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le ruc the Praire de la tete de hocul, and after pass-, and the tide flows considerably above our botirdare, ing another koşuc he comes to the sources of the This circumstence, together wit: the depths of water Lichiki. Potrering 5 ) leagues on this river from which many of them afiorel, render then accessible its source he forme a like, but as the river opens it to sei vessels; and ships of two hundreci tous kiire is les.: deep, and the largest stream it receives, is then may ascerad several hundred miles into the heart thu iroquois. At the Forks joins the Illinois which of our own teritory. These rivers, lowever, which afier ou leagues is so small as to have hardly two run almost esclusively within our own limits, and fiet of wler, rulu the Theakiki afier 100 leagues, which it rould seen as if nature had iniended for is horu a fine river. the forks 15 le: Fucs, the four oun benefit, we must be indebted w others for river 10w called tho Illinois is deep and large, and the beneficial use of, so long as the province of West receives many stream3 11 its course. We need not Florida shull continue in the posession of a foreign menijon the passage down the Mississippi, as we nation. If the province of West Florida were sal have juter cheser.pi10:15. All these numbers may an independent empir it would be the interest of its

Meas general 6"...'8 till the country is actually government to prorrote the free tiom of tride, by laysurewed. Sach itppered to this learned jesuii mg open the mouthis of rivers to all nations; this for score years frun our present times, and thus having bees the policy or those nations who possess this enterprieinamun clared to pass an uncultivatelj the mouths of the Ruine, the Divule, the l'o, the tract fro:late to New Orleans, Later discove. Tagris, with some others. But üle jealousy of the ricz hum gu'n tiist in the spring at the sou.ces of colonial spirit will not admit of this policy, so liberal the rivers which pass to Michigan, Ohio and 10 Mis- in itself, and so reciprocally advantageolis to vie sissippi, the rise of the waters 112s rendered the car- citizens of the United States and ot' West Florida." rring plae . of canoes almost needless, so easy is it The report then speaks of East Florida. "'Though to pass from thats which empty at these diffe. not so important to the lniter States, the committee rent places. Mr.!} .itis in his tour has shewn how nevertheless deem its cquisition very desirable.

the vora le might be accomplished in a much shorter From its junction with the State of Georgia at the i route, in consequence or the discoveries made of na- river St. Mary's it stretches nearly four hundred miles

vigable waters. Instead of entering Detroit river in into the sea, forming a large peninsula and ba, some lat. 42, the traveller may pass into the Miami of the very fine harbors. The southern pomt, Cape Florida, laks and so on into the Wabash, and down the Wa. is not more than one hundicentes fiuin the Huruna, bash to the Ohioand Mississipp: The Miami he and the possession of it may be beneficial to us in sucs is navigable by canoes to the portage which relation to our trade with the West Indies. It would lads to the labis. It is said in the time of the likewise make our whole territory compact, would spring, the waters oi the rivers which meet here add considerably to our sea coast, and by giving us are wiitel. The progress of our army in this route the Gulf of siexicu, for our southern boundary, from the Wabali to Detroit, will give us a more es- would render unless luble to attack in what is decinact account of this country, as it will expose it to led the most vulnerable part of the union.” The rethe enquiries of many persons, who are accurate port concludes with stating: "If we look forward to observers of nature, and who will be proud to dis- the free use of the Mississippi, the Mobile, the Apä-, tinguish their marches through this country by com- lachicola, and the other rivers of the west, by cur. Bunications which will be useful to posterity: selves and our posterity, Nen-Orleans and the Flori

das must become a part of the U. Staics, either by The Floridas.

purchase or by conquest."

