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early to Rome, where he could best imbibe | estate, he conferred more than an equivalent ; | Ah! nonc-detain'd in regions far remov'd the rudiinents of liberal and extensive knowls and, as early as the Actian war, as it is usual- Each fond associate, and each friend belov’d. edge. He himself diligently implanted the ly called. Horace confesses that lie had been Ah! none-the ill fated husband's father's care, principles of morality, not by dry precepts, or enriched, far beyond his wanis, Ol' expecta- His spouse, his offspring, Rome forbids to share. refined speculations, but by the more familiar ions. and striking illustration of living examples. From this period, his life seems io have Say, can the rude Sarmatian, school'd to steel The tendency of erery immoral action, was proceeded, in a regular, and tranquil course : His savage breast-say, can he learn to feel, manifested, by the consequence it had produ- and is known chiefly, by the private anecdotes of bagg:u'd aspect who insatiate drains ced. Such was the effect of this mode of in- his writings have recorded, and the publick Life's reeking current from his courser's veins : struction, that, in a luxurious capital, amidst events they have celebrated. During that dis- 'Neath those forelocks that shade his mangled brow, companions, whose rank and fortune far ex- pute, between Anthony and Octavius, which say, can that hollow eye with mercy glow? ceeded his own, our poet records, with grati- ended in a peace, negotiated by Mæcenas, the

-Blush, Roman, blush-lo! Goths his fate deplore, . tude, his preservation, not only from actual poet attended his patron to Brundusium, where

And pity meets him on that dreary shore. vice, but from the habits and dispositions, that liat negotiation was carried on, and has left

His fate--those rocks that heard him, erst, complain, precede and produce it. At the age of iwon- us an agreeable picture of the characters, and ty, or twenty one, the young Horace was re- incidents that amused him on the way. Dur

And brutes, no longer fierce, that mark’d his pain, mored from Rome, to the schools of Philoso- | ing the war, that afterwards arose between

And Danube mourns, beneath his chilly deep. phy, at Athens; the great university for the those ambitious rivals, he would, had he been See Venus, hastening from her favou red isle Roman youth, which was the usual and almost permitted, have accompanied Mæcenas to the

Bids her plum'd Autterers light his funeral pile. necessary step, in completing a liberal educa- expected naval action ; the happy event of Then, when the self-exhausted flames decline, tion. Here, it is probable, he formed intima- which was not merely propitious to his for- His whitening ashes to their vase consign : cies with many of the young nobility, his fel- lunes, but gra:ifying to the warmest feelings and thus inscribe the stone—“ Lo here he lies, low students, who were afterwards his asso- of his heart.

Who sung Love's wiles, solicitudes, and jo;s"ciates, in the republican army, or his friends and The final triumph of Octavius, was not, in- Herself ambrosial odours sprinkling round, protectors in the emperor's court. The ex- decd, more fortunate to any set of men than to

Thrice, and four times, bedews the ballowed ground ample of these spirited youths, who, on the the pocis, whom that prince, through bis faarrival of Brutus, at Athens, eagerly joinedvourite minister, had alrearly begun to patron Beyond my fligit embalm your bard's remains.

Ye too, Pierian maiils! with plaintive strains his standard, united him to the cause of that ize. But even the amusements of Mæcenas, mild and amiable patriot, with whom he had were subservient to a deep and refined policy. so strong an interest, either by the influence T'he talents of his literary friends, were enof powerful connexions, or the charm of en-ployed to soothe the Roman pride, under the

Many suppose, it is not in actual batile, gaging manners, as 10 obtain a command, far loss of freedom ; to direct their spirit to exter.

when all is confusion and the passions become above the pretensions, which his rank or expe- nal wars, rather than internal commotions, and, severest test ; but in the hour of silence, suse

excited, that delicate nerves are put to the rience could give. He was, in quality of mil- by setting in the fairest light the security and itary tribune, the commander, or rather, one quic: they were beginning to enjoy, gradually cedes an engagement. This opinion is thus

pense, and reflection, which frequently preof the commanders, of a legion, consisting of to reconcile them to the dominion of their new between five and six thousand men. If the remaster. Nor should such a project, however poetically cxpressed by Miss Holcroft, in

the introduction to the fourth canto, in het publican army, had many such officers, the it may at first revolt us, be too hastily con

« WALLACE ; On The Fight of FALKIRK. cause of their defeat at Philippi is sufficiently derned. The increased extent of the Roman explained.

empire, thc profigrate state of inorals, the de- / Yes, it is come! That pause of dread, On that disastrous day, fatal to the interests cay of all publick virtue, and more especially, i whose silent interval precedes of freedom, of humanity, and at least, to the the corruprion of the soldiery, who, in their Men's faltering fontsteps, as they tread immediate nelfare of the Roman world, our aitachment to particular chiefs, had wholly poet has made no secret of his own panick, and lost siglt of their country, bad long convinced

Towards sanguinary deels ! fight, To fly, when all were fying, to aban- all reflecting minds, thai Romc had no other

There is an hour whose pressure cold don a resistance, that was become hopeless, alternative, ihan 10 submit 10 a mild, or endure Comes even to the hero's breast ! could scarcely be considered as a proof of an oppressive usurpation ; and, as the charac. Each warrior's heart of human mould cowardice, or deserve the ridicule he seems ter of Augustus appeared to soften, in propor- | Howe'er intrepid, fierce and bild, 10 apprehend, and anticipate.

