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their appropriate powers, to this body, only, is grani-1 The following members, also, re-elected for six
ed a participation in all the different powers of the years from this day, took the oath of ofice, viz: Mr.
government-legislative, executive, and judiciary. Lloyd, of Maryland, Mr. Macon, of North Carolioa,
in its legislative character, it partakes, with the Mr. Gaillard, of South Carolina, Mr. J. S. Johnston,
house of representatives, in all of the powers vested of Louisiana, and Mr. Barton, of Missouri.
in coagress, exceptiog that of originating revenue Some conversation took place on the case of Mr.
bills; in its executive, it holds an important control Larrman, re-appointed by the governor in the recess
over the powers of appointing to office and forming of the legislature, the question being, whether a fail-
treaties; and, in its judiciary, it constitutes the court ure by the legislature to make a choice of a senator
before which all officers of the government may be constitutes the contingency, in which a governor may
held accountable for an honest discharge of duty; appoint a senator-the language of the constitution
while, from its peculiar character, as the representa- being, "if vacancies happen, by resignation or other-
tive of the states, it is emphatically the guardian of wise, during the recess of the legislature of any state,
their rights and sovereignty.

the executive thereof may make temporary appointIt must be apparent that, on a wise and virtuous ex- ments,” &c. ercise of these important powers, the success of our The subject was laid over till to-morroir, to which free and happy system of government, in no small de- time the senate adjourned. gree, depends. We, accordingly, find that the fram.

Saturday, March 5. The senate met at 11 o'clock. ers of our constitution have bestowed the greatest On motion of Mr. Lloyd, of Mass. it was attention on the organization of this body; and with Ordered, That a committee be appointed to wait on such happy success, that it is admirably adapted to the the president of the United States and inform him discharge of each of its various and dissimilar func- that the senate are ready to receive from him any tions, as if any particular one only, instead of all, had communications he may be pleased to make. been the sole object of its creation. So fortunate, in Messrs. Lloyd, of Mass. and Macon were appainted deed, is its structure, in every respect, that even time, the committee. instead of impairing, has had the opposite effect, of Shortly afterwards, Mr. Lloyd reported that the remedying what might, at first, be considered the only committee had performed the duty assigned to them, defect in the body. At the formation of the govern- and that the president would make a communication ment, the members of the senate were, probably, too to the senate in the course of this day. few to attract the full confidence of the people, and The senate then resumed the consideration of the thereby give to it that weight in the system which the case of Mr. Lanman-it being on a motion, submitteil constitution intended. This defect has, however, been yesterday by Mr. Seymour, that Mr. L. be sworn in happily removed by an extraordinary growth. In the and permitted to take his seat. short space of thirty-six years, eleven new states have

Mr. R. M. Johnson, of Kentucky, made a short been added to the union, and twice that number of speech in support of the validity of Mr. l.'s credensenators to the body; and, before the termination of tials, and of his right to represent the state of Conthe next four years, the original number of states and necticut, pro tem. under them. senators will be more than doubled.

Mr. Tazewell took the opposite side of the question, I feel, gentlemen, that I owe an apology for touch- and entered into an argument of considerable length, ing on subjects which must be familiar to this enlight- to show that the temporary appointment of Mr. L. by ened body, and also for adding, what must be known the governor of Connecticut, was, under the circumto all, that a successful discharge of the duties as- stances, unconstitutional, and that he was not entitsigned by the constitution to the senate, must depend, led to a seat under that appointment. notwithstanding the skill of its organization, almost Mr. Lanman desiring to reply to the arguments acwholly on the patriotism and wisdom of the members. vanced against his right to a seat, and wishing all These high attributes, 1 however feel assured, from convenient time for relection and preparation on a past and present experience, will never be wanting subject so important to his state, moved to postpone in the members of this body.

