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the river ; the boat did not want above three city is in apliction for the loss of this truly lengths of the bank, when it struck against amiable prince, whose humility, gentleness a tree, and in an inftant they all, together of manners, and compassionate disposition, with the boat, disappeared. A few minutes endeared him to all ranks. He lived indeed after the Duke rose again, and supported as he died, in the highest exercise of humahimself a short time by taking hold of a nity. Had not the current been so rapid, he tree ; but the violence of the current foon would no doubt have been laved, as he was bore him down, and he never appeared more. an excellent (winimer.” The boatmen, more fortunate, were every His Highness was the brother-in-law, as one saved, and the Duke alone became the we suppose, of his Majelty's sister. victim of his own humanity. The whole


The POLITICAL STATE of the NATION and of EUROPE for March,1786. [No. XXV.]

HILE we were writing or at least Company, or for the safety of the common

printing our sentiments on the subjeet wealth of Great-Britain. If much smaller of fortifications, promising ourselves, from powers vested in limited circumscribed goverthe protraction of the contest, an opportunity nors, have precipitated them into such diéta. of going deeper into the subject than we torial measures as have embroiled the State could then, the whole scheme of fortification and endangered the Company, what must blew up with the general consent of all the such untried, unheard-of extended powers people, a few ministerial men excepted ; our produce in Asia, in Europe, and elsewhere? further labour on that subject is consequently We likewise think the appointment prema. fuperseded. We are glad, however, we ture, until an impending investigation of a had an opportunity of bearing our testimony late chief Governor of India shall pronounce against the inadmillible system.-Discontent- him a great and a good Governor, or a delined at the repulse, Ministry seem totally to quent. The progress and event of that dir. kave abandoned the only good part that was cullion might probably throw great light on ftrack out in the collision of the parties con- the subject, and thew what fort of men cerned or engaged in it--that is, the provie ought to be appointed, and what powers they ding a fufficient number of gunboats and a might safely be entrusted with ; whereas at perie&t fyftem of signals along the coast on present a total darkness and confusion covers the approach of any danger ! They are, like the face of Indian affairs ! froward children, too much in the pouts to Nothing contributes to this confufion do the little good they can, because they are more than the late A&t for regulating Eatt. not permitced to do all the mischief they India affairs !

and we

approhend the pleale.

amendments going on very rapidly in the Early in the month a very extraordinary House of Comnions, if passed into a law or appointment took place, that of a great and law's, will encrease and aggravate all the evils famous military commander, remarkable for which generate confusion, and tend to downh's warlike exploits in America, to be chief right anarchy. civil Governor of India ! a measure very We hear much noise and talk about an imfufpicious in the eye of the French Cabinet, peachment of a lace Chief Governor, but see ever wakeful and jealous of the movements licile progress made in it fince our last, when of all their neigbbours, of this nation in we couched it very lightly, thinking it would particular, which they consider as their per- be immediately turned into a serious legal petual rival and hereditary enemy! Can they prosecution before a very high tribunal; but consider the sending out a man so qualified, we find since, it has been only a subject of invested w th such ample powers, civil and altercation, of declamation on the one side, anda military (it is said), as are now making out of panegyrick on the other ; and is therefore for him, over all Indoftan, as a very friendly a fair subject of critical animadversion. We measure for them and their connections and shall content ourselves however, at present, dependencies in those extensive regions : -- with a simple. observation on the strange Exclusive of all these considerations, the ap- unaccountable contrasted state of parties in pointment of a military officer of the crown England. That the man who loft us great to the supreme civil government of all the part of America, and almost the whole BriCompany's concerns in the East-Indies, does tish Empire, the East-Indies excepted, fhould not wear the most palpable marks of prudence be unimpeached, unmolested, and undisturband discretion, in this time of apparent profound ed, even so as to be at liberty to join the peace and tranquility! There is a strong chace to run down the man who by his veappearance of too much power being vested ry extraordinary exertions faved our Indian pae man, either for the benefit of the poffeffions out of the hands of those nume.


