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upon such intellectual kickshaws, will find says the might of Hercules; so, according to Dr. himself cheated, as a child whom the paint G.“ the son of Clinias is allieu"-not to Pe. and the sugar of sweet - meats tempts to in. ricies, but by fome Platonic affinity " to the dulge his voracity, till a pallid appetite for- eloquence and magnanimity of Pericles.” ces him to relinquish, or a fick ftomach to 3. If on some occasions he uses expressive disgorge, his favoury, but fui feiting dainties. words with too great freedom, on others he Somewhat like this at least was the effect of neglects to use them when he ought. “The Dr. Gillies's Hittory on me. I opened it with ardent paffion of Paris for beauty enabled him expectation, and proceeded some way with to brave every danger." alacrity; but I soon began to lose all relith, 4. His style is every where enfeebled by and was often ready to quit the fealt with tautology. Sir Jahn Suckling ridicules a faJisgust.

Thion prevalent among some authors of his It will, I think, be granted, that Dr. G. is time, of excluding adjectives from compofdeficient in that force of mind which is ne- tion altogether. One of his characters excessary to the philofophical historian. He presses his admiration of the stately march of a seldom dilates the conception of his reader, row of substantives. Dr. Go on the contrary, or produces those strokes by wluich narrative seems determined to take away from the sube is converted into painting. To speak with. Itautive its grammatical privilege of standing reverence, I would sooner place him by the alone. " Merited fame and well-earned hoside of Xenophon than of Tacitus ; happy, nours," p. 183. « Effeminate softness and had he but taken for his model the fimplicity licentious debauchery," p. 190. “Sost effeof the Grecian ! He miglit, at least, have minacy." “ Mean gratification of an igrath been an useful and an agreeable chronicler. pafsion," p. 192. “ The majoftic muse of But I fear that an inordinate paflion for orna. Stefichorus was of a more elevated kind." ment las seduced him into a style which will We should have been just as wise if the Dr. be disgusting to men of tafte, and dangerous had told us, that the clevated muse of Stetito those whose taste is not yet secure against chorus was of a more majestic kind. “ The the influence of bad ex.imple; a style seldom fire, animation, and enthusiasm, of his geni. elegant, frequently vulgar, and generally fee- us,” p. 203. What is the difference between ble. I hope the following instances will the fire, animation, and enthusiasm of a poet! serve to Thew that this opinion is not thrown Bodily firengeb and agility were accompariout at random.

ed by bealıb and vigour of comfiitution," . 1. Nothing is more characteristic of a falle 205. What information is intended to be taste than an indiscriminate prolusion of the conveyed by this sentence? When was toas y most forcible epithers which language affords. Arerg:': seen separate from bealth and signs This impropriety is perpetually recurring. of conftitution?“ Caures which it was eafy We have immortal rivers, immortal republies; to conjecture and impossible to mistake.” inimitable productions and intuitable excellence Pray, when did it come to pass that things occur in the fame sentence : and again, with- which could not poflibly he mistaken were in the same page, inimitable author : inimita. matters of conjecture ? that is, of doubt; far ble charms of the fancy, vol. 1. p. 211: inimi- conjecture implies doubt. table qualities of a virtuous prince ; :be imita. 5. But we are not offended by tautology and tive, ikough inimeluble exprejions of sbe Grecian affectation alone; the same rage for ornament tongui. Detached sentences cannot give a betrays him in to downright nonsense. Speakproper notion of this defect. Nothing buting of Anacreon's poems, he says, " there a perusal of the book can make the reader may be discovered in them an exirem incal fully sensible of its disagreeable effects. Aousness of manners and a fingular voluptuouí. few harth founds do not give much molefta- nefs of fancy, extending beyond the fenfes

, tion ; but a continuance of thiem teazes, and and tainting the foul itself," p. 199. Now at last becomes quite tormenting.

what sort of extreme licentiousness is it, and The Ductor would do well to study War. fingular voluptuousness of fancy, that does not ton (Flry on l'ope) on the appropriation of extend beyond the lenses, nor tains the facul epithets, before he publishes his second edi. itself ? “ Sappho breathed the amorous fames tion. H s epithets are lelvom more applicable by which she was contumed, while Alceus to one subject than another. He is deter. declared the warmth of his attachment." p. mined to be fine, but his finery is of a coarse 198. 6. These weapons improve the courage and vulgar kind.