We may pre

tion as his power became more secure, as he Has still that hour confest. sume, therefore, that he fled carly in the ac- respected, at least in appearance, the laws and it is not when the battle storm sion, and with singular marks of terror and institutions of his country, which his profligate Hurtles along the frighted skies ; dismay. What route he took to escape pur- rival despised and insulied, he was deened, it is noź when death's hideous form, suit is uncertain. Probably he remained in even by the remnant of the republican party, His threatening voice and piercing cries, some place of concealment, till the interven- far the most deserving of support. Their own Shriek in our ears and shock our eyes ; tion of friends had enabled him 10 return in illustrious chiefs had perished by the swords it is not when the slogan shout safeiy to his country. Safety, however, was of enemies, or the daggers of assassins ; and

Has sent the death-word 'mid the rout, all he could at first procure. His former successors arose, whose courage, and

Nor mid the hail of arrowy shower, mcans of subsistence, the confiscations attend- whose genius could rekindle the dying flame ant on civil war had wholly swept away. of patriotism.

Nor when we sec the life-blood pour ; Thus, necessity, as he himself tells us, pro

To be concluded in our next.

It comes not then-that glastly hour! duced, or rather, brought into action, his talents

'Tis in the breathless pause before, lor poetry ; for though one or two of his sat

POETRY.

While yet unwaslı'd with buman gore ires may be of an earlier date, they seem to

Our thoughts 'rid dreams of terrour roam, have been only the amusement of his leisure,

And sadly muse on things to come! not of his serious thoughts. Whichever of ON TIIE EXILE AND DEATH OF OVID.

Then shuddering nature half recoils, his pieces was written at this early period, the

FROM THE LATIX OF POLITIAN.

And half forbids th'inhuman loils reputation gained by them, and still more, the AND finds the Roman barid a foreign grave

But 'tis too late !--the die is cast ! friendship of Virgil and Varrus, introduced Where Euxine rolls the inhospitable wave!

The Furies bid to the repast ! him to that accomplished minister, who was

Oh ! from the cradle to the tomb to be the patron of his fortunes, and the friend | Thy bard, O Love, by rudest hands inhum'd,

Comes there no hour so fraught with gloom, of his future life. The first interview with Sleeps he, rear Ister's gelid stream entomb’d ! Mæcenas, was short, and seems to have pro- | Those charities the Getan fierce supplies,

As that ere nations meet, to seal each other's doom. duced no immediate effect. Nine months Which Rome, unblushing to her son denies !

*************************************** elapsed before he was summoned to a second; Far from his natal soil.ye Muses, say

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR but, on that occasion, was established an intercourse of mutual kindness, that proved the What sympathies his dying pangs allay ?

JOHN PARK, On the bland couch who bids his limbs repose ? source of comfort and happiness, to both.

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, The generosity of Mecenas did not long Who with sweet converse charms his ling'ring woes ? suffer the man, whom he had honoured with Tries with officious hand the salient vein ?

NO. 4 CORNHILL. his friendsnip, to remain under the pressure Or with emollients, hastes to assuage his paiu?

Price tbree dollars per annum, half in advance. of poverty, or the anxiety of suspense. If he With death suffus'd, who closes now his eye,

New subscribers may be supplied with preceding nelanders, did not procure the restoration of his forfeited | And bending o'er him marks his parting sight:

no

SELECTED

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1815.

NO. LVIII.

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

our national concerns, who had not sense sea coast, nothing but immense wealth can enough to perceive this obvious fact, or not give us security, against any nation, that com

virtue enough to shun a conflict which can- mands a formidable navy ; for nothing but imIt seems to be a prevailing opinion that the not terminate, but in their humiliation. If it mense wealth can support the military and present war is miserably conducted on i'te were even an object to keep our comparative maritime strength which is necessary to propart of the British, and in some parts of the weakness out of sight, that object is lost. Our tect our coasts. Our present policy is peace. Union at least, the prevailing language is that rulers have wantonly exposed the truth, and In insisting on our absolute incapacity to we must insist on an honourable peace. The perverseness can only make it more evident. prosecute a war with Great Britain, we do not hopes of some are perhaps founded on these They and they alone are the authors of our

consider ourselves, as yet, the advocates of premises ; but in our view of the subject, they misfortunes, if we are not as prosperous, as any dishonourable concession. Happily for lead to a conclusion, that our case is desperate, happy, and as unmolested in the enjoyment us, her moderation is not loss displayed than and that whether we close the contest, this of all our rights, after peace, as we were

her power. The first terms she offered were month, this ycar, or- in ten years, the terms

when they declared war. It would be unjust such as we could have accepted without any will be such as the gorcinment of Great Brit. to expect Great Britain to make a sacrifice to injury, and with many advantages, as it reain think their honour and their rights require their wickedness. Is it not the height of folly spects our future prosperity. Her last propo

