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FOR TRE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

means, by which this came to be the case, has lesting them, with the utmost caution ; as dates for State officers. It is extremely to be been urged by some, as precluding Great her language has been confirmed by surren- regretted that the representations of these Britain from any well founded cause of com- dering them on application, when their citizen. gentlemen will not have full credence at plaint. Is this true ; is it just ?

ship was proved, we are confident she will Washington. We most sincerely wish that It is of consequence to the individual, still assent to the inviolability of real A- our national rulers might be strongly iinpres. whether he is forced, or bribed into a foreign mericans. But experience has taught her a sed with a conviction, that Massachusetts was service ; but it is of none to the country, to lesson. We have provoked her to return to exactly in the political state there described. which he belongs. Here is a British frigate, her fundamental law, on the subject of expatwith a complement of two hundred men. Is riation. Reciprocity is now the word. How Died in Scotland, aged about 89, Rev. Dr. not this frigate as positively incapacitated for can vur rulers refuse it ? and if that be estab. John Ogilvie, distinguished by a life diligently duty, if we get fifty of those men, by offering lished, England will be immensely benefited devoted to the interests of literature and reli. them a bribe for desertion, as though we took by the arrangement.

gion. The deceased was a faithful pastor and them by force and against their consent ? If

powerful preacher to the parish of Midmar, in there is a difference in the effect, it is beyond GovernoUR STRONG is the federal candi. -Aberdeen ; a living with which he was premy comprehension.

date for reelection. The grand question is, sented by the late Sir William Forbes, well Our naturalization law, our sham protec- shall we support an advocate for Peace and known in this country as the biographer of tions, and our high wages, it is notorious, de- Commerce, or War and its calamities. Govo | Beattie, and in his own for his urbanity and be. prived Great Britain of thousands of her sea- ernour Strong, it is certain, and the commu. neficence. Dr. Ogilvie was the author of men, and at a time when the privation was nity know it well, would desire the best terms many works, chiefly poetical ; among which most severely felt. In peace, sailors are but a of accommodation that can be obtained. Mr. his « Providence" and “ Judgment” have acconvenience to a nation ; the instruments by Dexter, if he is now in favour of war, must quired the most celebrity ; and the paraphrase which she increases her wealth. In war, they have adopted Mr. Madison's views; and must he has left us of the 143th Psalm, may be conare essential ; they are the means of self pres- be disposed to continue the contest, until those sirlered a model of that species of composition. ervation, particularly to a country whose de- views are attained, or until we are totally disa- | He was the younger branch of the whole fence is her maritime strength.

bled for further effort. No rational man family of Finlater, and left several children, of This vital injury to the interests, the most believe the former will be realized : are whom the eldest is Mr. James Ogilvie, whose precious interests, of that nation, led to the then determined on the latter ? If so, let us oratorical talents have attracted so much attencause of our complaint. Hard as the case abandon Governour Strong ; let us forget his tion in the United States. might be, she consented, in conformity to the virtues and his life of publick service ; let law and practice of nations, that, within our us shut up our stores ; bid adieu to all profits

To correspondents. own jurisdiction, we should confer on her ex- from our farms, and hold up both hands for “ MISERRIMUS" to the Confidant is received ; like. patriated subjects, what gifts, what benefits we Mr. Dexter.

wise a paper in favour of an Asylum in Boston fur des.

titute boys; but too late for this number. pleased. We might keep them forever ; she did not reclaim them. But, in her own, or a

GENERAL REGISTER. common jurisdiction, she claimed, in part, her

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. prior right. I say in part, and indeed it was very partially ; for she admitted evidence of BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 19, 1814.

SELF-LOVE....BENEVOLENCE. citizenship, conformable to our naturalization

A dialogue between a Philanthropist and a Mandevillian. laws, to obviate her claim. This sacrifice she

EUROPEAN. No further news, since last made, so very favourable to us, from a spirit

PHILANTHROPIST. What ! will you ascribe Saturday. of accommodation to our laws, but without re

DOMESTICK. General Floyd has obtain- Is there no sentiment of irue patriotism? No

every action to the mere principle of self love? linquishing the principle of her right to her

ed further successes, in some recent skirmishsubjects, in the full extent, as maintained by

such thing, in any case, as disinterested bener. es with the Creek Indians, He was attacked

olence ? Do our views wholly centre in self other nations.

by them, on the 27th of January, but routed love, when we console the afflicted ; when we To meet so liberal a concession, our gov- them, at the point of the bayonet ; his loss 18 relieve the distressed ; when we pity the unernment agreed to furnish all our seamen, nakilled, 132 wounded, several mortally and

fortunate ; when we spontaneously rush to tive or naturalized, with evidence of their citi. many, dangerously. The Indians left 31 dead

save the unknown sti anger from peril ? zenship. The means were easy, and we thus on the field.

