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Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature. hostile attempts against our own shores, lent. The author of " An Appeal to the its author deserves well of the public. Head and Heart of every Man and WoWe must be allowed, however, to diffent man in Great Britain,very gravely atfrom the right reverend prelate, with re tributes the fine weather on the day of spect to the validity of some of the argu- his Majesty's late procession to St. Paul's ments that he makes use of; from the to a particular interposition of the Alelevation to which his ecclefiaftical dig- mighty, arising from his approbation of nity and his private fortune raises him, the festival! In the perufal of his filly he is, in our opinion, very liable to mis- pamphlet, few readers, after such a spetake concerning the effects of an address cimen, will be disappointed. to the lower orders of society; the in On the interesting subject of invasion, conveniences and peculiar hardships of one of the best, because the most temwhofe situation he can know only from perate publication that has come under philosophical reasoning and very cursory our notice is, “ An Address to the People observation. The popularity of this of Great Britain,by Geo. BURGES, work, at least, among the higher and B. A. The ministry, whether prudently the reading classes, to whom indeed the or imprudently, has, “ most unequivocalreasonings are most applicable, call. ly, committed the nation;" and it being too ed forth a daring pamphlet of Mr. late to recal the consequences of our folWAKEFIELD's, intitled, “ A Reply to some lies or our crimes, it only now remains Parts of the Bishop of Landaff's Address ;" to guard against them in the best manner in Ityle this is superior to most of Mr. that we can. But though Mr. BURGES wi's former works; there are, however, recommends patience for the present, yet in it passages fo liable to be misinter- he thinks that a radical," that is, a preted, that we should have pronounced “gradual, peaceable, and deliberate reit a very imprudent work, even if the form,” cannot long be delayed : and King's attorney general had not thought through his mildness and love of peace proper, by a profecution of its publishers, he indulges, in our opinion, the illto suppress the circulation. Strictures founded expectation of the probability of upon Mr. WAKEFIELD had been pre- removing the radical corruptions and inviously published by Mr. HANBY, in his bred diseases or the body politic, by a os Examination of Mr. Wakefield's Reply,” fimple appeal to the reason and justice of &c. and by the anonymous author of that rapacious tyrant Human nature.

a Letter to the Inhabitants of Great Bri French Invasion," &c. is a collection tain, occasioned by Mr. Wakefield's Reply.” of addrelies on the part of the executive The Bishop of Landaff's address has also directory of France : the object of the been commented upon by Mr. KINGS- work is to manifest the real intention of BURY and Mr. HINCKLEY; but the France to invade us, and of course to public notice, in this controversy, has prepare us for the event. Invasion! it is been but very little diverted from the two

A woman's story at a winter's fire, principals to the athis on either side.

Authoriz'd by her grandame. Mr. MOWBRAY, in his “ Remarks on Mr. HUGHES' “ Refletlions on the Po. the Conduęt of Opposition during the pre- litics of France and England at the Close sent Perliament,'' branches into a variety of the Year 1797," are jejune and puerile: of collateral subjects: his assertion, “ that the pompolity of his language is very

inevery partial alteration which has taken competent to conceal the poverty of his place in particular boroughs (since the thinking. But every man must think ; revolution), has contributed to extend it is not very wonderful, therefore, that the privilege of voting more widely," we

a commissary general, HAVILAND LE helitate not in pronouncing to be noto- MESURIER, esquire, mould, in these riouíly false. A considerable portion of turbulent times, have his head full of this pamphlet is taken up in commenting “ Thoughts on a French Invosion.This on the affairs of Ireland: the situation of ingenious gentleman, as would of course that country imposes silence on us. A be expected, is most outrageously loyal ; few pamphlets have been written in de- and as to the aroma, the effential oil of fence of, and in opposition to, the mea- such sweet-scented odoriferous loyalty as fures of government; but the subject is his, we all know, now become too delicate for any hasty It is of a nature to subtle, random observations, and it is incon That unless it be luted with care, uftent with our plan to be diffuse ; it is The odour will fly, tho' the bottle prudent, therefore, that we lould be ti And its spirit impregnate the air !



Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature. Of such genuine and exalted genius is let du Pan's feelings, intemperance Mr. Commissary LE MESURIER, that,, is somewhat excusable. We were not in several instances, be has fpurneed with more surprised that private letters from becoming indignity at the rules of one individual to another, found on grammar, and has frequently deviated board a prize thip, should be published, from the dry and vulgar precifion of apparently by authority, than that the historical truth, with a spirit of manly sentiments of those letters should be made and laudable independence. Lord AUCK- ground of accusation againft the person LAND is the reputed author of a pam- to whom they were written, and againīt phlet in two parts, intitled, “ Confidera- all those whose names were casually intions upon the State of public Affairs at the troduced by the writer. The pamphlet Beginning of the Year 1798." The style entitled “ Copies of Letters, recently writis a ranting imitation of Mr. Burke's ten by Mr. Stone at Paris, to Dr. Prieftley philippics against France : what reliance in America, taken on board a neutral veris to be placed on the conjecture or the fel,has, however, in its illiberal and inassertions of a writer, who has the ridi. Hammatory preface, ascribed all the senculous hardihood to say, that“ the French timents of Mr. STONE to Dr. Priestare, and have been ever since the revolu- LEY, and not only to Dr. P. but to all tion, poltroons and daftards ?” What his friends, and to the friends of reform babies must have been the innumerable generally in Great Britain! It would legions whom they have discomfitted ! - be an idle waste of paper to add any rewhom these poltroons and daftards have marks on such a position. Mr. Stone's humbled to the very dust? A duodecimo sentiments at Paris, neither Dr. PRIESTfquib of three and twenty pages, called LEY in America, nor the friends of

peace " Unite or Fall,is said to be the pro- and reform here, bad it in their power to duction of the Earl of CARLISLE ; but controul; and arguing from the known we give not easy credit to such fianderous benevolence of Dr. PriestLEY's chareports : it is scarcely possible that his racter, we believe he will never rejoice lordship, an intelligent statesman, should that the calamities of a revolution should have committed himself to rashly as to befal his native country, because his ad. write fuch a flimsy and unlaboured pam- vice to reform the abuses of its civil phlet. From these bagatelles, we turn and ecclefiaftical establishments was not to a work of more celebrity. M. Du- followed. Mr. GIFFORD, a MOURIEZ, Table Speculatif de l'Eu- tleman of some notoriety, has transrope,” has been tranflated into Eng- lated CAMILLE JORDAN'S Address to lith. The general, in this speculative his Constituents on the Revolution of the 4th view of Europe, evinces confiserable ta- of September, 1797," with the aridition of lents and extensive information : in dif a Preface and Notes. CAMILLE JORferent chapters, the political situation is DAN, it is very well known, was one of considered of Austria, Prussia, the Ger- those unfortunate members of the legifman empire, Switzerland, Italy, Turkey, lative body who were denounced as conRussia, Sweden, Denmark, and England. fpirators for the re-establishment of royThe project of invading this itland, Du- alty, and banished from their country. MOURIEZ thinks, is not to be regarded the present address is written in an anias chimerical ; and, in order « not to mated though declamatory style. The conquer, but to force France to return translation is most likely faithful, and is to its constitutional principle," a new executed with confiderable spirit. Mr. coalition, he says, ought to be formed GIFFORD has allo publithed, " A short hy all the powers of Europe. " This Aderiks to the Members of the Royal Ajoconfederacy should annul every thing that riations on the present State of Affairs.has been achieved at Rastadt; it thould He aferts, that he has received from absolutely oppose the detcent on Eng- France three liits of perfons who are to land, either by actual interposition, or by be clofen as directors for England, Scotwar: it should impole on the belligerert land, and Ireland : the names of these powers a rigorous armistice, and attack perfons are publimed at full length. We the party that refusés compliance." The make no obfervations on this circumtranslation has appeared of a letter from stance, because we underítand that one the original of M. MALLIT DU PAN, of the perions rominated (the Earl of dated • Trontiers of Switzerland, March LAUDERDALE) has openly declared his 20, 1798,' giving “ A frort Account oj the intention vi commencing a profecution Invafion of that Couritry.” It is writ- against Mi. GIFFORD ior a libel. “The ten very intemperately; but, with MAL



