXII, public H.R. 9041. A bill to amend the Internal Judiciary. bills and resolutions were introduced and Revenue Code of 1954 to permit the amorti By Mr. DEL CLAWSON: severally referred as follows:

zation of reorganization expenditures of rail H.J. Res. 797. Joint resolution proposing

road corporations, and for other purposes; an amendment to the Constitution of the By Mr. ANDREWS of North Dakota: to the Committee on Ways and Means. United States pertaining to the offering of H.R. 9030. A bill to increase the participa


prayers in public schools and other public tion by counties in revenues from the na H.R. 9042. A bill to amend the Communi- places in the United States; to the Comtional wildlife refuge system by amending cations Act of 1934 to prohibit the Federal mittee on the Judiciary. the act of June 15, 1935, relating to such Communications Commission from making

By Mr. MILLER of California: participation, and for other purposes; to the certain rules relating to the length or fre H.J. Res. 798. Joint resolution providing Committee on Merchant Marine and Fish- quency of broadcast advertisements; to the for the erection of a memorial statue to the eries.

Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com- late Dr. Robert H. Goddard, the father of By Mr. ASHMORE: merce.

American rocketry; to the Committee on H.R. 9031. A bill to amend the Communi


Science and Astronautics. cations Act of 1934 to provide that appeals H.R. 9043. A bill to provide an exemption

By Mr. PATTEN: from certain decisions and orders of the from participation in the Federal old-age H. Con Res. 233. Concurrent resolution exFederal Communications Commission shall survivors insurance program for individuals pressing the sense of the Congress that the be taken to the U.S. court of appeals for the who are members of a church whose doctrines President should bring the Baltic States' circuit in which the appellant resides or has forbid participation in such program on question before the United Nations, and for his principal place of business; to the Com grounds of religious belief; to the Commit- other purposes; to the Committee on Formittee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. tee on Ways and Means.

eign Affairs. By Mr. ASPINALL:

By Mr. UTT: H.R. 9032. A bill to provide uniform H.R. 9044. A bill to amend Title I—Tariff policies with respect to recreation and fish Schedules of the United States, of the Tariff and wildlife benefits and costs of Federal Act of 1930, as amended by the Tariff Classi- PRIVATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS multiple-purpose water resource projects, fication Act of 1962, to correct certain in Under clause 1 of rule XXII, private and to provide the Secretary of the Interior equities in the classification and duty pro- bills and resolutions were introduced and with authority for recreation development vided for certain aluminum products and

severally referred as follows: of projects under his control; to the com- television picture tubes; to the Committee mittee on Interior and Insular Affairs. on Ways and Means.



H.R. 9053. A bill for the relief of Lourdes H.R. 9033. A bill to authorize establish

H.R. 9045. A bill to amend section 215 of R. Caparas; to the Committee on the ment of the Fort Union Trading Post Na- the Immigration and Nationality Act; to the Judiciary. tional Historic Site, N. Dak. and Mont., and Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. CURTIN: for other purposes; to the Committee on InBy Mr. ANDREWS of North Dakota: H.R. 9054. A bill for the relief of Mario

to H.R. 9046. A bill to make certain provisions Budinich; the terior and Insular Affairs.

Committee on the H.R. 9034. A bill to authorize the transfer

in connection with the construction of the Judiciary. of the Piegan unit of the Blackfeet Indian project, by the Secretary of the Interior; Garrison diversion unit, Missouri River Basin

By Mr. DEVINE: irrigation project, Montana, to the landown

H.R. 9055. A bill to provide for the free ers within the unit; to the Committee on to the Committee on Interior and Insular entry of a rheogoniometer for the use of Interior and Insular Affairs. Affairs.

Ohio State University; to the Committee on By Mr. BROWN of California:

By Mr. FULTON of Pennsylvania: Ways and Means.
H.R. 9035. A bill to amend sections 303 and of 50-cent pieces to help dramatize the prog-
H.R. 9047. A bill to authorize the coinage

By Mr. FARBSTEIN: 310 of the Communications Act of 1934, as

H.R. 9056. A bill for the relief of John L. amended, to provide that the Federal Com- of the Emancipation Proclamation until the ress of the American Negro from the time Afros; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. FINO: munications Commission may issue author- present; to the Committee on Banking and

H.R. 9057. A bill for the relief of Domenico izations, but not licenses, for alien amateur

Currency. radio operators to operate their amateur

Romano; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. HARVEY of Michigan: radio stations in the United States, its pos

By Mr. PEPPER: sessions, and the Commonwealth of Puerto quiring that motor vehicles used by the

H.R. 9048. A bill to promote safety by re H.R. 9058. A bill for the relief of Stanley Rico provided there is in effect a bilateral Federal Government be equipped with run

Alexander Yhap and Joycelyn Patricia Woo

Ming Yhap; to the Committee on the agreement between the United States and ning lights; to the Committee on Goveri

Judiciary. the alien's government for such operation by ment Operations.

