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Monday, and Lord North argued, that the it was intended to follow them, but with delay of four and twenty hours was a matter this necessary economical precaution, that of very little difference.

the expenditure should not amount to more Mr. Pitt was of a contrary opinion, and than 7oool. per arnum. He afterwards conpaslcd many severe observations on his Lord- cluded with moving, that a Committee ship's adminitration; hoping he would re- should be appointed for the purpose of draw. collect, that in his vigorous and successful go- ing up certain resolutions, io be laid before vernment, he had never, on any urgent occa- the Housc, previous to the introdu&ion of fion, asserted, that the delay of twenty-four the bill. hours was a matter of indifference.

The motion was then agreed to, and the After a few other remarks a division en- Committee appointed. fued, when the numbers were, Ayes 89, Noes Major Scott rose and moved for several 24. The report was then received in the

papers in addition to those already in the usual form, alter which the House adjourn- possession of the House. They were all ored.

dered. MARCH 27.

The order of the day was then read for the Mr. Jenkinson, after making a few remarks third reading of Mr. Dundas's bill for regeon the bill which he bad last year introduced lating the jurisdiction of India; on which for regulating the Newfoundland fisheries, Mr. Deinpster moved a clause, as a rider, recalled the attention of the House to the sub- for limiting the extraordinary powers conject. Having received two readings lait ferred by the bill on the Governos-General, Sellion of Parliament, it had been delayed and on the present Governors of Madras and merely from an idea of its great importance, Bombay; and also for limiting the duration in order that gentlemen might have an op

of the a&t for five years. portunity of fully deciding on its merits du- Mr. Dundas opposed it.' ring the recess. He expatiated on the New- The House then divided, and the numbers foundland fisheries, as an object of national utility. They not only served as a source of


37 wealth, but as an excellent nursery for our Noes

108 seamen. The bill to which he now alluded Sir James Erskine proposed several clauses. was fraught with many falutary regula- A Aort conversation took place between Mr. tions, which, he imagined, it would at Fox, Mr. Dundas, and the Attorney Gede. present be unnecessary to explair minutely; ral, when the clauses were rejected without he would, therefore, content himself with any division. The bill was then read a third mentioning its principal fcatures. The first time and passed. of these was, to preclude those concerned in The order of the day was then gone into the fisheries from becoming stationary refi- for the second reading of the Siourbridge cadents in the island ; becaule, should an ex- nal bill. Lensive colonization take place, it would de- Mr. Minchin made some observations up prive the nation of those advantages derived on the impropriety of the intended canal; from a circiritous navigation. In the year that tbere were parties said to have consented 1700, that acute politician, Sir Josiah Child, to carry it into execution, who, on the conpredicted the consequence of a colonization trary, were now petitioners againft it. That being permitted to the Newfoundland fisher. it was given out, that a meeting of the counmen. "Experience had confirmed the hypo- ty would be assembled to take the sense of theli , for the Newfoundland fisheries, ac- the landed gentlemen, and other persons corcording to the advancement of colonization, cerned in that measure ; but that no such had gradually decreased in utility to this meeting had taken place. That the scheme country. In order to obviate this circum- would be highly injurious to the neighbourfance, he intended to insert a clause in this hood through which it was to take its direcbill, to enjoin, that a part at least of the sca- tion, more particularly the proprietors of mens wages should be paid in this kingdom. mills, and be very detrimental to the pro In another clause of the bill, he would en. fent Staffordshire canal. - For all these sea. force the limitation of a year for the tenure sons, he moved to poftpone the second read. of those temporary buildings, which were ing until this day three months. found expedient for the curing of fish, and Lord Wescore assured the House, that the for the residence of those employed in the friends of the bill had evidence now seady business. The second part of the bill affected in waiting to support the utility of the mea. che regulation of particular bounties, which fure, and for that reason he obje&ted to the ons neighbours imitated from objects of po- postponement. The gallery was cleared, and licy. The French had, for a series of years, ihe House was upon the point of dividing, granted to their fi hermen a bounty of five when Mr. Minchin withdrew his motion. livres per quintal, and had also laid a pro- Several petitions agaiolt sbc bill were then hibitory duty of ten livres per quintal on all read, and fish imported in any other than French bot- Mr. Plomer appeared as Counfel for the cons. "With regard to this particular step, petitioners, and

M150 MARCH 29.