the question to Monday. In fulfilling your important functions, something Some conversation ensued, on the part of Mr. Exwill depend on the skill and impartiality of the pre- wards, Mr. Smith, Mr. Lelines, of Me. Mr. Eaton, Mr. sidiog officer. !. regard to the former, I can pro- King, of Alabama, Mr. Macon, Mr. Llojil, of Mass. mise nothing. I am without experience, which only and Mr. Hayne, on the proper mode of proceeding, can give the requisite skill in presiding, and feel that and on the rights of Mr. Lanman, previous to a deciI must often throw myself on your indulgence. I sion, &c. by which it appeared to be the sense of the shall, however, endeavor to compensate for the want senate, that Mr. L's seat was vacant, until the pendof skill by the most rigid impartiality. In this oflice, ing question should be decided in his favor. I shall regard only the senate and its duties, and I On motion of Mr. Eaton, the subject was referreil shall strive, with a feeling of pride, (in the station, I to a comunittee of three; and trust, not reprehensible), to preserve the high cha Mr. Van Buren laid on the table a resolution admitracter already attained by the senate for dignity and ting Mr. Lanman to the privilege of being heard at the wisdom, and to elevate it, possible, still higher in bar of the senate, in support of his right to a seat, the publie esteem.

when the subject should be resumed. The address was attentively listened to, and re A message was received, (of an executive nature, spectfully received.

from the president of the United States, by the hands The credentials of the new members of the senate, of Mr. Brent, of the department of state, wlien the and of those whose terın commences this day by re- doors of the senate were closed until near 3 o'clock, election, were read.

and then The following new members, to wit:

The senate adjourned.
From Vermont, Dudley Chase,

Monday, March 7. The senate met at twelve o'clock.
Pennsylvania, William Marks,

Mr. Eaiun, from the committee appointed on the
Gcorgia,

John M. Berrian, subject, made the following report:
Kentucky, John Rowan,

The select committee, to whom was referred the hio,

Wm H. Harrison, credentials of appointment from and by the governor
Indiana,

Wm. Hendricks, of Connecticut, bez leave to report:
Illinois,
Elias K. Kane,

That Mr. Lannian's term of service in the senato appeared, and, the oath of office being arousiered expired on the 3rd of March. On the 4th, lie prcsenito them by the vice president, took their stais. led to the senate a certificate, regularly and properly

seat.

Williams-23.

authenticated, from Oliver Wolcott, governor of the show why he thought himself precluded, by the conState of Connecticut, setting forth that the president stitution, from consenting that Mr. Lanman should of the United States had desired the senate to con- take a seat under the credentials he presented. vene on the 4th day of March, and had caused official Mr. Mills adduced several precedents to show that notice of that fact to be communicated to him. members had been, on former occasions, admitted to

The certificate of appointment is dated the 9th of seats in the senate, under authority similar to that Tebruary, 1825, subsequent to the time of potifica- possessed now by Mr. Lanman, and in similar cases; tion to him by the president. The certificate further and though he was not perfectly free from doubt on recites that, at the time of its execution, the legisla- the question, he thought those precedents so weighty ture of the state was not in session, and would not be that he was in favor of admitting Mr. Lanman to his until the month of May.

The committee have looked into the journals of the The question was then taken on the resolution ofsenute to discover if they could find any authority or fered by Mr. Edwards, and it was decided the nega. decision by them on this question; and the following tive, by yeas and nays, as follows: have been found recorded:

YEIS-Messrs. Bell, Bouligny, Cbase, Clayton, D'Wolf, Ed On the 27th day of April, 1797, William Cocke was wards, larrison, Hendricks Johnston, of Lou. Kane, Knight. Lloyd,

of Mass. Mcllvaine, Mills, Noble, Rowan, Seymour, Thomas-18. appointed a senator from that state, by the governor NAYS-Messrs. Barton, Benton, Berrian, Branch, Chandler, of Tennessee, his term of service having expired on Dickerson: Eston, Findlay. Gaillard. Hayne, Holmes, of Maine, the 31 of the preceding March, and, on the 15th of Holmes, of Mis Jackson, King, of Alab. Lloyd, of Md. Marks, Ma.

con, Ruggles, Smith, of Md. Tazewell, Van Buren, Van Dyke, May, took his seat and was qualified.

On the 3d of March, 1801, the seat of Uriah Tracy The senate, therefore, decided that Mr. Lanman became vacant, the time for which he had been elect- I was not entitled to a seat. ed having expired. On the 20th of February, pre Several messages, (of an executive nature), were ceding, the governor of Connecticut re-appointed received from the president of the United States, by him a senator; and, in pursuance thereof, he was Mr. Daniel Drent; and, qualified and took bis seat.

