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whispered fiercely, “You don't suppose I'll let her see how he looks now!"
a profound silence. Then discharging a bullet. “Oh, yes, he does! our hostess, evidently taking us for He looks exactly like that still, only tongue-tied country people, went more mature, more interesting," she making conversation with a vague, said in an angry, defiant tone. fluent, somewhat absent-minded kind- “Ah, indeed," said the painter, with
"It's very pleasant to be here an accent of polite acquiescence. She again. I stayed here once a few weeks, sighed now, and looked at the clock. I many years ago, when I was young. rose, and said, since we could not be of We had quite a jolly time. I remember use to her, we would leave her to rest. then there was a boy here---perhaps a She accompanied us to the door pleasyoung man--a slim, dark, tall fellow, antly enough, with the professional, imwith the most perfect early Renaissance personal courtesy of a celebrity. head imaginable, quite like the 'Jeune Outside Flossie sprang to her car, Homme Inconnu.' I've been trying all leaving me stranded on the sidewalk. day to remember his name. Paul? No. She looked furiously angry. "I must Walter? It had two syllables, it seems get Peter away!" she said between her to me. Well, at any rate, he had two teeth. great beauties—the pale, flat white of “But not now, surely!” I cried. his skin and his great shaggy mass of "Now more than ever," she flung back dark hair. I've often 'used his hair in at me as she whirled the car around. drawings since. But I don't suppose he Then, as I stood open-mouthed, utlooks like that now." Flossie spoke. terly at a loss, she drove the car close She spoke with the effect of a revolver to the curb and, leaning to my ear,
Miss Arling was gone before they returned from the two-day fishing trip on which they started that night. I doubt if Peter ever heard that she had been in town.
The morning after their return, as soon as Peter had gone downtown, Flossie tore down the big photograph from the wall and flung it into the garbage can.
I noticed its absence, some days later, when I went over to see them, and asked, with a little apprehension, "What did Peter say when he found it gone?"
The strangest expression came into her face. She said in a low tone, "He has never even missed it," and then she began to cry. As I looked at her I saw that she had suddenly begun to show
THE SPEECH THAT WON THE EAST FOR LINCOLN
BY GEORGE HAVEN PUTNAM
HE address delivered by Lincoln ern States, he had secured a National to influence public opinion, might very at Cooper Union on February 27, reputation. There could be no question possibly prove to be the best man for
1860, in response to the invitation on the part of the Republican managers the purpose if Seward could not be seof certain representative New Yorkers, in New York that the delegation sent by cured. Bryant reminded his friends that was, as well in its character as in its the State to the National Convention to he had printed in the "Evening Post" results, the most important of all of be held in Chicago in June was to be a full report of the Lincoln-Douglas Lincoln's utterances. Bearing in mind instructed for Seward.
Debates, and he said that these debates the weighty matters considered and the Mr. Bryant, whose reputation as a poet had given him a very high opinion of fact that it was through this address may have caused the present generation the clear-sightedness, patriotism, and that Lincoln became President, it may to overlook the fact that he was also a effective force of the young lawyer. He not be an exaggeration to refer to it as great editor and a patriotic and unselfish suggested that they had better send an the most important political address leader of public opinion, brought to- invitation to Lincoln to give an address given in the history of the country. gether early in February, 1860, in his in New York in order that they might
The way in which this address came office a group of citizens, of whom my secure a personal impression of the man to be made is probably not well under- father was one. Bryant was anxious in and of his methods, The men whom stood by the citizens of the present gen- regard to the action of the coming Con- Bryant called together were fully in eration. The Republican party, the or- vention. He emphasized the fact that it accord with him, first, as to the desiraganization of which dates back to a was essential to secure as a leader in the bility of nominating Seward if possible meeting in Michigan in 1854, had at the campaign and to carry out the grave re- and, second, as to the importance of time of the nomination of Lincoln made sponsibilities of the Presidency a man instructing the delegation for a second one Presidential campaign. It had not who should not only possess the neces- choice. They were quite prepared to succeeded in electing Fremont (and it sary individual qualifications, but who meet Mr. Bryant's suggestion that the is probable that the failure of Fremont, would be in a position to secure accept- invitation should be accompanied by a who did not possess the qualifications ance as a candidate and support as a check for expenses. “Young lawyers in required for leadership, was in the end President of all groups of loyal citizens Illinois were not likely," suggested a of service to the Republic, but the cam- throughout the country. Bryant was lawyer who was present. "to have surpaign gave evidence that the fight that troubled lest the delegates from the plus funds available." the new party was making against the Western States might not be prepared to Years after the war, I heard from extension of slavery and for the purpose