Mr. Rous in favour of the bill.

of the difference, he said, were the extraorSeveral witnesses were exainined, whose dinaries of the navy, for furnishing thips evidence went very fully to prove the ob- now building upon contract; and when they jedions stated by Mr. Minchin. At ten are finished, the expence, being temporary, o'clock about twenty witnesses remained to not annual, will not occur another year. The be examined. Besides the questions put by taxes, he said, would also produce much the Counsel, several were put by Mr. Vanfit. more in future, when evasions would point tart, Mr. Minchin, Sir Edward Littleton, out new remedies to enforce the payment ; Capi. Berkeley, Lord Westcote, and several and trade, by finding its level during the other Meinbers. - The House afterwards ad- peace, would he extended, and consequently journed.

the receipes of the customs would be inMarch 28.

creased. New regulations might also be As the necessary number of members to framed to prevent the smuggling of wine, compose a ballot in order to try the Na'rne which had increaled to so altonilhing a deelection did not this day attend, the Houle gree, that though the consumption of that adjourned.

article had been doubled and trebled of late,

yet the duties on the importation of it proThe House balloiled for a Select Commit- duced annually, thirty years ago, 200,000l. tee, to try the merits of the petition of Mr. more than they produce now. From these Campbell, complaining of an undue election different circumstances he concluded, that for the shire of Nairne.

the revenue might be so improved, as to The Chancellor of the Exchequer deliver. keep up, and even increase the surplus of ed a written message from his Majesty, which 900,000l. was read by the Speaker (the Members lito He admitted, that if the public expendi:ing uncovered): the purport of it was, that it ture for and after the year 1790, was to be was with great concern his Majelty informed eftimated for the expenditure of the present the House that he had not been able to pre- year, there would not be so great a surplus, vent the expences of the Civil Lilt from ex- as the difference between the two amounted ceeding its incomc; that an arrear had con- to threc millions : but this difference he sequently been incurred, for the discharge of would provide for, without breaking in upwhich he relied upon the zeal and affections on any part of the actual receipt of the taxes : of his faithful Coinmons.

the means he would have recourle lo were The Chancellor of the Exchequer said he these; he would call upon the pubhc acwould lay upon the table to-inorrow some countants, who had beco entrusted with papers relative to the arrear alluded to in the money during the war, to pay in their baKing's message; intimating at the fame time lances; this he expected would prodico that he intended to move (on Wednesday 1,000,000l. in the cousle of the three years uext) some propositions relative to that sub.

between this and 1790.

A lottery, which, ject.

like that of the prelunt year, would produce The House went into a Committee on the 140,000l. per annum, would in four years report from the Select Committee to which give 560,0w). and the money pavable froin it had been referred to state what surplus ihe non-effective fund of the arıny would might be expected upon the gross produce

to a prodigious fum, as the of the taxes.

Committee might well imagine, when he The Chancellor of the Exchequer then should inform idem, that the persons who opened his plan for the redemption of the were employed in paling those accounts had national debt. The limits allotted in our the accounts of one hundred and eighteen reMagazine for parliamentary debates, will giments of foot to go through; that they ont allow us to follow him into a detailed had already gone through one regiment onreport of a specch that he was two hours and ly, and by that regiment the fum of 22,000!. three quarters in delivering. We shall en. was due to the Exchequer, and would be dezvour, however, to state briefly the fub- paid by the agent. These sums would, as stance of his plan.

They came in, be applied to public deinands, The report as drawn up by the Select and would answer the difference of three Committee, states on one lide the produce millions that would arise in the course of of the taxes for the present year; and sets three years, between the estimates of this againt is the expenditure not of the present year and of 1790, so that the surplus of year, but the probable expenditure of the 9 0,000l. or thereabouts, would remain-unyear 1790; and between these two face couched. ments there is a surplus of taxes to the To make this surplus up one million, he amount of about 900,oool. In the navy efti- would propose three taxes. mates for this year, and for 1790, there is a An additional penny per gallon on {pirits difference of 600,000l. Mr. Pite laboured to in the wash, which would produce from prove, that though the naval establishment 50,000l. to 60,000l

. per annum; a regulation amounts this year to 2,400,000l. yet that of of the duty on deals, bcams, and battens im. 3790 will not exceed 1,800,00ol. The causes ported, which he said would produce about



He con

39,0001. a year; and lastly, he would pro- shall be increased 1d. according to the ratio pole a duty on perfumery, that would bring of the former duties on waih.' in 15,000), perhaps 37,000l, per annum.