By Mr. POWELL: U.S. amateurs on a reciprocal basis; to the By Mr. ROBERTS of Alabama:

H.R. 9059. A bill for the relief of Angelo Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com H.R. 9049. A bill to amend the Federal Trumbaturi; to the Committee on the merce.

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act in order to Judiciary.

By Mr. RYAN of New York:


to extend for a temporary period the existing H.R. 9060. A bill for the relief of Irfan Mavruk; to the Committee on the Judiciary. On request of Mr. MANSFIELD, and by provisions of law relating to the free im

portation of personal and household effects H.R. 9061. A bill for the relief of Papule

unanimous consent, the reading of the brought into the United States under GovCakiridis; to the Committee on the Judiciary. Journal of the proceedings of Tuesday, ernment orders (with an accompanying

H.R. 9062. A bill for the relief of Rexy L. November 5, 1963, was dispensed with. paper); to the Committee on Finance. Barrato; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

REPORT ON ILLEGAL PAYMENTS TO CERTAIN H.R. 9063. A bill for the relief of Araceli Fuerte Ocampo; to the Committee on the




BUSINESS H.R. 9064. A bill for the relief of Norma

A letter from the Comptroller General of Cunanan Liwag; to the Committee on the

On request of Mr. MANSFIELD, and by the United States, transmitting, pursuant to Judiciary.

unanimous consent, it was ordered that law, a report on illegal per diem payments H.R. 9065. A bill for the relief of Mrs. there be a morning hour, with state to military personnel of the Navy and Marine Yolando Asuncion Chia de Fernandez; to the ments limited to 3 minutes.

Corps serving as military inspection repreCommittee on the Judiciary.

sentatives in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan, DeBy Mr. TOLL:

partment of the Navy, dated October 1963 H.R. 9066. A bill for the relief of Antonio COMMITTEE MEETING DURING (with an accompanying report); to the ComFiretto (also known as Frank Menfi and Paul


mittee on Government Operations.
Menfi); to the Committee on the Judiciary.
By Mr. UTT:
On request of Mr. MANSFIELD, and by


CERTAIN EQUIPMENT IN 3D MARINE DIVISION H.R. 9067. A bill for the relief of Helga unanimous consent, the Committee on

(REINFORCED), OKINAWA Luisa Dzaak; to the Committee on the Ju- the District of Columbia was authorized diciary. to meet during the session of the Senate

A letter from the Comptroller General of By Mr. WIDNALL:

the United States, transmitting, pursuant to today. H.R. 9068. A bill for the relief of Maria

law, a report on the unsatisfactory condition Restiyo; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

of combat vehicles and equipment in the EXECUTIVE SESSION

3d Marine Division (reinforced), Okinawa,

U.S. Marine Corps, Department of the Navy,
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I dated October 1963 (with an accompanying

report); to the Committee on Government Under clause 1 of rule XXII, petitions move that the Senate proceed to the

Operations. and papers were laid on the Clerk's desk consideration of executive business, to

consider the nomination on the Execu FEDERAL WATER PROJECT RECREATION ACT and referred as follows: tive Calendar.

A letter from the Deputy Director, Bureau 436. By Mr. RYAN of New York: Petition

The motion was agreed to; and the of the Budget, Executive Office of the Presof Mrs. Sidy Wolff, New York, N.Y., and 73

Senate proceeded to the consideration ident, transmitting a draft of proposed legisothers giving fullhearted approval of President Kennedy's proposed civil rights bill, and of executive business.

lation to provide uniform policies with repledging every possible support for the ac The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem spect to recreation and fish and wildlife

benefits and costs of Federal multiple-purceptance of it; to the Committee on the pore. If there be no reports of comJudiciary. mittees, the nomination on the Execu

pose water resource projects, and to provide

the Secretary of the Interior with authority 437. By the SPEAKER: Petition of Henry tive Calendar will be stated.

