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Exalted rise, with other honors crown'd;
And, where my Spirit wakes the finer powers, BRITAIN:
Athenian laurels still afresh shall bloom.
“Oblivious ages pass d ; while Earth, forsook BEING THE FOURTH PART OF
By her best genii, lay to demons foul,
And unchain'd furies, an abandon'd prey.
Contention led the van; first small of size,
And high her head above the stormy clouds,
She blaz'd in omens, swell'd the groaning winds Difference betwixt the ancients and moderns slight. From land to land the maddening trumpet blew,
With wild surmises, battlings, sounds of war : ly touched upon. Description of the dark ages. And pour'd her venom through the heart of man. The goddess of Liberty, who during these is
Shook to the Pole, the north obey'd her call. supposed to have left Earth, returns, attended with Arts and Science. She first descends on War against human-kind : Rapine, that led
Forth rush'd the bloody power of Gothic war, Italy. Sculpture, Painting, and Architecture fix Millions of raging robbers in his train : at Rome, to revive their several arts by the great Unlistening, barbarous Force, to whom the sword models of antiquity there, which many
Is reason, honor, law: the foe of arts invasions had not been able to destroy. The
By monsters follow'd, hideous to behold, revival of these arts marked out. That some
That claim'd their place. Outrageous mir'd with times arts may flourish for a while under despotic
these governments, though never the natural and genu. Another species of tyrannic rule, * ine production of them. Learning begins to dawn. The Muse and Science attend Liberty, who in Unknown before, whose cancerous shackles seiz'd
Th' envenom'd soul: a wilder sury, she her progress towards Great Britain raises several
Ev'n o'er her elder sistert tyranniz'd; free states and cities. These enumerated.
Author's exclamation of joy, upon seeing the British Dire was her train, and loud; the sable band,
Or, if perchance agreed, inflam'd her rage. seas and coasts rise in the vision, which painted Thundering, — Submit, ye laity! ye profane! whatever the goddess of Liberty said. She re- Earth is the Lord's, and therefore ours; let kings sumes her narration. The Genius of the deep Allow the common claim, and half be theirs ; appears, and, addressing Liberty, associates Great If not, behold! the sacred lightning flies :' Britain into his dominion. Liberty received and Scholastic Discord, with an hundred tongues, congratulated by Britannia, and the native Genii For science uttering jangling words obscure, or Virtues of the island. These described. Ani- Where frighted Reason never yet could dwell : mated by the presence of Liberty, they begin of peremptory feature, Cleric Pride, their operations. Their beneficent influence con- Whose reddening cheek no contradiction bears ; trasted with the works and delusions of opposing And Holy Slander, his associate firm, demons. Concludes with an abstract of the En. On whom the lying spirit still descends : glish history, marking the several advances of Mother of tortures ! Persecuting Zeal, Liberty, down to her complete establishment at High-Nashing in her hand the ready torch, the Revolution.
Or poniard bath'd in unbelieving blood ; STRUCK with the rising scene, thus I, amaz'd :
Hell's fiercest fiend! of saintly brow demure, Ah, goddess, what a change! Is earth the same?
Assuming a celestial seraph's name, Of the same kind the ruthless race she feeds?
While she, beneath the blasphemous pretence And does the same fair Sun and ether spread
Of pleasing Parent Heaven, the source of love! Round this vile spot their all-enlivening soul ?
Has wrought more horrors, more detested deeds Lo! beauty fails ; lost in unlovely forms
Than all the rest combin'd. Led on by her,
And wild of head to work her fell designs,
Came idiot Superstition ; round with ears
Innumerous strow'd, ten thousand monkish forms Mankind, and every grace of life is gone."
With legends plied them, and with tenets, meant To this the power, whose vital radiance calls
To charm or scare the simple into slaves, From the brute mass of man an order'd world :
And poison reason; gross, she swallows all, "Wait till the morning shines, and from the Broad o'er the whole her universal night,
The most absurd believing ever mosi. depth Of Gothic darkness springs another day.
The gloom still doubling. Ignorance diffus d. True genius droops ; the tender ancient taste
“ Nought to be seen, but visionary monks Of beauty, then fresh-blooming in her primo,
To councils strolling, and embroiling creeds ; But faintly trembles through the callous soul,
Banditti saints,f disturbing distant lands ; And grandeur, or of morals, or of life,
And unknown nations, wandering for a home. Sinks into safe pursuits, and creeping cares.