MARCH 30. The manner in which he would propose On the report of the new laxes being read, to manage the surplus was this; he would Mr. Pulteney wilhed to know if the one propose to appoint the Speaker, Chancellor million intended to be annually applied :0of the Exchequer, Matter of the Rolls, the ward the reduction of the national debie, Accountant General of the Court of Chance- Thould be only applied to the debt at present ry, and the Governor and Deputy Governor existing, and not to the discharge of any of vive Bank, all for the time being, as Com- new loan in future, which, in his opinion, mirisoners 10 manage it: that 250,000l.

would give streng ccurity, and spirit, to fould be issued to them at the beginning ni the old tunds. every quarter, beginning on the sth of July The. Chancellor of the Exchequer pronext; ihat they should divide that sum into mised to give his candid opinion on thai as many parts as there are transfer days in a point, when the subject came to be debated quarter; and that they Ihould lay out the in a Committee ; declaring, at the same allouted share on each of those days in the time, that whatever might fall from any purchase of stock: the inicrelts of the debt gentleman, on that or any other head, should bought up to be applied in aid of the sur. have its proper weighi with him. plus till there should be a clear revenue to Mr. Jolliffe pro'elled himself as warm a the chantry of lour millions, which would friend io the object of the impofts as any be procured in twenty-eighi years; but after gentleman poñibly could be, not withiland. thai period to link into the mass of the fup- ing he was sensible, that with aconomy in ply, and be applied in aid and relief of the the collection they would prove much more fubjd. He juit obferved, that he would on productive ; yet, on this occasion, he ihought Wednesday next move, that Parliament they were not the proper objects of taxation. would rideem the mortgage of 50,000). of In his opinion, it was the Janded interest the Civil List, which now amounted to that sh uld bear the burthen, as the molt 189,0ool. ihai fo the Crown might have a capable of bearing it, and not ftripes of tape, full revenue of goo,noul. a year.

pomatum, and hair powder : this would let ch:ded by moving, that the sum of one mil- the world lec, that we were in earnest in the lion ought to be unalienably appropriated work we had set about ; that we neither to the redemption of the national debt, and intended to amufe or deceive; it would be charged upon the furpius of the taxes gain the confidence of the whole nation,

This motion, after some debaie, 111 which and the furrounding nations, who would be Mr. Fox, Mr. Sheridan, and Sir Grey at a luss which to admire moft, our bonefty Cooper, cortroverted many of Mr. Pill's or disinterestedness. The language he spoke, politions, and inaintained that many of the he well knew to be unpopular, but it was grounds on which he built his hopes of the language of his heart, which would ever lurpins were fallacious, was put and carried beat high to the cause of his country. Two willout a divifion; as were the following millions annually, in his opinion, would rclolutions resp: cting the three new taxes. be much more eligible than one, or thrcc,

Rciolved, * Thet all persons dealing in, if poflible. or vending, períumery goods, mall be Mr. Dempster was apprehenfive that the obliged to take out licences charged with a additional tax on spirits would increase the fiamp duty of 59. if they vend in London, smuggling of that article ; experience, and Weftminties, or Southwark ; and if such the highest information, confirmed him in perion fall live in any other part of Greate this opinion. So far was smuggling from Britain, the licences to be subjc&t to a Itamp being deftroyed, that it seemed to gain duty of 2s. 6d.

strength in several parts of the kingdom, “ Thai upon all perfumery goods sold, particularly the northern; that Government, there shall be paid the following duties : in this very article, was defrauded of be(that is to say) Where the price shall not tween four and five hundred thousand exceed the sum of 8d. a ftamp duty of id. pounds, which he said he could prove by Above 8d. and not exceeding is. ild. wituelles at the bar of the House. Above is. and not exceeding is.gd. 3d. Mr. Pulteney said, that this tax would A ove is. gd. and not exceeding 2s.6d. 6d. operate in favour of the illicit trader was ione 25. od. and less than 58. gd. viable on the face of it; and if it was neOf the value of 55. and upwards

cessary to take the tax off the tea, in order Kelolvcd, " That the present rates to destroy (muggling in that line, he did not whereby deals and battens are chargeable, fee but the same realon would apply in the fasii ceale ; and that 51. shall be the rate present case. The morals of the people whereby the duties shall be computed on might be hurt in fo doing, but ihe cause of son deals, and 21. 125. 6d. on 100 battens." smuggling much more so, as the spirits come

Resolved, “ That the present duties upon conliderably cheaper through that medium, wah used in the diftillation of coru spirits, · The Chancellor of the Exchequer faid, he 1