as well as the vigour of the foldier," p. 206. 2. Akin to this abuse of the verba ardes. No classical bigot having, I believe, dresmed ciz is the prostitution of the boldest and most of any peculiar charm in the weapons of 2013 poetical figuras of speech. As Homer, de. quity, ebis must be a new discovery ; und signing an lieto by some of h:s distinguishing Dr. G. in orier to complete it, would d qualities, inttead of fimply fuying Hercules, well to prepare a memuir for the French

Academy Academy of Belles Lettres, pointing out those on," p. 197. How are the odes of Pindar qualities in the Greek swords and spears contradistinguished from the pleasant songs of which rendered them more favourable to Anacreon by being called inimitable? But courage and vigour than the bayonet of the inimitable can never come with impunity European, or the tomohawk of the Indian. within his reach. Whoever desires information on the effects 8. He has caught the newspaper trick of produced by the arms of the ancients, will using participles for adjectives ; as detested for find good sense and elegant language in detestable, respected for respectable, revered Heyne's paper, Comm. Goett. Vol. V. p. 1- for venerable, chasised principles, &c. 17. Gracefully danced towards the right 9. He debases his language with other Gal. round the well-replenished altar," p. 203. licisms ; for the last-mentioned fault is derived “ The most exalted fame cannot extend with from the same fruitful fource of corruption ; equal facility to distance of time and distance as, actual for prrfeni, afiually for at present, of place.” What has exalted to do here ? paffim ad nauseam ufque; remounts to the heWe should perhaps read, “ The most exten- roic ages; to remount to their source; retrace; five fame cannot extend, &c. « The two to allure the destruction of the enemies ; defirst stanzas of the ode being of an equal length Fultorious ardour. were eicher of them longer than the third." 10. Clusters of adjectives without the conAs this sentence stands, its meaning seems to junction copulative, are inconsistent with the be, that the first two stanzas were longer than genius of the English language ; “clear comthe second, because they were of an equal prehensive mind ; " " gross indecent insolence." length : but perhaps Dr. G. only means, that These instances will sufficiently support if A be equal to B, and longer than C, B will Dr. G.'s claim to a diftinguished rank among likewise be longer than C.

the nerveless and affected writers, though I am 6. He frequently becomes ridiculous by afraid they will lose much of their effect by expressing Crivial things in pompous phrases, appearing separately. I have quoted the pa. Nil mortale sonat. In his mock-heroic style, ges where many of them occur, both that the abuse or a blow is “ the reproaches of the curious reader may have an opportunity of tongue, or even the more daring insult of the comparing them with the context, and that it band."

may appear how thick such beauties are sown ; 7. So conceited a writer could not refift and not because other parts have been robbed the allurements of antithesis. Aiming at this, for the sake of this. Nor have I produced which he often does, and commonly with the every thing which drew my attention even in fame success, he makes “ admiration, glory, this narrow compass; for there are many respect, splendour, and magnificence, the me- patches which lose their glare when detached, lancholy attendants of the shade of Archilo- as small inequalities pass unobserved unless the chus, p. 197. Contrasting the lyric poets, eye take in at the same time the plain over he says, “ We have many inimitable odes of which they lie scattered. Piadar, and many pleasant songs of Anacre

THE

L N
LONDON REVIEW,

AND

LITERARY JOURNAL

Quid fit turpe, quid utile, quid dulce, quid

non.

Sylva ; or, The Wood : being a Collection of Anecdotes, Dissertations, Characters, Apoph

thegms, Original Letters, Bons Mots, and other little Things. By a Society of the Learned.