All lay revers'd: the sacred arts of rule Evin cautious Virtue seems to stoop her flight,
Turn'd to flagitious leagues against mankind, And aged life to deem the generous deeds
And arts of plunder more and more avow'd; of youth romantic. Yet in cooler thought
Pure plain devotion to a solemn farce ;S Well-reason'd, in researches piercing deep
+ Church power, or ecclesiastical tyranny, Through Nature's works, in profitable arts,
t Civil tyranny. And all that calm experience can disclose,
1 Crusades. (Slow guide, but sure,) behold the world anew § The corruption of the church of Rome.
To holy dotage virtue, ev'n to guile,
And each keen sinew brac'd, the storm of war, To murder, and a mockery of oaths ;
Ruffling, o'er all his nervous body frowns. Brave ancient freedom to the rage of slaves, * The dying Otho* from the gloom she drew. Proud of their state, and fighting for their chains; Supported on his shorten'd arm he leans, Dishonor'd courage to the bravo's trade,t
Prone agonizing; with incumbent fate, 'To civil broil ; and glory to romance.
Heavy declines his head ; yet dark beneath Thus human life, unbing'd, to ruin reelid,
The suffering feature sullen vengeance lowers, And giddy Reason totter'd on her throne.
Shame, indignation, unaccomplish'd rage, “ At last Heaven's best inexplicable scheme, And still the cheated eye expects his fall. Disclosing, bade new brightening eras smile. All conquest-flush'd, from prostrate Python, came The high command gone forth, Arts in my train, The Quiver'd God. In graceful act he stands, And azure-mantled Science, swift we spread His arm extended with the slacken'd bow. A sounding pinion. Eager pity, mixt
Light flows his easy robe, and fair displays With indignation, urg'd her downward fight. A manly-soften'd form. The bloom of gods On Latium first we stoop'd, for doubtful life Seems youthful o'er the beardless cheek to wave. That panted, sunk beneath unnumber'd woes. His features yet heroic ardor warms ; Ah, poor Italia! what a bitter cup
And sweet subsiding to a native smile, of vengeance hast thou drain'd! Goths, Vandals, Mixt with the joy elating conquest gives, Huns,
A scatter'd frown exalts his matchless air. Lombards, barbarians broke from every land, On Flora mov'd; her full-proportion'd limbs How many a ruffian form hast thou beheld! Rise through the mantle futtering in the breeze. What horrid jargons heard, where rage alone The queen of Lovef arose, as from the deep Was all thy frighted ear could comprehend ! She sprung in all the melting pomp of charms. How frequent by the red inhuman hand,
Bashful she bends, her well-taught look aside Yet warm with brother's, husband's, father's blood, Turns in enchanting guise, where dubious mix Hast thou thy matrons and thy virgins seen Vain conscious beauty, a dissembled sense To violation dragg'd, and mingled death!
Of modest shame, and slippery looks of love. What conflagrations, earthquakes, ravage, floods, The gazer grows enamour'd, and the stone, llave turn'd thy cities into stony wilds;
As if exulting in its conquest, smiles. And succorless, and bare, the poor remains So turn'd each limb, so swell’d with softening art, Of wretches forth to nature's common cast! That the deluded eye the marble doubts. Added to these, the still continued waste
At last her utmost masterpiecey she found, Of inbred foes,f that on thy vitals prey,
That Maro fir'd ;ll the miserable sire, And, double tyrants, seize the very soul.
Wrapt with his sons in fate's severest grasp. Where hadst thou treasures for this rapine all ? The serpents, twisting round, their stringent folds These hungry myriads, that thy bowels tore, Inextricable tie. Such passion here, Heap'd sack on sack, and buried in their rage Such agonies, such bitterness of pain, Wonders of art; whence this grey scene a mine Seem so to tremble through the tortur'd stone, Of more than gold becomes, and orient gems, That the touch'd heart engrosses all the view. Where Egypt, Greece, and Rome, united glow. Almost unmark'd the best proportions pass,
" Here Sculpture, Painting, Architecture, bent That ever Greece beheld ; and, seen alone, From ancient models to restore their arts,
On the rapt eye th' imperious passions seize : Remain'd. A little trace we how they rose. The father's double pangs, both for himself “ Amid the hoary ruins Sculpture first,
And sons convuls'd : to Heaven his rueful look, Deep-digging, from the cavern dark and damp, Imploring aid, and half-accusing, cast; Their grave for ages, bid her marble race His fell despair with indignation mixt, Spring to new light. Joy sparkled in her eyes, As the strong-curling monsters from his side And old remembrance thrill'd in every thought, His full-extended fury cannot tear. As she the pleasing resurrection saw.