for recreation development of projects under Stoner, General Delivery, Worland, Wyo.,

his control (with an accompanying paper); relative to the seating arrangement of the two major political parties in the U.S. House


to the Committee on Interior and Insular

Affairs. of Representatives; to the Committee on

The Chief Clerk read the nomination House Administration,

SUSPENSION OF DEPORTATION OF CERTAIN of Douglas Henderson, of Massachusetts,

ALIENS a Foreign Service officer of class 2, to

Two letters from the Commissioner, Imbe Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- migration and Naturalization Service, DeSENATE

potentiary of the United States of Amer- partment of Justice, transmitting, pursuant ica to Bolivia.

to law, copies of orders suspending deportaWEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1963 The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tem tion of certain aliens, together with a statepore. Without objection, the nomina

ment of the facts and pertinent provisions (Legislative day of Tuesday, October 22, tion is confirmed.

of law pertaining to each alien, and the

reasons for ordering such suspension (with 1963) Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I

accompanying papers); to the Committee on ask unanimous consent that the PresiThe Senate met at 12 o'clock meridian, dent be immediately notified of the con

the Judiciary. on the expiration of the recess,

and was firmation of this nomination. called to order by the Acting President

The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tempro tempore, Hon. LEE METCALF, a Sena

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS pore. Without objection, the President tor from the State of Montana. will be notified forthwith.

Petitions, etc., were laid before the The Chaplain, Rev. Frederick Brown

Senate, or presented, and referred as Harris, D.D., offered the following



By the ACTING PRESIDENT pro Gracious God, Almighty Father: In On motion of Mr. MANSFIELD, the Sen

tempore: reverence, we stand before Thy majes- ate resumed the consideration of legisla A resolution adopted by the commission

ers' court of Dallas County, Tex., condemnty—a greatness that we cannot compre- tive business.

ing the actions of certain persons in that hend, as our little lives are enfolded by

county toward public officials; to the Coma love that is broader than the measure EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, mittee on the Judiciary. of man's mind.


Two petitions signed by Lowell E. Weiss We are grateful that our eyes have


and Albert Bolyard, and sundry citizens of seen beauty, our hearts have felt love, our minds have discovered truth, and our pore laid before

the Senate the following ment of legislation to provide an amendment

to the Constitution of the United States perwills have been gripped and captured by letters, which were referred as indicated:

mitting prayer and the reading of the Bible purposes that lift and ennoble and tie REPORT ON PROCUREMENT FROM SMALL AND


in educational institutions; to the Commitus to causes greater than our own brief

tee on the Judiciary. span.

A letter from the Assistant Secretary of Give us a vision of the far-off years as

Defense, transmitting, pursuant to law, a re

port on procurement from small and other they may be if redeemed by the Sons of business firms, for the period July-August

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES God, so that we shall take heart and

1963 (with an accompanying report); to the The following reports of committees shall battle more valiantly as with eager Committee on Banking and Currency.

were submitted : devotion we dedicate the Nation's FREE IMPORTATION OF PERSONAL AND HOUSE

By Mr. ROBERTSON, from the Commitstrength to throwing open to all mankind


tee on Banking and Currency, without the gates of a new life.


amendment: We ask it in the Redeemer's name. A letter from the Secretary of the Navy, H.R. 3488. An act to provide for the strikAmen.

transmitting a draft of proposed legislation ing of medals in commemoration of the

150th anniversary of the statehood of the must cease at sunset. Approximately 40 On one wall of the Lincoln Memorial State of Indiana (Rept. No. 630); and percent of these are in areas not receiv- is inscribed Abraham Lincoln's immortal H.R. 7193. An act to provide for the

ing primary service from an unlimited- Gettysburg Address delivered almost 100 striking of medals in commemoration of the time station,

years ago-November 19, 1863. This ad50th anniversary of the founding of the first union health center in the United

Due to the extreme seasonal changes dress is more than a classic tribute to States by the International Ladies' Garment in daylight hours, especially in the north America's fallen warriors. It is an enWorkers' Union (Rept. No. 631).

during the winter months, a station in during charter for liberty, freedom, and By Mr. BYRD of West Virginia, from the the northern United States may be able union. Committee on Appropriations, with amend to sign on no earlier than 7:15 a.m. if on The men who designed and constructed ments:

the eastern edge of its time zone, or, if the Lincoln Memorial attempted to build H.R. 7431. An act making appropriations

on the western edge, may have to sign on into the monument a motif symbolizing for the government of the District of Co

as late as 8:45 a.m. lumbia and other activities chargeable in

the Union of the States advocated so whole or in part against the revenues of said