MANDEVILLIAN. Believe me, iny friend, era drew the line ourselves, contrary to the vulgar

On the 8th instant, General Wilkinson was falsehood, that British officers were to deter

ery notion of that kind is but a tribute to the with his army at French Mills. It is expected vanity of our nature. The spring to all our mine the national character of our seamen.

his force will be divided ; a part sent to Sacko | actions is self interest. When we surrender That was decided by our own collectors. ett's Harbour, and the remainder to Plattsburg. any thing, which is of the least value to us, or This regulation must have constantly pro

Mr. Clay has arrived at New York, to emduced a gradual drain of British seamen, had it bark for Gottenburg.

give ourselves the least trouble, to confer a faeven been observed in its utmost rigour. But CONGRESś. The Senate have confirmed selves, than we could enjoy, by omitting such

ver, it is to procure a greater benefit to our. her loss was augmented by other means. In

the appointment of the Hon. George W. action That conduct, however, wbich is immany cases, protections were purchased in Campbell, as Secretary of the Treasury : puted to the imaginary virtues you first menAmerica, by those who had no right to them; Richard Rush, as Attorney General ; and "A puted to the imaginary virtues you first menand were not unfrequently sold, by our sailors bert Gallatin, as fifth Commissioner to treat abroad, who had obtained them regularly at

ty. Observation will convince you that “all with Great Britain. home. Facts of this kind, without number, are

untaught animals are only solicitous of pleasing so notorious, that we cannot deny them ; and

themselves, and naturally follow the bent of

His Excellency CALEB STRONG and their own inclinations, without considering the this abuse has been made the plea, by British His Honour WILLIAM PHILLIPS, are pro- good or harm, that, from their being pleased, cruisers, for the outrages they have commit-posed by the federalists of this state, for Gov

will accrue to others "* ted, in some instances, on real American citi.

ernour and Lieutenant Governour. The Demzens, though without a colour of authority ocrats have formally announced their inten

Philan. That we follow the bent of our from their government.

own inclinations is undoubtedly true. I am so tions to support the Hon. SAMUEL Dexter far of the Edwardean school, as to believe that Instead of attempting an improvement in the and the Hon. William GHAY. system, which should prevent any abuse, our

man always seeks what, all things considered, government have thrown the whole subject on

Nothing further has transpired since the ar

appears to him the greatest good. That he the issue of a war. England must be, at rival of the Ann Alexander from Liverpool, that the greatest apparent good, in the nature

cannot act against the strongest motive, and least, as ready to go back to the original mer: deserving any confidence. A rumour was re. its of the case, as we can be. She is probably ceived yesterday, from New York, that a pre- cannot you imagine him so constituted, as that

of things, must always be the strongest. But well satisfied that all former stipulations are liminary stipulation had been entered into, bedone away. Since our rulers have made this a

to produce good to others in certain cases pretext for hostilities, she will feel absolved only required the sanction of our government, good exclusively for himself? tween our ministers and Lord Walpole, which

may gratify him more, than to secure a smaller from all concessions.

to stop the progress of war. This is not be. As the right to impress American seamen

Mand. Yes ; and this is the secret of every lieved, and cannot be true.

action considered benevolent, patriotick, or was never claimed by Great Britain, but, on the contrary, her officers were positively com

• This and all the following sentences, distinguish

We have read the address of the democrated by quotations are extracted literally from Mande manded, before our war begun, to avoid mo- ick committee, on the subject of their candi- / ville's famous book “ Private vices, publick benefits.".

.

rect.

compassionáte. Men would make no sacrifi- , make so forcible an impression upon us, as to GENEROSUS extremely happy, when he has ces, they would never take the trouble of a make us uneasy.”

fed the hungry. Avarus, like all other hustep to benefit others, if they were not to be PHILAN. « As to make us uneasy." In man beings, seeks happiness, but will he imiindemnified, by some consequence proposed to that very expression I think I discover a plain tate GenEROSUS ? No ; the supplicant is to themselves. 6. The chief thing, therefore, concession of the benevolent principle, as the him like a stock or a stone. Look at the tenwhich lawgivers, and other wise men, that real motive to the action. But since you will our of his conduct, you will find him the slave have laboured for the establishment of society, suppose that every man, before he gives a of self ; yet he will not act like GENEROSUS, have endeavoured, has been to make the peo- shilling, reasons maturely on the subject, con- and evidently for this reason alone ; the latter ple they were to govern, believe, that it was templates a being to whom he is allied by re- obeyed an impulse, which the former never more beneficial for every body to conquer, than semblance, thinks perhaps that he himself felt. What-self love ? No, surely not, but indulge his appetites; and much better to mind may possibly be exposed to want, and that then benevolence. It is therefore, sometimes, the the publick, than what seemed his private in- he may derive advantage from this sort of so- sine-qua-non motive to action. terest. As this has always been a very difficult cial compact, I will take another case, where task, so no wit or eloquence has been left un- your train of reflection cannot be supposed to The following answer to the first question, proposed tried to compass it ; and the moralists and phi- operate. I am travelling in haste, through a in last Saturday's Spectator, bas been banded to us losophers of all ages employed their utmost strange country. Having just passed a cot

by a gentleman, whose well known accuracy in phi

losophical speculations, as well as the plausibility of skill to prove the truth of so useful an asser- tage, to which I can never expect to return, I

the speculation, induces ils to conclude it is corn tion. But whether mankind would have ever see an infant, unconscious of his danger, apbelieved it or not ; it is not likely that any proaching a rattlesnake, ready to spring upon “ The atmosphere is a fluid, pressing upon body would have persuaded them to disap: him. Should I pass on with indifference ; | the whole surface of the wheel. When it is prove of their natural inclinations, or prefer suffer the infant to be destroyed ; or should I put in motion, the particles of air, in contact the good of others to their own, if at the same not instantaneously, with a blow of my cane, with the wheel will be thrown off from the cime, he had not shewed them an equivalent to kill the serpent ?