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Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature. 489 Question as it stood in March 1798,” is a treacherous and inhuman conduct of the pamphlet attributed to Mr. FRANCIS: it French officers and foldiers towards the has obtained from the, public a merited peasants of Suabia, during the invasion of approbation for the perfpicuity of its Germany in 1796. style, the-acuteness of its reasoning, and We could enumerate the title-pages of the accuracy of its statements. A great various other political publications, but deal of sound, good sense, expressed in the talk, perhaps, would be no less tireeasy, intelligible and unornamented lan- some to our readers than ourselves; par-. guage, is to be found in a small publi- ticularly as we are not aware of having cation, which we earnestly recoinmend to omitted any, whose eminence, either in general perusal, intitled '“ Peace in our wisdom, or in folly, merits enumeration, Power upon Terms Hot Unreasonable," by On the subject of American politics, CHARLES BARING, Esq. Mr. LISTER's however, two publications deserve atten". OppositioĄ Dangerous," was written tion : the aim of Mr. HARPER'S “ Ob. when the ghost of invasion frightened servations on the Dispute between the United us; it very properly recommended us to States an./ France,” is to criminate the forget all petty political disputes, and "latter and exculpate the former: it is a heartily unite to lay it. Of a similar na- , well-known and melancholy truth, that ture is . An Address to the People of Great . America is divided into two parties, the Britain;"", by, Mr. GEORGE BURGES. one adherent perhaps through gratitude, " A serious Addressalso has been sub -to the French, who generously stepped mitted “ to the People of Great Britain,forward to all them in their ever-ineby JAMES JOHNSON, Eíq. a gentleman moralla ruggle; and the other, yet atof ministerial politics, who warmly repro- tached to the once parent-country, who bates the ungenerous artifice which many are solicitous to preserve with it, their friends of government adopt, of blending present alliance. Mr. HARPER is a chamand confounding the two distinct and pion of the latter; he enlarges in a strain often oppofite characters of reformer and of animated, indeed, but not very elorevolutionist. Peter PORCUPINE, of quent invective, on the arrogance and no very honourable notoriety, has pub- unbounded ambition of the French Relished a work, in two parts, intitled, public; he developes her political mąDemocratic Principles illustrated by Ex- nouvres in respect to the United States, ample.The name of H.'R. YORKÉ is and considers the object of her connection familiar to many of us: in consequence with them, to be the revival of ancient of a conviction for feditious practices, he animosity between England and Ainerica; was sentenced to a long imprisonment, reflecting, that this revival would eviduring which period he appears to have dently be attended with striking and imundergone a gradual and complete change mediate, advantages to France, Thele in his political principles; he has now observations, however, of Mr. HARPER, published " A Letter to the Reformers," it seems, are to be received with very wherein he exhibits a full recantation of cautious consent; for a late minister plehis former tenets. Knowing fo little of nipotentiary froin the republic of AineMr. YORKE as we do, it would be highly rica to that of France, Mr. MUNROE, unbecoming to join that general voice of has published " A l'iew of the Conduit censure which, of course, is direc?ed of the Executive in the Foreign Affairs of against him by the party, whose princi- the United States, as connected with the ples he has deserted: Mr. YORKE may Million to the French Republic during the be actuated by the purest and most ho- Years 1794-5, and 6," wherein fome of nourable motives ; we enter not into the the most important statements of Mr. receffes of another man's heart. The HARPER ́are invalidated; not to say inCase of the People of England," &c. is tirely overthrown. Mi. MUNROE'S written by r one of 80,000 incorrigible pamphlet is entitled to the greater relpeet jacobins," who, notwithstanding, appears perhaps, since it was not written in reply to have a sincere respect for the form and to Mr. HARPER, but contains an acciprinciples of our own constitution; his dental and unintended impeachment of pamphlet displays ability and informa- his accuracy; Mr. M. has, moreover, tion. . Mr. ANTHONY AUFRERE, as illustrated his pamphlet, and given it inA Warning to Britons," has published disputable authority, by the insertion of: “ from a well-authenticated Germaii pub- his own diplomatic instructions and corlication,” a most horrible, and, we fin- respondence. Few are the works which cerely hope, às every man of feeling must have coine before us on the subje&ts of hope, an exaggerated relation of the


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490 Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature.