In many of the communities served forcefully by Abraham Lincoln. ThirtyDistrict for the fiscal year ending June 30, by these daylight stations there are no

by these daylight stations there are no six columns representing the 36 States 1964, and for other purposes (Rept. No. 632). local full-time stations. The presunrise in the Union at the time of Lincoln's

restrictions prevent public service pro- death surround the walls of the memo

graming to meet the needs of the area rial. A frieze above the colonnade names BILLS INTRODUCED with important or even vital morning in these States.

these States. On the attic walls above Bills were introduced, read the first formation, such as local weather and

formation, such as local weather and the frieze are the names of the 48 States time, and, by unanimous consent, the driving conditions, word of school clos- comprising the Union at the time the second time, and referred as follows: ings for weather reasons, local agricul- memorial was built in 1922. By Mr. GRUENING (for himself and

tural market information, plant open Since that time Alaska and Hawaii Mr. BARTLETT):

ings and closings, and local school, civic, have joined this great Union of States. S. 2287. A bill to terminate a restriction and charitable activities.

However, the names of these two newest on use with respect to certain land pre The bill I introduce was passed by the States do not yet appear anywhere on viously conveyed to the city of Petersburg, House of Representatives in the 2d ses- the Lincoln Memorial. Alaska; to the Committee on Interior and

sion of the 87th Congress as H.R. 4749 The purpose of the bill I now introduce Insular Affairs. By Mr. KENNEDY:

on July 2, 1962. It would, subject to in- for myself, my colleague from Hawaii S. 2288. A bill for the relief of John J.

ternational treaties and certain rulings [Mr. INOUYE), and the Senators repreFeeney; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

of the Federal Communications Com- senting Alaska, Mr. BARTLETT and Mr. By Mr. JORDAN of North Carolina mission, allow operation of authorized GRUENING), is to add the names of the (for himself and Mr. ERVIN):

daytime broadcasting facilities during great States of Alaska and Hawaii to S. 2289. A bill for the relief of Dr. Angelina the presunrise period after 6 a.m., and in those of their sister States already enEdralin Knox; to the Committee on the some cases after 4 a.m.

scribed on the attic parapet of the LinJudiciary. By Mr. HARTKE (for himself and Mr.

The attitude of the FCC, which has coln Memorial. I am sure that our 48 METCALF):

opposed previous bills authorizing 5 a.m. sister States would be pleased to have S. 2290. A bill to amend the Communica

to 7 p.m. and 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. hours for Hawaii and Alaska recorded on this tions Act of 1934 with respect to the hours “daytimers,” may be judged by its "Fur- memorial. during which certain broadcasting stations ther Notice of Proposed Rule Making" That which we propose is not a great may operate with their daytime facilities; to adopted November 28, 1962. The ad- task and can be done in a manner which the Committee on Commerce.

ministrative proposal outlined

outlined there would not mar or deface this noble mon(See the remarks of Mr. HARTKE when he introduced the above bill, which appear

would, like this bill, make “daytime” ument. It would rather be in keeping under a separate heading.)

operations available under certain cir- with the great plea of unity espoused by By Mr. SYMINGTON:

cumstances between 6 a.m. and sunrise. Abraham Lincoln a century ago. S. 229i. A bill to amend section 409 of title This bill, applying only to the morning Aside from the possibility that the 37, United States Code, to authorize the hours, is thus not in conflict with the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico might at transportation of house trailers and mobile thinking of the FCC currently. .

some future date be admitted into the dwellings of members of the uniformed serv There is a need, especially in the 725 Union as a State, I am quite sure all of ices within the continental United States,

or so communities where no full-time us do not anticipate any other area joinwithin Alaska, or between the continental United States and Alaska, and for other

local station is operating, for the public ing our Union as a State for a long, long purposes; to the Committee on Armed

service to the area which early morn- time, if ever. Therefore, our proposal Services.

ing operation can give with local news, is not an act which might be followed By Mr. EDMONDSON:

weather, marketing, and the like. This by many similar proposals. S. 2292. A bill for the relief of Tarek L. bill will allow a greater measure of pub The bill which I now introduce for Radjef; to the Committee on the Judiciary. lic service in radio broadcasting within myself and my colleagues from Hawaii By Mr. FONG (for himself, Mr. BART- local communities.

and Alaska directs the Secretary of the LETT, Mr. GRUENING, and Mr.