8vo. 55. Payne. 1786. FEW things have contributed more to dil-way strikes more forcibly, and makes clearer

seminate literature among the generality as well as more lasting impressions than a te. of mankind, than miscellaneous .writing. dious, formal style and manner. The truth Knowledge delivered in this fort and concise of the observation, Meya Bußasov poya xaxoy,

Ử u 3

was

was never more universally acknowledged who can furnith them, and brought more than at present ; we all wish to appear learn- closely and compendiously together. The ed, but do not like the trouble necessary to great object of our work is to make men wibecome so. A shorter way, therefore, was ser, without obliging them to turn over folius to be found out to convey instruction under and quartos ; to furnish matter for thinking the semblance of pleasure, and inculcate the instead of reading."-To enable our readers to lessons of wisdom by professing to amuse, judge how far the author has succeeded in this

Actuated by this principle, and desirous of undertaking, we have felected the following contributing to the instruction of their coun- Ellay on English Patriotism, with the idea fo. trymen, Addison and Steele were among us reigners have of it. the first writers in this style ; and their la- " Whoever should take a view of politibours were crowned with success. Allured cal manæuvres in England, must be ready to by their example, numberless authors have suppose it one of the best governed nations attempted to imitate them ; but few of them upon earth. For why? He would see all poilefling either the genius, learning, or taste, ranks and professions, all ages and sexes anxirequisite on the occasion, they have in gene. ous always, and sometimes even feditious, ral miscarried. The author, however, of for juft and right administration in the aftairs Sylva is an exception to this observation ; he of state : but this apparent benefit is a real has Thewn himielf a man of observation and misfortune, as it tends to keep us ever reit. knowledge of the world; is often instructive, less and unquiet : and I call the benefit ap. and always amusing: many of his anecdotes parent, because upon a nearer inipection, this are enterta ning, and his mode of telling them zeal for the state will usually be found only lively; but he sometimes loses fight of that a zeal for the zealot. I mean, that all his delicacy which fhould ever distinguish pro- pretences and clamours for the public have, ductions of this kind. His roth, bith, 12th, at the bottom, no other object but his own 25th, and 28th, articles are of this fort. private emolument. Let me upon this occa

In an advertisement prefixed to this vo- fion call forth a certain anecdote from Antilume, the author, after mentioning the cacoco quity, which, while it illustrates and countethes fcribendi which universally prevail, quo.es nances what I say, may, by proper medita. an expreilion of Solomon, tbat mucb Rudy or tion, be rendered highly edifying : it is that of reading is a weariness of the flesh; and goes more than sixty patriots, or libe ty men, who on to remark, " that whatever hurt it may conspired against Julius Cæfar, not one, ex. cause to the body, it must certainly cause no cepting Brutus, was believed to have been in. less to the mind, by overloading the memo- fluenced by the nubleness and {plendour of ry, and Itifling all that reflection which is the deed, on nagu mpótnto rào tw rate ta necessary to make reading of any kind use. fatears, but to have acted solely from iqtereftful ;" and that the observation of Petrarch will ed and selfith motives *. ever be found true, who says, dum plus hau.

“The truth of the case is, and almost every riunt quam digerunt, ut ftomacbis, fic etiam inge

one now seems reasonably well convinced of niis, naufea fæpius nocuit quam fames. it, that all this bustle and contest among us ist,

" And now after such an exordium, many not how the government shall be administer. will be curious and eager to ask, What gen- ed, but wbo shall administer it : Magis quiso tiemen who thus complain of a redundancy rum in manu fit, to use the language of Livy, of books, can poflibly mean by adding to the quam it incolumis fit refpublica quari. And number: -To ihis the reply is, We would this is the idea which foreigners in general ennot have ours considered as a book : we tertain of the English. “Very long experie would rather call it (if we durft) the Beauties ence proves," says one of them, “ that the of Books. There are the Beauties of Sbake. patriotism of those who oppose the govern. speare, the Beauties of Music and Poetry; and ment, hath no other object but to tcaze the there are the Beauties of Fox, North, and sovereign, to thwart the measures of his mie Burke, which contain (we suppose) the Beac. nisters, to traverse their belt concerted pro. gies of Politics. We would make ours, if we jects, and solely that themselves may leave a could, the Beauties of Knowledge, Wii, ard Thare in the ministry 1. An English parriot is Wisdom ; selected from all indiscriminately commonly nothing more than an ambitious

Plutarch. in Bruto. + " This contest hath now for many years fo wholly taken up our political leaders, that the police of the kingdom, and all interior regulations, which far more concern our well.being and happiness than who shall govern, have been almost totally neglected."