Aster spending some time in the consideration of Joseph Anderson, a senator from Tennessee, was esecutive business, appointed by the governor a member of the senate, The senate adjourped. on the 6th of February, 1809, and, on the 4th of BPThe senate sat on the 8th and 9th with closed March after, took his seat; the period for which he doors, as is customary when transacting executive had been elected having, on the preceding day, ex-business. On the 9th, having concluded the business pired.

of the extra session, the president retired, and Mr. John Williams, of Tennessee, on the 20th of Ja-Gaillard was elected president, pro tempore; and the nuary, 1917, was appointed a senator in congress, to scnate adjourned sine dic. take his seat on the 4th of March, when the term for which he had been elected would expire. Mr. Wil

CHRONICLE. lians appeared, was qualified, and took his seat.

In none of these cases does it appear that there was Gen. Johar Brooks, late governor of Massachusetts, any objection made, or question raised, except in has followed gov. Eustis to the tomb. He died on the 1801, in the case of Mr. Tracy, when the vote was 13 ist inst. in the 73d year of his age. He was a gallant for, and 10 against the right of the member to take soldier of the revolution, and much esteemed for his his' seat. These are the only analogous cases the many good qualities. committce has been able to find.

Mr. Thomas Edwards, of King William county, VirBy reference to the statute laws of Connecticut, ginia, was lately killed by his slaves. They separated the committee find that, in that state, there is a law his body into several parts with an axe, and deposited upon this subject, which is in the following words: them in different places. The slaves were arrested. "iVhencver any vacancy shall happea in the repre. . The ship Washington, of one thousand tons burthen, sentation of this state in the senate of the United intended for the East India tradc, was launched at States, hy the expiration of the term of service of a sena- New York on the anniversary of the birth-day of the ior, or by resignation, or otherwise, the general as- hero whose name she bears. She is supposed to be sembly, if then in session, shall, by a concurrent vote one of the best built, as well as the most splendidly of the senate and house of representatives, proceed ornamented ships that belongs to the United States. to fill said vacancy by a new election; and in case Grcal fire at St. Thomas. Captain Lane, arrived at such vacancy shall happen in the recess of the gene- Boston, furnishes the following account of a deral assembly, the gorernor shall appoiut some per-structive fire at St. Thomas: "On the 12th February, son to fill the same, until the next meeting of the ge- a fire at St. Thomas laid about 4 or 500 houses in neral assembly."

ashes, and about 100 stores, of all descriptions, in the {The comınittee consisted of Mr. Eaton, of Tennes- west of the town. Property, to a large amount, see, Mr. Edcards, of Connecticut, adu Mr. Tazewell, was destroyed, and hundreds, who arose in the mornof Virginia.]

ing rich and independent, were, before noon, destiThe report being read

lute, the fire being so rapid, with a strong gale, that The question was taken on the resolution submit- little property was sared from its fury," ted by Mr. Pan Buren, on Saturday, (to permit Nr. Private letters state, that about half the town was Lannan to be lieard on the subject), and it was agreed destroyed, and live hundred families rendered houseto.

less. The destruction was arrested by the spirited Mr. Edwards ofered a resolution to admit Mr. Lan-exertions of the oificers and crew of the U. States men to be qualitied, and to take his seat in the scnate, schooner Grampus, and the Americans in the port. pursuant to the credeotials of the goverror.

It was ascertained that the calamity was occasioned Mr. Laman then rose, and, in a speech of about by a silly trick of a superstitious old woman to detect an hour, vindicated his right to a seat under the cre- a theft. dentials of the executive of Connecticut, which he Goleon luck. A wood-chopper lately found twentyhad received--and in reply to gentlemen who had op- nine golden guineas in the trunk of a tree which he posed his right in a seal.

olled in the woods near Ulica. An augur hole had Mr. Holines, of Maine, made a few remarks expla- been bored into the tree, the gold deposited, plugged batory of the precedents which were cited, and colin, and the bark grown over the aperture.

PRINTED *

!!ITAN OGDEN NILES, IT THE FRANKLIN PRESS, WATER-STRETT, EAST OF SOUTII-STREET.

THIRD SERIES.

No. 3_VOL. IV.)

BALTIMORE, MARCH 19, 1825.