periphery, as water is thrown from a grindbe enjoyed as a reward for the violence, which by MAND. I am ready to confess that in simi- stone, when its revolutions are rapid. As so doing, they of necessity must commit upon lar instances without number, we give relief, these particles are thrown off, by centrifugal themselves. Those who have undertaken to instantaneously, without a consciousness of force, they are supplied by others, pressing in, civilize mankind, were not ignorant of this; any motive, but the internal satisfaction we laterally, which are likewise projected, as they but being unable to give so many real rewards derive from it. I could not go on, and leave approach or touch the wheel. On the side of as would satisfy all persons for every individu. this child exposed to danger, for the thought the wheel ,where there is no resistance, this air al action, they were forced to contrive an im. would give me pain and the act of saving will only make a revolving atmosphere ; but aginary one ; and observing that none were so him gives me pleasure. From a disposition to between that part of the wheel, which is lowsavage as either not to be charmed with praise, shun pain and enjoy pleasure, both of which est, the air becoming compressed, between it or so despicable as patiently to bear contempt, are wholly selfish, I secure the child.

and the ground, will react, from its elastick justly concluded that flattery must be the most Philan. You are now arrived at the point property, upon the wheel, and have a tendency powerful argument that could be used to hu- where I think, it may be clearly proved, that to raise the upper axis, while the lower axis, man creatures They used every argument to there is a benevolent principle in the soul, from its inclination, will become a fulcrum. It demonstrate how glorious was the conquest of which prompts to action, where even your self is evident that the more rapidly the wheel is our natural impulses, and how scandalous not love could not be brought into exercise, but turned, the more the air, between the lower to attempt it."

for the prior existence and operation of the part of the wheel and the ground, will be comPhilan. You may make your argument ap- benevolent principle. You say this action is pressed; and therefore the greater will be the pear plausible, by thus dealing in general prin- perfored for sake of the pleasure you are to pressure upwards. ciples ; because, in a thousand instances, con- derive from it, or the pain you are to shun by A cominon top spins perpendicularly, on the stantiy occurring, you can detect a selfish mo- it. I doubt whether any such logick crosses same principle. When first set in motion, we tive, where the action is professedly disinter- the mind, in such a case. But

suppose

it does. see it has a tendency to fall : but as the proested. There is no doubt that a very large I insist, that you stop, just when it suits your jecting part inclines to the floor, the elastick, proportion of those actions denominated patri- purpose, and decline tracing the motive to its compressed atmosphere around it, elevates it. otick, result from a desire of personal securi- true origin. Whence arise this pleasure and As, to which ever side it varies, from a vertical ty, or honour, or recompense. It must be pain, but from violating or gratifyiug the bed position, it meets with resistance, it soon beacknowledged that probably most of our chari- nevolent principle ? Suppose me devoid of comes perpendicular, and so remains, while ties proceed from ostentation, or the fear of that, and how would the peril of an unknown the velocity is sufficient to throw off the partidisgrace, if we refuse. I am far from the infant give me pain ? or in what respect could cles of air forcibly, and no longer." opinion that our motives are always such as its relief give me pleasure ? The child is Late in the week, we received another answer : we wish them to appear. But it does not nothing to me—it cannot even speak to thank which, as it adopts a different mode of illustration, therefore follow, nor do I believe it, that no me-no one sees me-I am going on to re- we shall insert in our next number, happy that the man ever takes the money froin his pocket, turn no more. There is undoubtedly a pleas- Spectator is promoting this kind of useful and pleas.

ing speculation. and gives it to an apparently needy vagrant, ure to be derived from good actions, and it without witness, without a thought of recom- originates in my conformity to the constitution pense, or the most distant expectation, that it of my mind-in obeying a " natural impulse."

Another question. will ever contribute to his reputation. What To abandon the child to his fate would be

Sar a section of the globe, for instan ce one selfish indemnity bias he, in this case, for the painful, only because in doing so, I should quarter, were water to the centre, would a loss of his money, which we may always sup- combat an internal emotion, prompting me to

mass of gold, dropped upon the surface, sink pose he may use to his own advantage ? rescue a helpless being from danger. How

to the centre, or remain somewhere suspended

between ? Maxd. In the first place, I can suppose often do we see efforts of this kind so sudden, that he is influenced by the hope of a reward as to render it ridiculous to pretend, that the

PERIPHRASIS. hereafter, from One who sees, when the right mind first contemplates the consequence, as it hand knoweth not what the left doeth.

is to affect ourselves. Every feature of the « Strike me," said Sam to Richard, “ if you dare," Philan. That may often be the cause, and countenance shews that we are engrossed by (Aiming a fist to stop Dick's lights,) the motive is not to be disapproved. But if the immediate object--when it is executed,

“ Strike me but once, I'll send you quick, to where

They never rake up fire o'nights." this be your only solution, it appears that be then the smile of self-complacency lights up fore immortality was brought to light, no such the countenance.

