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mentioned in my statement, we do not propose to do otherwise this time. We feel that an exception can be made because of the special situation of wool and lamb, the history of the Wool Act, and the interest the wool and lamb people themselves have shown in the advertising and sales promotion of their products.
As I stated, upon extension of the National Wool Act it is planned to hold another referendum to determine the desire of
growers tinuing the program. They will be the ones who will determine whether the promotion program is continued. But it should not be construed that because of this particular program we would be wholeheartedly for any involuntary checkoff that might be developed because we think that in principle there are some dangers in moving in that direction.
Mr. Dixon. I have in mind another point, too; that is, the competition with synthetics with the wool industry.
Mr. McLain. That is right. Of course, the cotton industry is plagued with synthetics about as much as the wool industry, as you well know.
Mr. Dixon. And cattle and hogs do not have that competition?
Mr. McLAIN. I think that is correct. Although I must say in all fairness, that cattle and hogs do have some competition from poultry and other things. So we should not say that they do not have competition, because they do have.
Mr. Dixon. Not from synthetics, as textiles do?
Mr. JOHNSON. I think if you go down the line they suffer from more competition.
Mr. Dixon. I mean from the competition of synthetics.
Thank you, Mr. McLain. I want to compliment you on your fine testimony.
Mr. MATTHEWS. Thank you very much, Congressman Dixon.
Are there any other questions?. I would like to have inserted without objection, a statement by Representative William A. Dawson. He could not be here this morning.
(The statement referred to is as follows:) STATEMENT OF Hon. WILLIAM A. Dawson, A REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS
FROM THE STATE OF UTAH Mr. Chairman, in the wool legislation that is before the committee today we have something almost unique. That is, we have a farm bill that actually works. It is of utmost importance that this measure be extended as it is and not made unworkable by loading it down with amendments that would extend its provisions and principles to other commodities which, however important to our Nation's welfare, do not fall in the same category as wool.
When this measure was first enacted almost 4 years ago, it had no termination, date. It was proposed as a permanent cure to a very sick domestic woolgrowing industry. A termination date was inserted by the House which, wisely I think, decided that this law should be reexamined after 4 years to see if it was actually working. I submit, Mr. Chairman, that it has worked. The National Wool Act during the past 342 years has restored initiative and enterprise to our domestic wool industry. In doing so, it has formed the basis for an increased production of this fiber- -a production vital to our national security and economic well-being, It has resulted in domestic wool production for consumption, not for Government warehouse as was the case prior to its enactment.
In short, Mr. Chairman, this law which we are asking be extended saved the domestic wool industry from extinction and has and will if reenacted offer the woolgrowers of the country the necessary incentive to continue their operations.
I have yet to hear a reasonable alternative to extension of the present act. A return to a straight and rigid price-support program would again result in the
Government becoming the prime purchaser of our domestic wool production. Government warehouses would bulge with unmarketable wool and this surplus would operate to further depress prices on the open market. At this point, I think the Secretary of Agriculture deserves a tribute for his splendid efforts in disposing of the Government-owned wool surplus after the initial enactment of this law.
The second alternative-higher tariffs on foreign-produced wool-also has some major disadvantages. Our manufacturers who purchase raw wool are not in a happy situation. To increase the cost of their raw material through an increase in wool tariffs would put them at a further disadvantage in competition with foreign cloth producers. Under the present act, the domestic wool production has moved orderly into commercial channels to the advantage of the producers, the manufacturers, and the Government.
In my State of Utah, wool production stands fifth in economic importance. In the legislation before you, we have found a sound solution to a very sticky problem. Let me urge you to reenact this law as it stands and not to endanger a major segment of our economy by attempting to apply the law's provisions to other commodities whose problem is not comparable.
MA MATTHEWS. I will ask our colleague, Congressman Dixon, if you will please introduce Mr. Don Clyde.
Mr. Dixon. It is my distinct pleasure and honor, Mr. Chairman, to introduce Mr. Don Clyde, of Heber City, Utah, who is the president of the National Wool Growers Association.