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rous potent enemies which were raised up They have likewise beat down the Direcagainst us by the former of these two men, tors in the annual expence of managing the whilst the latter is faintly defended by Minil. funds, nearly about one-fifth part; in which ters and their adherents ; surely this betrays case the borrower has prescribed rules to the something very rotten in the State of Den- lender, and thereby reversed the Scripture, mark ! or we have no skill in politics. which says, 'the borrower is servant to the

Tue Shop. tax bas Withstood the storm lender! Query, Whether fome secret article tha gathered round it from all quarters of is not included in this pecuniary treaty, which the kiumem, upheld by the strong hand of has not yet met the public eye, to make the Minuter, which has prevailed against the atonement for this seeming dictatorial power whole body of shopkeepers and their adhe- assumed by the debtor over the creditor : rents, under a modification which, no doubt, To make any considerable progress in page pleases fome people who are relieved there. ing the national debt, there ought to be some by, but leaves others under a more marked lulty surplusses somewhere, to the tune of partiality than before.--The citizens of Lon- two millions and a half; for we know of dedon consider themselves to be principally point- ficiencies in seven articles, to the amount of ed at as the objects of ministerial displeasure ; a more than half that sum ; a very unpromising circumstance which we hope will teach them, circunstance for that purpose! And to look for the future, to reserve their gold boxes and at the Votes of Money for the Ordinary and freedoms to be conferred on ministers at the Extraordinaries of the Army, and the various end, instead of the beginning of their adminis- descriptions of officers, one would be tempt. trations, when they can better judge whether ed to think we were in the height of a they .re well or ill bestowed.

ragins, complicated, extensive war; and that The regulation of the Militia has taken up we had an army of officers only! - Another the attention of Parliament a good deal in this unpromising circumftance. month, but without much fatisfaction to More mischief seems to be breeding 2. either side of the House. This national de mong the new States of America against this fence has been greatly altered from its pri- country : they seem to have imbibed an en. mitive institution, and we think much for mity to us fimilar to that of the Israelites a. the worse, partaking too much of the nature gainst the Amalekices, with whom they were of a Standing Army to be called a Militia, to have war for ever. At present our reand yet without some of the benefits attend. maining colony of Nova Scotia thrives apace, ing a Standing Army: in short, it is a stand- under their nose.Hinc illæ lacbrymac. ing terror to many sober, industrious, hard- Last month we adverted to the cold, phleg. working men and their families, and was matic, and disdainful reception our Consul the ruin of many poor families duririg the met with from the American Congress, and late war ;--a standing gaming-table or raffle. the affront thereby offered to the dignity and board, taking money out of the people's Crown of Great-Britain. This month we pockets, poor and rich, without the losers have to observe, the very different reception having the pleasure to taud by and see fair of the French Conful by the same body; all play, whereby many men were dragged respectful, complacent, and cordial, as if done from their families and friends, or driven to with design to Thew the shocking contralt. leave them deftitute, for want of ten pounds How long our Ministers will continue, and to pay the penalty of refusing a military life, wliat lengths they will go, to crouch to these to which they were totally averse and unfit. revolted lubjects, and to lick the crumbs that Until some mode is adopted of regulating the fall from the Frenchman's table, (pread by militia upon its own original principles, it' the haughty Americans, we kaow not; but will be a heavy oppreiliun upon many indi- one thing we kuow, that if they ftudied to viduals, as well as the ruin of many families, bring contempe, disgrace, and ignominy upon and yet will not answer the true purpose of a the British name and nation by the means of national militia; a matter worthy of the most those Americans, they could not much go serious consideration of the legiflature. beyond what they do in that way.

