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forrow, for the loss of the learned, are foon worn oue by the tumults of life. This is very true; but the observation will not apply more peculiarly to the learned than to other men: perhaps lefs ; for the memories of the learned and ingenious are preserved in their works, while others leave nothing behind them to make mankind regret their departure. Art. 25. Sophronia and Hilario ; an Elegy By Charles Craw

ford, Esq; Author of the Differtation on ibe Phedon of Plato. 410. is. 6 d. Becket. 1774.

If Mr. Crawford intended this poem as an essay toward discountenancing the foolish and butcherly custom of duelling, he is to be commended for his design. Of his poetry our Readers will judge from the following specimen :

To the appointed place both punctual went,
The ground was measur'd, and the fight began;
In vain their missile load, the pistols sent,
Each 'gainst the other bent his rage in vain.
His sword Hilario brandith'd in the air,
“Come on (lre said) come on, thou damned thing !"
Maply he mor’d, devoid of coward fear:
But o'er his head Death flaps his raven wing.
E'en when he deem'd the victory his own,
And ruth'd to meet his foe with furious hate;
His eager foot tripp'd on an unseen stone:
Then ghaftiy smild, well pleas'd, malignant Fate.
His foe, ungen'rous, ftabb'd him to the heart,
Stabb'd him ignobly as the hero fell;
The blood ran guming from the gaping part :-
What tongue can this to sweet SOPHRONIA tell !
When in the agonies of death he lay,
Fierce and distorted betwixt rage and pain.;
When groaning unreveng'd his soul away,
That thus he fell, e'en thus ignobly slain ;-
His friend, the murd'rer with his sword approach'd,
* Defend thee, coward knave ! (Hora T10 cried)
** Or be for ever by the brave reproach'd,
“ That thus by unfair means Hilario died."
His arm the weapon to that bosom sent,
In which it burn'd to lake its eager thirit ;
The foal full instant from the body went;
-His arm the dying worthless FLORIO curft.
Instant the blood into his hand he took,
And plac'd it tepid on HILARIO's cheek,
Well-pleas'd HILARIO cast a grateful look,
And falter'd there last words in accents weak:
“ Thanks to my noble friend! (he smiling faid)
O spare SOPHRONTA, God! my children spare !"
On the dank heath then fell his gen'rous head;
His soul flew upwards to the ambient air.


Dd 4

Thus when the Theban and as WOLFE of late,
The joyful news of victory receiv'd ; *
No more they dreaded the chill stroke of Fate;

Nor at th’approach of death while conqu’ring griev'd. This is not the most pleasing poem of the kind that we ever per. used: but we for bear ; not being ambitious of the honour of having our names joined with those venerable ones of antiquity, which this sweet-blooded gentleman has treated with such extraordinary marks of reverence in his Differtation on Plato, &c. See Review, vol. xlix. P437 Art. 26. Poems by Mr. Fenton, 4to. 6s. Kearly. 1774.

We suppose this honest ancient Bricon will hardly think us nig: gards in our approbation, when we allow that he does no discredit to his name. His poems are miscellaneous, many of them easy and pretty, and it gives us pleasure to see them prefaced with such a noble subscription list of the Author's countrymen. Art. 27. Poems by Mr. Jerningham. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. fewed.

Robson. 1774 Mr. Jerningham's prefatory advertisement informs his readers that the favourable reception these poems met with, as they feparately appeared, has induced him to collect them into a little volume, and present them, with fome enendations, to the Public;' and he hopes that the indulgence which“ first attended them, will not forsake them in their present appearance.'

We are always pleased with the modesty and becoming diffidence with which this ingenious Writer' adds his literary mite, as be ex. preffes it, to the treasure of English poetry,' Of the true value of that mite, we have frequently given our impartial estimate ; and that only now give a list of the pieces contained in the present edition of his works, viz.

The Magdalens-Yarico to Incle-The Nun--The DeserterLatte-Matilda-The Swedish Curate-The Funeral of Arabertand a few smaller pieces; most of which, if not all, seem to be cox first published: the laft, entitled The Nunnery, in imitation of Mr. Gray's Elegy, is concluded, in course, by The Epitapb; in which the Author has thus, very properly, glanced at his own poetical characia;

By Death's ftern hand untimely fnatch'd away,
A youth unknown to fame these vaults infold ;
He gave to SOLITUDE the penfive day,

And Pity, &c. ... In the advertisement above quoted, Mr. J. takes notice, that out of respect to the public opinion, he has excluded fome poems from this collection, choosing rather to submit to the voice of his cotemporaries, than make a presumptuous appeal to posterity.' How different this from the conduči of some more self-sufficient bards, who have seemed sather inclined to bully the Public into an approbatien of their writings !