Mr. Clyde is a woolgrower in his own right, and has been over the years, operating quite a large sheep undertaking—about 4,000 breeding ewes. I would like to state that my intimate acquaintance with Mr. Clyde for many years prompts me to say that he is a man of principle and honor in every way, not only respected throughout the United States but particularly in Utah where we know him best.
Mr. MATTHEWS. Thank you very much for that.
STATEMENT OF DON CLYDE, PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL WOOL
GROWERS ASSOCIATION, HEBER CITY, UTAH Mr. CLYDE. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, I, certainly, appreciate the opportunity of the courtesy extended us to appear before you.
I am president of the National Wool Growers Association. I am also a woolgrower, residing in Heber City, Utah. I have a flock of approximately 4,000 breeding ewes which summer in the Wasatch Mountains of Utah and winter in the desert area of that State. My sheep operation is typical of many others in Utah and surrounding States, which have been developed over a period of years to make the best possible use of the available grass and water resources.
The National Wool Growers Association became 92 years old just a few weeks ago. In fact, we were organized in New York State immediately following the Civil War. During all of those 92 years our organization has been the recognized spokesman for the sheep-producing industry of the United States.
I am here today to urgently request a renewal of the National Wool Act of 1954. In making this request, I am speaking not only for the membership of the National Wool Growers Association but for woolproducer groups in all the 48 States, 96 organizations in total.
I have a list of those 96 organizations, and I would like to file them with the clerk.
Mr. Matthews. Without objection permission is granted to file them in the record.
(The list referred to is as follows:)
LIST OF SHEEP PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS Which AUTHORIZED Don CLYDE,
PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL Wool GROWERS ASSOCIATION, To REPRESENT THEM IN A Joint INDUSTRY REQUEST TO CONGRESS FOR EXTENSION OF THE NATIONAL
WOOL ACT OF 1954 Alabama: 1. Alabama Sheep & Wool Growers Association, E. R. Howard, president,
Route 1, Toney, Ala. Arizona: 1. Arizona Wool Growers Association, H. B. Embach, secretary, 14 East
Jefferson Street, Phoenix, Ariz. Arkansas:
1. Washington County Sheep Association, Dick Johnston, Fayetteville, Ark. California: 1. California Wool Growers Association, W. P. Wing, secretary, 151 Mission
Street, San Francisco, Calif. Colorado: 1. Colorado Wool Growers Association, Robert Field, secretary, 4693
Franklin Street, Denver, Colo. 2. Colorado Wool Marketing Association, Newton Bowman, secretary, 101
Lipan Street, Denver, Colo. 3. Colorado-New Mexico Wool Marketing Association, R. E. Fryback,
secretary, Durango, Colo. Connecticut: 1. Connecticut Sheep Breeders Association, R. Eldred Doyle, president,
Rural Free Delivery No. 2, Doyle Road, Rockville, Conn. Delaware: 1. Delaware Sheep & Wool Association, Mrs. Earl Rambo, secretary,
Houston, Del. Florida: 1. Northwest Florida Sheep Growers Association, Oscar Harrison, secretary,
Defuniak Springs, Fla. Georgia: 1. Georgia Purebred Sheep Breeders Association, James White, Jr., president,
2734 Peachtree Road, Atlanta, Ga. 2. Georgia Sheep & Wool Growers Association, Joe Butler, president,
Camilla, Ga. Idaho: 1. Idaho Wool Growers Association, M. C. Claar, secretary, Post Office Box
2598, Boise, Idaho 2. Idaho Wool Marketing Association, R. K. Hart, secretary, Box 547,
Pocatello, Idaho 3. American Suffolk Sheep Society, C. W. Hodgson, secretary, Moscow,
Idaho Illinois: 1. Illinois Wool Marketing Association, Dale A. Rouse, secretary, 1208
South Central Avenue, Paris, Ill. Indiana: 1. Indiana Farm Bureau Cooperative Association, Charles Poland, manager,
47 South Pennsylvania Street, Indianapolis, Ind. 2. American Shropshire Registrv Association, Mrs. Jessie F. Ritenour,
secretary-treasurer, Post Offide Box 678, Lafayette, Ind. Iowa: 1. Iowa Sheep & Wool Growers Cooperative Association, Don Pullin, presi
dent, Waterloo, Iowa 2. Iowa State Sheep Association, Dewey Jontz, field representative, State
House Des Moines, Iowa 3. American Hampshire Association-Roy A. Gilman, secretary, Stuart,
Iowa Kansas: 1. Kansas Purebred Sheep Breeders Association, R. F. Cox, director, Kansas
State College, Manhattan; Kans. Kentucky: 1. Kentucky Wool Growers Cooperative Association, R. R. Biddle, manager,