(Mr. Interior to submit to Congress a report S. 2293. A bill relating to the adding of the INOUYE in the chair). The bill will be on the best method to add the names of names of the States of Hawaii and Alaska to received and appropriately referred.

the States of Alaska and Hawaii to those the attic parapet of the Lincoln National The bill (S. 2290) to amend the Com- of the other 48 States enscribed on the Memorial; to the Committee on Interior and munications Act of 1934 with respect to

munications Act of 1934 with respect to attic parapet of the Lincoln Memorial. Insular Affairs. the hours during which certain broad

The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill (See the remarks of Mr. FONG when he in

casting stations may operate with their will be received and appropriately retroduced the above bill, which appear under

ferred. a separate heading.)

daytime facilities, introduced by Mr.
HARTKE (for himself and Mr. METCALF)

The bill —S, 2293—relating to the addwas received, read twice by its title, and ing of the names of the States of HaAMENDMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS referred to the Committee on Commerce. referred to the Committee on Commerce. waii and Alaska to the attic parapet of

the Lincoln National Memorial, introACT OF 1934

duced by Mr. FONG (for himself Mr. HARTKE. Mr. President, I intro

ADDITION OF NAMES OF STATES OF and Senators BARTLETT, GRUENING, and duce, for appropriate reference, a bill to amend part I of title III of the Commu

HAWAII AND ALASKA TO ATTIC INOUYE), was received, read twice by its nications Act of 1934, to permit opera

PARAPET OF LINCOLN NATIONAL Interior and Insular Affairs.

title, and referred to the Committee on tion of certain radio broadcast stations,

MEMORIAL known as “daytime" stations, to broad Mr. FONG. Mr. President, the Lincast before sunrise.

coln Memorial here in the Nation's Capi- REDUCTION OF INDIVIDUAL AND Of about 3,800 standard broadcast ra tal was built in 1922 to honor one of the

CORPORATE INCOME TAXESdio stations licensed by the Federal Com- outstanding Presidents of the United

AMENDMENT (AMENDMENT NO. munications Commission, approximately States of America, our beloved Abraham

309) 1,850 are "daytime" stations whose oper- Lincoln, who ranks among the world's Mr. MCCARTHY submitted an amendations may begin only after sunrise and greatest humanitarians.

ment-No. 309–intended to be proposed CIX1335

by him, to the bill-H.R. 8363—to amend


Senator Bridges, as much as any man I the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to reduce individual and corporate income Speaker had affixed his signature to the

The message also announced that the have known and served with, understood

government. He knew it as a method of taxes, to make certain structural changes following enrolled bills, and they were

order in man's affairs. He rejected it as a with respect to the income tax, and for signed by the Acting President pro tem- ernment as a citizen duly elected to represent

means of ordering men. He served in govother purposes, which was referred to pore:

his fellow citizens. He rejected and opposed the Committee on Finance, and ordered

S. 876. An act to authorize the Adminis

those who see in such service an opportunity to be printed. trator of General Services to convey certain

to rule, regulate, or regiment. lands in Prince Georges County, Md., to the

His life was, as our studies of government

should be, dedicated to the central lesson, AMENDMENT OF FOREIGN ASSIST- American National Red Cross.

S. 1201. An act for the relief of Dr. James

to the vital genius of the freedom which is ANCE ACT OF 1961-AMENDT. Maddux.

the meaning of the American Revolution, the MENTS (AMENDMENT NO. 310)

essence of the American experience, and the

life of the American people. Mr. MORSE submitted amendments,


Government is never an end in itself. intended to be proposed by him, to the

Every form of public control is but a means bill-H.R. 7885—to amend further the

The bill-H.R. 6624—for the relief of

toward human purposes. The state is made Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as Mrs. Concetta Foto Napoli, Salvatore for and by men. Men are not molded for amended, and for other purposes, which Napoli, Antonina Napoli, and Michela the state. The just state derives its just were ordered to lie on the table and to Napoli, was read twice by its title and powers from the consent of the governed. be printed

referred to the Committee on the Judi Its powers are limited so that liberty may ciary.

live. Its powers are balanced so that justice

may prevail. Its powers are sufficient but POSTPONEMENT OF CONSIDERA

they are decentralized so that difference may TION OF MEXICAN LABOR BILL

ADDRESSES, EDITORIALS, ARTICLES, proceed without disorder.