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would severally meet the objection of every

ceased. For Newtown in Lancashire, in man in the Committee on each point ; he the room of Sir Thomas Davenport, deo, wished to dave the first and second readings ceased. For Hanis, in the room of Henry of the bill on Mondav and Thursday next, Seymour Conway, Esq. who has accepica in order to fix a day for the commitment,

the Chiltern Hundreds. that cach gentleman might be enabled io The order of the day being read for the make up his mind to his own satisfaction, if farther consideration of Mr. Dundas's India possible, which was agreed to.

judicature bill, The order of the day was then read, for Mr. Dundas rose and observed, that as he the second reading of the bill introduced had an important clause to expunge, he by Mr. Marsham for suspending the eleĉtion would now inovc, that the order should be franchise of persons concerned in the civil discharged; and that leave should be givea departmenis of the navy or ordnance. to withdraw the bill which he had proposed.

Mr. Bamber Gascoyne observed, that it This being consented to, he would rexi move went to exclude all those who received fa- for leave to introduce a new bill, in order Jaries in the naval line, so that he did not totally to rescind that part which related to sce who could escape. Having humouroully the disclosure of fortunes acquired in India. commented on the bill for fume time, he Still, however, he meünt, that the same concluded with a promise that it should surety should remain for checking peculation meet his negative.

and plunder, as that to which Parliament Mr. Drake, junior, stared his objections had wisely assented. He was happy to isto the bill in a speech of fome length.

form the Huli', that the intelligence reMs. Marsham rose, and after dwelling for

cently received from India, rendered it unsome time on the utility of the bill, de necessary to enforce luch a mcasure, as the clared, he had fren so much benefit arise principal defects which it was meant to recfrom that of Mr. Crewe's, that he was urged tify had been happily remedied. to extend it to a line that seemed to call as Mr. Francis declared his approbation of loudly for it - lo loudly, indeed, thai not the alteration, and was glad that the Right ene petition appeared against it.

Hon. Gentleman had more carefully reviled The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, he the subject, and corrected what mult appear had voted for Mr. Crewe's bill, on the con- to every man a grievance. vi&tion of its utility in the department to Mr. Dempiter was of opinion, that the which it was directed; but as this came in alterati in intended by his Right Hon. friend on a different principle, he would vote

would serve to ease the minds of inany reagainst it.

spectable gentlemen who were about to reMr. Fox believed the principal object of

torn from India. He then took notice of Mr. Crewe's bill, though some conlidered Mr. Dandas's bill, lo far as related to a trial it only as a collateral one, was, the co!l-c- by jury, and thought it exceedingly option of the revenue; and his llon. Friend's preillve. He was well intormed, that many bill (Mr. Marsham), he believed, would of our fellow fubjects in that quarter o! !! have a good cffe& in point of work, which world had sicciare!, tíut they would looms fhould be made the tandard of promotin, past with their lives ikan lutter fuch an ince 1 instead of a voc. – After many onfervations fringement si their dibuty. and pertinent remarks, he declared that he Mr. Duridas said that his Hon. friend was would support the bill in qucition 19 the milhaken. Wish rayure! to what had heart utmost of his power,

inlinuared by the Hon. Gut ma' concen Lord Mulgrave inlisted that a fuffrag?, or ing an infurnction in India, he was not ia sote, was never known in be the standard te lealt appothenlive of such an event, of promotion in the dock-yards; on the it wire to happes, cheia uigenis could 12:00 contrary, the work was still betier done in derive any lin fit from !!, Ji tlic natives in the King's yards than in the merchants. He lid woulihrow of their yctic, and cut likewise contended, ibat it would tend to th-ibiroats o dhe burpears. send our artiza:s abrvad, with many ouer Tiir quettion was their pur, when the or. points, in answer to Mr. Fox ; and as 10 der was ditchargid. petitions, said he, I hope they are berrer Mr. Duodas then give notes, shar he employed ihan to bury their heads with would bring in his new bril on llonday such fuff. Alter inis the conversation became gene.

Arril. 3, ral; when, after some time spent, the Report was made from the Select Corn. Houfe divided on the bill, and incre appear.

mirtcernibe Saline undue diction, in iaed, for the bill 4: - against i 117-maja- vour of Mr. Bindie', le litting m mbir. rity 76.--Adjured.