GENEALOGY AND ANTIQUITIES; scale and in an elegant manner. The but those few are excellent in their kind. Colle Eticn of foarce and interesting Trais, Mr. D. LYSONS' “ Environs of London," tending to elucidate detached parts of the is a valuable work, which most of us, History of Great Britain," is felected from probably, have perused; a younger bro- the Somers' collections, and arranged ther of that gentleman, Mr. S. Lysons, in chronological order. This work is has published a very interesting “ Account doubly valuable, from the scarcity of the of Roman Antiquii ies discovered at Wood- larger work from which it is compiled. . cheffer, in the County of Gloucester; in this We must not omit to mention, that the fplendid work, Mr. L. has displayed an indefatigable Mr. NICHOLS, has pubuncominon variety of ornamental and cu lished « Illustrations of the Manners and rious acquirements: though not profef- Expences of Ancient Times in England," fionally an artist, he has executed, not which he has deduced from the accompts merely the drawings and admeasurements of church-wardens, and other authentic himself, but, with one or two exceptions, documents. has also engraven the plates, and in a VOYAGES AND TRAVELS. kyle of superior delicacy and elegance. Few works are better calculated to The descriptive portion of this volume blend instruction with amusement, than displays much diligence of investigation, those which may be comprehended under and is no less creditable to Mr. Lysons, the present head: since our last retrospect, as an antiquary, than the graphic as an several of unusual merit have been added artist. The price of the magnificent work to our collection of voyages and travels. is ten guineas in boards. Mr.LANG- Among them is Mr. DALLAWAY's “ Come Ley's - History and Antiquities of the ftantinople, Ancient and Molern; wiib ExHundred of Defborough and Deanery of Wy-cursions to the Shores and Islands of the Ar. combe," is a work rather of useful refer- chipelago, and to the Troad." The object of euce to the historian, than of general in Mr. D. was not so much to delineate the terest to the public: it is executed with present manners of the Ottoman empire, as industry and ability; nor is it the fault to obtain and communicate an accurate of Mr. L. that the hundred of Desbo. information of the present state of those rough possesses but little attraction to the ruins which were once the pride of claffic antiquary. We are indebted to an ano- antiquity, and to inspect thofe scenes once nymous editor, for the publication of a dignified by the residence of the most curious account of the “ Venerable and enlightened people of their day.” In this Primitial See of St. Andrews; reliquice tour, of about a thousand miles, Mr. Divi Andre.” This work was written D. surveyed the eastern coast of the sea of by “a true (though unworthy) fone of Marmora, and traversing Anatolia, purthe church,' (as he modestly ity les him- sued the Ægean shores on his return, and self), Mr. GEORGE MARTINE, of Cler- visited the illands of Sainos, Chio, Mitymont, who seems to have held some office, lene, and Tenedos, examining also the probably that of secretary, under Arch now desolate region of the Troad. A bishop, Sharp. This work is printed from very ample account is given of the metroan original manuscript, preserving not polis of the empire, which is inhabited only Mr. Martine's style, but his spell- by a motley crew of Turks, Greeks, ing, both of which have undergone con- Jews, Armenians, and Franks, from liderable alterations in MSS. of the uni- every European nation. Among the pubversity, the Harleian library, and that in lic edifices of Constantinople-confitting the possession of Dr. Adamson. Who- of 13 libraries, soo schools, 130 baths, ever is desirous of inforination relative to khans for the accommodation of merthe early history of St. Andrews, will not chants, bazars for the display of their be disappointed in the perusal of this cu wares, together with coffee-houses, and rious volume. In prosecution of a design teriaki-khana, where opium is fold, (a which the fociety of antiquaries has re- drug now giving way to wine) is the refolved to execute, of publishing accurate markably magnificent mosque of Sultan measures of all the principal ecclesiastical Ahmed 1. How much the influence of buildings of England, it has now pre- internal embellishments over the mind, fented the public with “ Some Account of. of gilded tablets, and the “dim religious the Cathedral Church of Exeter, illustrative light" of richly-painted windows, is of the plans, elevations, and fe&tions of that heightened, in christian churches, by the building This magnificent work is the full choir and decent ceremonies, will be first of the series; it contains eleven felt, says Mr. DALLAWAY, “in these flates, which are executed on a large temples of Malommed, in which are fren