In that concept, which is simply the conMr. ELLENDER. Mr. President, I

cept of our own constitutional order, there wish to announce that the so-called On request, and by unanimous con is freedom's answer to tyranny's thrall over Mexican labor bill will not be called up sent, addresses, editorials, articles, etc., the minds of men, their property and their today, as I had announced last Monday. were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, persons.

America's Government and America's freeI have been informed by the majority as follows:

dom means just this: We consent to be leader and the minority leader that they


governed. We do not elect to be ruled. prefer to have the consideration of this Sundry tributes to Senator YARBOROUGH,

That was Styles Bridges' dedication and issue postponed until the completion of by President Kennedy and others, upon the

his life. Let it be, also, the life of our occasion of a recent testimonial dinner in the Senate's consideration of the foreign

studies and the dedication of our students. Senator YARBOROUGH's honor. aid bill. Of course I do not wish to pro

You are embarking upon this project at a

By Mr. BAYH: ceed counter to the wishes of the ma

time when the process of self-government, Address delivered by John A. Gronouski,

however, is profoundly challenged in the jority leader, and I have gladly acceded Postmaster General, at a dinner commemo

world at large and even in the will of some to his wish. rating the centennial of free city delivery,

of our own people. Washington, D.C., on October 26, 1963.

The reason is beyond momentary political


aberrations or disturbances. The reason is Editorial, "B. & O. Deserves Our Applause,”

that the sort of freedom we know in this GOLD MINING INDUSTRY-ADDI. in the Thursday, October 31, 1963, issue of

land is an exception in the long story of TIONAL COSPONSOR OF BILL the Morgantown (W. Va.) Dominion-News;

mankind. It is a vibrant chapter but not a correspondence between Senator RANDOLPH

title or a theme. Mr. GRUENING. Mr. President, I ask and Mr. Jervis Langdon, Jr., president of

The reason is that this sort of freedom is unanimous consent that the name of the the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.

strenuously demanding, not comfortably selfSenator from South Dakota [Mr. MC


sustaining. Men, before, have wearied of GOVERN] be added as one of the co News release of Hubert F. Lee, editor of

such demands and have sought comforts insponsors of Senate bill 2125, to revitalize Dixie Business magazine, Decatur, Ga., re

stead. Men, before, have lost patience with the American gold mining industry. lating to a list of great Americans.

freedom's deliberations and have sought inThe PRESIDING OFFICER. Without

stead the forced efficiency of faceless authoriobjection, it is so ordered.


Impatient men, as well as power-seeking AT CONCORD, N.H.

men, may choose such paths. Tyranny wears NOTICE OF HEARING ON CERTAIN

many masks. Mr. COTTON. Mr. President, on Oc

In the Communist world it wears the mask POSTMASTER NOMINATIONS tober 29, at Concord, N.H., a dinner was

of an irrational world view which has deMr. JOHNSTON. Mr. President, pur- held for the purpose of starting a fund clared and wages unalterable war upon all suant to the rules for committee proce- to establish a chair of governmental other views and versions of man and his dure of the Committee on Post Office and studies at New England College, in mem world. Civil Service, the standing Subcommit- ory of our late beloved colleague, Senator

In the free world it may wear the mask tee on Contested Nominations will hold Styles Bridges.

of political efficiency righteously demanding

the perfection of its programs and recklessa hearing in room 6202, New Senate Of The address was given by the distin

ly spending the freedom of its citizens to pay fice Building on Wednesday, Nov. 13, guished Senator from Arizona, BARRY

for it. 1963, at 10:30 a.m. on the following post- GOLDWATER. To me, his address was an Only the shortsighted will make of the master nominations for: First, Gettys- accurate and inspiring summation of tensions in America's own system a purely burg, Pa.; second, Grover, Colo.

the governmental philosophy of Styles partisan matter. There is partisanship, to Bridges, a philosophy which many of us

be sure, but it is of a new order and a new

dimension. It is not the partisanship of share. I believe the speech is worthy MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE

party against party, at its essence. It is the of the attention of every Member of this A message from the House of Repre- Senate, and request unanimous consent

partisanship of balance against imbalance,

of decentralization against centralization, of sentatives, by Mr. Hackney, one of its that it be printed in the RECORD.

deliberation against dictation. reading clerks, returned to the Senate, in

There being no objection, the address And it is of only that order of partisancompliance with its request, the bill — was ordered to be printed in the RECORD,

ship that I wish to speak tonight. I do it H.R. 2985—to amend section 1391 of title as follows:

in confidence that the political affiliations 28 of the United States Code, relating to

we may share, or in which we may differ, REMARKS OF SENATOR BARRY GOLDWATER AT venue generally.