Admit that their war operations have been to presume she ever will ? If we like democ- sition, and even that was not a demand, was miserably conducted, it has only produced se- racy and mob favourites to govern us, we nust not unreasonable, for we began a war of intendvere animadversion on the management of pay the tax ourselves for the indulgence of ed conquest. But our prospect darkens. If their ministry. We see not the least evidence our choice ; and when we are tired of the ex- she conquer New Orleans before a peace is that the cause has become in any degree un- periments we have but to reconcile ourselves concluded, she will not relinquish the right of popular in England. The cry of the opposi

to our incalculable losses, endeavour to reme- such a valuable conquest without some indemtion is not, reconciliation with America, but dy, as far as possible, the prominent defecis in nification. If she is defeated there, it will but more energy. This probably will produce our political institusions, begin our national ca

protract the war ; ministers may be censured, more energy, for in a cause so universally

rcer again, and resolve for the future, to avoid but the nation will be roused to redeem the considered just, ministers will not choose to

the errours we have once committed, that we character of its arms ; every battle in which lose their reputation with the people, for not may.escape their calamitous and disgraceful we succeed will but insure us another, more

serious. using with more vigour those resources which consequences. the people themselves supply. Whatever

We are bold to say it is far from our inten- Are these predictions doubted,- let this change takes place, therefore, if any, we may

tion tu belittle the reputation of our country, page be kept for perusal, whenever a peace is expect will be against us.

or depreciate the character of our citizens. made. We pretend to no spirit of prophesy ; if the war has been injudiciously conducted

The country is rich in the best gifts of na. we but consider the state of the British empire by the enen.s, su louch the more deploraó.

ture ; among our fellow citizens there is, we and our 4*n republik, and the general cus is our case, for with such an advantage, we

trust, as much personal courage to dare, and toms of war have made no progress, but in our own career

as much individual, physical strength to exe10 ruin. In our commerce, we have suffered cute, as among any people on earth. But

PRIVATEERING. much more than they, though their's is so Great Britain is mightier than we, and time In privateering we are more successful than immense, that our caperes amount

to little alone and wise policy can make us her equal. the English. What does this prove? That, out more than mere provocation. In territory Our navy was but begun. Nothing but the in- of her abundant, Hourishing commerce we they hare lost nothing ; our losses are great.

veterate hatred which our present rulers was have a chance to get something : from our Have their Genernis been unexpectedly pas- known to bear it, would account for exposing i ruined commerce she can get little or nothing. sive, still their colonies are perfecily safe, it to destruction in its infancy. This navy has las a nation, we depend as much on commerce though our nation is already reduced to bank- been our boast ; it has reffecied honour on the for our prosperity as Great Britain. The ruptcy, in an unsuccessful attempt to take courtry, but that honour has been sought an- comparative success of our privateering therethem. Feeble as their administration may be seasonably, when the just fame of our prowess fore only shows how much more deeply we considered, it has been strong enough to de. can do us no good. It is true, a navy is

suffer by the war, than the enemy, for her. feat all the purposes of our government, and

formed by war, but not by a war of ten ships cruisers are by far the niost numerous. reduce then to a state of embarassment, from agairst a thousand. which it is crident they cannot recover.

SHould the British fail in their present ex “ The brave, encompass' by a hostile train, The plain truth is that we are unequal to a O'erpower'd by numbers, are but brute in vain.”

pedition against New-Orleans, many will un-contest with Great Britain. Important as it is,

doubtedly consider it is a circumstance which that this truth should be urged till it produce It was the object of the last federal adminis. will affect their feelings, and their terms of universal conviction, there seens to be a sin

tration to cherish maritime power, to the lite peace, in our favour. guiar reluctance at confessing it ; and we can- most extent, consistent with our prosperiry, Before we flaiter ourselves with such a not see wherefore She is rich and we are during peace ; they meditated no war against hope, let us study the character of the Briush poor. She has armies and must keep them, Great Britain, but they well knew, that if ever bation and government from recent events. which may as well be sent to our shores as such a contest were neeessary, she must be When she began her war of self defence maintained elsewhere ; we have but a few, met on the ocean. They began to prepare, against France, most of the continental powers » very few scattered thousands, whom govern

for our children, with as much zeal as though of Europe were either at peace, with both her ment cannot pay. Our naval power compared it were for ourselves, and our children would

and her enemy, or engaged in the contest on with hers has nothing but reputation ;, in point have witnessed the efficiency of their views. ber side. Narion after nation was either sub. of national defence, it can do nothing. She has Enemies to commerce, to the nary, to our fa- dued or pregsod into the cause of France, or a well constituted government, embracing men

entional prosperity, succeeded them ; we have a voluntarily joinert her standard. After hard : of distinguished talents, devoted to their coun- war, with the greatest naval power in the fighting, from Feb. 1793, to Feb. 1808. Great try. We have a vile democracy, which does

world, and what has been the consequence ? Britain found herself deserted by all Europe, and ever must depress talents and patriotism, Enough has been done to show that the plan and under the necessity of agreeing to such and promote men to power, whose views are of a future navy for national defence, was wise, conditions as France proposed; or of continuing centred in themselves, and whose actions are and that a war with England at present, was her struggle alone ! Dark as her prospect in subservience to the ignorance and vice to madness, without regarding its injustice. w s, she chose the latter, and she persevered which they owe their distinction.