$" The original goes on, " that is to say, in sbe spoils of the nation," as if to pluoder was equally the object of all who govern. This writer should seem to have thought with Themi

fucles

man, who makes efforts to succeed the Mini- mour, principle, or affection, the men of this fter he decries ; or a covetous greedy-mind. order accommodate themselves solely to times ed man, who wishes to amals treasure; or a and persons. He might ascribe lying to an factious, lurbulent inan, who seeks to restore Embalador, because, being " lent to lie a shattered fortune. But are patriots of this abroad for the good of his country,” as Sir stamp formed to take sincerely to heart Henry Wotton defined his office, he preserves the interests of their country? Accordingly, an habit of lying, even when the officiality or when they obtain the places they wanted, they duty of so doing may not requireit. A want follow precisely the tracks of their predeces- of moral sense and sympathising humanity fors, and become, in their turn, the objects of would be found in men of the law ; becaule, envy and clamour to those they dispoilelled, paying no regard to the distinctions of right or who are now again the patriots and favourites wrong, but only intent on serving their clients, of the public; for a fickle, restless people they are led to treat with inditference, and always believe those to be their true friends fometimes even to sport with the most injuriwho are the enemies of the persons in pow., ous decisions against the most pitiable objects: er ; and thus, not a jot the wiser by experi- the love of gain, in all who traffic; because ence, are ensnared and taken by the same po. fu b have been habituated to consider money puiar arts practised upon them in an efernal as the chief good, and to value every man acsuccession *."

cording to what he is worth : and, lastly, If the above be not a flattering, it is at an open systematical kind of knavery in the lealt a striking likeness of modern Patriot. bones farmer; who, without any regard to The following observations on profellional value in the commodity, profetses to buy as character are keen and shrewd, and mack an cheap, and sell as dear, as he can; and who, intimate acquaintance with the human heart, if you remonftrate againīt his offering a horse tho' the {trictures they contain will by many or cow for twice its worth, alks you with a be thought too severe,

(neer: 'Whether he must not do the best he “ RAMAZZINT, a physician of Padua, wrote Can for his family:" + Would not, I lay, all a book De morbis arrificum ; to shew the pe. this be perceived, where profeffional {pirit is culiar distempers of tradesmen, arising from not checked or counteracted by natural lemeach respective traje. Might not a philofo- perament and thus thro' life, and every des phic obterver construct a work upon a fimi- partment of it, where the characters of men las plan, to, mai k the specific habitudes and would be found in a compound ratio of temmanners of each respective order and profes- perament and profeflion; and be natural or fion?

artificial, according to the proportion ja “ In the course of this disquisition, he which these are combined," would be led to observe, for instance, that in. 'The following decision of the King of fincerity in a coutier must be the ruling fea- Prullia may serve as a speciinen of what the ture of his character. And why? Because, author calls anecdotes : without allowing any thing to private hu. “ A Soldier of Silesia, being convicted of

stocles; who, when the people of Athens murmured at exactions, and were importunate for the change of magistraces, pacified them with the following apologue :

“ A fox Iticking fast in a bug, whither he had defcended in quest of water, flies (warmed upon luim, and almost sucked out all his blood. To an hedge-hog, who kindly offered to disperse them, No (replied the fox), for if ibose who are glutted be frighted away, ar bungry fwarm will succeed, who will devour the little blood remaining."

PLUTARCH. “ Is not the single instance of Pulteney sufficient to cure men of being hallooed and led en furiously by patriots, if experience could make wife? Walpole's ministry was opposed and attacked many years, and Pulteney was at the head of the Opposition; yet no sooner was Walpole driven off, than Pulteney and Carteret entered into private negociations with the Newcastle party, who were men of Walpole's measures ; and, compromising matters, Pulteney became Lord Bath, and Carteret Lord Granville. They look very few of their compatriots with them into the miniltry ; md Lord Chesterfield being one that was left be. bind, expressed his resentment thus, in a paper called “Old England; or, the Constitutional Journal, No. 1. Feb. 5,1743." “ This paper (says he) is undertaken against those who have found the secret of acquiring more infamy in ten months, than their predecessors, with all the pains they took, could acquire in twenty years. We have seen the noble fruits of twenty years opposition blafted by the connivance and treachery of a few, who, by all the ties of gratitude and honour, ought to have cherished and preserved them to the people."

