Слике страница
[ocr errors]

to go and cut a man's throat, you are to do « Summum crede nefas animam præferre predoria it?"-"Yes, an't please your bonour ! and Et propter vilam vivendi perdere caujas." my own too, and hang myself too.”—The

“ He repeated the lines with great force and poor fellow denied that he had refused to send the rum. His making these professions was

dignity; then added, « And after this not merely a pretence in presence of his

comes Johnny Home, with his eartb gaping, Chief; for after he and I were out of Sir and his destruction crying: -Pooh!"

But neither Mr. Boswell's injudicious Allan's hearing, he told me, “ Had he fent his dog for the rum, I would have given it:

selection of a turgid rant, nor the Doctor's I would cut my bones for him.”—It was

ready contrast of a much superior passage very remarkable to find such an attachment

from Juvenal, afford proof that the Douglas to a Chief, though he had then no connection

is “ a foolish play.” The Spanish proverb with the inand, and bad not been there for says, he that has glass windows of his own, fourteen years.—Sir Allan, by way of up.

should take care how he throws stones. braiding the fellow, said, “ I believe you are

Dr. Johnson has written a Tragedy named a Campbell."

Irene. The Douglas has its faults. The part It is hard to determine, whether the low

of Lord Randolph

poor enough, and Globrutal tyranny of the Knight's disposition, or

nalvon is a gross and clumsy villain, destitute she base abject soul of the wretch M Ginois, of the fine natural touches which characterise are most contemptible, and most unmanly.

an lago and a Zanga. Glenalvon's real love What an odious picture of the feudal times too, is preposterous; for if the mother of a does the above exhibit !!! Yet Mr. Bof youth of eighteen might be supposed an object well, in the midst of this shameful tale, calls

of love, her unamiable melancholy, thus uphis furprize at it “ inadvertency,” and says braided by her hulband, he was " most willing to contribute what

-There black weeds be could towards the continuation of feudal Express the wontod colour of thy mind, authority.”

For ever Jark and dismal. Seven long The following paffage is highly worthy of

years remark, as it throws light both on the Are part, since we were join d by sacred Doctor's temper and taste.

" As we fat over our tea, Mr. Home's Clouds all the while have hung upon thy Tragedy of Douglas was mentioned. I put brow, Dr. Johnson in mind, that once, in a coffee- Nor broke, nor parted by one gleam of house at Oxford, he called to old Mr. Sheri.

joydan, “ How came you, Sir, to give Home

is certainly enough to cure, and not calcu. a gold medal for writing that foolish play?"

lated to kindle an amorous Aame. Yet, and defied Mr. Sheridan to thew ten good

with all there blemishes, the characters of lines in it. He did not insist they should be the mother and son, and even that of Norval, together; but that there were not ten good the old shepherd, have such exquisite strokes, lines in the whole play. He now perfitted and the two former fuch tender interest, and in this. I endeavoured to defend that pa. fuch sublime fimplicity of pure nature, that therick and beautiful tragedy, and repeated the blemishes are not perceived ; and the the following pallage:

Douglas will be a favourite play, while the L“ Sincerity,

truth of nature is relished on the English “ Thou first of virtues ! let no mortal stage. But Irene, all on stilts, is the very leave

reverse of the natural simplicity and intereft. “ Thy onward path, although the earth ing tenderness of the Douglas. Dr. Johnson's

forte was ftudied declamation ; Mr. Home's, “ And from the gulph of hell destruction

in the Douglas, (though sparing enough of

it in his other works) is the pure voice of cry, “ To take disimulation's winding way.”

feeling nature, and unaffeeted poetry.

We now come to mention what, in our Johnson. “ That will not do, Sir. Nothing opinion, is the best and most delicately written is good but what is consistent with truth or part of all Mr. Boswell's book ; we mean probability, which this is not. Juvenal, in- the interviews between his father, a venerable deed, gives us a noble picture of inflexible Scottish Judge, and Dr. Johnson. He tells yirtue :

us his father was as sanguine a Whig and

Presbyterian as the Doctor was a Tory and " Efto bonus miles, tutor bonus, arbiter idem Church of England man (High Churcb, Mr. “ Integer: ambiguæ fi quando citabere veftis, B. Mould have said): That he was afraid Incertæque rei, Phalaris licet imperet, ut fis some rude contest might arise from such * Falfus, vt admoro diftes perjuria lauroy

different principles.

