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Walpoliana, No. III.....Anecdotes of Cromwell.




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a clue :-All is in the high-way of humans When the Duke of Newcastle left the affairs.

LIX. BRIBERY. ministry, a whole closet of American dil. patches was found unopened.

If you look into the last volumes of the LVII. MILTON.

Memoires de Villars, you will find minutet

of the French council, whence it appears If Milton had written in Italian he that Fleury was accused of taking money would have been, in my opinion, the from England, at a time when it was molt perfect poet in modern languages; alleged that my father was bribed by for his own strength of thought would France, The origin of this mighty have condensed and hardened that speech charge was, that fir Robert Walpole had to a proper degree.

indorsed a bill of sool, to a linen draper MARY QUEEN OF SCOT in the Strand, with the fole view of ferr.

ing that linen draper. I cannot think that the letter from LX. MINISTRIES GEORGE THE Mary Queen of Scotland to Elizabeth,

SECOND. about the amours of the latter, is genuine. The ministries of George the Second I suppose it a forgery of Burleigh, to were all whig. The oppolition consisted shew Elizabeth, if The had refused to con of old whigs, such as Rulhout, and demn Mary.

others; of Jacobites, such as fir William It was the interest of Queen Elizabeth's Wyndham, and Shippen. ministers to put Mary to death, 1. as they Sir Robert. Walpole said, “ some are had gone too far against her, to hope for corrupt, but I will tell you of one who is mercy; and 2. to lecure a protestant suc Shippen is not.”

When Shippen ceffion. The above letter was published came to take the oath of allegiance, fir by Haynes, among the Cecil Papers pre-' Robert Walpole was at the board. Shipserved at Hatfield House. His compila- pen had a trick of holding his glove to tion is executed without judgment. his mouth, and did fo when repeating the

I have read the apologies for Mary; oath. Sir Robert pulled down his hand. but ftill must believe her guilty of her huf- Shippen said, “Robin, that is not fair." band's death. So much of the advocate, New whigs in the minority, · because fo many suppositions, appear in those out of the ministry, were Pulteney, forJong apologies, that they shew of them- merly joined in the adminiftration with felves that plain truth can hardly be on fir Robert Walpole; Lyttelton, whole that fide. Suppose her guilty, and all is father was a true whig; and Pitt. cały: there is no longer a labyrinth, and

[To be continued.)




ANECDOTES of CROMWELL, accompanied by a few cavalry, a soldier Collefied by the late Professor Anderson, of Glas- of the Scottish army, prompted by his gow.

own zeal, concealed himself behind a wall THE "HE following anecdotes concerning which inclosed a field, and fired his mufOliver Cromwell, I learned in con

ket at Cromwell. The ball did not take versation, many years ago, from Mr. effect, but went near him. The cavalry James Anderson, who was long the ma seemed to be alarmed, but Cromwell, who nager of Stockwell-itreet sugar-houfe, in was going at a round trot, never altered Glasgow, a man of veracity, and who his pace; nor tightened his rein; and died about thirty years ago, in a very ad- only looking over his shoulder to the vanced age. He said that he had them place from whence the shot came, called from Mr. Danziel, fen. a merchant in the out, “You lubberly rascal, were one of High-street of Glalgow, who died in the my men to miss such a mark, he should beginning of this century; and that his certainly be tied up to the halberts.” friend Danziel's account was confirmed to

When Cromwell entered Glasgow, said him by many concurring testimonies. Danziel, at the head of his victorious

A short time before the battle of Dun- army, I was standing in the street called bar, as Cromwell was viewing the ground, Bell's-Wynd, at the end of it which joins MONTHLY MAG. No. XXXI.