LETTERS TO LEINWHA, act of secret charity could have ever occur- While our Creator has wisely made this bered.

nevolence an active principle in the human Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of LatirtMand. No ; there is another cause, which breast, lie has kindly so constructed our minds, guin, from a Wanderer in the West. has coexisted with man, and pervades the that to follow this propensity gives us a sensawhole species.

“ This virtue, charity, is often tion of delight. If there were a pleasure in Rejoice with me, thou guide of my youth, counterfeited by a passion of ours, called Pity such actions as I have mentioned, independent rejoice-I have escaped the pestilence of death or Compassion, which consists in a fellow-feels of this principle, every person in similar cir-health is again restored, and the gates of ing and condolence for the misfortunes and cumstances, would conduct alike. The unfor

the city will ihis day be opened to the inhabicalamitàcs of others : all mankind are more or tunate would be every where equally well re

tants. The priests will minister for the re. less affected with it. It is raised in us, when ceived, where there was an equal power of returning blessing, and the magistrates will feast the sufferings and misery of other creatures lieving ; for all love pieasure. Avarus sees in the halls. The greatest preparations are

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LETTER VI.

now making to demonstrate their happiness by tendered his services again to bis country. They , the farewell of his countrymen at Portsmouth : processions and illuminations. Every street were accepted, and his choice of officers given him the officers, who came on board to welcome resounds with the musick of gratulation, and from the navy. Here we begin the extract ] him, forgot his rank as commander, in their every face is dressed with smiles. But their

joy at seeing bim again. On the day of his arsmiles are like the beams upon the clouds at

“ UNREMITTING exertions were made to rival, Villeneuve received orders to put to sea evering, and their voices like harps which equip the ships which he had chosen, and es. the first opportunity. Villeneuve, however, have been long forgotten ; for the friend who pecially to refit the Victory, which was once hesitated, when he heard that Nelson had rehas just gone is still remembered, and the

more to bear his fag. Before he left London, sumed the command. He called a council of fullness of their joy has yet some room for he called at his upholsterer's, where the coffin war, and their determination was, that it would sorrow.

which captain Hallowell had given him, was not be expedient to leare Cadiz, unless they The number of the dead has been ascertain deposited ; and desired that its history might had reason to believe themselves stronger by ed with the greatest accuracy, but, according be engraven upon the lid, saying it was highly one third than the British force. In the pubto the custom, cannot be divulged, lest the probable that he might want it, on his return. lick measures of this country, secresy is selcitizens should be overwhelmed with despair. He seemed indeed to have been impressed dom practicable, and seldom attempted : here, For here, the dissolution of mortality is without with an expectation that he should fall in the however, by the precautions of Nelson, and the consolation, and there is no terrour superiour battle. In a letter to his brother, written im- wise measures of the admiralty, the enemy to that of death. It is the doctrine of their mediately after his return, he had said : “We were, for once, kept in ignorance ; for as the greatest philosopher, that the soul is annihila

“must not talk of Sir Robert Calder's battleI ships appointed to reinforce the Mediterraneted, when the body is decayed. No wonder

“ might not have done so much with my small an fleet were despatched singly, each as soon then that the termination of life should excite

“ force. If I had fallen in with them, you might as it was ready, their collected number was in them such dread ; and that the hour of an

“ probably have been a lord before I wished ; not stated in the newspapers, and their arrival nihilation should be inseparable from that of

“ for I know they meant to make a dead set at was not known to the enemy. But the enemy misery : for the happiness of man subsists often

“the Victory." Nelson had once regarded the knew that Admiral Louis, with six sail, had by anticipation, and the enjoyment of hope is prospect of death with gloomy satisfaction ; it been detached for stores and water to Gibralalways in.reserve. Thanks to the God of our forefathers, it is not so with thee. The weary his wife, and the displeasure of his venerable was when he anticipated the upbraidings of tar. Accident also contributed to make the

French admiral doubt whether Nelson him. in this world shall repose in another, and bathe father. The state of his feelings now was

self had actually taken the command. An with his ancestors on brighter shores. There expressed, in his private journal

, in these American lately arrived from England, mainis no burthen, which this consolation cannot

words : « Friday night, (Sept 13) at half past tained that it was impossible, for he had seen lighten ; there is no sorrow, which it cannot

“ ten, I drove from dear, dear Merton; where him only a few days before in London ; and at soothe. It was thy hand, which first imprinted “ I left all which I hold dear in this world, to

that time, there was no rumour of his going this principle on my heart, like a map, that

“ go to serve my king and country. May the again to sea. might direct me to happiness; and it was by

« great God, whom I adore, enable me to ful- The station which Nelson had chosen was thy eloquence I became persuaded, that the

u fil the expectations of my country! and if it some fifty or sixty miles to the west of Cadiz, Power, who balances the ocean and the earth

" is his good pleasure that I should return, my near Cape St. Mary's. At this distance he hoped with one hand, will distribute good with the " thanks will never cease being offered up to to decoy the enemy out, while he guarded other.