More tender touch'd, with varied art, his sons In leaning site, respiring from his toils,
All the soft rage of younger passions show. The well-known hero, who deliver'd Greece, In a boy's helpless fate one sinks oppress’d! His ample chest, all tempested with force,
While, yet unpierc'd, the frighted other tries Unconquerable rear'd. She saw the head, His foot to steal out of the horrid twine. Breathing the hero, small, of Grecian size,
“She bore no more, but straight from Gothic rust Scarce more extensive than the sinewy neck; Iler chisel clear’d, 1 and dust and fragments drove The spreading shoulders, muscular, and broad; Impetuous round. Successive as it went, The whole a mass of swelling sinews, touch'd From son to son, with more enlivening touch, Into harmonious shape; she saw, and joy'd. From the brute rock it call'd the breathing form; The yellow hunter, Meleager, rais'd His beauteous front, and through the finish'd whole * The dying gladiator. Shows what ideas smild of old in Greece.
† The Apollo of Belvidere. of raging aspect, rush'd impetuous forth
I The Venus of Medici. The gladiator.ll Pitiless his look,
$ The group of Laocoön and his two sons, destroyed
by two serpents. * Vassalage, whence the attachment of clans to their | See Æneid, ii. ver 199—227. chief.
It is reported of Michael Angelo Buonaroti, the most † Duelling.
1 The hierarchy. celebrated master of modern sculpture, that he wrought ģ The Hercules of Farnese.
with a kind of inspiration, or enthusiastical fury, which The fighting gladiator.
produced the effect here mentioned.
Till, in a legislator's awful grace
Had social freedom bound their peace and arts, Dress'd, Buonaroti bid a Moses rise,
Instead of ruling power, ne'er meant for them, And, looking love immense, a Savior-God.* Employ'd their little cares, and sav'd their fate. Of these observant, Painting felt the fire
“ Beyond the rugged Apennines, that roll Burn inward. Then ecstatic she diffus'd
Far through Italian bounds their wavy tops, The canvas, seiz'd the pallet, with quick hand My path, too, I with public blessings strow'd ; The colors brew'd; and on the void expanse Free states and cities, where the Lombard plain, Her gay creation pour'd, her mimic world. In spite of culture negligent and gross, Poor was the manner of her eldest race,
From her deep bosom pours unbidden joys, Barren, and dry; just struggling from the taste, And green o'er all the land a garden spreads. That had for ages scar'd in cloisters dim
“ The barren rocks themselves beneath my foot The superstitious herd: yet glorious then
Relenting bloom'd on the Ligurian shore. Were deem'd their works; where undevelop'd lay Thick-swarming people* there, like emmets, seiz'd, The future wonders that enrich'd mankind, Amid surrounding cliffs, the scatter'd spots, And a new light and grace o'er Europe cast. Which Nature left in her destroying raget Arts gradual gather streams. Enlarging this, Made their own fields, nor sigh'd for other lands. To each his portion of her various gifts
There, in white prospect, from the rocky hill, The goddess dealt, to none indulging all ; Gradual descending to the shelter'd shore, No, not to Raphael. At kind distance still By me proud Genoa's marble turrets rose. Perfection stands, like happiness, to tempt
And while my genuine spirit warm'd her sons, Th'eternal chase. In elegant design
Beneath her Dorias, not unworthy, she Improving Nature ; in ideas fair,
Vied for the trident of the narrow seas, Or great, extracted from the fine antique ;
Ere Britain yet had open'd all the main. In attitude, expression, airs divine,
« Nor be the then triumphant states forgot, Her sons of Rome and Florence bore the prize. Where, push'd from plunder'd earth, a remnants To those of Venice she the magic art
still, Of colors melting into colors gave.
Inspir'd by me, through the dark ages kept Theirs too it was by one embracing mass
Of my old Roman flame some sparks alive: Of light and shade that settles round the whole, The seeming god-built city! which my hand Or varies tremulous from part to part,
Deep in the bosom fix'd of wondering seas. O'er all a binding harmony to throw,
Astonish'd mortals sail'd, with pleasing awe, To raise the picture, and repose the sight.