Thould gape,

[ocr errors]

“ I was very anxious," says he, " that all tout ensemble of manner and occasion, and should be well; and begged of my friend to even the humour the company were in, are avoid three topicks, as to which they differed entirely lost when reported to another comvery widely: Whiggism, Presbyterianism, pany even the next day. And after all, the and—Sir John Pringle. He said courteously, second-hand reporter only gives it through “ I shall certainly not talk on subjects which the medium of his own conceptions: and I am told are disagreeable to a gentleman hence it frequently happens, nay, can hardly under whose roof I am; especially, I fall miss happening, that the same conversation not do fo to your farber.

reported by different people, has a very difYet, notwithstanding this fair promise of ferent appearance. This observation is strong. good manners, we soon find that Dr. Johnson ly verified on the very subject before us. was still Dr. Johnson. The venerable Judge Mrs. Piozzi and Mr. Buswell have little tales and the reverend Doctor came to a collision, of the Doctor in common; but though they as Mr. , Bofwell calls it. “If I recollect mostly tend to confirm each other in the subright," says lie, “the contest began while stance, the features and the impression made my father was Mewing him his collection of by them are different. Duelling, it is said, premedals ; and Oliver Cromwell's coin un- ferves goud manners among the great; but were fortunately introduced Charles the First, and Boswell's and Piozzi's method of laying every Toryism. They became exceedingly warm, thing they hear before the world adopted, we and violent, and I was very much distressed cannot think it would tend to the freedom, hy being present at such an altercation he. the gaiety, the pleasure of converfation, the tween two men, both of whom I reverenced ; very spirit of which consists in the idea that yet 1 durst not interfere. It would certainly you are only speaking to the present circle, be very unbecoming in me lo exbibit my and not before the awful tribunal of the pub. honoured father and my respected friend, as lic. But if the practice of Mr. Bofwell be intcllectual gladiators, for the entertainment thus unfriendly to conversation, a higher of the public; and therefore 1 suppress what charge, we deem, yet remains against it; would, I dare say, make an irteresting scene that of raking up the weaknesses of a great in this dramatic sketch."

character, and spreading them before the pube Here, within a few pages of its corclusion, lic, particularly if that character was the we shall fina/l» our tour through Mr. Boswell's celebrated champion of christianity and moentertaining and truly curious book. As we rality. Whatever Mr. Bofwell may think, observed in our first remarks upon it, * it he has lefsened his friend in the eyes of the certainly abounds with many most original public, and the disciples of infidelity and strokes of the outre, and with others of a Hume are highly delighted at the weak supermore reprehensible nature. We are pleased ftitions and terrors, or rather horrors of death, with the delicacy with which he suppresses that possessed the great mind of Dr. Johnson. the detail of the quarrel between his father What service would that man do the world, and the Doctor, which, from the hints he who raked up all the human frailties that gives, feems to have been rude and outrage. have adhered to the moft exalted characters, ous enough. Mr. Boswell says well, when either for science, wisdom or virtue! No he thus expresses himsell: “ It would cer- work could be more agreeable and comfortable tainly be very unbecoming in me to exhibit to the profligate and the worthless. Such my honoured father and my respected friend, anecdotes, it is well known, are confolatioa as intellectual gladiators, for the entertain- to the depraved and abandoned ; and surely ment of the public.” Buit, was his father

-if departed 'ghosts the only person on earth that common de

Are e'er permitted to review this world cency, in reporting conversation, was due to? To the Doctor himself, at other times that of the Doctor, whatever it thought in to many others, he seems to have thought that its embodied state, will owe little thanks for nothing was due. Indeed, he has one method many parts of his memorialist's work. We to blunt the edge of complaint, for he has now conclude with recommending to Mr. taken the same freedoms with himself. But Burwell, to avoid the evil tendencies we have

till that is no true apology; for if a man is been careful in pointing cut; and, at the willing to publish his own absurdities, that is same time, to preserve the vivacity and pleano reason why he should lay before the public santness of narrative which we admire in the what may give uneasiness, and, perhaps, be work before us, in his promised life of Dr. even injurious to others. Besides

, it is a Johnson, which, we bear, is in forwareness fact well known, that there is a vast difference for tbe press. between a thing said in company, where the

* See Vol. VIII. p. 448.