We must not foolishly expect to perform until her foe was glad to embrace the terms, It is no dishonour to us that we cannot

miracles. We must look to the situation of which she dictaied. cope with such a nation. It is our only dis- our country, and pursue that policy which its The war against France never was so popiigrace that we have placed men at the head of sivation dictates. With a thousand miles of

ar in England as is her present contest with

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

orator.

this country. That was considered by those are assigned for the consideration of the House, this valuable, because it gives the possessor the who were its advocates as a resistance against day, at 11 o'clock.

key to every other. ambition ; this as resistance against inveterate patching a great variety of local and private business. Both branches have been busily occupied in des.

Instead of stimulating the mind of the young spite and malice, and it is so. Now it is our

to hurry on from object to object, and suffering interest to inquire, and let us seriously consid.

them to fatter themselves by the supposed er whether any reverse, which compared with

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

extensive reach of their knowledge, when in other events she has frequently encountered,

fact they are but crowding their memory with can be but trifling, gives us the least ground

TULLY, No. VII.

indistinct images, they ought to be taught to to expect that she will abandon her purposcs.

feel dissatisfaction at quitting ang subject

, and recede fronı any claiins she conteniplates

Fieri potest ut recte quis sentiat, et id quo sentit polite eloqui non potest. Cic. 1.Tusc.

until they evince a clear conception, and ap.

pear to comprehend distinctly all its important It sometimes happens that a person may have corGENERAL REGISTER.

relations. At first this task may appear repul. rect conceptions, without being able to command lan

sive ; but I believe experience will shew, that guage to express them elegantly. BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 4, 1815.

This observation is undoubtedly just, for knowledge, and soon become the most zeal

those persevere longest in the pursuit of the one is an exercise of the understanding : ously engaged, who are required to understand DOMESTICK. We have accounts from New.

the other of taste ; and they may or may not Orleans to the 30th December, at which date it was pot be united in the same person. The former is critically, as far as they advance. Persons taken, and the prospect of its being able to resist the often essential, both in the management of our

accustomed to this mode of mental discipline attack of the enemy was considered to have brightened private concerns and in our intercourse with

are not those, who imagine themselves pos. The force of the Britist: is variously estimated, from society, and is not a rare gifi of nature ; ele

sessed of ideas which they have no language four to ten thousand men'; vurs at 8,000, actually on

to communicate. the spot, on the 30th, and a division trum Kentucky, gance in speaking is an accomplishment, unwithin about two days' march, above. On the 3rd vecesssary in the ordinary business of life, an advance party of three or four thousand men were seldom attained without attentive cultivation, THE CONFIDANT, No. XVI. met at about 8 miles below the city, as has already and of little or no use, but among a people been mentioned, where there was a butile ;--the en

As a Confidant, I have not supposed it exwho have made considerable advances in civil. emy sustained considerable loss; ainong our's are some ization and refinement. Experience suffi- pected of mě to make communications to the valuable officers. General Jackson, not choosing to risk a decisive engagement, until he should receive ciently proves however that though the power publick of my particular sentiments, unless in further reinforcements, then formed his line fire miles of eloquence may be very much improved, by reply to such papers as might be addressed to below the city, extending on the right to the Missis. habit and discipline, it likewise depends, in

me, or by way of friendly comment. The apsippi, and on the le t to the Cypress swamp, which is some degree, on a certain natural talent, with- pearance of my numbers has therefore de. innpassable, and probably extends to lake Ponchartrain.

out which, the most severe appliant aspires ip pended entirely on the disposition of corres. Entrenched in these lines, he was attacked on the evening of the 28thr"; but maintained his post, the en. vain to the character of a prompi and elegant pondents, and my long silence is owing to the

reserve of those to whom I had offered the emy retreating to their former positions. Nothing else

privilege of my office. Civilis would prompt had occurred but light skirmishing ; and from the in.

But I have taken this motto, not so much to

on what I

me to add some remarks on his story, but I creasing strength of the place, several letters speak remark on what Cicero does, as confidently of its security. think he does not mean. We frequently find

have only room, at present, to insert it as it We learn from Havana, that the Dictator, an Eng persons pretending to have clear and satisfac

was received. lish 64 arrived there on the 14th of Jan.--that she left iory conceptions of things, who at the same

To the Confidant. Ship Island on the 24th Dec:- brought the news of the time complain that it is out of their power to

The maxim of “ doing as you would lje the army, of which she had obtained 4089.barrels, and command any terms by which they may com- done by," has always appeared to me a good was taking it on board. municate their ideas to others.

one ; but by aching in obedience to this, I The enemy hare made another small but very imel possibly be some truth in this, but I very much have lately given oitence to some of my friends portant conquest. On the 13th Jan, they landed about loubt whether such persons, if they are sin- in the country, and incurred the censure of 1500 men on Cumberland Island, and took the fort

cere, do not generally deceive themselves

I others in tow!). (Point Petre) by storm. This island commands the trade between Savannah and Amelia. The sume day want of language ; the fault is more probably discovered a sleigh approaching, in which is

suspect the deficiency lies deeper than in the A few days since, sitting at my windoit, 1 they took St. Mary's, a small town on St. Mary's river These buth belong to Georgia ; the neighbouring in

an indistinctness of conceprion. There are recognized my cousin, Squire --- and his habitants are greatly alarmed, and Aying in all direc. several reasons which induce me to be of this two maiden sisters, from the country; he tions. Other attacks are feared, particularly at Sa- opinion. Try such people on subjects which standing erect in front, a tall figure with a vannah ; but we presume the eneiny have not sufficient you are certain they accurately comprehend- large white hat, which overslachowed them force for such an object.