Ministry have made peace with the Bank. To look through Europe, an universal Directors for the payment of two millions, calm seems, for the moment, to overspread (horrowed some time ago) by intaiments of the political hemisphere, except some internal half a million annually. We should have fermentation in Holland, venting itself in liked it better if they had paid the money fome seditious riotous proceedings in divers down at the time appointed by the postponing parts, all which will probably be filenced upan act of parliament pafied for that purpose; the first appearance of fome neighbounng it would have looked more like a serious in. Potentale's forces to chastite the noters and tention of paying off some confiderable part of disturbers of the peace. Most probably thus the national debt, funded as well as un. ensuing summer will be spent in negociating, funded.

intriguing, and forming and fermenting alhances among the Powers of Europe, pre- weight of domestic and national troubles inco vious to any party trying their strength against his grave ; and if nature, aided by affliction, another party.

will not do that office for him, there are Nevertheless, the gradual, lenient, yet im. those near him who will readily render him portant revolutions forming in the Ottoman that service, to put an end to all his troubles cabinet, appear to us to denote something of a in this world at once, whenever they can change of system from the pacific to the war- look about them and see they can do it with like disposition, the original characteristic of safety.. Let that event happen wlien it will, that extraordinary and unparalleled empire. and how it will, it will be high time for some The mild and pacific Prince who lways that ambitious enterprising European Powers to fceptre is thought to be finking under the look ahout them and prepare for the worst.

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LIST of longevity for 1785:- No pera in bed, of which wound he larguished until

fon is mentioned who had not entered Sunday laft, and then died. The deceased's upon his or her ninetieth year. The first co- widow deposed, that the prisoner was forlumn contains the names of the counties, the merly servant to her husband; that he was lecond the number of persons who have lived discharged for negligence ; that he had freto ninety or upwards, and the third, the to- quently threatened vengeance on the deceasEl those years amount to.

ed ; that on the morning the murder was Bishoprick of Durham

105 committed, she was awakened by a noise, Cambridgeshire

and on entering the room her husband Dept Cheshire


in, she found him sitting up in the bed, and Cumberland


as far as his waist in blood ; that a stick Derbyfhire

93 which the prisoner had cut some time before, Devonshire

197 lay in the room, and an iron bar, covered Eilex


with blood ; that her husband was mangled Flintshire

105 in a shocking manner ; and that atlistance Glamorganshire


was immediately sent for :--he lingered a Hampshire

91 few days, and died a shocking spectacle. Hertfordshire

Four other witnesses were examined, whose Hantingdonshire

teltimony proved certain corroborating cir. Kent


cumstances, such as, being from his lodgings Lancashire

4 375

the night that the murder was commitced, Leicestershire

104 being seen to melt lead, and to pour it into Lincolnshire


the stick that was found in the deceased's Middlesex 17 1352

The prisoner coufelled the murder Montgomeryshire

103 to one of the magiftrates who committed him Northamptonshire

for trial, but pleaded not guilty at the bar. Northumberland

3 302 The Jury, after a few minutes consideration, Nottinghamshire


brought in their verdict guilty. Oxfordthire

92 27. The above Joseph Rickards was exeRadnorshire

IOI cuted at Kentich Town, opposite the house Rutlandthire


where the horrid fact was perpetrated. In Shropshire


his way to the place of execution, the conSomersetshire


vict appeared to be in a state of Itupefaction ; Saffolk

4 399 he had no book, nor did he employ the Surrey


short remains of time in those preparations Warwickshire


for eternity which his miserable situation renWiltshire

dered so indispensably necessary. Before be. Worcestershire

ing turned off, the prisoner desired to see Yorkshire

5 579

the widow of the decealed; she was sent for

to her house, but was gone to London. He One prisoner was capitally convicted at the declared he had no accomplice in the fact, Old Bailey, viz. Joseph Rickards a lad and that he was induced to the perpetration of 18 years of age, late servant to Walter ' thereof by the supposition, that after the de. Horseman, cowkeeper at Kentish Town, cease of his master he should succeed to the for wilfully wounding the said Walter Horse- business as milkman. Just before coming to man on the head and face, about three in the village he burft into tears, and when he die morning of the 11th instant, while alleep came to the place of execution, wept bitterly.