(Vol. XXVIII. WHOLE NO. 705

THE PAST-THE PRESENT--FOR THE FUTURE.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

IPThe excessive press of matter, indispensably, brought about by the transfer of any considerable pecessary to be published and recorded in this work, number of persons from the class of consumers to that will, for two or three weeks more,forbid the allowance of producers, must be too manifest to require any exof much room for miscellaneous articles of any other planation. But, independent of the market which description: but, to attend to such things, is what we our manufacturers furnish for our farmers, there is regard a primary duty-and, when the stock of them another point of equal interest to our brethren of the shall fail, or be reduced to a moderate quantity, we south, the growers of cotton: It is believed that about shall indulge in liberal political speculations on past 150,000 bales are annually consumed in our estabevents, and offer some prospective views as to the ge- lishments. If this quantity were added to the amount neral state of our country and its government. At pre-exported, the reduction in its price abroad might be sent there is not much stir in the "political world” so great as to sink the general value in a sum nearly the stormy season has been succeeded by a calm; and equal to that of the article used at home! The effect time is, happily, allowed to examine the public proof excess and scarcity, on the prices of commodities, ceedings and papers, and form a deliberate judgment is well known--and the time is at hand when the coton persons and things. We are, or, at least, of all ton planters of the United States will be among the others ought to be, a thinking people; and it is espe- best and most decided friends of domestic manufaccially proper that, after some great excitement, (such tures. The farmers have long seen the necessity of as the late presidential election caused), we should them-and without them, at this time, the growers settle down quietly and reflect on all that has happen- of grain would be doing a bad business, indeed. ed. If we do this, there are few that will not find something to be proud of in the operation of the constitu GENERAL JACKSON arrived in Baltimore on Friday tional principles of our country, notwithstanding in- last week, and in the evening attended a ball given in dividual preferences may not have been gratified; and honor of him, at Barnum's. On Saturday morning, he erery one should remember that it is measures and presented, by request, a stand of colors to the Forsyth pot men, for which the citizens of this republic ought company of Riflemen, a valuable and numerous corps to contend-that the constitution was not formed for -- from twelve to two o'clock he received all such as the benefit of those who might hold the offices creat- were pleased to wait upon him, with his accustomed ed by it, but to promote the common good. We would courtesy-the press of the people to take him by the not encourage indifference as to persons, because things hand was great; and a collation was provided in an depend on them; but, when the latter are rightly adjoining room, of which many hundreds partook. attended to or wrongfully brought about, it is self- In the evening he visited the theatre, where he was duty to support or disapprove of them, no matter who received with distinguished marks of respect. On the actors may be. There is, however, a disposition the following morning be departed for his residence manifested by some to oppose without knowing, in in Tennessee, being escorted, for some distance out truth, what they are opposed to, or even being able of the city, by a number of gentlemen on horseback. to conjecture on what point their opposition will fall. The general's lady is with bim, but considerably inThis is a disposition that ought to be repulsed. It disposed, though she received many ladies in her is like that of the Athenian who voted for the banish- apartments during her stay. ment of Aristides, only because he was tired of hearing that good man called “the just.”

Gov. CLINTON. The merchants of Pearl street,

New-York, have presented to gov. Clinton two very ISPAt length, we have room to insert an account splendid vases, weighing about 400 ounces each, orof the late exhibit of domestic manufactures in the namented with tablets and figures in bas relief, exhigreat rotundo of the capitol at Washington.

biting scenes on the grand canal and allegorical illusThough the exhibition was hastily proposed, the trations of the progress of the arts and sciences; with notise short, and the season of the year inconvenient inscriptions in honor of him as a "public benefactor." for the transportation of articles, the quantity was We shall copy a description of those vases as soon very considerable; the quality exceeded the hopes of as we conveniently can. all who had not carefully observed the progress of domestic industry, as applied to manufactures of MR. CRAWFORD left Washington on Friday, last wool and cotton, iron and other metals, wood, &c. &c. week, for his residence in Georgia. and the prices of the goods were so reasonable as to astonish those unaccustomed to the use of American Gex. LAFAYETTE is now on a tour through the fabrics.