do they not readily find means to convey their like an unbrelia ; alternatciy poisting in great The Hon. Chauncey Goodric! and Calvin Goddard are appointed Commissioners from Connecticut to make thoughts? Do we not every day see illiterate glee, on this side and that, io objects as they arrangements with the General Government, for re.

men of strong minds, who always discourse struck his curiosiny ; and whipping up his taining part of the revenue raised in the state, to be and reason intelligibly, and educated men of more sober síced, which seemned very loth 10 appropriated to its defence.

superficial minds, who have language at com- improve upon the solenn pace, in which he Sickness is still very fatal in Virginia. The tr00:s mand only to utter nonsense ? Is it not a fact had been accustomed to lead a team of oxen. stationed at Nortolk, are suffering severely.

that these pretended conceptualists display an But, excepting his high spirits, the squire in CONGRESS. The bill to prevent intercourse with the enemy occupied much of the attention of the Sen: obtuseness of comprehension, when a logician all respects, appeared "perfectly in character ate, last week. It was finally referred to a select draws his vice distinctions, though his icrms with his horse, as he was remarkably plain and committee, are ever so appropriate and familiar ?

homespun in his dress ; while the ladies and The House have agreed to the bill from the Senate, Thinking accurately is a laborious employ- the " vehicle” formed a perfect contrast ; they authorizing the purchase of Mi. Jefferson's library, 81 ment, until it becomes habitual, and we seldom being tricked out with ribbons and finery, and to 71.

submit to it, where an intellectual glance will the sleigh painted with various colours, clisAnother report has been received from the Secretary of the Treasury, still more gloomy than the former.

answer our purpose. But it is undoubtedly playing at last on the back a full blown rost, The Treasury owes above thirteen millions of dollars, true, that the mind receives more pleasure in about ihe size of a cabbage, an appropriate em. above its cash and claims, to the end of the last year. the contemplation of distinct images, than of blein of the season of the year.

Here we STATE LEGISLATURE. The Governour and those which are confused. On the score of are," said the 'squire, when I came 10 the Council have appointed the Hon. HARRISON G. Otis, pleasure therefore, as well as utility, it would door ; and scarcely were the ladies out, when Hon. Tuomas H. PERRINS and WILLIAM SULLIVAN, be an advantage, if from early education, when he drove himself plump ashore in a narrone Esq. Commissioners to proceed to Washington, pursuant to the joint resolve of both branches of the Legis; selves, and habits of thought are formed!, more the powers of the soul are developing them

passage at the end of the house, and began lature, to attempt an arrangement with the General

look about. * Whai," said he, « no bärn ?" Government, by which this state may retain a portion attention were paid to the mode in which our and gave a loud laugh. of the taxes assessed upon it, assuming the defence of intellect is exercised, If the passion for nov- “ be sure. All show and no convenience Well, her own territory.

elty, which is so natural to the mind of youth, “ I suppose you can at least find house-room A report has been read and discussed in the Senate, is indulged and encouraged, there is no time

is indulged and encouraged, there is no time for the gentcel part of our company, while ! on that part of his Excellency's message, which relates to the defence of the commonwealth, authorizing the

nor disposition for accurate examination. The “ go and find one. Their keeping will not be Governour, with the advice of the Council to raise one

power of discrimination may be astonishingly much, as they are 100 delicate to eat of thousand men, in part of tbe number authorized by

invigorated, by use ; and for the purpose of drink, except at home. They will begin to law, of October last ; and to suspend raising the reo increasing its energy, it is of little conse- speak by tomorrow or next day ; but tlicy mainder until the result of the application to the gen- quence on what subject it is employed. The « have been struck ciumb with politeness, ever eral government be known. The same report, &c. science of thinking is of all sciences the most “ since they came within the infection of the

There may

“ S: range fashions to

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not send word to inform "me of their coming. be ashamed porode But, if my conduct has been reigning a desire that the marriage ceremony

re.

was

cess.

you

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ence

& place, and been afraid to turn their necks to whenever they could forget they were in her affections, won her heart, persuaded her « look at any thing, lest they should appear company. In short, I endeavoured in all re- to marry him, and flattered her with the no« what they call, out of character.” They spects, to act the part of real friendship, and tion of raising her even to the throne of Russia had, in truth, at this moment, assumed the in no case to place them in a situation where to which she had a title. “ She thought that precise manners of those prim, formal, starch- they would become subjects of ridicule, any being the wife of Count Alexis Orsoft would ed ladies, whom we sometimes see in the more than I should myself

