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MARCH 22, 1922
INDIA AND ISLAM
tion of Islam to the present disturb- Smuts declares that the native workers HE forced resignation of the Brit. ance:
and the farmers were loyal. The mine ish Secretary of State for India, This is all part of a Pan-Islamic workers ask for representation in the Mr. Edwin S. Montagu, the general
plot which includes Turkey, India, management of the mines. Another
and Egypt. belief that it will be followed by the res.
And the emissaries of
statement from General Smuts asserts
Turkey have undoubtedly stirred up ignation of the Viceroy, Lord Reading, the leaders in India to make use of
that "the present revolutionary moveand the arrest on the charge of sedition an opportunity resulting from the
ment is the work of extremists who are of Gandhi, the leader of the movement
failure of the Greek invasion, the using the strike at the mines for the
evacuation of Anatolia by the French, for “non-co-operation” (meaning largely
dissemination of syndicalist views." The
and the desertion of the Armenians, non-payment of taxes and refusal to obey
who have been left to shift for them
assertion is also made in news desgovernmental orders), have brought to a selves by the British. Under these patches that the money back of the critical point England's relations to In
circumstances, Turkey is again utiliz. outbreak came from foreign sources-
ing the disputes between the big dia. The article by Mr. P. W. Wilson
just what sources is not stated.
Powers and the inability of the Ruson another page throws light on the
sian Government to assert itself to
There has always been dislike, some. issues involved.
regain some of its lost possessions, times flaming into hostility, between the There are over 300,000,000 natives in
including Thrace and the Dardanelles. miners and the farmer Boers in this India, of whom about 66,000,000 are Thus the relations of England to Tur
region. Such an industrial quarrel as Mohammedans. Ordinarily, Mohamme- key, Egypt, and other Islamic lands are
has been going on for a month or more dans do not agree or act in unison with involved. No wonder, then, that Lord
in the Rand brings out the old feud. men of other religions. But just now Curzon, England's Foreign Secretary,
There is also political dissension bethey are making common cause with and his chief, Lloyd George, were dis
tween the Nationalists, headed by Genother natives for different reasons. The turbed when Mr. Montagu, without
eral Herzog, who still want independnon-Mohammedans (Buddhists, Hin- authorization from the Ministry or the
ence and hate British rule, and the dus, and others) are agitating for Prime Minister or the Foreign Secre
Liberal party, headed by General Smuts, "home rule," or at least for a large tary, made public a letter from the Vice
who believe that England has acted genmeasure of native self-government. roy of India which favored a change in
erously in giving South Africans selfGandhi has preached against violence policy which would lead to re-establish- government. Add to this the political and has inflicted penance on himself ing in Turkey just that Islamic power
element of an active Labor party, and when his followers committed violence; which in the past has been pro-German
we have the possibilities of trouble at yet some of his utterances are alleged to and was responsible for the Armenian
any time. lave incited indirectly to open rebellion. massacres. Aside from questions of The memory of the deplorable Amritzar technical proceeding or disputed ex- IRELAND SIMMERING DOWN massacre is said to have had a baleful cuses, the British Government found its
THERE is a touch of the humorous in influence.
hand forced and its dignity hustled. The most active anti-British feeling
miniature armies which lately flocked to now, however, is of Pan-Islam origin. A LITTLE WAR ON THE RAND Kilkenny for no very adequate reason or In an editorial in The Outlook of De
HE outbreak in the gold, coal, and purpose. Tlie commanders of the Britcember 21 last, based largely on an in
iron mine district known as the ish, Free State, and Irish Republic terview with Mr. Sastri, India's delegate Rand in South Africa was both sudden forces were brought together at lunchto the Washington Conference, we said: and fierce. The despatches, indeed, eon by the Mayor and (over the coffee,
When the war with Germany was bristle with warlike activities, but are probably) "a friendly spirit sprang up" seen to be a desperate matter, the
extremely scant as to the causes of the and amicable plans were agreed upon. British Government called for troops from India. The Mohammedans hesi. outbreak.
If this happy conclusion had failed, tated to take up arms against the
The insurgents were so strong as to should we have had a triangular war to ally of the Sultan, the religious head be able at first to invest Johannesburg be compared only with the immortal of Mussulmans. It was then that the
on three sides; in some places loyal three-cornered duel stage-managed by British Government assured their Mohammedan subjects that
Midshipman Easy? this
forces were hemmed in for two or three would not be a war against Islam days until airplanes brought them food There are patent absurdities in the and that the protector of the sacred and ammunition; many hundreds of present situation, but better have inconplaces of their religion would in no
casualties are reported; one account sistencies than bullets. The cure in the way lose his temporal authority. The British Government has not kept its
states that the Government troops took South should come with the election of pledge. From the point of view of 2,200 prisoners; General Jan Smuts, the delegates to the Free State Parliament. the Mohammedan of India, that is a famous South African Premier, himself Once that critical event is over, we may wicked breach of faith. The Turkish Empire has been broken up. Because
narrowly escaped being shot; the des- hope for only political warfare, in which they trusted in their masters, these
patches of March 13 from Pretoria, majorities and votes will take the place Mohammedans now find that they however, declare that the situation is of raids and killings. As it is, we have have been used to weaken the head well in hand.
the Dail Eireann still asserting the exist. of their religion. And the other peo
The trouble was partly industrial, ence of a Republic and maintaining an ple-of India who do not share the Mohammedan faith can, and many of
partly political, and partly due to out- army of its own, and the Irish Free State theni do, share these Mohammedans' and-out Bolshevik agitation. The white with a Sinn Fein Provisional Governor indignation.