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Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature, 491 only a few devotees, writhing themselves tive of eminent characters, and are evi-in diftorted attitudes, and drawling out' dently the production of an impartial and portions of the Koran with equal loudness acute observer. A work of confiderable and discordance." A translation has ap- : and deserved popularity, is Mifs Wilpeared, from the original Italian of the LIAMS'S Torr in Szvitzerland;” Miss Abbé LAZZARO SPALLANZANI's Tra-' w. it is well"known, resided in France vels in the Two Sicilies, and some Parts of during the dreadful period of its revolu-" the Appenines.The celebrity of SPAL- tionary government; she was a Girondist, LANZANI, as a naturalist, philosopher, the friend of Madaine Roland, and had and phyliologist, will excite very confider- published a work in England, in which able attention to the present performance: was displayed, with all its ugliness, and his microscopical observations, and his deformity, the character of many a fero. experiments, multifarious, indeed, and cious satellite of Robespierre. Thele valuable, but many of them attended with united circumstances rendered her fituar circumstances of DISGUSTING AND UN tion most perilous; , of course, it is nog PARDONABLE CRUELTY, are well. wonderful, that she anxiously seized the. known to the learned, and many of them, fortunate opportunity which presented iteven to the unlearned world. The present felf, of obtaining a passport for Switzer work, however, may be read without land; to this opportunity the public is shock to the feelings of any one, for the indebted for the present tour, which now Abbate, whose former studies have been excites a double interést, as it was made chiefly devoted to the investigation of ani-' through a country, whose moral and po. mal and vegetable phenomena, has now litical features have since suffered a turned his attention to the minutiæ of change, whick scarcely any thing less than mineralogy. For the purpose of forming conquest could have lo speedily effected. an ample and valuable collection of vol- Miss Williams's style of writing is well. canic matter, 'SPALLANZANI made the known ; less elegant than if it were less circuit of the Phlegrean fields and the ornamented," she seems to have no relish Eolian illes: the ever-burning craters for that fimplicity of composition, whose of Ætna, Stromboli and Vesuvius, sub- charms are to us infinitely more fascinatmitted to his undaunted and indefatigable ing than the rich poetic periods, which research. We have frequently had oc- almost monopolize her pages. The subcasion, and feldom more occafion than at lime and tremendous scenery, however, present, to lament, that it is inconsistent which Switzerland presents, not excuses, with our plan to enter at large into works but demands a glow of colouring, a free of curiosity and importance; it is evident, and an animated pencil. But the sketches however, that a retrospect of so unre of country which Miss W. has introstricted a nature, would swell to a fizę duced, the professes to be subordinate : disproportionate to our other communica- for the main object of the work is to diftions. With reluctance, therefore, we play the moral fituation of Switzerland; mult content curselves with a simple re to exhibit the government and manners of commendation of the Abbè SPALLANZA- the Cantons; to draw a comparative picNI's travels, to the perusàl of our readers. ture of the present ftate of Paris with thar

A republication has appeared of Paul of the Swiss towns; and to trace the imHentzner's Travels into England during portant and momentous effects, which the Reign of Queen Elizabeth," &c. Ho- the French revolution has produced in race Walpole trantiated these travels from Switzerland, where a new æra has already the Latin, and printed them at Strawberry been established by it, in the annals of its Hill, about forty years ago; to the pre- history. In the perusal of these interestfent edition, which is correctly and beau- ing volumes, we could not but contrast tifully printed, the Fragmenta Regalia, or the ancient freedom, which the hardy . Observations on Queen Elizabeth's Times forefathers maintained of these bleak and Favourites, are added : the engrav. mountaineers, the Swiss, with the dirings which adorn this work, aré numer- gufting vafalage to which their descend. I ous, and executed in a style of confider: ants had molt ingloriously submitted ; able elegance. Dr. MOODY has edited "all the peasantry in the canton of Bafil, " A Sketch of Modern France," written in with only the exception of the little town a series of letters, by a Lady, during a of Liestal, which enjoys a few municipal tour through that country in the years privileges, are literally Serfs, and an1796 and 1797. These letters are written nexed to the soil.” Three-fourths of the with a great deal of vivacity; they abound inhabitants of this canton, antecedent to in anecdotes, for the most part illuftra- the late revolution, 'were absolute tlaves; SUPP. MONTHLY MAG. No. XXXIII.

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