Eastern candidate. There Robert Lincoln that his father had in of making sure that slavery should not was, as he pointed out, the risk, if the January been planning to make a trip be permitted to become a National insti. nomination did not come to Seward, that Eastward to see the boy, who was then tution, had won the sympathy and the it might, as a result of some ill-consid- at Phillips Exeter Academy. His father support of the great mass of the voters ered phase of opinion or rush of sugges. wrote to Robert that he had just won of the North and of a substantial pro- tions, select some candidate who would a case and that as soon as his client B. portion also of the citizens of the border not meet the very exceptional require. made payment he would arrange for the States,
ments. It was Bryant's recommendation trip. A week or more later Lincoln The man who had been most gen- that the New York delegation should wrote again to the boy, expressing his erally accepted as the leader of the receive instructions not only for a first disappointment that the trip would new party was William H. Seward, of but for a second choice. It was his fur- have to be postponed. New York. Seward's scholarly training ther opinion that if Seward could not be “B. cannot pay me for some time,” and political experience entitled him to nominated it would be necessary to ac. said Lincoln, "and I have at this time be classed as a statesman. He had made cept some candidate from the West, and no other money." clear a courageous expression of the he suggested that this young lawyer in A week later Lincoln wrote again to principles which the Republican Nlinois, who had in his debates with his son, reporting that he was coming, party was to make its fight. While his Douglas shown an exceptional grasp of after all. “Some men in New York," he chief support naturally lay in the East- the grave issues pending and a power said, "have asked me to come to speak
This photograph was made by M. B. Brady, in New York, February 27, 1860. This and two others were the first portraits of Mr. Lincoln by Brady, and are known as the Cooper Institute portraits, having been taken on the day he delivered his famous speech in Cooper Institute under the auspices of the Young Men's. Central Republican Union of New York City. "While in New York he (Lincolnil." says Miss Tarbell's "Life of Abraham Lincoln," "was taken by the committee of entertainment to Prady's gallery, and sat for the portrait reproduced above. It was a frequent remark
From an architect's drawing of the period. The building has been considerably changed since
useful and practical science and art"
to them and have sent me money for control of himself. He caught the tone citizens, must be preserved in full libthe trip. I can manage the rest of the of the hall (he had never before spoken erty, must be protected against any inway."
in a large hall), the voice gained a nat- vasion of an institution which repreMy father
was one of the vice- ural and impressive modulation, the sented barbarity. He maintained that presidents of the meeting, and he ar- gestures were dignified and appropriate, such a contention could interfere in no ranged to secure a seat for me on the and the hearers came under the influ- way with the due recognition of the platform. Lincoln had never been in ence of the earnest look from the deeply legitimate property rights of the presthe East, and his personality was un- set eyes and of the absolute integrity of ent owners of slaves. He pointed out familiar to an Eastern audience. It purpose and of devotion to principle to the New Englander of the antiwas understood that the lawyer from which were behind the thought and the slavery group that the restriction of Illinois was going to talk in New York words of the speaker.
slavery meant its early extermination. about the fight against slavery. It was It was evident that the man from the He insisted that war for the purpose probable that a large part of the audi- West understood thoroughly the Consti- of exterminating slavery from existing
expected something "wild and tutional history of the country; he had slave territory could not be justified. woolly." The more optimistic of the hear- mastered the issues that had grown up He was prepared, however, for the purers were hoping, however, that perhaps about the slavery question; he knew pose of defending against slavery the a new Henry Clay had arisen and were thoroughly, and was prepared to respect, National territory that was still free, looking for utterances of the ornate and the rights of his political opponents; he to take the risk of the war which the grandiloquent kind such as they had knew with equal thoroughness the rights South threatened because he believed heard frequently from Clay and from of the men whose views he was helping that only through such action could the other statesmen of the South.