The order of the day for going into a ConMARCH 31. .

mitice to take into consideration the papers Ordered out a new writ for Carline, in relative to the adminiftraiion of Mr. Hastings ibc room of the Hon. Edward Now.on, de in India, having been read, the Speaker ac



cordingly left the chair, and Mr. Orde took cd for the papers, he had, at the express de the chair of the Committee.

fire of the House, stated a cha ge, not espec Mr. Burke immediately moved that Lco- cial indeed, but a general one, as a preamble Dard Jaques, Esq; be called to the bar. to each motion, and thus pointed out the

This motion produced a debate, that lasted particular point to which each paper was till ten o'clock ; but as it turned chiefly upon applicable. a point of order with respect to the regula- 'At last Mr. Burke said he would prority of the proceedings, we shall just report pose an amendment to his own motion, the substance of the debate, which, from the which would, he hoped, satisfy the gentle number of speakers, and the number of times men who opposed his original motion; and that many of them rose, it would be impor- that was, that Leonard Jaques, Esq. be callfible for us to give at full length. - An ob. ed to the bar to be examined relative to let. je&tion was ftarted by the Master of the ters that passed between him and Nathaniel Rolls, and supported by Mr. Nichols, Mr. Middleton and Richard Johnson, Esquises, S. Smith, Mr. Dundas, Mr. Jenkinson, the when the said Leonard Jaques, Esq. was Lord Advocate of Scotland, the Solicitor on guard over the grandmother of the Na. Geocral, Mr. Young, Sir Gregory Page Tur. bob of Oude, an ally of this country. This ner, Mr. Grosvenor, and Mr. Wilberforce amendment, however, was not received that the buliness of the Committee was to re- more favourably than the original motion : ceive charges and not to hear evidence ; for The Committee called for the question, and until the charges were received, it would be was proceeding to divide upon it; but the imposible for gentlemen to know to what oppofition having been given up, both the points the witness could be examined, and original motion and the amendment were indied it would not be lefs so to determine, negatived without a division. whelber there was really any impeachable Ms. Eurke then declared, that, bowing Inauer in the different articles which might to the authority of the Committee, he would, be produced as the ground of impeachment not withitanding his own objection to such a of Mr. Haflings : and consequently it would proceeding, bring forward his charges, at be nispending the time of the Committee 10 leait such of them as he had prepared. The make it lot from day to day to hear evidence first of them was then produced, but as it was before it could be known whether fuch evia very long, the Committee seemed to wish dence would in the end be applicable to the that it hould be read hort, as the term is, object of an impeachment of Mr. Hastings. and merely pro forma. Belidrs, it would not be less contrary to the The Chancellor of the Exchequer asked cftablished rule or order of the House than Mr. Burke if he intended to call any wil. of all courts of justice, thar arculaiion thould nesses in support of that charge before any precede the evidence; for ibe latter was a more charges were delivered in. That gerizelative term, and fignificd that " which tleman replied, that it was certainly his with makes evident or plain.” On the other to fobftantiatc cach charge by itself, belore hard. Mr. Fox, Mr. Burke, Mr. Sheridan, he proceeded to another; but as he perceived Mr. Ellis, Mr. Wyndham, and others, main- the with of the Committee to be that the tained that the Commiilee, lo far!rom being charges should be all produced and printed Teltrained to the bare receiving of charges, before agv witnesses were call d, he would was in fact a Committee of Enquiry ; for it sacrifice his own judgment to the senle of appeared from the order of the day, that the The Committee. "Upon this it was agreed Committee wasło take into consideration the that the chairmau should report progress, papers relative to India ; and by the same and ask leave to fit again, for the purpose of order, witnelies were bound to attend and receiving all the charges, and of taking them were attending. It would, therclore, be into confideration at a subsequent period. an cxiiaordinary proceeding, if the chais- The House was resumed, and then adman was to quit the chair, and report to the journed. House:hat the Commiliee, though directed to like papers into consideration, had coufi. Mr. Burke, in his place, charged War. dered none; though ordered to examine ren Hastings, Esq. late Governor-General of wi'nelies, had examined none. If the charges Bengal, with sundry High Crimes and Mil ought to have preceded the production of demeanors; and presented to the House feevidence, the gentlemen who advanced such veral articles of charge of High Crimes and a poskion ought to have attended to the Misdemeanors againit the said Warren House sooner, and prevented it by their ad- Hastings, which consist of the following parvice Irom doing so absurd a thing, as to order ticulars: the Committee to examine witnelies, and 1. The Transactions of Rohilla; take papers into consideration, before the II. The Confineinent of the Mrgul; charges, to which they were to be applied, III. The tranfactions at Benares ; were pr. duced. But, in fact, when the righe IV. Ditto, at Oude; bocourable Member (Mr. Burke) had move V. Dilio, at Fanuchabad ;



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