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724. To concentrate and give effect to individual labours, societies have, latterly, been formed in all parts of the world : and on these now depend, in a great degree, the further improvement of man.
Thus, in England, we have the Royal Society, the Antiquarian Society, the Royal Academy, the Society of Arts, and the Board of Agriculture.
In France, there is the Imperial or Royal Institute; and at Berlin, Madrid, and Petersburgh, royal societies like those of London.
America likewise has its societies : and there are others in India ;-all labouring for the promotion and propagation of knowledge.
Obs.—Effect has been given to study; and improvements have been accelerated, in every branch of knowledge, by means of the Art of Printing in England, alone, this art is the means of producing 800 new publications per annum; besides 70 magazines, journa's, and reviews; and 250 several newspapers. Of the Monthly Magazine, esteemed the best in Europe, Dearly 5000 are regularly sold; and of all the taonthly works, at least 100,000 per month. Of the newspapers throughout the United Kingdom, above half a million are sold per week.
Questions on Chap. I. to VII. 1 What art was not common to all savage life? 2 What was the probable discovery of metals ? 3 What part of a column is the capital? 4 What sorts of grain best suit stiff soils ? 5 If only two people lived on an acre in England, how many
inhabitants would it support? 6 What are the English effecting for the people of Hindostan! 7 Among what nations is there at this day no property in
land ? 8 What changes do silkworms undergo ? 9 What were the substitutes for glass windows before the ixa
vention of glass? 10 What was the mode of life among the earliest families ? 11 What were the ancient qualifications of a chief? 12 What are the native or indigenous fruits of England ? 13 What root did Raleigh bring from America, and when ? 14 Of what classes of minerals are chalk, diamond, gold,
coals, and salt? 16 What are the improved breeds of sheep in England, and
what is the value of the fleece of each? 17 What is the use of tan-pits ? 18 What is the warp in weaving ? 19 What is the most convenient material for building, and
how obtained ? 20 What is an oxyde ? 21 What number of pounds per day would an acre of ground
produce in mutton, potatoes, peas, carrots, or parsnips? 22 How many horses are employed in purposes of pleasure? 23 What is meant by rotation of crops, and what is the use
of it? 24 What savage people were without the use of fire ? 25 What is the condition of man in a savage state ? 26 How many different kinds of grass are there, and what
are the two principal subdivisions ? 27 What is the use of knowledge ? 28 How many farms might there be in England and Wales,
if they were all of the smallest beneficial size? 29 What are coals, and where are the principal coal works? 30 Which is the heaviest, and which the lightest of the me.
tals, and how many pounds of the lightest will make
ten pounds of the heaviest ? 31 What metal is essential to agriculture ? 32 What is the process called by which fruits are improved? 33 What is paint made of, and for what purpose ? 34 What is glass made of, and how was it discovered ? 35 tow many orders of arcbitecture are there? and trace
them or copy them neatly. 36 What is the chief manufacture of Lancashire and Lanark
shire ? 37 How many unwound cones of raw silk will extend round
the world? 38 What breeds of oxen are the most preferred ? 39 What are stiff, what light, and what barren soils ? 40 What people go a week without food ? 41 What was the condition of the ancient Britons ? 42 What is lime used for? 43 Where is the greatest quantity of silk produced ? 44 What are the people who live in wigwams, and who
those that live underground? 45 How many people in England eat up ten oxen in a year? 46 If all the inhabitants in Great Britain ate potatoes only,
and each ate six pounds per day, how many more peo
ple might be maintained than at present? 47 What poet has so well described a cotton-mill ? and trans
cribe and repeat his lines. 48 What is linen made of, what ropes, and what calico? and
describe the processes. 49 How is wool prepared ? 50 How is metal separated from the ore?
Questions on Chap. viii. IX. X. XI. 51 What is the general principle of the mechanical powers? 52 Why will not water rise 50 feet in a pump? 53 In what is a ducal coronet like a marquisat, and in what
do they difier? 54 What are the duties of man in society ? 55 What are the commanders of armies and fleets called ? 56 Who wrote certain lines against war? and transcribe and 57 How is water forced to such great heights out of fire-en58 In how many days and years would a cannon-ball reach
the sun, which is 96 millions of miles off? 59 If the army estimates for 1811 were 18,000,000 pounds
sterling, how much is that per man? 60 With what authority do the taxes originate? 61 Who commit accused persons to prison for trial?
62 What is the whole of the projecting angle of a fortification
creating a momentum of 24 (4 X 6) how fast must a man
the horse ?
and to what countries is its trade carried on?
tween the value of the original metal and the labour
dividing the labour with others ?
Great Britain ?
93 What are the manufactures of Sheffield, Paisley, and Wor
cester? 94 How many trades are required in the production of the
Universal Preceptor ? 95 How many valves are there in a pump, and where are they
situated ? 96 What are the prerogatives of the king ? 97 What is the course of the law against a man who has
committed a crime? 98 Trace or copy the coronets of peers. 99 What are the titles of the heads of the church, the law, the navy, and army?
Questions on Chap. XIV. 100 How can the earth be said to be round, when there are
such high hills and great inequalities on its surface ? 101 If an eclipse of the moon takes place at two in the morn
ing, and by the almanac it ought to happen in London at half-past ten in the evening, in what longitude is the
observer ? 102 What is the character of the English territories in India ? 103 What people consider train oil the greatest luxury ? 104 On the days on which the sun passes vertical at Port
Royal in Jamaica, i. e. in 18 degrees of north latitude,
in what north latitude will it be uninterrupted day? 105 what are the causes of summer heat ? 106 who are the people whom the Europeans have been used
to steal and se!l for alaves ? 107 what are the parts of an artificial globe ? 108 who discovered America, and when; 109 which are the Asiatic seas ? 110 How many human beings die on the average every mi.
nute ? 111 How many sones are there, and point them out on the
map: 112 which is the top or upper part of the earth ? 113 How many varieties are there of the human species?
and let the pupil put his finger on the map towards the
part of the world where each variety resides. 114 How many degrees of west longitude can there be, or
in what degrees do east and west meet? 115 what are the characters of the planets, and make them
with the pen? 116 what is the relative situation of the moon when it is full ? 117 what is the use of the moon ? 118 How many continents are there on the globe ? 119 Repeat Chatterton's lines describing the solar system.