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Anecdotes of Cromwell. the High-street, with a good many young and the young man retired behind the lads, and a fhoemaker, who was well chair, seemingly very much disconcerted, known to us all, by his drollery, and by The cause of this was unknown to the the name of London Willie. As we were congregation. It was supposed to be silently admiring the order of the troops, owing to some intelligence of importance, Cromwell happened to cast his eye upon which had been just then received. But us, and cried out, “ Hah! Willie! come, it was afterwards known, and generaliy hither, Willie! If we were surprized at, known, that the following words had this, we were more surprized to fee Willie passed between them. " Shall I shoot the l'etire into Bell's-Wynd, and one of fellow?" " What fellow " " The parCromwell's attendants go after him, who fon.” “ What parfon?” “ That parbrought hiin to the general, at whose stir- fon.” Begone, fir, he is one fool and rup he not only walked, but went in with you are another.” Danziel added, that him to his lodging for some minutes. My Cromwell fent for Mr. Durham the very companions and I waited till Willie came next morning, and asked him, why he was ont, anxious to know why one of his sta- such an enemy to him and his friends? tion was taken notice of by the famous declared that they were not enemies to Cromwell. Willie foon satisfied our cu Mr. Durham; drank his health in a glass riosity, by informing us, that his father of wine ; and afterwards, it was said, had been a footman to James the Sixth, prayed with him for the guidance of the and accompanied him to London, at the Lord in all their doings. union of the crowns : that he himself was When Charles the First was in Scot. bred a shoemaker, and wrought in a lane land, in 1633, a subscription was set on through which Cromwell often pailed to foot, for building a new hall and library a school, as he supposed: that Cromwell to the university of Glasgow; and the used to stop at the workshop to get his king's name appears at the head of the ball, and play-things mencied, and to be fubicribers for two hundred pounds steramused with his jokes, and Scotch pro- ling. The king, however, was not able, nunciation: that they had not met from I suppose, to pay that sum ; and he conthat time till now: that he had retired tracted some debts at Perth, which are into Bell's-Wynd, left it should be re- unpaid at this moment. When Cromwell membered that his father had belonged to arrived at the summit of his power, he the royal family: that he had no reason, sent two hundred pounds to the university, however, to be afraid, for the general had and there is below the king's fubfcription, only put him in mind of his boyish tricks; “ Solvit Dominus Protector." One of the had spoken to him in the kindes manner; magistrates of Edinburgh hearing of this, and had given him some money to drink thought it intitled him to ask payınent of his health, which he was going to do with the sum which the king had borrowed, all expedition.

when in town. But Cromwell did not Next Sunday (faid Danziel), Cromwell listen to his petition ; and when it was went to the inner church in Glasgow, St. urged again and "again, said with veheMungo's, and placed himself, with his mence, “ Have done, iir ; I am not the attendants, in the king's feat, which was heir of Charles Stuart. To which the àlways unoccupied, except by strangers. other replied with equal warmth, " I wot The minister of the church was Mr. Dur- well then you are his intromitter; shall ! ham, the author of fome religious books, lay a vicious intromitter?"In the law of which are still very popular. He was a Scotland, intromitter signifies one who great Presbyterian, and as great an enemy takes upon himselt to manage the estate to Cromwell, because he thought, and of a deceased person, and who, by that early said, that Cromwell and his friends act, renders himself liable to all his debts; would be forced, by the convulsion of par- and vicious is, when it is done without ties, to erect an absolute government, the any right, and, therefore, is a vice, or very evil they meant to remody. The iniquity.' Cromwell, though absolute, text was taken from Jeremiah, and the did not even chide him for this freedom; commentary upon it, by allusion, was but declared that he would never pay that invective against Cromwell and his friends, money; " becaule," said he, “ I will do under scriptural language and history. things for a learned fociety, which I will During this satire, they saw a young man, not do for other societies; and I would one of Cromwell's attendants, step

to the have you know this." back of his chair, and with an angry face, Such facts mark the temper and genius whisper fomething to him, which after of celebrated men more distinctly, perfome words was answered by a frown; haps, than the laboured characters of


Account of George Forster.

361 many elegint historians : and the above I whose princes are unceasingly occupied in have heard, with some variations, from rendering the traffic in their own subjects fnany persons, as well as from Mr. James more profitable? Irritated at the stupor Anderson, of Stockwell-street sugar-house into which they had found means to in Glalguiv, who was not in the least de- plunge the Heilians, this man, whose gree connceted with any of my kindred. heart was alone replete with energy and

JOHN ANDERSON, sensibility, did every thing in his power Profesfor of Natural Philosophy: to withdraw himtelf from a situation so Glasotu College, May 15, 1798.

unsuitable to a thinking being:

The senate of Poland having offered Some. ACCOUNT of the late George him a chair in the university of Wilna, FORSTER.

Forster accepted of the invitation. HowBy CHARLES POUGENS *. ever, although this office was very lucraTHIS celebrated writer was born at tive, and the enlightened patriots of that minister, when he was only twelve years in need, he could not be long happy in a

all the literary succours of which he stood of age, sent him to England, and he was Icarcely 19 when he einbarked, in order semi-barbarous nation, in which liberty to accompany Cook in his second voyage of Russia and Prullia.

was suffered to expire under the intrigues round the world. The expedition continued during the space of three years, and

On this, he accepted of the proposiyoung Forster, on his return, published

tions of Catharine, who, jealous of every an excellent account of it, in English and species of glory, withed to signalize her German. This work, however; exper the honour of undertaking, after the ex

reign, by procuring to the Rullian nation, rienced but little success, because it was the production of a foreigner, and gave ample of France and England, a new umbrage to the cabinet of St. James's; voyage of discovery round the world. and because the author, with the frankness Unfortunately for the progress of knowof a philosopher, developed certain truths, ledge, the war with the Ottoman Porte which the government wished to have con- occasiongd the miscarriage of this ufeful cealed.

project. Besides this, the English aristocracy

But Forster could not long remain in was rather diffatisfied with a former pub

obfcurity. The different publications lication, in which he examined, with all with which he occasionally enriched na.. the severity of a free-thinker, some of the tural history, and literature, encreased numerous abules of the British constitu- his reputation. The elector of Mentz tion. This injurious partiality made accordingly appointed him president of him determine to leave London : he ac

the university of the same name, and he cordingly repaired to Paris, where Buf- was discharging the functions of his new fon and d’Aubenton received him with office, when the French troops took pofthat attention which philosophers always feffion of the capital. This philofophi, evince towards cosmopolites.