" the throne of his mercy. If it is his good against the danger of being caught, with a wesWhen I witness the despondency of these

“ providence to cut short my days upon earth, terly wind, near Cadiz, and driven within the people for the death of those they love, I re

6. I bow with the greatest submission ; relying straits. The blockade of the port was rigorousmember thy joy at the funeral of thy Lin- " that he will protect those who are dear to ly enforced ; in hopes that the combined fleet deraxa. I see thee leaping across the body, me, whom I may leave behind ! His will be might be forced to sea by want. The Danish which thou hadst decorated with flowers. Thy “ done ! Amen! Amen! Amen!"

vessels, therefore, which were carrying provishands are often thrown into the air, calling on Early on the following morning he reached ions from the French ports in the bay, under the gods to witness thy exultation ; or wrapt Portsmouth ; and having despatched his busi- the name of Danish property, to all the little in thy mat, listening with profound attention to

ness on shore, endeavoured to elude the popu- ports from Ayamonte to Algeziras, from those friends who came to salute thee for the lace by taking a bye-way to the beach ; but a

whence they were conveyed in cousting boats seventh time. The torches in the hall are not crowd collected in his train, pressing forward, to Cadiz, were seized. Without this proper extinguished, nor have the dancers ceased.

to obtain sight of his face. Many were in exertion of power, the blockade would have tears, and many knelt down before him, and been rendered nugatory, by the advantage

thus taken of the neutral flag. The supplies CLOSE OF LORD NELSON'S GLORI. blessed him as he passed. England has had OUS LIFE.

many heroes ; but never one who so entirely from France was thus effectually cut off.

possessed the love of his fellow countrymen as There was now every indication that the ene[To commemorate deeds of valour and patriotism is Nelson. All men knew that his heart was as my would speedily venture out : officers and

not only a tribute which the world owes to merit, humane as it was fearless ; and there was not men were in the highest spirits, at the prosbut it benefits society, by exciting a laudable ambi. in his nature, the slightest alloy of selfishness pect of giving them a decisive blow : such intion to imitate thein, and receive the meed of glory.

or cupidity ; but that with perfect and entire deed as would put an end to all further conNelson was an honour to his country and human devotion, he served his country with all his test upon the seas. Theatrical amusements nature. His whole history awakes a lively interest, strength ; and therefore they loved him as tru- ships ; and God save the King concluded the

heart, and with all his soul, and with all his were performed every evening in most of the but most of all his dignified and gallant deportment ly and as fervently as he loved England. They sports. “ I verily believe," said Nelson, (wriin the event which closed his bright career of fame. pressed upon the parapet, to gaze after him ting on the 6th of October) “ that the country Several biographers have attempted to do him jus. when his barge pushed off, and he was re

“ will soon be put to some expense on my actice ; but the glowing pen of Mr, Southey has re

turning their cheers by waving his hat. The “ count ; either a monument, or a new pension cently produced a sketch of this extraordinary man, sentinels, who endeavoured to prevent them « and honours; for I have not the smallest which though brief, gives us, undoubtedly, the best from trespassing upon this ground, were

“ doubt but that a very few days, almost hours, conception of bis real character. I have chosen wedged among the crowd ; and an officer, “ will put ug in battle. The success no man Nelson's last battle, as the most suitable specimen who, not very prudently upon such an occa- “ can insure ; but for the fighting them, if of the work for this Miscellany, and feel persuaded, sion, ordered them to drive the people down

sion, ordered them to drive the people down“ they can be got at, I pledge myself.--The as but a small proportion of my readers can have with their bayonets, was compelled speedily to “ sooner the better: I don't like to have these seen the book, that it will be generally acceptable,

retreat ; for the people would not be debarred " things upon my mind." It is probably recollected that previous to the battle from gazing till the last moment, upon the heof Trafalgar, Lord Nelson had followed the French

ro, the darling hero of England. Admiral, Villeneuve, in his predatory cruise totember-his birth day. Fearing that if the He arrived off Cadiz, on the 29th of Sep

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR the West Indies, in a pursuit so close as to defeat enemy knew his force, they might be deterred

JOHN PARK, his purposes, and compel him to hasten back to Eu from venturing to sea, he kept out of sight of rope. On the 15th of August, 1805, he deliv- land, desired Collingwood to fire no salute,

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, ered up his squadron to Admiral Cornwallis, off and huist no colours ; and wrote to Gibraltar,

NO: 4 CORNHILL, Ushant, proceeded to England, and retired to his to request that the force of the fleet might not Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. seat at Merton to enjoy a temporary repose. This, be inserted there in the Gazette. His reception however, not suiting the state of bis mind, be soon in the Mediterranean fleet was as gratifying as

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding

numbers.

To be continued.

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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES,

3

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1814.

NO. IX.

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POLITICAL.