+ Our good Christian farmer, however, may deign to learn a better leffon from an heathen : Ex omni vita fimulatio dissimulatioque tollenda eft : ita nec ut emai melius, nec ut vendas, quidquam fimulabit aut diffimulabit vir bonus, Cicero de Ofic. III. 15.

stealing stealing certain offerings to the Virgin Mary, ward any present from the Virgin Mary, er ezy was doomed to death awa sacrilegious robber; Saint watever.” This, I take it, was anbut he denied the commillion of any theft, (wering fools according to their folly, and is faying, that the Virgin, from pity to his po- an instance of wisdom as well as wit." verty, had presented him with the offerings. Upon the whole, we confess we have beea

The affair was brought before the King, who highly entertained by the perufal of this work, asked the popish divines, whether, according which, to use the author's words, we recom. to their religion, the miracle was impollible? mend to men who have been liberally train. They replied, that the case was extraordina-ed, and are not unacquainted with languages ry, but not impossible. “ Then," said the (and for such it was chiefly intended); men, King, “ the culprit cannot be put to death, who may wish to have some sabulum mentis, because he denies the theft, and because the or mental fodder, always at hand, but whole divines of his religion allow the present not profeflions or situations in life do not permit to be impossible; but we strictly forbid him, leisure to turn over volumes. under pain of death, 19 receive bencefar

Supplement to the Antiquities of England and Wales. By Francis Grose, Esq. F. R. S.

4to. Hooper. 1786.

" This venerable ruin, which hss so long MR. Groce, to whom the lovers of Anti

quities are much obliged for his un-, remained unnoticed by the curious, stands in wearied endeavours to gratify their taste, in- the garden of the Earl of Clanricard, at Waruforms us, in an advertisement preceding this ford, on the high road from London to Gof Supplement, that he meant, after publishing pore. It is known by the title of King his latt volume, lo have laid down his pen and Jolin's House, an appellation common to pencil, from an apprehension, that by continu- many ancient structures in which that King ing his work he might have led the original had no concern; King John and the Devil encouragers of it into a greater expence than being the founders, to whom the vulgar imthey at first either expected or intended. pute moft of the ancient buildings, mounds, or

so repeated, however, have been the roli. intrenchments, for which they cannot 5.dign citations from a number of respectable peo. any other conítructor; with this distincti ra, ple to the author to continue and extend the that to the king are giveni most of the mulle work, that, yielding to them, and farther fons, caitles, and other buildings, whilit the urged by his fondneis for the subject, he has Devil is supposed to have amusedhimselí chiefretumed his labours, and added this Supple- ly in earthen works; such as his Ditch a ment; the rather, as the work having been Newmarker, Punch-bowl at Hind-lead, with regularly closed, this addition would not sub. divers others too numerous to mention. ject the original encouragers to the inconve- " In the map of Hampshire engraved by nience he apprehended.

Norden, about the year 1610, this building is Mr. Grole was at first in doubt whether marked as a ruin ; and in some writings of a the Supplement should consist of one or two more ancient date, belonging to the Clanricard Folumes, but has been determined by the opin family, it is conveyed with the manor and nion of the public and liis friends to extend present manfion by the denomination of the it to two volumes, of which this is the first: Old House. the second will be publithes with all conve- “ What it originally was, can only be pient speed ; and the author promises the pur- conjectured. Two ancient inscriptions on the chasers that the plates thali be executed in a parish church, the first on the north the lemanner at least equal to the best in the cond on the south side, within the porch, former volumes. That this promise will be seem to afford some grounds to suppose it literally fulfilled, if we are to judge from the the ancient church built by Wilfric Bishop of volume before us, there remains not the least York, between the years 679, when he took doubt.

refuge among the South Sixons, and 685, The author has prefixed several addenda when he returned to his see. to the preface of the Antiquities ; among The inscription on the north is as follows : others, an ancient code of military laws, and

Adæ hic de Portu, solis benedicat ab ortil, an account of Druidical monuments. The subjects in this Supplement are chiefly

Gens cruce signata, per quem fic íum 18. selected from counties omitted in the body of the work, or flightly touched upon.

May all Christian people, even from the Among those in Hampshire, we find the rising of the sun, following account of Kiug John's Houle, at Bless Adam de Port, by whom I was thus Warnford.

renovated."?

novata,

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