A Short Address to the Public, on the P:ny of the British Army, by an Officer: . 8vo.

is. Stuc kdale. 1786.

HIS pamphlet forcibly and feelingly cament than the private soldier ; his cay

being equally inadequate to his subsistence, foldiers, particularly those who continue in with the accumulated expence arising from the kingdom, and are of course deprived of the necessity of preserving appearances. the advantages enjoyed by garrisons abroad, The rank of lieutenant-colonel, our au. the king's provision.

thor observes, is feldom attained under 30 The pay of the army, our author re- years service, and then produces only 3111. marks, is exactly the same it was at the 25. Is there, continues he, any other trade or Revolution, at which period it probably profession in which a man can have emá might be sufficient at least to procure ployed 30 years to so little advantage?--We the immediate necesaries of life, but for are sorry again to refer him to the church, which purpose at present, from cke influx in which many a deserving man bias lingered of wealth, and the consequent diminution of out twice 30 years as a subaltern, without the value of money, it is by no means ade- ever obtaining more than the tirbe of 300k quate. A proportional rise in the price of per annum, though equally ubliged to pretheir commodities, their manufactures, and serve appearances, their wages, has compensated to the husband- To alleviate the ctresses of the private man, the weaver, and the hopkeeper, for men, our Author propoles allowing each the increase of the value of the necessaries of man i} lb. of bread daily, which he calculife, while the poor foldier, and indeed he lates might be done for about 45,00cl. a might have added the poor curate are left in year ; and farther adds, he has a plan to aug. fiatu quo.

ment the pay of the officers, which would The subaltern officer is in a worse predi. not exceed 60,00cl. per annum, Impress of Seamen. Confiderations on its Legality, Policy, and Operation ; applicable to

tbe Motion intended to be made in the House of Commons on Friday the 12th of May,

1786, by William Pulteney, Esq. 8vo. Is. 6. Debrett. THE love of Liberty is univerfully implant Ireland and America ; from both of which


we derived a very confiderable part of our furprising, that in this kingdom, where it is Daval strength. With respect to the fore Supposed to have taken Jeeper rot than elle- mer, this change of political circumstances where, a practice so utterly repugnant to its must affect the impress, both in its principle very principles, a practice which the most and operation. The latter may in fome deurgent situation of affairs can barely justify, gree, as far as example can induce, make Raould, notwithstanding the many proposals against the principle ; for Turely in America offered to the legillature to remedy so glar- an impress can never he suppuded to take ing an evil, be still suffered to exist. The place; but be that as it may, i will certainly Author, strongly impressed with this ima, prove a material obstacle in its operations. ftrenuously recommends with the most libe The recognition of America as a separate ral spirit the abolition of a custom replete fare, forally in lependent of this kingdom, with oppression, and disgraceful to the feelings places the ratives of that country in the same of humanity. After painting in the liveliest fruation with those of any other foreign state; colours the innumerable hardships it is pro- fur thousands of seamen may, by intercourse ductive of, and thus ing that, independent of between America and Great Britain, he a: these, the great expence attending it infinitely different times in the latter during a future outweighs its supposed utility, when com