* The word is thus, in our copy, lo faintly printed, that we are in fome doubt whether the Author did not write lag.

PHILOSOPHICA L. Art. 28. An Ejay on Electricity; containing a Series of Experi

ments introductory to the Study of that Science, 8vo. 3s. Bristol printed, and fold by Becker in London.

1773. This compendium is well drawn up, and will be of use to those who wish to be initiated into the principles of electricity, and to acquire a knowledge of the principal experiments that have been made in this branch of science; some of which likewise are here agreeably enough diversified. The Essay is enlarged by various obfervations on medical electricity, and ftill more by the histories of the several cures that have been performed by means of the electrical apparatus; colo lected from the different writers who have treated this subject.

D R'A MATIC. Art. 29. Codrus, a Tragedy. 8vo. Is. 6 d. Johnson. 1774.

The Author of this Tragedy, in a very sensible prefatory letter, informs us, that it was not intended for the stage. It breathes, however, the genuine spirit of Liberty and Virtue, and for the sake of those honest old principles, which we remember to have heard fomething about many years ago, we can with pleasure pass over a few defeas of composition. Art. 39. Henry and Emma, a new Poetical Interlude, altered from Prior's Nur-brown Maid, with Additions, and a new Air and Chorus, (the Music by Dr. Arne) as performed on Wednesday, April 13, 1774, at the Theatre Royal in Covent Garden, for the Benefit of Mrs. Hartley. 8vo. 6d. Davies.

Hardly any kill could alter Prior's Nut-brown Maid, To as to atone to the Audience, or to the Reader, for the regret which they would feel at the omission of any of its beautiful and pathetic passages.

MISCELLA NEO V S. Art. 31. The Roman History, in a Series of Letters from a

Nobleman to his Son. izmo. 6s. Snagg. A few years ago, we had a pocket history of England, in Letters from a Nobleman to his Son, or fome title similar to this; it was not inelegantly written; and as the plan was well adapted for the instruction and entertainment of young Gentlemen, the work was favourably received ; and it has, confessedly, given rise to the present performance :

The Roman Historians, says the Editor, have been time imme. morial, read in our fchools, in detached pieces, and in such a manper as could give neither entertainment nor instruction to the persons who perused them. Here the Author has laid before the Reader the leading facts, and drawn such conclusions from them, as muft make a lasting impression on the memory of every perfon who perafes it. Virtue is delineated in its most amiable characters, and vice so as to deter the rising generation from becoming its votaries.'

There is no question but that abstracts of this kind, written in an easy, familiar Ityle, and illuftrated with suitable reflections, will prove both agreeable and useful to young readers; and that while they are engaged, perhaps, merely in the search of amusement, (of which they will find an almost inexhaustible store in the Roman


History) they will at the same time, as our Editor observes, ' xquire knowledge of things of the utmost importance.'

This history is, for the most part, written in a familiar and pleafing train; but it is unequal, frequently inaccurate in the details, and generally fo incorrectly printed, that there is much left for the Editor to do, in a second edition. Of the Writer's inaccuracy, a fingle specimen may sufiice, as well as a greater number, which we have noted in the course of our perusal.

Speaking of the memorable eruption of Mount Vesuvius, which happened in the reign of the Einperor Titus, the Writer mencions the death of the great Pliny, in the following terms:

• Pliny, the Author of the Natural History, loft his life on this memorable occasion, for a curiosity peculiar to himself, having led him too near the mouth of the Volcano, he was swallowed up and de voured in che flanies.'