620 South Broadway, Lexington, Ky: 2. National Sheep Association, Sam R. Guard, secretary, Lousiville, Ky.
Louisiana: 1. Louisiana Sheep Growers Association, P. Chauvin Wilkinson, president,
Port Allen, La. 2. Louisiana Sugar Belt Sheep Growers Association, E. H. Graugnard,
president, St. James, La. Maine: 1. Maine Sheep Breeders Association, W. P. McDonald, secretary, Vassal
boro, Maine. Maryland: 1. Maryland Sheep Breeders Association, Edward F. Shepter, president,
Brightside Road, Baltimore, Md. Massachusetts: 1. National Wool Marketing Corporation, David E. Judd, secretary, 281
Summer Street, Boston, Mass. 2. New England Sheep & Wool Growers Association, Joseph L. Lavien,
president, Sheffield, Mass. Michigan: 1. Michigan Cooperative Wool Marketing Association, Seldon D. Harvey,
secretary, Post Office Box 49, Manchester, Mich. 2. American Oxford Down Record Association, C. E. Puffenberger, secretary,
Eaton Rapids, Mich. 3. Michigan Sheep Breeders Association, H. A. Henneman, secretary,
Michigan State University, East Lansing, Mich. 4. Michigan Shropshire Breeders Association, East Lansing, Mich.
5. Michigan Lamb Feeders Association, East Lansing, Mich. Minnesota: 1. Minnesota Wool Growers Association, Carl J. Nadasdy, manager, 101–27th
Avenue, SE., Minneapolis, Minn. 2. Minnesota-Dakota Columbia Breeders Association, Sleepy Eye, Minn. 3. Minnesota Sheep Breeders Association, University Farm, St. Paul, Minn. 4. Northern Minnesota Sheep Producers Association, Norman L. Anderson,
president, Middle River, Minn. 5. Southern Minnesota Sheep Breeders Association, Le Center, Minn. Mississippi: 1. Mississippi Purebred Sheep Breeders, Rogers G. Davis, president, Natchez,
Miss. Missouri: 1. American Corriedale Association, Rollo E. Singleton, secretary, 108 Park
hill, Columbia, Mo. 2. Midwest Wool Marketing Association, Frank C. Rice, 911 Wyoming
Street, Kansas City, Mo. 3. Missouri Livestock Association, Wallace Smith, Columbia, Mo. 4. Northeast Missouri Hampshire Association, V. B. Vandiver, Leonard, Mo. 5. Montadale Sheep Breeders Association, E. H. Mattingly, secretary, 61
Angelica Street, St. Louis, Mo. 6. National Lamb Feeders Association, Carl Montegna, secretary, 200 Live
stock Exchange Building, Kansas City, Mo. Montana: 1. Montana Wool Growers Association, Everett E. Shuey, secretary, Live
stock Building, Helena, Mont. 2. Northwest Wool Marketing Association, S. E. Whitworth, manager,
Placer Hotel Building, Helena, Mont. Nebraska: 1. Nebraska Wool Growers Association, Dwight Holaway, vice president,
Crawford, Nebr. Nevada: 1. Nevada Wool Growers Association, John E. Humphrey, secretary, Post
Office Box 1429, Reno, Nev. 2. Nevada Wool Marketing Association, George Swallow, secretary, Ely,
Nev. New Hampshire: 1. New Hampshire Sheep Breeders Association, Edwin H. Keith, secretary
treasurer, North Sutton, N. H. New Jersey: 1. New Jersey Hampshire Sheep Association, Mrs. E. L. Boardman, secre
tary, Bernardsville, N. J. 2. New Jersey Sheep Breeders Association, Rutgers University, New Bruns
wick, N. J.