Around the sea-girt walls, by Neptune fenc'd, The Lombard schoolt succeeding, mingled both. And down the briny street; where on each hand,
Meantime dread fanes, and palaces, around, Amazing seen amid unstable waves, Reard the magnific front. Music again
The splendid palace shines ; and rising rides, Her universal language of the heart
The green steps marking, murmur at the door. Renew'd; and, rising from the plaintive vale, To this fair queen of Adria's stormy gulf, To the full concert spread, and solemn quire. The mart of nations! long, obedient seas
"Ev'n bigots smil'd; to their protection took Roll'd all the treasure of the radiant East; Arts not their own, and from them borrow'd pomp: But now no more. Than one great tyrant worse For in a tyrant's garden these awhile
(Whose shar'd oppression lightens, as diffusd) May bloom, though freedom be their parent soil. Each subject tearing, many tyrants rose.
" And now confest, with gently-glowing gleam, The least the proudest. Join'd in dark cabal,
Of toil impatient, flags the drooping sail.
Opening a thousand ports, and, charm'd with toil,
“ On Arno'st fertile plain, where the rich vine Luxuriant o'er Etrurian mountains roves,
* The Genoese territory is reckoned very populous, but Safe in the lap repos'd of private bliss,
the towns and villages for the most part lie hid among I small republics ý rais'd. Thrice-happy they! the Apennine rocks and mountains.
† According to Dr. Burnet's system of the deluge. * Esteemed the two finest pieces of modern sculpture. 1 Venice was the most flourishing city in Europe, with † The school of the Caracci.
regard to trade, before the passage to the East Indies by I The river Arno runs through Florence.
the Cape of Good Hope and America was discovered. $ The republics of Florence, Pisa, Lucca, and Sienna. $ Those who fled to some marshes in the Adriatic guld They formerly had very cruel wars together, but at the from the desolation spread over Italy by an irruption of time when this poem was written, were all peaceably the Huns, first founded there this famous city, about the subject to the Great Duke of Tuscany, except it be Lucca, beginning of the fifth century. which still maintained the form of a republic.
| The main ocean.
1 Great Britain.
· The mountains then, clad with eternal snow, Here, with the shifted vision, burst my joy. Confess'd my power. Deep as the rampant rocks, O the dear prospect! O majestic view! By Nature thrown insuperable round,
See Britain's empire! lo! the watery vast I planted there a league of friendly states,* Wide-waves, diffusing the cerulean plain. And bade plain freedom their ambition be.
And now, methinks, like clouds at distance seen, There in the vale, where rural Plenty fills, Emerging white from deeps of ether, dawn From lakes and meads, and furrow'd fields, her horn, My kindred cliffs ; whence, wasted in the gale, Chief, where the Lemant pure emits the Rhone, Ineffable, a secret sweetness breathes. Rare to be seen! unguilty cities rise,
Goddess, forgive -My heart, surpris’d, o'erflows Cities of brothers form’d: while equal life, With filial fondness for the land you bless.” Accorded gracious with revolving power,
As parents to a child complacent deign Maintains them free; and, in their happy streets, Approvance, the celestial brightness smil'd; Nor cruel deed nor misery is known.
Then thus :-"As o'er the wave-resounding deep, For valor, faith, and innocence of life,
To my near reign, the happy isle, I steer'd Renown'd, a rough laborious people, there, With easy wing; behold! from surge to surge, Not only give the dreadful Alps to smile, Stalk'd the tremendous genius of the deep. And press their culture on retiring snows; Around him clouds, in mingled tempest, hung; But, to firm order train'd and patient war,
Thick-flashing meteors crown'd his starry head ; They likewise know, beyond the nerve remiss And ready thunder redden'd in his hand, Of mercenary force, how to defend
Or from it stream'd comprest the gloomy cloud. The tasteful little their hard toil has earn'd, Where'er he look'd, the trembling waves recoil'd. And the proud arm of Bourbon to defy. (charm, He needs but strike the conscious flood, and shook
“Ev’n, cheer'd by me, their shaggy mountains From shore to shore, in agitation dire, More than or Gallic or Italian plains ;
It works his dreadful will. To me his voice
My sister-goddess now, to yon blest isle,
Those that refulgent, or with rosy morn,
Drunk by equator-suns, severely shine ;
Ev'n yet untouch'd by daring keel, be theirs
The vast Pacific ; that on other worlds,
“ From these descending, as I wav'd my course Till now low-crept; and peddling commerce plied O'er vast Germania, the ferocious nurse
Between near-joining lands. For Britons, chief,
To dare the middle deep, and drive assur'd
Chief, for their fearless hearts the glory waits, In each contented face to look my soul.