southern states. We intend to give and preserve a It is certainly true that our country, at large, is in brief sketch of the attentions paid to him at various a much better state than it was a few years ago; and, places. It is sufficient for the present to observe, as our foreign trade has not become more profitable, that he is every where received with the same generthe improvement must be ascribed to the successful ous enthusiasm and earbest respect that distinguishoperations of domestic employment, at all timos the ed our fellow-citizens of New York, and other places, sasest and the best. Our flour, beef, pork, &c. on the when he first landed. The London “Globe" of the average, produce little more in foreign ports than 20th January, remarking on the grant of our govern their prices at home; and, though the price is low, ment to gen. Lafayette, states, that "there is no pubample proof is afforded of the value and extent of lic act of the United States that can do more honor to the domestic market, because that it has not fallen the character of the American people, than this gratemuch lower. That this is owing to our manufactures, ful offering to a man who, nearly 50 years ago, rencan hardly be doubted by any one-as well as this dered them signal services." great result, that persons wishing to labor can now, The "Traveller" expresses similar sentiments. Invery generally, earn a comfortable subsistence. of deed, we should suppose that the British people genelate, we had many idle hands-now, we have compa- rally must be well satisfied with our proceedings in ratively few; and the difference of circumstances, regard to our illustrious friend.

You. XXVII).----3.

AJIERICAK GLASS. There is now exbibiting at the which is not a little promoted by the agency which store of Messrs. George Grundy & Sons, No. 3, South the magistrates and council have in the deliberation's Calvert-street, Baltimore, a novel, curious and ele- of the agent, and in the administration of justice. The gant specimen of American industry and talent, from laws are very sparingly multiplied, but, when formthe glass making establishment of Messrs. Bakewell, ed, are exactly enforced. A small uniformed miliFace and Bakewell, of Pittsburg. It consists of cut-tary force is established for the preservation of police, glass tumblers, in the bottom of each of which, by &c. and the militia are periodically called out in the å very ingenious process, is imbedded an excellent number requisite for sentries. Since the organizalikeness of some distinguished American citizen, as tion of the guard, there has not been a single instance dams, Jackson, Lafayette, &c. The likeness is of the public stores being pillaged, as had frequently formed of a composition having the appearance of happened before. Upon the whole, the reports presilver, and, although presented in bold relief, every sent a picture of an excellent provincial government part of it is enclosed in the solid glass, and is, conse in successful operation. quently, indelible.

Besides the public buildings and improvements,

which are extensive, one store house, about a dozen • TRON. The commissioners of the navy are prepar- frame houses, and nearly forty log buildings, have ed to receive proposals for the supply of fal, square, lately been built, or are building, all covered with and holt iron, necessary for the construction of the shingles obtained in the settlement. Nearly every ten sloops of war, lately authorized to be built. It is proprietor of lands, single women not excepted, has a all to be of American product and manufacture. It dwelling well advanced, and several are nearly comappears that these vessels are to be finished with all pleted. Two houses of worship are building, the one convonient despatch.

by the Methodists, the other by the Baptists. There

is a school for boys, another for girls, a third, an TUE AMERICAN FIEss. We lately made an attempt evening school, for adults. to relieve the character of the press from the sweep The discovery of indigenous coffre on that coast, ing denunciations of Mr. Forsyth, though not a little samples of which have been forwarded to the United disposed to deprecate it ourselves, when we see pa- States, is full of auspicious promise to the interest of por after paper filled with servile copies from ihe the colony. Indigo bears full ten cuttings in the year, London press of such loathsome stuff as that which and its culture is extending. related to Fauntleroy, the banker, and such as is The population of the colony is about 380; of whom now taking the rounds about Kean, the player, who, about threc-fourths are grown persons. Three only it has lately been discovered, had debauched the have died within the last six months, and those from wife of his patron and friend. A volume of his dis- old age, &c. Two marriages had taken place within guisting letters is now publishing for the edification the last four weeks. of the American people, with a full account of the These are a few of the particulars by the late artrial, &c.

rival, which may be interesting to the friends of this

undertaking, and to the public generally:-( Nat. Int. THE NEW REPUBLICS. From the (Paris) Constitutionel, Jan. 10. The destinies of Europe and Ameri MASSACHUSETTS BANKS. The capital stock of the ca are fast unfolding themselves. England which is forty banks in Massachusetts amount to 14,300,000 00 at the head of civilization, solemnly recognizes the cash due to depositers