It would be an event, as wonderful as the of framing a new one for themselves? There

sudden destruction of the Empire of the West, are many reasons to doubt it. I fear not to FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

to see the discordant materials, thrown lately say, that the grand defect of our present sys“But yesterday the word of Cæsar might

into chaos by the eartlıquake which has con- tem, is, that while it guarded, as effectually as Have stood 'gainst all the world : now lies he here, vulsed Europe, suddenly assume a settled, parchment could, against the direct assumpAnd none so poor to do bim reverence.” regular, and solid form.

tion of individual power, it left us exposed to The vanity of human possessions, and the The old system of Europe was the fruit of all the evils of democracy. Of this we had no instability of power were 'never so clearly es

an hundred wars and a thousand battles. It drcad ; our terrour was Monarchy, and Aris. tablished, or so strikingly exemplified as in the

was guaranteed by a thousand jarring, yet tocracy. Now, if it be acknowledged that the case of the Emperour of France. The juve- concurring, or rather regulated interests. sonthern section of the union is by far the nile orator must cease hereafter to refer to

The Germanick confederacy was of six most aristocratick, and yet that the federal the fall of Cardinal Wolsey; for what more hundred years growth, and the authority of constitution was carried with difficulty, on the natural

, what more ordinary, than the sacrifice its head might be traced even to ancient ground that it was too much of a “ monarchicoof an ambitious favourite by the jealousy or the Rome.

aristocratico" imitation of the British syscaprice of his master?

Against the renewal of the old system and tem, should we be likely, when withdrawn The fate of Cæsar too was a common and its future quiet, may be placed the old, deep- from the lordly nabobs of the south, to remedy vulgar case. A thousand princes have fallen rooted difficulties of ambition and jealousy. the defect, in an attempt among ourselves? by the hands of an assassin on the blood-stain.

Will Austria be content with her former I know of but one way ever to have a welt ed thrones of Rome, Turkey, and Russia. Had power, and Russia be satisfied with the glory of balanced system of government, and that reBonaparte been assassinated in any part of his having liberated Europe? Will the Empe- quires ages to bring it to perfection. We are cruel and unprincipled career, it would have rour of Germany still be hampered with the surely not ready to take the first step. Heaven excited no surprize.

dilatory proceedings of the States of the Em- defend us from it. It is, that a Tyrant should Nor can the history of Charles XII. furnish pire ? Will he submit still to the intrigues of begin,-a Military Despot-by assuming all us any parallel ; because, so far from being asthe electoral college ?

power. He will create governours, generals tonished that he fell so soon, we are perpetu

The Dutch have set an example of a new or prefects, as the instruments of his sway. Inally inquiring, as we read his history, by what state of things. They have made the Prince Auential families are thus erected, and they, in strange fatality he escaped so long. We are

of Orange the sovereign of their country, not time, combine against the despot's authority, not more surprized at his destruction, than if its chief

magistrate as before.

actuated by their own ambition, to share his we had seen him plunge into a volcano.

Will Saxony be permitted to exhibit new control over the multitude. A weak monarch I invite those, who are well instructed in perfidy, and to sell Germany once more to will ford temptation to such cabal to demand history, to point us out a case of the fall of a France ?

a retrenchment of his prerogative, and his great prince, a great general, an able states

What will become of the hereditary hatred embarrassinents will be improved to compel man, whose power rested upon foundations apof Bavaria to Austria ?

him 19 yiels!. A more sensible and energetick parently so stable.

Will the Austrian Netherlands again rê. monarch will seek to neutralize the anhority The empire of Napoleon was formed of the ceive an Austrian duke, as viceroy ? Or will of his nobles, by giving consequence to the durable materials of military discipline, the

the Emperour annex it in full sovereignty to People ; and thus arises a system, embracing at affection of his officers and troops, the resour

his empire ; and take the advantage of the once energy, stability, and popular security. ces of nearly a world ; they were cemented by opening of the Scheldt to create a naval force, The nature of political power is, that, when it the most unprincipled art, the deepest, and, and infuse into his subjects a spirit of com

is enjoyed by an individual, it can be qualified generally, the wisest policy, and the most se. merce?

by the many—but, when it is altogether poscret, but extensive corruption.

Will the trading jealousy of the Dutch re. sessed by the people, who or what can He had commanded in forty pitched battles, vive ? and will they insist on the shutting of qualify it, without going through the dismal and commanded only to conquer. He had all the Scheldt ?

process of despotism? It is true, popular govthe ardour ef Alexander, with the experience Is it possible to defend that frontier against ernments generally come to this, not by delibof Cæsar.

France, unless Holland and the Austrian Neth-erate vote, but from the necessity that the That the events of the two last campaigns, erlands are united ?

worthless, corrupt, bu: aspiring, should have a and their consequences, were little short of Can Piedmont ever be trusted to the fee- patron. They choose a fool, or timid insiru. miraculous, is beiter proved by the opinions of ble, weak, and enervated descendants of Vic. ment ; but chance gives a hero, with all his men before, than since they have taken place. tor Aniadeus ?

harmless predecessor's admitted prerogative. The opposition in England, with the Edin. What will become of Spain ? Will they The hope of a better form of government than burgh Reviewers at their head, and Sir Fran- not quarrel with that beloved sovereign, under that of ihe federal constitution, therefore, would cis Burdett and Cobbett at the other extremi- whose banners and in whose name, when ab- be a delusive motive for the establishment of ty, were in full cry against the ministry for sent, they are ready to fight?

a northern, distinct empire.