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28. The house of the Right Hon, the Earl fcribed the name of some one of the Thirteen of Exeter, at Burleigh, near Stamford, in Scates. On another circular ring, within Lincolnshire, was broke open, and the fol- these, was inscribed American Congress--and lowing articles stolen, viz. One gold baion in the central spaceWe are one. and plate ; one silver ship, supported by It is remarkable that the Austrians were mermaids; one spoon enamelled with curi- reduced to the neceffity of coining leadea ous work; one small gold snuff box, the top money in 1529, when Vienna was befieged enamelled with the story of Paris and Helen; by the Turks. King James II. also made use one mother of pearl snuff box, inlaid and li- of that practice to pay his army in Ireland, ned with gold, and also a variety of other cu- in the year 1690. rious articles,

The American Congress have lately made March 4. The Sessions ended at the Old a copper coinage, which is now in general Bailey, at which 25 prisoners were capitally circulation : One side of the halfpenny bears convicted, and received sentence of death; this circular inscription, Libertas et Fujiitia ; 46 were sentenced to be transported ; 28 round a central cypher U. S. On the reverse ordered to be kept to hard labour in the is a sun rising amidst Thirteen Stars, circuhouse of correction, several of whom also larly inscribed, Constellatio nove. to be whipped : four to be imprisoned in 13. There was a most oumerous meeting Newgate, 12 to be whipped and discharged; of the retail dealers of London, Westminster, and 12 were discharged by proclamation, and Southwark, at the London Tavern.

7. His Majesty in Council was this day Mr. Alderman Skinner took the chair, and pleased to appoint Edward Pryse Lloyd, of said he had flattered himself, that on this Llanarth, Esquire, to be Sheriff of the coun- night he should have had to congratulate them ty of Cardigan, in the room of John Martin, on their relief from the heavy and partial imof Aligoch, Ffq.

poft (the fhop-tax), which it had been so long On Saturday night, Hogartb's print of the the object of their endeavours to repeal. He Evening , in the Gulilon collection, was fold was forry, however, to say, that their efforts had by Greenwood for the price of thirty eight been in vain. They were now met to confider guirieas and a bulf! This extraordinary what further they might think it adviseable print was before Hogarth introduced the girl, to do, and to see whether any means could who appears beating the little boy with the yet be imagined to make the burthen lels fegingerbread king in his hands.

Upon the above print being knocked Mr. Stock then proposed several refolu. down, a gentleman facetiously observed, that tions, which were severally agreed to. it was amazing an evening Mould be worth 14. His Majesty in Council was this day thirty-eight guineas and a half without a pleased to make the following amendment girl.

upon the Roll of Sheriffs, viz. Mason's print of Nell Gruyn, lying upon a Gloucestershire - Charles Coxe, now refi. bed or flowers, in the laced (mock the itole dent at Bath, formerly of Kemble, Esq. from the Duchess of Portsmouth, was sold 15. L'ame on at the East India House, the from the Gulfton collection for three gui- election of a Director, in the room of Lau.

rence Sulivan, Efq. deceased, when on calt. 10. In the Irish House of Commons, ing up the ballot, there appeared for March 6, Mr Forhes moved the House to Abram Robarts, Esq. 439 reiolve, “ That the present application and John Travers, Eiq.

309 amount of pensions on the civil establishment, is a grievance, and demands redress.” Ayes

Majority, 130 70, Noes 128.

On which Mr. Robarts was declared duly The first mouey struck by the Congress in elected. America is now become exceedingly scarce, The coroner's inquest sat on the body of a and only to be met with in the cabinets of the maid servant belonging to Mr. Stephe is, of curious. They coined several pieces of pecu- the Admiralty, who had cut her throat. The ter of about an inch and a imlf in diameter, cause of this rath act was very singular. She and of 240 grains in weight; on one side of had long been in polieflion of a false key to which were inscribed, in a circular ring near the wine cellar, and had at various times, the edge, the words-imtinent ai Currency, in conjunction with another female servant, 1776-and within the ring a rising sun Thi- taken several bottles of wine, &c. About ning upon a dial, with the word--fugis--at two months ago she informed the botler that the luje of it; under which were the words she had something particular to communicate -- mind your bakirefs. On the reverse were to him, and on Thursday last the voluntarily 13 small circles, joined together like the confetled the above fact. The burier amiwcis 'ss of a chain, on each of which was in- ed, that in justice to his maiter and himself,