If any impress takes place, how are pared with the other plans suggelled to su- the Americans to be distinguished by efti :ers persede a mode of raising men so repugnant to upon that service ? or rather, how are iben every idea of freedom, he proceeds to point 10 disprove the assertion of any in they out the following particular inconveniencies are attenspring to impress, who declares binto which this practice may hereafter te ex. self to be an American; the similarity hcpoled,

ing so great in their figure, complexion, lan“ Circumstances," he observes,“ have guage, manners, and habits, as to render it iitt-' arisen Once the late war, sihich place the posible to distinguish the one from the others impress in a new point of view, and ...Is it because he cannot produce a légifter which require a very mature consideration of his baptism, that you can pronounce - These are the alterations in the political him an Englithman? or can any one for Situation of the kingdom with respect to want of thai, or osher sufficient evidence, Buror. Mas.




compei him to serve ; or pass any law which avoid the service ?" There, added to many thall place him under the necefiity of prune other arguments which might be brought to ducing it, any more than you would a native prove the illegality of imprelling men, which of France, Spain, or Holland ? Does not this militates against every principle of the concircumstance present the certainly of a con- ftitution, will, we hope, induce those in ftant scene of confusion, an opening left for power to do away a custom which has not every British seaman who is not absolutely even the villainous plea of necessity for its known, or by fome peculiarity evidently dif. delence, tiaguilhed, to take advantage of, and thereby

Inferior Politics, with an Appendix, containing a Plan for the Reduction of the National

Deht. By Hewling Luson, of the Navy Office. 8vo. 25. 60. Bladou,

N this tract, which is by no means defi- which they are entrusted in their luxurious


clamatory a stile, the Author exhibits the principal business of those meetings to concauses of that wretchedness and profligacy trive unneceflary plans of parochial expence, which exist among the poor in London and of which themselves are to be the projectors, its vicinity; the defects in the present system che comptrollers, the operators, and the pay. both of parochial and penal laws, from which matters." the increase of robbery and other crimes re- To those who think this estimate of sult; and points out the means of redresling parochial gluttony and impositions too bigh, these public grievances.

the following fact, which, the author says, In his opinion, the obliging every parish can be established by inconteftible evidence, to maintain the poor residing in it at the time is fubmitted : they become chargeable, would be attended “ In a parish not many miles from Lorwith many advantages: it would not only be don, the inhabitants paid, in the year 1983, a means of saving the poor wretches them. as a composition for repairing the highways, felves the numberless inconveniencies altend- upwards of 1201, of which (um 751. were ing removals to distant places of abode, but proved to have been spent in different enterwould likewise prevent much litigation about tainments, at the same time that some of the disputable settlements, introduce a spirit of roads in that parish were not only impallable, parochial oeconomy, and relieve the public but a nuisance to the inhabitants who had from that swarm of beggars that now infelt hou'e; contiguous to them, and who paid the streets, under the pretence of not being their part of the composition. But then the able to apriy to the parish where they are for reader is requested to remember, that the's relief. He would have the money collected were not bigh-w.iys, but by.ways; and there. for the maintenance of the poor, amounting fore it could not be fupposed the surveyors to the amaz ng sum of near three millions, would make a milapplication of the public julged in the hands of Government, or in money, by laying out any part of it in mende proper perlens appointed by it, for the pur- ing them." pose of taking care of the poor, and prevente Mr. Luson next proceeds to confider our ing its being embezzled or misapplied. penal laws, which he wishes to have revised The neceflity of some Reps being taken, and amended, as in their present state they will appear from the following melancholy are in many instances, lie thinks, not only truths:

inconvenient but absurd. « On a moderate calculation," says our Capital punishments he is desirous of con. author, “it may be computed, that, at least, fining to murder, burglary, forgery, robberies oue eighth part of ihe immense sum annually attended with wantou cruelty, and unnatural levied on the inhabitants of London and its crimes. Instead of transporting those corenvirons for the maintenance of the poor, is victed of lefser oftences, he would have them expended in feasting the collectors and their confined for a time, proportioned to their adherents, and other misapplications and im. crimes, in penitentiary houses, erected for positions to whic'i the public is liable; fure that purpose, and made to work; the sure heavy and arbitrary fines are levicd on those, plus of the produce of their labour, after dewho, disdaining to ahet a species of robbery fraying the expences of their own maintethey are unable to prevent, refuse to serve nance, to go towards supporting their families; with such unworthy colleagues. Parish- and, if not sufficient for the purpose, the offices are usually performed by a junto of deficiency to be provided by the ftate, in mercenary tradesmen and, mechanics, who, order to prevent such families from being out contout with expending ille money with further corrupted. The author bas aided


m.any ohlervations.equally judicious, and pro- his plan for reducing the national debt is an pred many alterations meriting attentiin.- additional proof that not omnia pajuus S: jc omnia- it would have been well-but


An Enquiry into the Influence which Enclosures have had upon the Population of England.