The people waging a hopeless, idle war against France. These are only a few of the numerous ques. would, of course, determine its character.

In our country too, Bonaparte received his tions, which crowd, upon the mind in looking They would rely again on their virtue, and apotheosis, and was numbered among the gods. into futurity. Perhaps we may hereafter dis- with an increased confidence, from their real He was considered the peculiar favourite of cuss some of them, and mention some reasons or supposed superiority, in this respect, to their Heaven. His mandates were our laws, though why, notwithstanding these serious difficulties, southern neighbours. This confidence in they imposed upon us self-destruction.

Evrope may sit down in a state more quiet, “ steady habits” and “ political morality" There did not exist a man in the world, who than it has known for centuries.

would produce a system, popular in the exexpected to see the fall of his power. Hope

treme ; whether we should not have our Jefwas extinguished ; and all men looked forward,

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

fersons, Madisons, and Munroes, may be inwith breathless anxiety, 10 every new struggle,

NO. II.

ferred, from our long list, at present, of vetemade by the oppressed nations of Europe. THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES political tergiversation, which we have wit

ran demagogues, and the striking instances of These are the stiongest proofs of the impor

MUST BE PRESERVED. tance, as well as extraordinary nature of the

pessed among ourselves. No-were there no late events.

It is not every thing under the name of a other consideration 10 affeet our wishes, it What sort of balance (if any) can be re-estab-constitution that forms a good government. A would undoubtedly be better to pursue quiellished in Europe, now seems to be the most better constructed constitution, than that of the ly, the downhill course, we have in part acinteresting question.

United States, may per haps be easily conceiv-complished, than to go back, merely io travel Whether any one can be formed, which will ed ; but would a beter be probably adopted, it over again. be as stable as the old one, is to be doubted. were the northern section under the necessity The distinct and clashing interests of the

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FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

northern and southern sections of the United Congress are zealously engaged on the Loan i prosperity, friendship, affection, hope and grat. States, have been mentioned as another rea- bill. It was expected to pass, fast Saturday. itude, were our constant inmates. son, why we should be benefitted by a separa- The United States frigate President, Com- But when our government first began the tion. The fallacy of this argument might be modore Rodgers, has arrived below New York. system of restrictions on commerce, I was one illustrated, by Menenius's fable of the dispute

among the many, whose property was a long between the limbs and the stomach. Distinct

TO SUBSCRIBERS.

time detained, at home, unemployed. When interests we have, but related to each other

The Editor gratefully acknowledges the constant liberated, I again pursued my occupation.

increase of Subscribers, every number. As the by reciprocal necessity and utility. If the

From that time to this, of the ten acts passed amount of individual subscription is trifling, if paid power of government, enjoyed now, exclusive. ly, by the southern division, has been so abus- regularly, but as troublesome to collect as though it by congress to interdict

, impede, expose, and were considerable, he would thank his friends, who finally to end our commerce, six of them have ed as to produce evils, which we ought no can, conveniently, to send their hundred and fifty cents frustrated my speculations, and thus subjected longer to endure, (and we solemnly consider to the Publishers' bookstore. This is asked as a fa- me to sacrifices ; and one exposed my propthat our present situation) it does not prove, vour, not claimed as a right.

erty to seizure, where no human foresight that, in the nature of things, our interests are

could have anticipated the breach of any law. so irreconcileable as to require distinct gov- LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

With a few thousand dollars remaining, I have erninents. The varieties of our climate, pro

several times attempted domestick speculaduce and pursuits, habits and state of society,

tion, with various success, but, in the general

THE CONFIDANT, No. VI. appear rather to render it expedient to be uni.

result, unproductive, while three thousand dolted, as each part is unquestionably more or

To the Confidant.

lars a year, has been the inevitable expense of less dependant on the other. I cannot choose SIR-I do not address you with a view either

my compting room and family, conducted too a more correct or concise view of this subject, to correct or expose any particular foible; nor do

on a plan of the utmost economy. than Washington himself has given, in his I ask your friendly council, or expect rebuke.

Experiencing constantly new embarrassMy situation is distressing, but it is not to exlegacy of paternal advice.

ments, and successive misfortunes, I cherish« But these considerations," says he, allud. cite your sympathy, that I make this commu

ed hope, as long as hope was rational. When nication. ing to causes of common sympathy “ however

one mode of business was obstructed, I essaypowerfully they address themselves to your

The effect of political discussions, in the ed another, which without any favourable issue sensibility, are greatly outweighed by thuse present unhappy state of party spirit, has been

has shared the same fatc. If war continues, I to render the publick mind callous. The pic- know of no possible manner in which I can which apply more immediately to your interest. Here every portion of our country finds

tures of calamity, which, on one side, is the
theme of every appeal to the feelings of the capital, as to support my family. If peace re-

expect 60 to employ the small remnant of my the most commanding motives for carefully guarding and preserving the Union of the community, is so general, as to excite little in

turn, it cannot be expected, but in the event of whole. terest ; for the many evidences of gaiety and

a general peace in Europe ; which will so di« The North, in an unrestrained intercourse enjoyment, which are still presented to our minish the profits on all business, that those with the South, protected by the equal laws eyes, give the appearance of exaggeration to

reduced, like me, cannot look to commerce, of a common government, finds in the produc- those pictures while on the other hand, it is

but with despondence. tions of the latter, great additional resources of insisted that they exist no where, but in the