. But the circum. l shelter her from all those treacheries which country. After conducting them in, I endeav

stance of the first party has since got to their she might apprehend. She entertained not oured to banish ceremony, but to no purpose. ears, and I understand they consider it an un- the least suspicion that a man could make reOne romarked it was “ very fine weather in- pardonable affront, except the 'squire, who ligion and the most sacred titles subservient to deed,” the other that she was a very happy in. merely laughs at it as another “ Boston no- the destruction of an innocent victim. But deed to see me ;' and both made an apology tion ;” and many of my friends here attribute alas, no religion, no title was sacred to the “ it pride, ,

barbarian into whose hands she had fallen. They then sat down, adjusting each limb, fea- wrong, I am certain it has been governed by should be performed according to the ritual of ture, and muscle, in that fixed position, to commendable mo:ives, and if, in order to act the Greek church, he suborned villains to dis. which they seemed destined for the remainder right, I must reverse the rule, I suspect the guise themselves as priests and lawyers. Thus of the day. The brother, however, soon party who now feel aggrieved, would find profanation combined with imposture turned, when taking out his watch, he announ- reason to be more dissatisfied, and I might against the unprotected and unsuspicious princed the hour of twelve, and expressed great likewise be censured from another quarter. joy, as he said he had a sharp appetite for din

CIVILIS. When Alexis Orloff had become the hus. ner. On being told that our usual hour was

band, or rather the ravisher, of this unhappy at two, he looked with a stare of astonishinene,

THE WRITER, No. XXXI.

lady, he represented to her that it would be as if it was incredible. " Why, brother,” ex

necessary to go to some city in Italy to wait claimed both sisters in a breath,“

did not you There is not perhaps, in the whole cata. there for the breaking out of the conspiracy know that ?" “ No," replied he

logue of human vices, one of a more hateful that was to call her to the throne. Believing neither." This was true, but the

nature, nor one that more degrades the noblc- this advice to be dictated by love and pruappear to know it. “ No, said he, I should

as ness of man, than treachery ; and more par- dence, she answered that she would follow him “ soon think of going to bed at sunrise. But ticularly so, as it includes several others

wherever he chose to conduct her. He « when we are with the Romans, we must do, which are of themselves either criminal or

brought her to Pisa, where he hired a magnif" I suppose, as the Romans do." And he odious. Falsehood, deceit, hypocrisy, mean

cent palace. There he continued to treat then paced the room, expressing disapprobao ness, and cowardice, are some of the particu- her with marks of tenderness and respect. tion at the foolish perversion of hours and lar qualities that go to make up the monster, A division of the Russian squadron had just seasons from their proper purposes.

l'epresented by the complex idea, Treachery. entered the port of Leghorn. On relating this It unfortunately happened that I expected a Treachery, by the laws of war, and in a news 10 ihe princess, Orloff told her his pressmall party in the evening, who were chiefly military sense of the word, is a capital crime,

was necessasy at Leghorn, for the pur. remarkable for their devotion 10 fashionable and punished by death ; but there are nume

pose of giving some orders, and offered to life. In every thing relating to style and the rous instances of this vice, in civil and social take her with him. To this she the more graces, they at least thought themselves life, which pasa unnoticed by our laws, and readily consented, as she had heard much talk adepts ; and were governed in their opinion of which the sword or lash of justice cannot of the port of Leghorn, and the magnificence others, by their own standard of excellence. I reach. When we reflect that vice is pro- of the Russian ships. Unhappy lady! the felt that my cousins would be exposed; ander gressive, we cannot be too much on our guard nearer she approached the catastrophe of the there was to be a young lawyer in company, I against the first act. We should not heed. plot, the more she trusted to the tenderness knew that the 'squire, who had lately obtained | lessly sport on a declivity whose gentle slope and sincerity of her fai hless betrayer. She his commission, and read just enough of law may conduct us the more insensibly to a dan- departed from Pisa with her usual attendants, to ebink himself master of the subject, would gerous precipice. When we divulge each and on her arrival at Leghorn, suitable apartnot fail to discover and attack him, in ihe full others' secrets, we are traitors ; when we do ments were prepared for her, and she was reconfidence of posing and putting him down, any thing intentionally to injure the character ceived with marks of the profoundest respect.

was his custom with his neighbour's at of those to whoin we profess to be friends, Several ladies were early in making their vishome. In fact, I expected there would be rit- we abuse the confidence we have endeavoured | its, and sedulously attended her on all occatering and marks of contempl, which would to gain ; we are guilty of treachery. Let us sions. She was presently surrounded by a disturb the feelings of my cousins as well as make no specious apologies to ourselves, that numerous court, cager to be belorehand with myself. I therefore sent an excuse, and ap- these are venial faults ; they are steps in the all her desires, and seeming to make it their pointed another time.

path of vice, and inay lead to the highway of only study, incessantly to procure her some My cousins remained in town several days, iniquity.

new entertainment. Whenever she went out,the during which I introduced them to all the One of the most unworthy and aggravated people ran in her way. At the theatre all curiosities of the place. The 'squire was species of treachery, is that which is some- eyes were turned on her. All circumstances much gratified, approving or condemning eve- times practised upon the female sex. As I concurred to lüll her into a fatal security. All ry thing, according to his own independent know of no particular instance of this nature, tended to dispel the idea of any danger at hand. ideas ; but the sisters appeared under perpet- at present, in the publick records of our own This young princess was so far from susual embarrassment, thinking all eyes intent country, I shall take one from foreign history, pecting her unfortunate situation, that after upon them, and were only anxious how they of sufficient deformity, I hope, to excite ab.