By the Rev. J. Howlett, Vicar of Great Dunmuw, Effex. 8vo, is. Richardson.


*HE Reverend Enquirer firenuously com- “ The baptisms,” says our author, “ in

bats the opinion of Dr. Price, who the 89 parishes of the former description, persists in maintaining that inclosures are during the five years beginning with the inmical to population, notwithstanding the year 1760, so the baptiíms during the five respectable testimonies tha: bave been re- years beginning with 1775 or 1776, are peatedly given on the other fide of the ques. nearly as 100 to 121; whereas in the tion. In farther confirmation of these tefti- 490 of the latter, for the same periods monies, and to bring the matter to a clear respectively, the advance is only as 100 ilue, Mr. Howlett procured a list of the 10 109; that is, the enclosures are increased Enclosure Bilis from the Journals of the than one-fixth, the non-inclosures House of Commons, by which he found, to scarcely one-tenth. This is furely little less his great furprize, that between the years than absolute demonftration of the point in 1750 and 1781 they amounted to near a question—the influence of enclofures apon thoutand. He then wrote to the Clergy of the population of the kingdom, and that so the enclosed parishes, but did not receive far from having diminished, they have inanswers from above ninety. Froin there, creased it. It is also to be observed, that however, he has formed a table, and com- the increase from hence arising, is certainly pared these parishes with others not recently greater than here appears; because those enenclofeu.

closures which converted arable to pasture, in this calculation he has not, for self-evi- must have leffened the employment of the dent reasons, included the large manuface inhabitants, and, of course, their number, turing towns. From this table, which in in the several parishes in which they respeccludes two clafles of parishes, 89 that have tively took place, and proportionably auge been lately enciofed, and 490 not lately en- mented and employed those in parishes where tlased, it appears that the recently encloled enclosures bad not taken place." pinches have vastly the advantage of the others.

The Anticipation of the Review of the Horse-Guarus, &c. By Timothy Twaddle, Esq.

Poet-Laureat to the Troops. 410. 15. Stockdale, 1786.


" Long

THIS Laureat, whose poetical claims to chance on a passage in an old author, I saw

that dignity are not remar kably well the mystery instantly cleared up. As it is founded, poffesies, however, a tolerable in a language which it would be thamefully fare of humour, which he exercises pretty pedantic for you to understand, I submit

at the expence of his patrons, the the following literal translation to your pe. officers of the horse-guards. The following rusal. extract from the dedication may serve as a

* hefore Agamemnon f commandspecimen.

ed at Troy, " To the Officers of the Horse Guards, &c. While Nestor was yet hut a (nivelling boy, “ My worthy patrons,

There were many Horse-guards-men who “ I have often perplexed myself in en- liv'd and who dy'd, deavouring to trace out the origin of an ap- But of whom we know little or nothing bepellation so frequently applied to your corps,

side ; I mean that of unfortunate gentlemen. I ne- They were all as brave fellows, I'll venture ver have been happy enough to meet with a to say, single fatisfactory answer to the namberless As c'er you should see in a fair summer's day ; enquiries I have made on the subject; and Tho' this we must guers, for we never probably might have remained eternally in could know it, the dark, but for one of those lucky incidents Because they ne'er thought of employing a that throw a sudden light upon a question, Poel." which perhaps has been the object of an endless " These gentlemen were, as you see, at Bod fruitless investigation. Casting my eye by :ba: day, in the fame predicament as you * Vixere fortes ante Agamemnona, &c, + A Colonel of the Horse-Gizards.


« ПретходнаНастави »