to shape, and he insisted that there existence of the Nation be maintained; The first impression of the man from should be no wavering or weakening in and he believed, further, that the mainthe West did nothing to contradict the regard to the enforcement of those tenance of the great Republic was esexpectation of something weird, rough, rights. He made it clear that the contin- sential, not only for the interests of its and uncultivated. The long, ungainly ued existence of the Nation depended own citizens, but for the interests of figure, upon which hung clothes that, upon having these issues equitably ad- free government throughout the world. while new for the trip, were evidently justed, and he held that the equitable Lincoln spoke with full sympathy of the the work of an unskillful tailor; the adjustment meant the restriction of difficulties and problems resting upon large feet; the clumsy hands, of which, slavery within its present boundaries. the South, and he insisted that the mat. at the outset at least, the orator seemed He maintained that such restrictions ters at issue could be adjusted only with to be unduly conscious; the long, gaunt were just and necessary for the sake of a fair recognition of these difficulties. head capped by a shock of hair that fairness to the blacks as well as for the Aggression from either side of Mason seemed not to have been thoroughly final welfare of the whites. He insisted and Dixon's Line must be withstood. brushed out, made a picture which did that the voters in the present States in I was but a boy when I first looked not fit in with New York's conception the Union had upon them the largest upon the gaunt figure of the man who of a finished statesman. The first utter- possible measure of responsibility in so was to become the people's leader and ance of the voice was not pleasant to controlling the great domain of the listened to his calm but forcible arguthe ear, the tone being harsh and the Republic that the States of the future, ments in behalf of the principles of the key too high. As the speech progressed, the States in which their children and Republican party. I have read the adhowever, the speaker seemed to get into their grandchildren were to grow up as dress more than once since, and it is of course impossible to separate my first February, father came to me at Exe- Never was a political leadership more impressions from my later direct knowl. ter. The news of his speech had pre- fairly, more nobly, and more reasonably edge. I do remember that I was at once ceded him, and he was obliged to speak won. When the ballot-boxes were impressed with the feeling that here was eleven times before leaving New Eng- opened on the first Tuesday in Novema political leader whose methods dif- land.” It was because he had made ber, Lincoln was found to have secured fered from those of any politician to a personal impression upon the voters, the electoral vote of every Northern whom I had listened. Lincoln's conten- not only of New York, but of Massa- State except New Jersey, and in New tions were based, not upon invective or chusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecti- Jersey four electors out of seven. abuse of “the other fellow," but purely cut, that when the New York delegates Breckinridge, the leader of the extreme on considerations of justice, on the
in the Convention found that there was Southern Democrats, had back of him everlasting principle that what is just, no prospect of securing the nomination only the votes of the Southern States and only what is just, represents the of Seward, and, in accordance with the outside of the border States, these latter largest and highest interests of the instructions of Bryant's committee, gave being divided between Bell and Doug. Nation as a whole.
their vote to the man from Illinois, the las. Douglas and his shallow theory of This speech decided the selection of the delegates from New England followed the "squatter sovereignty” had been buried National leader, not only for the politi- lead and made the nomination assured. beneath the good sense of the voters of cal campaign, but through the coming An edition of the Cooper Union ad- the North. struggle. If it had not been for the im- dress was put into print in September, It is well that Americans should repression made upon New York and the 1860, by the ung Men's Republican member the valuable service rendered East generally by Lincoln's speech and Union of New York. The publication by William C. Bryant in helping to by the man himself, the vote of New of this pamphlet shows that as early as bring about the selection as the leader. York could not have been secured in the September, 1860, the historic importance not only of the new party, but of all Convention for his nomination.
and permanent value of this speech were Americans who fought and worked to Robert Lincoln, writing to me in fairly realized by the National leaders save the Republic, the great Captain, July, 1908, says: “After the address in of the day.