, The learned Forster was defirous to

under all the various aspects arising from settle in France. Avaricious of glory, different degrees of civilization; who and an idolator of libárty, Paris was the had viewed man simple and happy at city most suitable to his taste and cha: Otaheite-in eater of human flesh in New racter of any in Europe. Notwithstand-' Zealand-corrupted with avarice in Enging this, he was soon constrained to leave land, where the word respectable † is fynoit; the interest of his family demanded nimous with rich-depraved in France by this facrifice: for a learned man, who luxury-in Poland by anarchy--and in fails round the world, may enrich his Brabant by superstition ; mult, undoubt: fnemory, but he will not better his for- edly, have beheld, with enthusiasm, the

He was accordingly obliged to dawnings of a revolution that ensured to accept the place of proteifor of natural mankind, at one and the l'ame time, their history in the university of Caflel. But rights and their happiness. Accordingly; could any person endued with such a

he was the firit to promulge republican mind, give fatisfaction, in a country

principles Germany.

The Mayencois, who had formed them* CHARLES POUGENS, the translator of selves into a national convention, fent Forfter's works out of German into French, has been blind ever unce he was 21 years of * « A rich, in Lindor, is called a respecte

abli banker."



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Account of George Forster....Original Letter. him to Paris, in order to folicit their re him. He made preparations, at the union with the French republic. But, in same time, by the Itudy of the Oriental the course of his mission, the city of languages, to undertake a journey to Mentz was besieged and re-taken by the Thibet and Indoftan, in order to remove Prussian troops.

This event occafioned from that part of the world, in which the lots of all his property; and what both his heart and his person had expewas still more disastrous, that of his nu rienced so severe a shock. But the chamerous manuscripts, which fell into the grin occasioned by his misfortunes, joined hands of the prince of Prussia.

to a scorbutic affection, to which he had Let us now take a rapid examination been long subject, and which he had conof the private life of this remarkable man. tracted at sea, during the voyage of cirHe had conceived a very lively affection cumnavigation, abridged his life, and for a young woman, who possessed extra prevented him from realising this double ordinary talents. Theresa Heyne, paf- project. He died at Paris, at the age of sionately attached to celebrated names, 39, on the 23d ventose *, in the second consented to unite her fate with his. But, year of the republic. possessing one of those ingenuous charac No one ever professed more revolutionary iers which are indignant at the very name principles. Throughout all his writings, of duty, and according to whom, the we can every where perceive that love for secure laws of conjugal union constitute humanity, without which, neither patrirather the mythology than the virtue of otism nor virtue can exist. But this love wonien, she herself was frank enough to for his equals was that of a great man, acknowledge the errors of her imagina- whose genius embraces the entire mass of tion. A man is only celebrated in the individual interests, and whose soul is toe eyes of his mistress; he is not long fo in elevated to fall into that selfish philanthose of a wife, to whom vanity alone thropy, which, by means of a reaction, has dictated the nuptial oath.

bounded by personal intereft, would imThe illustrious rival of Cook, to the prison the genius of public happiness in gift of loving, did not add that of pleaf- the narrow circle of a few individuals. ing: if the one affords the promise of His journey, undertaken since the rehappiness, the other bestows and prolongs volution, into Brabant, Holland, along the reality. Their union was not un

the borders of the Rhine, and through clouded. Love, like the piety of the several countries lately conquered by the faithful, increases in consequence of per- troops of the republic, having appeared fecution and sufferings alone. Forster, to me, of all the writings of Forster, to although still attached to his wife, endea- be that in which this celebrated man har voured to console himself by means of oc the most displayed the riches of his ima. cafional amusements eliewhere ; but the gination, and his profound knowledge of fenfes constitute but the delirium, and not politics; I thought it would be an acqui. the reason of the heart. Accordingly, lition to our literature !—The naturalist, the fole satisfaction worthy of him, was the artist, and the legitlator, will there to resign himself to the natural nobleness discover useful principles; and the philoof his character: another was beloved, sopher, who possesses sensibility, will with and so far from being ignorant of it, pleasure see how his expansive mind knew Forster defended the character of his to embellish even the most trifling occur. Therela against a crowd, whose heads were empty enough to believe, that it is possible to console a passionate man, hy speak