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he should be obliged to inform Mr. Stephens ; woman is dead, and the miserable man combut first he would consult Mr. Woodham, mitted to prison. the former butler, who left Mr. S. about fix Extract of a Letter from Plymouth, Mar.14. months since, which he did ; and upon Mr. “ Last Thursday evening His Royal High. W. coming to the house, and treating her ness Prince William Henry was initiated inwith great severity of language, she went up to the ancient and honourable Society of Free stairs, and immediately put an end to her ex- and Accepted Masons, in the Lodge, No. 86, istence.

held at the Prince George Inn, Payne's, in A terrible fire broke out in the place in this Town.” James-street, Haymarket, where the hay 21. The Court of A!dermen agreed to and straw is kept which is unsold, which petition his Majesty, praying, that the fenburnt upwards of fifty loads, besides the tence passed on convicts at the Old-Bailey carts: it also consumed the puppet-fhow may be fully executed, as a means of deterhouse, as well as the tennis-court, and four ring those persons now at large, who are houses in front, and two in Prince's-court continually making depredations on the peace, backwards, besides damaging several others. ful inhabitant, from persevering in their

16. Was held a General Court at the mal practices. Bank, when the chairman communicated to 21. The trial of the celebrated Brighthelm. the proprietors the following interesting in- stone taylor, John Motherhill, for a rape on formation, viz. That the Directors had agreed Catharine Wade, came on at East-Grinsted, to prolong the payment of the loan of two Sussex, before Mr. Justice Amhurst. The millions, which had been lent to government, trial lasted near fix hours, and the Jury after upon condition that the same should be re

consulting near half an hour, brought in a deemed at half a million per annum. The verdict, Not Guilty. proprietors approved of the measure, and it 22. A General Court, consisting of eight was agreed to.

Proprietors, was held at the India-House, when The chairman next proceeded to inform the chairman stated, that the Court of Dithe proprietors, that as the national debt had rectors had taken the advice of their counincreased fo considerably, the Directors, had sel on the new bill brought into Parliament agreed with the Minister, to undertake the by Mr. Dundas, and that they found nothing management of the business, at and after the in it objectionable or improper. sale of four hundred and fifty pounds for 23. At Guildhall, No. 34,119, was the Each million, instead of five hundred and first.drawn Ticket in Sir Alton Lever's Lotfixty-two pounds, which had hitherto heen tery, and as such entitled to the Museum. paid for it. This circumstance made a saving The fortunate poffeffor of it is Mr. Parkinson, to government of five and twenty thousand of Cuftle.Yard, Holbourn. Out of 36,008 pounds per annnm !—The proprietors' ap- Tickets, 8000 only have been issued, and proved also of this measure, and it was like- 2000 of those have been returned undisposed wise agreed to.

of. 17. A shocking murder was committed 25. His Majesty in Council was on Wed. by one Simpson, of Long Alley, Moor- nesday pleased to appoint William Pritchard, Fields, who had involved himself in that most of Trescawen, Esq. to be Sheriff of the profligate of all games, the lottery. He County of Anglesea, in the room of Arthur went home, rendered desperate by his losses, Owen, of Bodowyr Illa, Esq. and Rabbed his wist in several places. The



March 2
MACBETH-Virgin Unmasked

4. Distressd Mother-Ar-

4 Lady's Last Stake-Love thur and Emmeline

in a Camp 6 Twelfth Nighi-Romp

6 King Lear--Love in a Camp 7 Heiress-Virgin Unmasked

7 Duenna--Barataria 9 Captives-Humourist

9 Man of the World--Love in a Camp i1 Captives—Romp

11 Werter-Bar.staria 13 Captives--Gentle Shepherd

13 Duenna--Omai 14 Heiress Romp

14 Werter--Barataria 16 Distress'd Mother-Bon Ton

16 Love in a Village--St. Patrick's Day 18 Strangers at Home-Virgin Unmasked 18 Peruvian-Country Wife 20 Cymon-Englishman in Paris

20 Ditto-Fool 21 Isabella Romp

21 Ditto-Ditto 23 Heiress-Gentle Shepherd

23 Ditto--Barataria 25 Percy-Lyar

25 Werter-Love in a Camp

March 2

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