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Srct. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of the ordinance for the government of the territory of the United States north-west of the Ohio river, as relates to the organization of a General Assembly therein, and prescribes the powers thereof, shall be in force and operate in the Indiana Territory, whenever satisfactol'y evidence shall be given to the Governor thereof, that such is the wish of a majority of the freeholders, notwithstanding there may not be therein five thousand free male inhabitants of the age of twenty one year's and upwards : Provided, That until there shall be five thousand free male inhabitants of twenty-one years and upwards in said territory, the whole number of Representatives to the General Assembly shall not be less tiian seven, nor more than nine, to be apportioned by the Governor to the several counties in the said territory, agreeably to the number of free male ir habitants of the age of twenty-one years and upwards which they may respectively contain:
SECT. 5. And be it further enacted, That nothing in thisAact contained shall be construed so as in any manner to affect the government now in force in the territory of the United States north-west of the Ohio river', further than to prohibit the exercise thereof within The Indiana Territory, from and after the aforesaid fourth day of July next : Provided, That whenever that part of the Territory of the United States which lies to the eastward of a line beginning at the mouth of the Great Miami river, and running thence due north to the territorial line between the United States and Canada, shall be erected into an independent State, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, thenceforth said line shall become and remain permanently the boundary line between such State and The Indiana Territory ; any thing in this Act contained to the contrary notwithstanding,
SECT. 6. And be it further enacted, That until it shall be otherwise ordered by the Legislatures of the said territories respectively, Chilicothe, on Scioto river, shall be the seat of the government
the territory of the United States north-west of the Ohio river ; and that
St. Vincennes, on the Wabash river, shall be the seat of the government for The Indiana Terrtiory.
and President of the Senate. Approvd, 7th Alay A.D. 1800.
President of the United States.
CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF OHIO :
Done in Convention vegun and held at Chillicothe, on Mon-.
day the 1st Day of November, A.D. 1802, and of the Independence of the United States the 27th.
ritory of the United States north-west of the river Ohio, having the right of admission into the general government, as a member of the Union, consistent with the Constitution of the United States, the ordinance of Congress of one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and the law of Congress, entitled, “ An acć to enable the People of the Eastern Division of the Territory of the United States north-west of the river Obio, to form a Constitution and State Government, and for the admission of such State into the Union, on an equal footing with the original States, and for other purposes ;” in order to establish justice, promote the welfare and secure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish the following constitution or form of government, and do mutually agree
with each other to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the name of The State of Ohio.
ARTICLE I. SECT. I. The legislative authority of this State shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives, both to be elected by the people.
Sect. 2. Within one year after the first meeting of the General Assembly, and within every subsequent icrin of four years, an enumeration of all the white inaie inhabitants above twenty one years of age, shall be made in such manner, as shall be directed by law. The number of Representatives shall, at the several periods of making such enumeration, be fixed by the jegislature and apportioned ataong the several counties, according to the number of white male inhabitants above tiventy-one years of age in each, and shall never be less than twenty-four, vor greater than thirty-six, until the number of white inale inhabitants above twenty-one years of age, shall be twenty-two thousand, and after that event, at such ratio that the whole number of Representatives shall never be less than thirty-six nor exceed seventy-two.
SECT. 3. The Representatives shall be chosen annually, by the citizens of each county respectively, on the second Tuesday of October,
Sect. 4. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained the age of twenty-five years, and be a citizen of the United States, and an inhabitant of this State; shall also hare resided within the limits of the county in which he shall be chosen, one year next preceding his election, unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this State, and shall have paid a State or County tax.
Secʻr. 5. The Senators shall be chosen biennially by qualified voters for Representatives; and on their being sonvened in consequence of the first election, they shall he divided by lot, from their respective counties or disiricts, as near as can be, into two classes ; the seals of the Senators of the first class 'shall be vacated at the expiration of the first year, and of the second class at the expiration of the second year, so that one half thereof, as near 25 possible, may be annually chosen forever hercafter.
SECT. 6. The number of Senators shall, at the several periods of making tlie enumeration before mentioned, be fixed by the legislature, and apportioned among the several counties or districtsto be established by law, according to the number of white male inhabitants of the age of twenty-one years in each, and shall never be less than one third, nor more than one half of the number of Representatives.
Sect.7. No person shall be a Senator, who has not arrived at the age of thirty years, and is a citizen of the United States, shall have resided two years in the county or district immediately preceding the election, unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United Staes, or of this State, and shall moreover have paid a State or County tax.
Sect.8. The Senate and House of Representatives, when assembled, shall each choose a Speaker and its other officers, be judges of the qualifications and elections of its members, and sit upon its own adjournments; two thirds of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number inay adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members. Sect. 9. Each House shall keep a journal of its
proceedings and publish them; the yeas and nays of the members, on any question, shall, at the desire of any two of them, be entered on the journals.
Sect. 10. Any two nembers of either House shall have liberty to dissent from and protest against any act or resolution which they may think injurious to the public or any individual, and have the reasons of their dissent entered on the journals.
SECT. 11. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two thirds, expel a member, but not a second time for the same cause, and shall have all other powers necessary for a branch of the legislature of a free and independent State.
Secr. 12. When vacancies happen in either House, the Governor, or the person exercising the power of the Governor, shall issue writs of election to fill such vae cancies. 0 2
Sect. 13. Senators and Representatives shall, in all cases, except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during the session of the General Assembly, and in going to and returning from the same, and for any speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned in any other place.
Sect. 14. Each House may punish by imprisonment during their sesssion, any person not a members who shall be guilty of disrespect to the House by any disorderly or contemptuous behaviour in their presence, provided such imprisonment shall not, at any one time, exceed 24 hours.
SECT. 15. The doors of each House, and of committees of the whole, shall be kept open, except in such cases as in the opinion of the House require secrecy. Neither House shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than two days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting,
SECT. 16. Bills may originate in either House, but may be altered, amended, or rejected by the other.
SECT. 17. Every bill shall be read on three different days in each House, unless in case of urgency three fourths of the House where such bill is so depending shall deem it expedient to dispense with this rule : And every bill having passed both Houses, shall be signed by the Speakers of their respective Houses.
SECT. 18. The stile of the laws of this State shall be, Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio."
Sect. 19. The Legislature of this State shall not allow the following officers of government greater annual salaries than as follows, until the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, to wit: The Governor not more than one thousand dollars; the Judges of the Supreme Court not more than one thousand dollars each; the Presidents of the Courts of Common Pleas not inore than eight hundred dollars each ; the Secretary of State not more than five hundred dollars; the Auditor of public accounts not more than seven hundred and fifty dollars; the Treasurer not more than four hundred and listy dollars : No member of the Legislature shall re