still permit a wide degree of agreement on NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE, CONCORD, N.H., OC

some fundamental problems. If, on the The message announced that the TOBER 29, 1963

other hand, we disagree, then party labels House had passed a bill-H.R. 6624for

Only rarely is there such a perfect con are not the reason. Philosophies of governthe relief of Mrs. Concetta Foto Napoli, fluence of purpose and person as there is ment are. Salvatore Napoli, Antonina Napoli, and in an effort directed toward a new chair of • Since the War Between the States, the Michela Napoli, in which it requested Government studies and its dedication to American political system has experienced the concurrence of the Senate.

the memory of Senator Styles Bridges. seismic rumblings at two levels.

At one level, the ground has shifted seri- league offered was as fantastic. He said that The problem and the interrelationship can ously and significantly beneath the structure an increase in executive power would be the be seen this way: The State governments of State powers. These powers, the fuel for answer-an increase in the very centraliza and the Congress, by and large, stand tothe Federal system itself, have been siphoned tion of power which always has been con gether on one side of the battleline. They off into the National Government, the Cen- trary to broadly based democratic processes. face, across that battleline, the executive tral Government-to the Capital in Wash After hearing such a statement as that, I branch and, usually, the judiciary branch, ington and away from the State capitals. can assure you that I view the teaching of the Supreme Court. Its decisions have

The shift is shared both by those who do governmental history as an urgent task. clearly shown that it has no disposition not jealously guard and wisely use their lo The whole history of freedom has been whatsoever to support the States or the Concal power and by those who, from the out simply the history of resistance to the con

gress against the Executive or to prevent the side, attack it in the name of central plan- centration of power in Government. Over Congress from abdicating more and more of ning

three decades, however, our own resistance its powers despite the delegation of those The results are often described most broad to such concentration has been less than

powers to them by the Constitution itself. ly as overconcentration of power in the cen complete. The growing imbalance between The dynamics of the battle are clear in tral authority. But there are other and legislative and executive powers attests to many instances. When the Court acts to more subtle effects to which we have, I feel, that and proves it.

subjugate State powers, the President feels given too little attention.

The power of Congress to initiate legisla- obliged to use his powers to implement the There is, for instance, a distinct cultural tion has slowly passed to the Executive. It decision. On that side of the battleline there loss. The structure of the Federal system has become increasingly difficult for Congress is concerted action. with its 50 separate State units, has long to say "no" to the major items of a Presi

But, on the other side, even where Conpermitted this Nation to nourish local difdent's legislative agenda.

gress has the power to act in preservation ferences, even local cultures. Technological

The Congress may represent the people of, or enhancement of State powers it has standardization may have done more than directly, but the Executive has found ways

become reluctant to do so. On that side of anything else to level them off but, still, in to reach them even more effectively, even if

the line there is no concerted action—there the structure of State power there has al- indirectly.

is, too often, not even the opportunity for ways been the guarantee that some minori

Into executive agencies, for instance, has

action, so bogged has Congress become in ties could preserve their dissident voices, in

flowed a vast power for public relations, for executive proposals.

The pocketbook the local forums. And from those dissident public pronouncements.

But, some say, if Congress will not revoices have come the continual enrichment powers of patronage have flowed to it also.

assert itself, why bother, why not just let of our national debates, our national ways. Vast contracts make the executive branch a

the Executive go ahead and carry the ball? far-from-silent partner in many enterprises. Or, we might look upon the 50 States as

Or the question might be, "Is there any way 50 laboratories in which men, in their own Its appeal need no longer be to reason alone.

in which the imbalance can be redressed?" and local ways, test and probe the ways of It can appeal also to power.

On that latter, I say there surely are ways.

Meantime, the Congress has become incivil government, developing new tools and

Congress can take positive actions to reduce techniques and, above all, developing their

hibited. Men who are elected to represent the policymaking authority of the executive

the people find themselves the targets of branch. It can restore to the States auown skills. Those that develop well become

abuse when, in representing them, they thority over policy areas now staked out by available to the Nation as a whole. Those that fail or are warped in ways that make

oppose major legislative programs.


the Supreme Court. It can debate and dethem unsuitable to the Nation as a whole,

are called “do nothing" representatives. cide fundamental questions of direction as can be buried in their own backyards.