6,207,509 06 independence of Colombia, Mexico and Buenos Bills in circulation amounting to 5,756,564 09 Ayres. Leaning on the trident of Neptune, she braves the Holy Alliance, and defies the tempest that

$26,26-1,073 15 may be raised against her, her security and her Their resources are, policy being in harmony with the interests of her sub- Debts due them 21,257,339 76 jects. One of the most active interpreters of the Specie

1,360,856 99 thoughts of the ministers has made some very bitter Real estate

425,279 04 and threatening remarks on the conduct of Great Bank notes in state 881,197 92 Britian; another and more independent paper, an

out of state 251,444 50 nounces that the representatives of the Holy Alliance Deposites in the vaults one met yesterday, and that a note was sent to the English of another

2,354,075 63 government. We learn too, that the British ministry

26,530,192 54 are preparing for all events, and have demanded of Portugal irhat is to be expected froin her; should Leaving a surplus in their favor of $266,119 69 Great Britain be opposed to the Holy Alliance? All Amount of bills in circulation of denominations less this shows that the resolution of the cabinet of St. than five dollars, $568,025. The average per cenJames is taken and irrevocable, and that even the tage of profits, (including dividends declared and the chances of a general rupture cannot turn it from the amount of reserved protits), have been 31 per cent. line of policy it has adopted. What will the French and the dividends declared have averaged a fraction ministry do under these circumstances? Shall we short of 2 per cent. for the last six months. remain idle spectators of the dispute, as at the partition of Poland? We cannot believe this, and yet MARYLAND. The following acts passed the legislaevery thing which is now passing tends to make us ture of this state at the late session. fear that it will be so.

1. Be it enacted by the general assembly of Maryland.

That every citizen of this state professing the JewTHE AFRICAN COLONY. Despatches have lately ish religion, and who shall hereafter be appointed to een received, at the office of the American Coloni- any office or public trust under the state of Maryzation society in this city, and also at the navy de- land, shall, in addition to the oaths required to be partment, from the colony at Liberia, which are in taken by the constitution and the laws of the state, He highest degree satisfactory. The colony is under or of the United States, make and subscribe a declaBud government, and is rapidly improving, as may be ration of his belief in a future state of reward and judged from some of the facts hereafter stated. The punishment, in the stead of the declaration now reHrnost respect has been paid to the instructions of quired by the constitution and form of government of te society, and the system prepared for the govern- this state. Bent of the colony has been cheerfully acquiesced in 2. And be it enacted, that the sereral clauses and

srceiving a consentaneous support from the people, sections of the declaration of rights, constitution and

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form of government, and every part of any law of THE STEAM BOAT QUESTION IN New York. At 12 this state, contray to the provisions of this act, so far o'clock on Monday, the 28th Feb. (says the Comas respects the sect of people aforesaid, shall be and mercial Advertiser), the court of errors, of New the same is hereby declared to be repealed and an- York, was opened, pursuant to adjournment, for the nulled on the conformation hereof.

purpose of delivering its opinion upon an appeal by 3. And be it enacted, That if this act shall be con- the North River steam boat company, from the defirmed by the general assembly of Maryland, after cision of the chancellor, refusing an injunction to the next election of delegates, in the first session restrain the steam boat Olive Branch from navigating after such new election, as the constitution and form the Hudson River. Mr. Justice Woodworth read a of government directs, in such case this act, and the long and elaborate opinion, in favor of reversing the alterations of the said constitution and form of govern decision of the chancellor, in which Mr. Justice ment, shall constitute and be valid as a part of the Sutherland concurred. Chief justice Savage took said constitution and form of government, to all io- the other side of the question, and delivered a long tents and purposes, any thing therein contained to and able opinion, recognizing, to the full extent, the the contray notwithstanding.