PRACTICAL AMERICANISM AT ELLIS ISLAND
BY NATALIE DE BOGORY
THE new Commissioner of Immi- Commissioner Tod comes from Scot. it very simply. He converted a large
gration at Ellis Island, Robert E. land, and he was a commander in the room, formerly used for storage pur
Tod, avoids interviewers. He has Navy during the war. His close-knit poses, into reception-rooms, where immino set theories on immigration. His frame bespeaks the forceful man. Eff- grants are taken directly from the policy is to say little and do much, and ciency, a much-abused word, is written barges and where they can wait in that the latter is the case is quite evi- in his deliberate movements, and the comfort. What especially attracted my dent to anybody at all familiar with the firm line of his mouth shows that reti- attention were the nice water fountains Ellis Island of the past. Some real cence which baffled and forced me on a in the middle of each section-truly an changes have already been made on the prowling voyage of discovery at Ellis improvement. "Island of Tears," as Ellis Island is gen- Island.
Another striking change was the eserally referred to in the foreign-lan- The system at Ellis Island was an ex- tablishment of a cafeteria in the big guage press, and this leads one to think cellent one in the days of long ago, be- Information Room for relatives and that the entire ambitious programme fore the Great War came and introduced friends of incoming aliens, where they laid out by the Committee on Immigrant unforeseen factors into daily life and sometimes wait for whole days before Welfare Work will become a reality in into systems in general. The routine they are called to identify the new arthe course of time.
that had answered all previous needs rivals. This is a master stroke, for It is almost ten years since I first set could not fill the new demands, and it much criticism comes from these alfoot on Ellis Island, and I have seen took a man of original observation and ready Americanized immigrants, who and watched the changes that crept in pioneer daring to establish radical are equally quick to appreciate comfort with each changing Commissioner. ameliorations to meet these changing and service.
To me, familiar with the immigrant needs. This is what Commissioner Tod The recently opened baby nursery for and his habits, it was always a source has done.
teaching immigrant women how to of wonder how the "Island" managed to "We had never thought of doing this," bathe and properly clothe their infants be so clean and decent, but there were was the comment I heard from several is another innovation. Surely this is some spots that shocked even my un- of the old-time officials as they pointed the soundest first lesson in true Ameribiased mind-unbiased in that I have out some of the changes; "and isn't it canism. The nursery, with its pale-blue always recognized the difficulties of an improvement?"
and white decorations, is a model of handling immigrants in such rapidly From high officials to the most modest simplicity and practicability, and the changing multitudes. The Great War ones, I caught this spirit of satisfaction teaching is done by the nurse in charge. naturally affected the conditions very and pride in the doings of the new The Della Robbia baby on the wall unmaterially, for it created entirely new "chief." In pre-war days immigrants doubtedly conveys no message to the and unforeseen situations. Meanwhile were taken from the ships to Ellis immigrant mother, but I enjoyed it, so the complaints recently made by better- Island on barges designed only for the there is no harm. class aliens were probably well founded: most temporary sojourn. After passing These were some of the more imporEllis Island is a clearing-ground for Quarantine, medical examination used tant innovations that I saw; there were peasants, and not for people of culture. to be simple. But the war brought ver- many minor improvements that mean
But Commissioner Tod has dared to min, and medical examination took on little to any but the initiates on Ellis face these evil spots. He is eradicating serious aspects. The discovery of a few Island. But even this start gives a them from the Ellis Island routine. A small insects would hold up whole barge- value to Commissioner Tod's programme daring undertaking, for Ellis Island is loads of immigrants sometimes for of reform that most proposed proa system-inexorable and unfailing- hours, thus exposing them to crowding grammes do not convey to those of us and thorny is the path for him who and inclement weather. This was cynics who have seen and know. dares attempt to change it.
new problem. Commissioner Tod solved A director of information is to be ap
pointed in the near future to take when sickness was not so prevailing, but foor--and everywhere those weeping charge of all welfare work. Interpreters the war changed that. The fearful con- faces. The room was dark. I think it are to be numerous and available to im. ditions at the ports of embarkation- has few windows-I do not remembermigrants at a time when they are for- many are the tales I heard from immi- but the impression was that of a murky bidden to communicate with relatives grants about them were the cause of cellar. And the stench! Bilge water and friends. Few people can realize the wholesale sickness and destitution at the and dirt and neglected children—it folimportance of this last provision unless New York port. Ellis Island became lowed me to New York and to my home, they have spent many days at Ellis overcrowded. The hospital was full of though I resolutely walked the deck of Island, as I have done.