having passed several days, in a round of should behave ; or mortified at the uncouth horrence, and sufficient interest to induce a

amusements and dissipation, she asked of gestures and exclamations of their brother. determination, wherever it may be read, never herself to be shown the Russian feet. The For, without any regard to by-standers, he to betray innocence

idea was appiauded. The necessary orders would often stop in the streets, and collect a In the revolution that deposed Peter II were immediately given ; and the next day on circle round us, while he would shout and and placed the Empress Carharine upon the rising from dinner. every thing was rearly at laugh at what he called the follies of the town, throne of Russia, the family of Orlott's per- the water side for receiving the princess. and · Boston notions," which he said he bad formed an active and conspicuous pai't. On her coming down she was hinded into a heard of. Nor could we satisfy him at all, Count Alexis Orloff was a favourite of the boat with magnificent awnings. The officers why the ladies should not frequent Siate empress, and was afterwards employed at the and several ladies scared themselves with her street, or visit the wharves to view the ships, head of her armies and navy in various foreign A second boat conveyed the aclmiral and which he declared were the noblest curiosities

In 177: Count Orloff was in ltaly. Ai Count Orloff, and a third filled with Russian, of the place. He said it was all nonsense for that time, the young princess Barakanof, a and other officers, closed the procession. people to be so set in their notions.

slaughter of the last Empress of Russia, The boats put off from the shore in sight of I also substituted another party of frierds, | Elizabeth, resided at Rome, in a very obscure an immense multitude of people, and were lewhom I esteenied, and who had the good situation, having fled from Petersburgh with ceived by the feet with a band of musick, sasense to judge of characters by ibeir intrinsick her governante to avoid the power and ambi- lues of artillery, and repeated buzzas. As worth, making ailowance for the habits and cious designs of Catharine. Oidoff was com- che princess came along side the ship, id splenmanners of different places ; and I faltered missioned by the empress to ci deavour to get did chair was let down, in which being sedied myself that it was muiually pleasant ; for the the princess into his power, and convey her to she was hoisted in, ind it was observed to her 'squire was u nran of good natural sense, and Russia Accordingly he went to Rome, found that these were particular hours due to her the sisters would always become agreeable, I means to get introduced to her, practised upon Irauk. But no sooner was she on board, but

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she was handcuffed. In vain she implored] seems to have arisen from the ill health of hi nevolence to his friends, li who had less interest for pity of the cruel betrayer, whom she still patron and friend. It is recorder of Mæcenas, than himself, do as much honour to the feelings called husband. In vain she threw herself at that he was constantly, and, if one may use the of his heart, as his admirable writings have done his feet, and watered them with her lears ; 10 expression, constitutionally aflicted by a slow to the vigour and elegance of his mind. answer was youthsafed to her lamentations. fever. This disorder, which seems ofļen to On his poetical character, it is not easy to She was loaded with irons, carried down into have affected his spirits, at length put a period add any thing to the praises, which every adthe hold, and the next day the ship set sail to his life, lowards the end of the year of mirer of classical composition, has heaped on for Russia.

Rome 745, or, according to Varro's chronology, bis memory. The term used by Petronius, to On arriving at Petersburg, the young ric- 746. The general opinion, which seems the characterise his singular happiness of exprestim was shut up in a castle, and what became best founded, is, thut the death of Mæcenas sion, curiosa felicitas, has the merit of being itof her afterwards, was never known.”

preceded that of Horace, which happened self, what it describes. Into how many volumes

about the 7th of November, in the same year. has this short panegyrick been dilated ? How LIFE OF HORACE.

He had, in the warmth of affection declared many criticks have sprung from the ashes of a

he should not survive bis illustrious friend ; single poet? Yet we cannot, perhaps, even now, But whether, all circumstances considered, it which has led some to suspect, that his death trace every source of the pleasure we experimight be pardonable, in men of genius, to pal

was voluntary. But the shock be must have ence from his writings ; and our inquiries will

felt at such a liate, when they could no longer prevent, the

loss, operating on a declining end in the confession, that the beauties of Horestablishment of absolute power, it was, at all

state of health, will fully account for the ac- ace are less seen, than felt.

pun. events, a laudable attempt, to humanize and complishment of the prophecy. By a

|| See bis admirable epistle to Claudius, recommenimprove the possessor of that power, on whom copative will, as the violence of his last illness

ding Septimius. the happiness of millions must depend. This, did not admit of his writing onc, he constitua learned writer has observed, was the bene

ted Augus! us his heir ; a circumstance that volent policy of Mæcenas, and of the writers strengthens the opinion, that Mæcenas was

POETRY. who promoted his views. . By them was the

not then alive ; as he would surely, had that young Cæsar instructed to reign by love, rath

been the case, have returned his fortune to the er than by fear ; to consider the happiness of friend who gave it. the people as his own, and to deserve the cha- On this friendship, equally honourable to the

DISAPPOINTMENT. racter they could so nobly describe. By them,

minister and the poet, we cannot better conevery spark of humanity, that appeared, was clude, than in the words of the learned writer is the morning of life, the gay scenes of my youth,

Like the day dreams of fancy, pass'd happily by; cherished, till it displayed a benignant light of the Memoirs of Augustus:

A close* connection, Praise, skilfully conducted, produced the effects

rather intimacy, And these moments so fleeting, I found were in truth

Unmix'd with a murmur, or grievid with a sigh. of admonition, and even flattery, was pressed between Mæeenas, and the men of genius, into the service of virtue. was not mere clientship, or the dependency

With a morn so wiclouded, I thought that my way Our poet, and his illustrious Mantuan friend, of inferiors on a great patron. We know he

Would ne'er be obstructed by pain or by sorrow; were the principal instruments, in this scheme made them presents worthy his generosity; of their patron ; and had the satisfaction to

And while sunbeams of happiness gilded today, and employed all his powerful interest with the

I never expected a diff'rent tomorrow. witness iis barpy consequences. The praises, prince to do them services, which they had whichtheir pens had, perhaps, too freely lavishthe modest dignity not to ask. But it was a

But the pleasures which danced in my youthful career, ed, they lived to see truly deserved. The pro- | just sense of their worth, on his part, and a

Like the dreams of the morning, soon vanish'd for. phecies they had, in some degree, hazarded, sincere personal attachment on their's that first were fully justified by the event.

created, and then kep: up, the mutual friendThus esteemed, and thus employed, by the ship. It was not, therefore, the great minister, And I found, ah ! too scon, that a sorrowful tear favourite minister, it may be supposed, our

it was the amiable man, that Horace loved, From the scenes of my manhood, these pleasures

and loved to his death : nor was it merely the poet did not long remain unnoticed by the

would sever. prince. We accordingly find, in the accounts

elegant poet, that Mæcenas admired in Horace, of his life, and indeed in his own works, seveit was the firm friend, the accomplished gen. Though the world where I roam’d, was by nature ar

ray'd ral proofs, that Augustus regarded bim with tleman, the agreeable companion, whom, as his kindness and esteem. It is said, that he offer

last care, he recommended with his dying In the gayest of tint, and the sweetest of bloom,

breath to his master :- -Treat Horatius Flaced him the place of his private secretary; which

Yet to me all these charms and their fragrance decay'd. Horace declined, probably because it would cus as you would myself.t

I witness'd no beauty, inhald no perfume. have interfered with his retirement; but decli

He was buried, I no doubt at his own desire, ned it in a manner, that gave no offence to the in the gardens, and near the tomb of his belov. The flowers, which oft rivall d the sun in their bright

ed friend and patron. emperor.

ness, The opinion, Augustus entertained of our

The person of Horace-was short and corpu- To me all their blossoms and fragrance denied :

lent ;S his temper is described by himself, as poet, was also strongly evinced, by the desire

And the lilies were robb’d of their innocent white. he expressed of being mentioned familiarly in | irascible, and placable ; his disposition appears

ness, bis works. Though celebrated for the splen: ly speaking, temperate and virtuous, for the age to have been cheerful and social : yet general

By the shade of the cypress that grew at their side. dour of his conquests, the wisdom of his laws, and the beneficence of his

he lived in, and the philosophy he professed. Thuis I found my meridian of life was soon darkend, government ; though compared to the immortal gods, he wished ra

Above all, his contempt of riches and splendor, By shadows of sorrow and clouds of despair ; ther to be transmitted to posterity, as the india when he might have easily commanded both, and the voice of Contentment, to which I once hearkmate friend of Horace. The very flattering reshews that he had a mind not to be corrupted

en’d, monstrance he sent to the poet, on this occaby good fortune. Ilis unaffected, and liberal al

No longer was heard in this desert of care. sion, produced that excelient Epistle to Augus: fawning servility of a sycophant ; and his be- Then, I said, since my days are unchequer'd with

tachment to his patron, so different froin the tus, which would alune have been sufficient to immortalize both.

gladness,

Nor the gay beams of pleasure can dart through my as subsisted between my Lord Bolingbroke and Dean tle estate near Tibur, which Mæcenas had be. Swift, or rather between Lord Grosvenor and William

gloom, stowed on him ; but his complaints, of the va

Gifford. This is the lofty and liberal connection be- l'8 yield all my moments to weeping and sadness, riety of business that detained, and sometimes tween wealth and power and genius, where the first ex- And patiently wait the repose of the tomb. fatigued him at Rome, make it probable, that tend protection without requiring the suit and service

REBIS. much of his time was passed in the metropolis ;

of a vassal, and where the last receives patronage with. and though he might on those occasions feel ouf acting as a sycopbant, or suffering as a slave. *********************** some longing for retirement, yet, as he was not + After the sentence last cited, in which Dr. Black.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR insensible to the voice of fame, and still less to well rightly, as it should seem, takes the word extre

JOHN PARK, the charms of society, these, we may believe, mis, in Suetonius, to mean the last moments, and not

the last will, of Mæcenas, one is surprised to see, a few made no contemptible amends.

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, lines afterwards, an account that Horace died first. In a situation, so congenial to his turn of the writer of this life inclines much to the general

NO. 4 CORNHILL. mind ; protected by the greatest, admired by opinion, against that of Sanadon ; but it would be tire

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. the most ingenious, and beloved by the best some, to most readers, to go into the discussion.

.. New subscribers may be supplied with preceding nurl? men in Rome; the chief alloy to his happiness

Suetonius.

ever ;

Horace, we are told, lived chiefy at the lita: The union between Horace and Mæcenas was such

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