Would not any reader, not previously informed of the real circumftances of the fact, conclude, from this account of it, that Pliny had, in fome measure, voluntarily fhared the face of Empedocles, and that he had actually perished in the very Crater from whence the flames issued? Whereas the truch is, that this celebrated observer of nature was not on the mountain, nor even within several miles of ic, ac the time of the eruption; that his curiosity, fatal as it proved, led him no nearer to it than Stabia, and that he died by fuffocation, at the sea fide, in the neighbourhood of that town, as he was endeavouring to escape from thence to his ships. The circumttance is thus related by his nephew : - "He fell down dead; Luffocated, as I conjecture, by fome gross and noxious vapour, having always bad weak' lungs, and frequently subject to a difficulty of breathing. As foon, as it was light again-his body was found intire, and without any marks of violence upon it, exacily in the same poftare that he fell, and looking more like a man asleep than dead. This was three days after he fell; two of his servants were with him at the time of this melancholy accident.

Notwithstanding the little defects of a work probably compiled in hafte, (for Noblemen as well as Plebeian writers may have cogent reasons for fait-writing) we can recommend this compilement as an agreeable and useful introduciion to a more intimate knowledge of the rise, progress, revolutions, and declension of the greatest Empire that ever sublifted upon earth :-the hillory of which, however, as was said on a similar f occasion, has been so often written, both in ancient and modern languages, that it would be imposture to pretend to new discoveries, or to offer any thing which other works of the same kind have not given." Art. 32. A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas, in his Majesty's

Ship the Endeavour, faithfully transcribed from the Papers of Sydary Parkinson, &c. folio. il. 5.5. Boards. Richardson. 1773.

This performance is compiled from certain manoscripts of the late Mr. Parkinson, Draughtsman to Mr. Banks, in his lare expedition

• Melmoth’s Translation of Pliny's Letters,

+ Vid. our account of Goldsmith's Roman History, Rev, vol. xli. p. 183.


round the world, procured from several of the officers and others be. longing to the Endeavour, by the Editor ; who complains of the loss, or the unjuft detention, of the fair copy of the journal kept by his brother; in a long preface, where he arraigns, not in the moit civil or guarded terms, the conduct of Mr. Banks, the late Dr. Hawkfworth, and others, towards him.

We have already fo largely gratified the curiosity of the Public with regard to the voyage of the Endeavour, by the extracts which we have given from the journals of Captain Cook and Mr. Banks, compiled and methodised by Dr. Hawkesworth, that we shall only observe that the Writer of the present journal seems to have been a well disposed young man, who kept a regular diary of such occurs rences as fell within the sphere of his knowledge and observation; that the work is enlarged by some pretty copious specimens of tha language of Otaheite and other parts which he visited. and that this journal is illuftrated by twenty-seven plates, which perhaps may ba shought to constitute the most valuable part of it. Art. 33. A Letter addressed to Dr. Hawkesworth, and bumbly

recommended to the Perufal of the very learned Deiffs. 8vo. 6 d. Payne. 1773:

This literary fungus, which suddenly sprung up from under the shade of the grand compilation of the South Sea Voyages, was overlooked by us at the time of its starting up. We need lay no more of it, than that it is a very inoffenfive excrescence; nor is its flavour such as to recommend it to the relih of any of the learned Deists to whom it is meant to be ferved up. Art. 34. Letters to Men of Reason, and the Friends of the Poor,

on the Hardships of the Excise Laws relating to Malt and Beer; more especially as they affect the Inhabitants of Cities and Great Towns. With a few Remarks on the late Regulations in the Corn Trade. 8vo. 1S. Almon.

An earnest remonftrance on the hardships the Brewers labour un.. der, from the heavy and unequal duties to which they are subjected, as well as from the impolitic regulations of the hop trade, and from the frauds of hop-jobbers. We cannot pretend to enter into the va. rious particulars, but the Writer appears to understand his subject, and to have considered it with due attention ; his representations therefore merit immediate examination, no less from morives of juftice to fo great a body of manufacturers, and to the labouring poor, than from the national importance of the brewery and corn trade. Art. 35. An Appeal to the Public, relative to a Cause lately de

termined in the Court of Chancery ; in four Letters to Mr. John Vernon, of Southampton-buildings, Sollicitor. 410.

I s. 6 d. Wheble. 1774.

The Appellant complains of the ill-usage he has received at the hands of a Mrs. M. a Lady of easy Virtue, once his Friend, but now the “ kept Madam of a Sollicitor ;' who joins with said Madam in a molt unrighteous persecution of the Author ; bringing actions against him on account of demands already satisfied, though not legally discharged; propagating slanders, illuing writs, commencing * Mr. M —, of l'oland - Atreet.


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