the sick; information was not given out the ferry to drive it away. I remember some of my visits to de- frequently. Anxious mothers wept; the That visit was made at a time when tention quarters, where men, women, detention quarters were a well of un- Ellis Island was overcrowded, so it is and children wait, sometimes for weeks, ending misery. That Commissioner Tod perhaps an unfair picture. But the until they are released. Coming in as has tackled the problem of that head- mere possibility of such conditions an outsider from the “other” world, I quarters of suffering will go a long way should be sufficient for reform. I anticiwas usually quickly surrounded by towards eliminating the title of "Island pate the pleasure of seeing the new deanxious people, showering me with ques- of Tears."
tention room. Perhaps it will wipe out tions in a dozen different languages, Another great improvement is the the horror of that last visit. asking advice. I remember women proposed establishment of a bigger de- There are also plans for improving begging me to help them get more fre- tention room for women and children. living conditions, but I can say nothing quent information regarding their chil- It is to be located in the so-called "Rail- about them, as I have no personal knowldren, lying sick at the Ellis Island hos- road Room," a beautiful and airy room. edge of what has been in the past. pital. They would cry softly, wiping The mere mention of this change brings Commissioner Tod states that he has the tears with their head kerchiefs, but back to my mind a picture of horror- not mastered the immigration situation, still eagerly listening to my words of my last visit to the detention room. It he has no panacea to offer for its evils, just plain human sympathy. That was was overcrowded. There were
few but apparently he knows that Ellis all they needed—a little encouragement, benches and many, many people stand- Island has been the "Island of Tears" a sense that they were not forgotten in ing around for lack of seats. Women and he is determined to change the that mass of waiting immigrants. reclined uncomfortably on piled-up bag.
A worthy object and a worthy The "system" had worked in the past, gage, children simply lay around on the beginning.
WARD: EXPLORER, SCULPTOR.
BY ELBERT FRANCIS BALDWIN
NY American who ever saw the collection of African trophies and
the sculptures by Herbert Ward in that sculptor's studio in Paris or at his country house will welcome them in their new home at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington. They are shown in the palatial new building of the Institution which we call the National Museum. The collection is a fit counterpart to the Roosevelt collection, on the same floor, at the other end of the Museum.
Herbert Ward was the eldest son of a distinguished naturalist, Edwin Ward, and was born in London in 1863. His boyhood showed the characteristics of his later career-adventure and love of nature. When hardly fifteen years old, he left home in an emigrant ship to see some unexplored lands—New Zealand, Australia, Borneo, Africa. He had been three times around the world before he was twenty-one years of age. For a time he had served as common sailor aboard an English merchantman; he had bunked in the forecastle, he had eaten hardtack, and had done work aloft. In Australia he tended cattle for herdsmen in the hills. In Borneo de commanded a military expedition into the interior. Then he entered the service of the Congo Free State. Here he began to gather his marvelous collection of native curios and trophies, and also relies of the stone age. In 1913 at Rolleboise, and again in 1916, when on a fying visit to America, he told me that
men to carry provisions, Ward, on his own initiative, collected some four hundred natives and marched to meet him. He commanded the rear-guard of the Stanley expedition and remained with Sir Henry in the Congo for two years. Ward was the sole survivor of the Stanley expedition, and has told the world about it in his books “Five Years with the Congo Cannibals" and "My Life with Stanley's Rear-Guard."
Herbert Ward always had a love of art. He used to say to me: "My earliest recollections are of drawing and attempts to paint in water-colors. It became natural to me to sketch when on my travels, and, anyway, always to look on the picturesque and beautiful side of things. But only in sculpture could I portray the African nature."
After he came home from the Congo Ward opened a studio in London, but found that his ideas were hampered by the influences then emanating from the Royal Academy. In France, on the contrary, when his first work, the model of the head of a native African, was erhibited. he received a "mention" at once. This encouragement, he told me, resulted in his going to live in France. The bronze head referred to receiver more than a “mention." It was afterwards bought by the French Government for the Luxembourg, and a girl's head made later by Ward is also in that national gallery.
Ward married a daughter of Charles 11. Sanford, of New Jersey, a banker