Actually, by such resistance they may be well as details of program. I can, and

doing the very best job they can and may should, submit legislative budgets on beThere are those who say that the cost of

be representing the actual wishes of their 50 governments is too great to bear in this

half of the Nation as a whole and not rely constituents perfectly. supposedly complex age. And yet, how bet

solely upon the massive, often unarguable

Today the great debates in Congress rarely budget of the executive branch. It can take ter to meet complexity than with a diversity

concern the truly significant questions of of resource? And how can we measure the

care that all efforts to reform its procedures cost of what we gain from our States against discontinued, what the general purposes and whether a program should be initiated or

be channeled toward strengthening, and not any scale of dollars that might be rechan

weakening, its ability and responsibility to neled and centralized as a result of weaken- major goals we should set for our Defense directly represent, the people. ing State responsibilities? The ledger sheet Establishment, what principled guidelines with executive rather than representative

But, should it? What, again, is wrong that the structure of State power must sat

we should establish for economic growth isfy is the well-being and the freedom of the

government? and security. people who live in those States.

First there is the danger of arbitrary govWhen Congress debates such matters, the ernment. Concentration of power in any Regard for the Federal system, and the 50

restless Executive whispers and then shouts States that make it a system, is first of all

single area tends to shrink competing centhat time is being wasted. Too many people ters of power capable of resisting arbitrary a regard for the due process of law as a fundamental of political order. It is a regard lyzing it. Too many echo it.

have listened to the criticism without ana- decisions. Should this erosion of balancing also for the wisdom of the people them

powers ever become final, those who would selves. It is confidence in their ability to itself with the question of how much.

Congress, more and more, simply concerns disagree with the Executive, for whatever use that wisdom to solve their problems, in

reason, would not have to be consulted or their own best ways.

Foreign aid is a perfect example. Not

considered. The politics of humane comThe Federal system, with its base in the

once have we as a nation paused to debate promise would give way to the unchecked

the great issue of a doctrine to truly and power of politicians. States, tolerates many differences without, surely guide our programs. There is no of course, tolerating impairment of nation

Decisionmaking would become more and such doctrine. There are, instead, flurries ally agreed freedoms. It does not demand,

more secret. Already such secrecy has cast of programs. And the flurries of debate in other words, that all citizens adopt a

shadows on our governmental processes. that attend them are not on "why” and single best answer to any problem-but it "whether," but only on "how much” or

But an open society demands and must have does tend to prevent them from adopting "how little.”

open decisions, open debate, open dissent, any single worst answer.

and open ways to illuminate conflicting

The Senate's record in treatymaking is views. But the decline of State power is by no

no more impressive. It has rejected only means the only shift in the political ground

Finally, local self-government would stand two treaties since the end of the First World no chance of survival in a system of execuupon which our freedom has been built.

War. It would be comforting to say that the Although it may not as dramatically burst

tive government. Differences in policies, valreason is simply that every treaty has been ues, and beliefs would be submerged beneath out in the headlines as does the tension

a good one. It would be far more practical, the weight of national majorities which can between the Central Government and State

however, to probe our conscience to see if hardly be expected to have the restraint government, the tension, the veritable war the reason has not been a rubberstamp synfare between the legislative and executive

necessary to allow diversity on important drome in which the Senate simply feels it branches of Government presents a major

matters of public policy. Evolution of wise must not, out of some awed deference for disturbance in the ground of freedom today. the presidency, exercise its full partnership

policies would be replaced by a series of sharp

clashes between embattled local minorities Again, the factors involved must be shared in these grave matters. between those who would give legislative

and rampaging national powers.

There can, for instance, be no truly bi To understand the greatness of America is powers away and those who would take them

partisan foreign policy at all, if the Congress to understand the greatness of our Federal away. Only recently, a colleague of mine in

is asked to delegate its support after the system and representative, balanced governthe U.S. Senate flatly described the legisla fact of formulation but is never asked to ment. To misunderstand it is to forsake it. tures of America-all of them, State, local, participate in the process prior to that.

America is still just a moment, even if a national-as the major stumbling block in

There has been a tendency to view the two glorious moment, in the long span of histhe democratic process.

trends toward centralization of Government tory. We have sustained the form of our The charge is fantastic. What it says is power-the erosion of State power and the Government, and the fruits of its freedom that representative government which is erosion of legislative powermas independent have sustained us, for nearly 2 centuries. the essence of freedom itself—is the enemy of one another. Actually, they are closely The burden of responsibility that such of freedom. And the solution which my col related. They are interrelated.

freedom places upon people never lessens.

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