In this sad change of times, many are retirmaritime and commercial enterprise and pre- brain of factious, discontented or ambitious ing to the country

ing to the country. I too could still purchase cious materials of manufacturing industry. politicians.

a few acres of land. But, Sir, what could I do

I presume you take no side in politicks : in the country? It requires no ordinary deThe South in the same intercourse, benefiting

whether you do or not is of no consequence. I by the agency of the North, sees its ag tul

gree of fortitude, to relinquish all the pleastúre grow and its commerce expand. Turning have no measures to propose-no doctrines to

ures of society, to which one has been accuspartly into its own channels the seamen of the advance. I give you a simple representation

tomed for life. It is painsul to withdraw my North, it finds its particular navigation invigo of my own case ; and presume, as there are

children from the instructors, to whom their rated and while it contributes, in different certainly, many cases resembling mine, in ex lucation has been entrusted ; but to this I

ternal circumstances, the state of my mind ways to nourish and increase the general mass

have already been compelled. Yes, Sir, to one of the national navigation, it looks forward to

must likewise be experienced by many. The who had experienced the delight of witnessing the protection of a maritime strength, to which only hope I indulge is, that when actual suf

of children in useful and elegant itself is unequally adapted. The East in a like fering is delineated in its individual operation, acquirements, adapted to a sphere of life, for intercourse with the West, already finds, and

it may awaken the attention of those, by which hope had designed them--to stop their in the progressive improvement of interior whose agency it is inflicted.

career; to view them as destined to rustick

I am a husband, and the parent of five chil. employments, in whatever corner necessity communications, by land and water, will more

dren. My education has been wholly mercanand more find a valuable vent for the com

may drive me, and possibly struggling with modities which it brings from abroad, or mantile, and my pursuits wholly in the line of my

want, is a reverse in prospect to which I have education. The rage of enterprize, which has ufactures at home. The West derives from

not philosophy enough to be reconciled. But the East supplies requisite to its growth and involved many in misfortune and disappoint- the most decisive objection is, that I

am a comfort-and what is perhaps of still greater ment, never tempted me to hazard what was

perfect stranger to the science and the arts of not my own. I relied on the regular augmen- agriculture. The plough, the hoe, and the consequence, it must of necessity owe the se.

tation of a small capital by industry, and for scythe are instruments of which I know the cure enjoyment of indispensable outlets for its own productions to the weight, influence, and some time, in a great degree, realized my ex

use, by slight observation, but not the man.

In the future maritime strength of the Atlantick pectations. It was at this time I married.

agement. Yet if driven to the country, though Boston I was born—in Boston I settled in bus. ignorant, I must work, for I have not the side of the Union, directed by an indissoluble

iness in Boston I hoped to draw my latest community of interest as one nation. Any

means of employing labourers. I neither desbreath. Moderate success satisfied my mind; pise the occupation of the husbandman, nor other tepure by which the West can hold this

for a large fortune had never struck me as a essential advantage, whether derived from its

revolt at physical exertion ; but feel my own condition essential to happiness. The com- incompetence to execute the duties of the own separate strength, or from an apostate and unnatural connection with any foreign panion of my life accorded with me in this dis practical farmer. Whether adversity has not

position ; our wants were supplied, and the affected my imagination, is not for me to de. power, must be intrinsically precarious.”

prospect of providing comfortably and respec- termine, but such are the views, which obtrude tably for our children, was the frequent sub

on every side. In town or country, I see GENERAL REGISTER. ject of our self-congratulation. The circle of nothing before me, but the horrors of poverty,

our acquaintance in town was not so extended, The hours I spend in the usual scene of

as to substitute forms for friendship. Our so- business, where I have experienced so many BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 26, 1814.

cial parties were frequent and always pleasant, prosperous days, are now tedious and vacant.

for they were composed of those whom we EUROPEAN. We have no accounts more

There is no employment, but for those who can esteemed. Our eldest children were in a

afford to incur hazard ; or for those whom recent than those by the Ann Alexander. course of elementary education ; and under rashness impels to act, without any calcula

DOMESTICK. As despatches to govern- our direction had selected such associates in tion, as to the result. Sharing the general ment were received by the vessel, abovemen. their pleasures and amusements, as we were gloom, and overwhelmed by the consciousness tioned, conjecture has been quite alive, as to willing should lead to future intimacy and of my own ruin, I return to my family ; not to what might be the result at Washington. They friendships. Our house was the abode of con

mature new plans for their future improvement are said to be of no very recent date, and to tentment; our hearts, of anticipations, not and happiness—not to delight the associate of bring nothing further of negotiation for peace. without solicitude, but without gloom. Health, all my fortunes, with expressions of satisfac•

the progress

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