ORIGINAL LETTERS. ing ill of the object of his affections. Letter King JAMES VI. of Scotland, to

Generous and just from love, still more Queen ELIZABETH, on a scarcity of than from philosophy, the husband who peafe and beans. ceases to please, is no longer any, thing D ICHT excellent, richt heich and of nature. In short, that same sensibility and couling, in our hartiest manner we which had influenced his conduct during commend us unto you. The great, and the whole course of his life, inspired him almaist univerfal, failzie of the peis and with one of those fublime eficits, which beanis within our realme, thir tua yeiris cold minds can weither approve nor even conceive. Forster, accordingly, let him. bigane, occafioned by the continuance of

maist tempestous and unfeasonable wether, self seriously about obiaining a divorce, in orrier to enable Thereia Herne to * This answers to che a3th of February, cipoule to an whom the preferred to 1792, of our ftyles


to , R ,

Original Letters. King James .....Letter of Brothers..... Dr. Fleming. 363 fawin out with us baith in the sawing Letter of BROTHERS the PROPHET and reaping tymes, greatlie to the interest to the CHANCELLOR. From the original, [fic, read injurie) of the haile puire ones of our land, comfortit cheeflie be that Produced at the Council Board by the Lord Chansort of graine, hes moved us to requeist

cellor, stb Marib, 1795. your favour, to the relief and help of this necessitee, be spairing fum pair of the Nobedience to the facred command of

the Lord God, whose servant and great stoir of the laid graine within your prophet I am, I send to the chancellorrealme; and granting your frie licence

as speaker of the house of peers--a book to sum trustie fervand, as we are to em- containing the judgments of God, that ploy that errand, to buy, carie, and trans- by him it may be coinmunicated to all the port, fyve thousand quarters thereof, peers; that all may candidly examine the quhair maist commodioullie they may be book and judge for themselves: that all had, to the faid ufe. Quhairin ye fall

may see that the things which are an. baith greetlie benefite the puir anis of nounced to the world in this book, are our realme; and fall alwyse find us lyke recorded in the scripture of truth to be affected to help your subjectis, distressed fulfilled : that all may know that the with ony fic necessitie, and carrying the kingdom which is fo often prayed for, in lyke requeist fra you. And thus, ex the form called the Lord's Prayer, saying, cellent, richt heich and meichtie princess, « Thy kingdom come,” will commence our dearest suster, &c. From Halyrud with my revelation between this and the Hous, the xx day of December 1595.

beginning of June next: that all may be Your maist loving and affectioned bro. warned, and that all may endeavour to ther and cousing,


avert the judgments, by an obedience to the everlasting gospel of peace and falva. tion.


The man that will be revealed to the to one Morton a Bookseller, translated

Hebrews as their prince: to all the from the French.

nations as their governor, according QUES par la grace de Dieu &c.

to the covenant to king David, imJames by the grace of God king of

mediately after God. Scotland to all princes, potentates, dukes, No. 57, Paddington-street, 26th of the marquises, earls, barons, governors,chiefs,

month called February, 1795. colonels, captains, and their lieutenants; To the Chancellor of Great Britain. and others exercising jurisdiction over havens, bridges, passages, and rivers; and generally to all those who may see Letter from Dr. FLEMING to Dr. these presents, safety. This bearer, our

FURNEAUX. well-beloved John Morton, merchant

REV. SIR, bookfeller, inhabiting and living in our town of Edinburgh (Lilleburg*j having TT is time I should acknowledge the obtained leave and permission

receipt of your kind present France, the Low Countries, Germany, letters to Blackstone are very masterly ; and other places adjacent, on his own they are good evidence of a well-informed particular business, we have granted him mind, and breathe the spirit of liberty ; these presents, to request and supplicate for which you


my thanks. you all, and every person of the above If I have any just notion of you, it named descriptions, to permit the said will not offend when I tell you, that what Morton freely to pass and repass through you have to do with Lord Mansfield has your districts, jurisdictions, and govern- not my approbation. It cannot, so long ments, without offering or causing to be as I must consider him the most formida. offered to him any disturbance, search, or ble enemy to our legal constitution; the hinderance : but rather, if he have need of great patron of despotism. it, to thew him all favour and assistance Let me add, you have displeased my in furnishing him with boats, horses, eye by an unguarded expression in your provisions, and other things necessary, at truly excellent letters (see p. 189, 190),

cxpence; as we fhall not fail recipro- where, speaking of the protestant dissentcally to do the same, with regard to all ers, you thus express yourself: “ Liberty, those whom you may recommend to us religious liberty especially, is their idol from abroad. Given under our privy seal, at our palace of Holyroodhoude, this * So styled by the French, because there xxth day of January 1596.

was then water on both sides,


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