miners, although they are outnumbered backed by a Provisional Cabinet and a Mr. Morgenthau, formerly American
the natives, small army, but with no Parliament be. Ambassador to Turkey, says of the rela- formed the insurgent element; General hind it. The signs all indicate that the
Tithe cable despatches about the three
transition will be safely made, even pose of enforcing upon the Germans the
AMERICA RESPECTFULLY though De Valera continue to fulminate terms of their surrender. It was quite DECLINES and make mischief. right to charge the cost of this to the
uch to the satisfaction of the great In Ulster the cure will probably be the Germans themselves. It would have
majority of Americans; we believe; exercise of plain commercial and indus- been grotesque in the extreme if all
President Harding, through his Secretrial common sense. Factional clashes military burdens had been taken off
tary of State, has declined to participate occur and will occur, in Belfast and else- from the shoulders of the defeated cul
in the proposed economic conference at where, between hotheads and fanatics on prit nation and had been left upon the
Genoa. both sides, but the two parts of Ireland shoulders of that nation's victims. The
When the invitation was first sent need each other, and will learn to live United States has presented the bill for
early in January, the Administration amicably apart if they cannot live as its share in that expense. It amounts
seemed disposed to accept. We were one Dominion. to two hundred and forty-one million
holding a Conference ourselves which dollars, or a billion gold marks.
other nations had cordially attended, THE LADY AND THE LORDS
and it seemed somewhat ungracious to HONDDA is the name of two valleys amount to the United States it will
think of holding aloof from one which in South Wales—the Great and Litleave just so much less out of which,
they asked us to attend. At the time, tle Rhondda. In these valleys are lofor the time being, payments can be
however, there were three obstacles up. cated immense coal mines. They were
Thomas in Detroit Neu's
parent which The Outlook pointed out. operated by the late David Thomas,
One was the disinclination of Anierica who, as Viscount Rhondda, became the
to take part in the political affairs of efficient Food Commissioner for the Brit
Europe. Another was the disinclinationi ish Government in the recent war.
of America to discuss her share in Lord Rhondda's daughter, Viscountess
Europe's economic problems until the Rhondda, is a peeress in her own right.
nations of Europe had made progress in But she is something a good deal more.
straightening out their own affairs. And She is the foremost business woman in
the third the disinclination of the British Isles. She has actually suc
America to recognize the Soviet rule in ceeded her father as the controller of
Russia so long as that rule was devoted the greater part of the output of the
to disintegration of other governments. southern Welsh coal fields. She is chair
It is these obstacles which Secretary man-why not chairwoman?-of the
Hughes cites as reasons for the decision
PROMISE OF Cambrian coal combine, and also of the
not to have an American representative
SOLDIERS British Fire Assurance Company.
BONUS Nor is this all. She is a director in
The Anierican decisioni naturally disno less than twenty-seven public enter
appoints those European political leadprises. She is a stanch supporter of the
thomines ers who have hoped that America might equality of women in all walks of life.
save them some little trouble involved THE ONLY DETAIL LACKING IS THE COW She has been an active suffrage worker.
in the unpleasant task of keeping their It is, however, with Lady Rhondda's made to the other nations in the way of
governmental expenditures within their peerage that we have to do. She suc
income or seeing that their governreparation, as well as for the cost of ceeded to her father's title and appealed military operation.
mental income is increased to meet for a writ of summons to the House of
There have been intimations that the
their expenditures. Lords on the ground that the act of European creditors of Germany might
On another page we print special cor1919 provided against the disqualifica- ubject to this payment on the ground
respondence from Mr. Gregg which tion through sex or marriage from the that the United States, by declining to
shows that the problem of Europe, in exercise of any public function or from ratify the Versailles Treaty, had re
spite of its difficulty, is fundamentally being appointed to or holding any civil nounced all participation in its benefits,
simple. or judicial office or post.
and therefore had lost the right to colAfter a long delay the Committee on lect its share in what was due the Allied
THE BATTLE OF THE BONUS Privileges of the House of Lords decided
HE House is still deadlocked over the in favor of Lady Rhondda. Should this
to be apparent to any one who is willing decision be confirmed by the vote of the
to reflect that this is fallacious. Ameri. battle of the bonus seems to have deHouse, it may also establish the claim
ca's right to reimbursement does not veloped into an effort to pay the veterof twenty-four women who are peeresses
rest upon any treaty, but upon the fact ans with some form of token which will in their own rights—one duchess, four
that America was one of the victors in make immediate drain upon the countesses, two viscountesses, and sev
the war and received with her allies and treasury, but which will at the same enteen baronesses.
associates Germany's surrender. In- time satisfy the ex-soldiers, sailors, and
deed, it was at the solicitation of her marines who are laying siege to the GERMANY'S INTERNATIONAL
partners in the war that America kept doors of Congress. The bill now under POLICE BILL
her troops on German soil after the discussion retains the provisions of the CHEN Germany's attempt to dominate armistice. America's rights have been bill proposed by the American Legion,
the world was finally thwarted, confirmed by her treaty with Germany, which provide for farm and home aid, the Allied nations had to continue the ratified last year. There is no disposi- land settlement aid, and vocational use of force to see that Germany was tion on America's part to embarrass her training. It provides a new alternative kept in order. Having captured the partners by pressing this claim; but it to these in the form of what are called bandit, the police had to see to it that is fair to other countries as well as the adjusted service certificates. he was kept in restraint. Troops were United States that this claim should be The function of these certificates is stationed along the Rhine for the pur- registered and not ignored.
summarized in a statement from Secre
and Associated Governments. It ought Tuproblem of the soldiers' bonus. The