Long months from land, while the black stormy “Thence the loud Baltic passing, black with storm,
night To wintry Scandinavia’s utmost bound ;
Around them rages, on the groaning mast There, I the manly race,ll the parent hive
With unshook knee to know their giddy way ; Of the mix'd kingdoms, form'd into a state To sing, unquellid, amid the lashing wave; More regularly free. By keener air
To laugh at danger. Theirs the triumph be, Their genius purg'd, and temper'd hard by frost, By deep invention's keen pervading eye, Tempest and toil their nerves, the sons of those The heart of courage, and the hand of toil, Whose only terror was a bloodless death, I Each conquer'd ocean staining with their blood, They wise, and dauntless, still sustain my cause. Instead of treasure robb’d by ruffian war, Yet there I fix'd not. Turning to the south, Round social Earth to circle fair exchange, The whispering zephyrs sigh'd at my delay.” And bind the nations in a golden chain.
To these I honor'd stoop. Rushing to light, * The Swiss Cantons.
A race of men behold! whose daring deeds † Geneva, situated on the Lacus Lemanus, a small Will in renown exalt my nameless plains state, but a noble example of the blessings of civil and O'er those of fabling Earth, as hers to mine religious liberty.
In terror yield. Nay, could my savage heart 1 The Swiss, after having been long absent from their Such glories check, their unsubmitting soul native country, are seized with such a violent desire of Would all my fury brave, my tempest climb, seeing it again, as affects them with a kind of languish. And might in spite of me my kingdom force.' ing indisposition, called the Swiss sickness.
Here, waiting no reply, the shadowy power § The Hanse Towns.
| The Swedes. T See note (**) p. 487.
Eas'd the dark sky, and to the deeps return'd:
While the loud thunder rattling from his hand, The fount of truth. The thoughtful Power, a part,
Now, pensive, cast on Earth his fix'd regard, “Of this encounter glad, my way to land Now, touchd celestial, lanch'd it on the sky. I quick pursued, that from the smiling sea
'The Genius he whence Britain shines supreme,
But gradual, silent, lasting, and profound.
And Independence, stood : the generous pair, Full of old time, since first the rushing flood, That simple life, the quiet-whispering grove, Urg'd by Almighty Power, this favor’d isle And the still raptures of the free-born soul Turn'd flashing from the continent aside,
To cates prefer, by virtue bought, not carnd, Indented shore to shore responsive still,
Proudly prefer them to the servile pomps,
Demanded, quit his sylvan friend awhile ;
Nor stormy tyrants, nor corruption's tools,
Of secret-sapping gold. All their vile arts,
A moment's parley were eternal shame :
From dirty levees he unstain'd ascends,
And firm in senates stands the patriot's ground,
Rude, callous, sinew-swellid, and black with toil,
Came manly Indignation. Sour he seems, Blood is a pastime; and his heart, elate,
And more than seems, by lawful pride assail'd ; Knows no depressing fear. That Virtue known Yet kind at heart, and just, and generous, there By the relenting look, whose equal heart
No vengeance lurks, no pale insidious gall : For others feels, as for another self:
Evin in the very luxury of rage,
The nerve, support, and glory of the land !
Here pass’d in silence ; whose enraptur'd eye
Link'd to divine: who not from servile fear,
By rites for some weak tyrant incense fit,
Efusing gladness, into pleasing awe
Of fearless confidence that smiles serene;
That lives devotion, one continual hymn, Or whether to philosophy, and arts,
And then most grateful, when Heaven's bounty mcet (At once the basis and the finish’d pride
Is right enjoy’d. This ever-cheerful power
Or pleasures rather. Long the pungent time
Pass'd not in mutual hails; but, through the land She punishment awards ; yet of the good
Darting our light, we shone the fogs away.
Such grace, such beauty, such victorious light,
Hence the foul demons, that oppose our reign,
Would still from us deluded mortals wrap;