New Mexico: 1. New Mexico Wool Growers Association, Miss Isabel Benson, secretary,
Box 421, Albuquerque, N. Mex. New York: 1. New York State Sheep Growers Cooperative Association, Stephen B.
Whitaker, manager, Penn Yan, N. Y. 2. New York State Purebreed Sheep Improvement Project and New York
State Sheep Growers Association, Ithaca, N. Y. 3. New York State Corriedale Association, Fred C. Tilton, secretary, Hol
comb, N. Y. 4. Schuyler County Sheep Breeders Cooperative, Robert Beattie, secretary,
Hector, N. Y. 5. Western New York Lamb Feeders, Stephen Hawley, president, Batavia,
N. Y. North Carolina: 1. North Carolina Wool Pools, A. V. Allen, Secretary, North Carolina State
College, Raleigh, N. C. North Dakota: 1. North Dakota Cooperative Wool Marketing Association, A. C. Bjerken,
manager, Post Office Box 1186, Fargo, N. Dak. 2. Missouri Slope Wool Growers Association, Center, N. Dak. Ohio: 1. Ohio Wool Growers Cooperative Association, Paul A. Getz, manager,
2050 South High Street, Columbus, Ohio 2. Ohio Sheep Improvement Association, Ralph H. Grimshaw, secretary,
Plumb Hall, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Oklahoma: 1. Oklahoma Sheep & Wool Growers Association, Otto S. Cox, Delaware,
1. Oregon Wool Growers Association, J. P. Steiwer, secretary, Fossil, Oreg. 2. American Romney Breeders Association, Withycombe Hall, Corvallis,
Oreg. 3. Pacific Wool Growers, R. A. Ward, general manager, 734 NW. 14th Ave
nue, Portland, Oreg. Pennsylvania: 1. American Cheviot Sheep Society, S. R. Gates, secretary, Lafayette Hill,
Pa. 2. American Southdown Breeders Association, W. L. Henning, secretary,
State College, Pa. 3. Continental Þorset Club, J. R. Henderson, secretary, Hickory, Pa. 4. Pennsylvania Sheep & Wool Growers Association, W. A. Thompson,
president, Waynesboro, Pa. Rhode Island: 1. Rhode Island Sheep Cooperative, Irving Hazard, president, Saunders
town, R. I. South Carolina: 1. South Carolina Sheep Breeders Association, Inc., Ola Forbes, president,
Mountville, S. C. South Dakota: 1. Western South Dakota Sheep Growers Association, John H. Widdoss,
secretary, Belle Fourche, S. Dak. 2. South Dakota Wool Growers Association, Robert Dailey, president,
Flandreau, S. Dak. Tennessee: 1. Tennessee Wool Growers Association, P. A. Merriwether, Clarksville,
Tenn. Texas: 1. Texas Sheep & Goat Raisers' Association, Ernest Williams, secretary,
Cactus Hotel Building, San Angelo, Tex. 2. American Rambouillet Sheep Breeders Association, Route 1, Box 533,
San Angelo, Tex. Utah: 1. Utah Wool Growers Association, James A. Hooper, secretary, 855 South
Fourth West, Salt Lake City, Utah 2. Utah Wool Marketing Association, James A. Hooper, secretary, 855 South
Fourth West, Salt Lake City, Utah 3. Columbia Sheep Breeders Association, Alma Esplin, secretary, Box 315,