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The fame his table, and the fame his bed;
No murder cloath'd him, and no murder fed.
In the fame temple, the refounding wood,
All vocal beings hymn'd their equal God:




The shrine with gore unftain'd, with gold undreft,
Unbrib'd, unbloody, ftood the blameless priest:
Heav'n's Attribute was Universal Care,
And man's prerogative, to rule, but spare.
Ah! how unlike the man of times to come!
Of half that live the butcher and the tomb;
Who, foe to Nature, hears the gen'ral groan,
Murders their fpecies, and betrays his own.
But just disease to luxury fucceeds,
And ev'ry death its own avenger breeds;
The Fury-paffions from that blood began,
And turn'd on Man, a fiercer favage, Man.
See him from Nature rifing flow to Art!
To copy Instinct then was Reason's part;
Thus then to Man the voice of Nature fpake
"Go, from the Creatures thy inftructions take :
"Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield;
"Learn from the beafts the phyfic of the field;


VER. 173. Learn from the birds, etc.] It is a caution com→ monly practifed among Navigators, when thrown upon a defert coaft, and in want of refreshments, to obferve what fruits have been touched by the Birds: and to venture on thefe without further hefitation.

VER. 174. Learn from the beafts, ete. ] See Pliny's Nat. Hift. 1. viii. c. 27. where feveral inftances are given of Animals discovering the medicinal efficacy of herbs, by their own use

"Thy arts of building from the bee receive;


"Learn of the mole to plow, the worm to weave; "Learn of the little Nautilus to fail,


Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale. "Here too all forms of focial union find, "And hence let Reafon, late, inftruct Mankind: "Here fubterranean works and, cities seef; "There towns aërial on the waving tree. "Learn each fmall People's genius, policies, "The Ant's republic, and the realm of Bees; "How thofe in common all their wealth bestow, 185 "And Anarchy without confufion know; "And these for ever, tho' a Monarch reign, "Their fep'rate cells and properties maintain. "Mark what unvary'd laws preserve each state, "Laws wife as Nature, and as fix'd as Fate. "In vain thy Reason finer webs shall draw,


Entangle Juftice in her net of Law,

"And right too rigid, harden into wrong;


"Still for the strong too weak, the weak too strong.

of them; and pointing out to fome operations in the art of healing, by their own practice.


VER. 177. Learn of the little Nautilus] Oppian. Halicut. lib. i. defcribes this fish in the following manner : "fwim on the furface of the fea, on the back of their fhells, "which exactly resembles the hulk of a fhip; they raise two "feet like mafts, and extend a membrane between, which "ferve as a fail; the other two feet they employ as oars at the fide. They are usually feen in the Mediterra* nean." 6

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"Yet go! and thus o'er all the creatures fway, 195

Thus let the wifer make the rest obey;

"And for thofe Arts mere Inftinct could afford, "Be crown'd as Monarchs, or as God ador'd." V. Great Nature spoke; obfervant Man obey'd; Cities were built, Societies were made :

Here rofe one little ftate; another near

Grew by like means, and join'd, thro' love cr fear.
Did here the trees with ruddier burdens bend,
And there the ftreams in purer rills descend?
What War could ravish, Commerce could bestow,
And he return'd a friend who came a foe, 206
Converfe and Love mankind might strongly draw,
When Love was Liberty, and Nature Law.

VER. 208. When Love was Liberty,] i. e. When Men had no need to guard their native liberty from their governors by


VER. 197. in the first Editions.

Who for those Arts they learn'd of brutes before,
As Kings fhall crown them, or as God adore.

VER. 201. Here rofe one little ftate, etc.] In the MS. thus,
The Neighbours leagu'd to guard the common spot :
And Love was Nature's dictate, Murder, not.

For want alone each animal contends;

Tigers with Tigers, that remov'd, are friends.
Plain Nature's wants the common mother crown'd,
She pour'd her acorns, herbs, and ftreams around.
No Treasure then for rapine to invade,

What need to fight for fun-shine or for shade?
And half the cause of conteft was remov'd,
When beauty could be kind to all who lov'd.

Thus States were form'd; the name of King unknown, 'Till common int'reft plac'd the fway in one.

'Twas VIRTUE ONLY (or in arts or arms,
Diffufing bleffings, or averting harms)
The fame which in a Sire the Sons obey'd,
A Prince the Father of a People made.


VI. 'Till then, by Nature crown'd, each Patriarch fate,


King, prieft, and parent, of his growing state;
On him, their fecond Providence, they hung,
Their law his eye, their oracle his tongue.
He from the wond'ring furrow call'd the food,
Taught to command the fire, controul the flood, 220
Draw forth the monsters of th' abyss profound,
Or fetch th' aërial eagle to the ground.
'Till drooping, fick'ning, dying they began
Whom they rever'd as God to mourn as Man:
Then, looking up from fire to fire, explor'd
One great firft father, and that first ador'd.
Or plain tradition that this All begun,


Convey'd unbroken faith from fire to fon;

The worker from the work diftinct was known,

And fimple Reason never fought but one:


Ere Wit oblique had broke that fteddy light,

Man, like his Maker, faw that all was right;

civil pactions; the love which each master of a family had for those under his care being their best fecurity.

VER. 231. Ere Wit oblique, etc.] A beautiful allufion to the effects of the prifmatic glass on the rays of light.

To Virtue, in the paths of Pleasure trod,

And own'd a Father when he own'd a God.
Love all the faith, and all th' allegiance then; 235
For Nature knew no right divine in Men,
No ill could fear in God; and understood
A fov'reign being, but a fov'reign good.
True faith, true policy, united ran,

That was but love of God, and this of Man.
Who first taught fouls enflav'd, and realms undones
Th' enormous faith of many made for one;
That proud exception to all Nature's laws,
T'invert the world, and counter-work its Cause?
Force first made Conqueft, and that conqueft, Law;
"Till Superftition taught the tyrant awe,

Then fhar'd the Tyranny, then lent it aid,


And Gods of Conqu'rors, Slaves of Subjects made: She, 'midft the light'ning's blaze, and thunder's found, When rock'd the mountains, and when groan'd, the ground,

250 She taught the weak to bend, the proud to pray, To pow'r unseen, and mightier far than they : She, from the rending earth, and bursting skies, Saw Gods defcend, and fiends infernal rife : Here fix'd the dreadful, there the bleft abodes; 255 Fear made her Devils, and weak Hope her Gods; Gods partial, changeful, paffionate, unjust, Whofe attributes were Rage, Revenge, or Luft; Such as the fouls of cowards might conceive, And, form'd like tyrants, tyrants would believe. 269

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