doctrines maintained by the chancellor, and by the "Be it enacted by the general assembly of Maryland, supreme court of the United States, of the right of all That from and after the passage of this act, it shali vessels sailing under a coasting license of the United not be lawful to imprison any female for any debt States, to navigate the waters of any and every state contracted after the passage of this act: provided that in the union. The question was then taken, and the nothing herein contained shall prevent the issuing of decision of the chancellor refusing the injunction, AFthe writ ne exeat in any case where the same may be FIRMED by a vote of 22 to 9. Great anxiety was manow lawfully issused,"_Passed 24th Feb. 1825. nifested to hear the opinions of the court in this case,

and the lobby and gallery were crowded with specVIRGINIA. The legislature has passed an act, dur-tators, and the senate chamber filled with gentlemen ing its present session, which requires the storekeep- of the bar. The question is now finally at an end. er of the penitentiary to deliver, for the use of the colo OPThe court of errors is composed of the senate nists, at Liberia, on the western coast of Africa, to and certain of the judges. The yeas and nays on an agent, who may be authorized by the board of agreeing with the opinion of the chancellor, were as managers of the Richmond and Manchester Coloni- follows: zation society, such implements of husbandry, cloth For affirming–Chief Jastice Savage, Messrs. Bowing and other necessary articles, manufactured at the man, Brayton, Burrows, Burt, Clark, Cramer, Dudpenitentiary, as shall be specified by the said board, ley, Earll, Ellsworth, Gardiner, Keyes, Lefferts, not exceeding in value the sum of five hundred dol- Lynde, Mallory, McCall, McIntyre, Morgan, Redlars, to be estimated at the lowest cash price at which | field, Ward, Wooster, Wright--22. such articles are sold in the penitentiary store. This For reversing-Judge Woodworth, judge Suthermode of affording aid was suggested by the mana- land, Messrs. Crary, Haight, Lake, McMichael, Nelgers, in their memorial to the general assembly. son, Thorn, Wilkeson—9.

Ohio. The returns of the militia of this state UPPER CANADA. This province is rapidly increasshew an aggregate of 99,865! Of infantry, there are ing in wealth and importance. There are about 67,983 privates; of light infantry 2,340 do.; of rifle- 180,000 inhabitants; and the following are the remen 9,048 do.; of artillery 1,396 do.; of cavalry turns of the census: 2,346 do.; with all the proper general, field and staff, “Upper Canada, (little more than thirty years ago regimental and company officers.

an entire wilderness), from the best evidence that

can be obtained, has now nearly ALABAMA. The charter of the Planter's and Mer-\ 1,000,000 of acres of land under cultivation. chants' bank, at Huntsville, in Mississippi, has been 8,067 dwelling houses of a superior description declared to be forfeited, by a proclamation of the go

to the common log houses of the country, verror, conformable to a provision in its charter, be

! (which, not being rateable, are pot enuidecause it has refused to pay specie for its notes.

rated.) 396 merchants' shops, (exclusive of store houses.)

304 grist mills. DUELLING. At the present, (or recent), session of

30,774 horses fit for service. the legislature of Missouri, a bill passed both houses 27,614 working oxen. "to prevent duelling," annexing to that offence the pu 67,644 milch cows. nishment of whipping. This bill the governor re 34,975 young horned cattle, from tivo to four turned, with objections, at the same time expressing, in the following terms, his opinion regarding the 469 carriages for pleasure. practice itself:

The total valuation of assessed property in the "I am happy on this occasion to record my utter (province, on which the rate of one penny on the pound "detestation and abhorrence of duelling. My duty to is collected for the public service, or rather for the my neighbors, and to myself, would compel me, in service of the several districts, is L. 1,969,074 13s. 1d. my private as in my public capacity, to discountenance and put down, if possible, so barbarous and so impious a practice.”

CUBA. A Spanish feet, consisting of two frigates The bill, thus returned by the governor, was re- and a sloop of war, with several transports, having considered and again passed in the senate by the re-on board from 2,000 to 2,500 troops, arrived at Hayaquisite majority of two thirds of that body; but it na from Spain, about the 18th ult. This reinforcefailed to receive a like majority in the house of re- ment, it is hoped, will so strengthen the governor presentatives, and it, therefore, has not become a law. that he may feel himself enabled to act against the

piratical inhabitants of the island. OF OUR PRESIDENTS. The Essex Register has the following paragraph, which surely contains a remark Mexico. The castle at Vera Cruz is yet possessel able fact.

by the royalists. The American schooner Scott, of the five presidents of the United States, but one which lately anchored near it, was fired upon from of them, John Adams, has had a son, and that son has the forts of the city and destroyed. The late master been elected president in the life time of hig father, lof the Scott complains severely of the transaction.

years old.

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