To this valuable report we are indebted for the For the following sketels, containing much interest. acquisition of New-Orleans and the free navigation

ing muter, ve we indebted to the Nashville of the Mississippi. The congress of 1863 made a (Ten) " (latan,"

great stride towards securing the happiness and pros. In tie year 1803, when the violation of our right perity of the western country, and the congress of of deposit ai New Orleans nad fised the attention of 1812' has undertaken to follow up their steps and the general government upon the interest of the complete their work. western country, a comunittee of the house of repre No part of the union can be so much interested in Sentatives, of whom Dr. Dickson was one, were di- the acquisition of West Florida as the state of Tenret terl to report up on the propriety and practicability nessee. To the eastern section of the state the riof annexing the Furicies to the United States. The vers of that province are indispensable, as well for report subiu on that occasion presents some the exportation of their own produce as for the in. views extremely interesting at the present moment, troduction of foreign articles. To the westem diviwhen the union of these provinces with the American sion, these rivers would be invaluable in facilitating states is on the point of being realized, wd when the an import trade. Two branches of the Tennessee necessity of a water communication between Tenne3- streich to the south, and approach the navigable see and the bay of Mobile, is felt and acknowledged waters of the Mobile river.-----Above the muscle by all the friends of their country:

shoals, extends south-eastwardly towards (cosas The ieport describes the rivers which rising in the hatcha, a branch of the Alabama, and the distance country of the Cherokees,ind traversing the country between the navigable points of these two rivers, is inhabited by the Cieck confederacy, discharge thiem- no more than fifty-five miles. Below the shoals is ${ives into the Mobile bay. “In these rivers, says Bear creek; better known to gcographers under the the report, ihe casiern paris of Tennessee are deeply naine of Occoehappo, and the distance between the interested; us some of the great branches of the highest navigable points on these two streams, is Mobile approach very near to some of those branches soineihing less than fifty miles. Through these tito of the Tennessee river which lie above the bluscle channels, the inerchants of cat Temessee will Shoals. Even if it should be difficult to connec: find the means of bringing into our country the prothein, yet tie land carriage will be shorter, and the auctions of all foreign nations. Loading his vessel rouie to the sea more direci, than the river Tennes at the head of Mobile bay, he will proceed up the se fuinishes. These rivers possess likewise an ad-Mobile river ninety miles, to McGilvrey's town in vantage wirich is denied to the Mississippi. As their tie Crcek nation.' lere he will find the Mobile di$ suces are not in the mountain, and their course is vided into two streanis, one the Alabania, coming tivoli a level cruntsy, tacos currents wc guitle, down from the North East, the vider the Tumbighes

Events of toe Pat.


coming down from the North. If he intends to cross, vages, now mark the junction of the Alabi ma and the Tennessee above the muscle shoals, he will turn Tombigbce rivers. to the north-east and ascend the Alabauna: a most The present is a fisvorable moment of accomplishbe ititi! river, with a cleil, gentle curent, Aowing ing a part of this great design. The floridas will at the rate of two miles to the hour, from three to soon be occupied by the Arctical troups. Our sttfour hundred yards broud, and from 15 to 18 feet tlements on the bay and river of Hovile vill require decp in the driest seasons. Going up the river 210 to be strengthenedl, "d to strenghen them a port mils, 2d he will arrive at little Tallassee, a town of of 'e cauntry inhabited by the Cteks will be indisthe l'pper Crecks, where the Alabama loses its name pensable to us. Fortuna'ely the armos of this na. and is divided into two strems, the Ccool-liatcha tion have supplied us with a pretestfr the distrunand the Tall: pousce. Accending the former of those berment of their country. An expeditio: will 3000, strcms a short distance, and lic will arrive at the have to move against them to exact a terrible viilpoint on the Coosa, where a portage or canal of 55 geance for the blood thev hive spilt amo:g 15; and miles will carry bin to Hivassee. Descending the the republic must indemnify itself for the expects Hwase, he will soon arrive in the Tennessee; toi- of this movement, by appropriating to itself and dilowing the course of the Tennessee a short distance viding among the conqueror's the baiter part of that and he will arrive at the routh of Elk river, and and which is so useless to them, aid which will be turning up, he may positiis cargo at a point on so valuable to us. Richid creek, in cities county, orät Fayetterille in Link uin. Fruin the latior of these places to Nashville, would be a land criage of 30 miles over a level country:

Tacot di carnel, to cross the Tennessee below muscle shouls, wall be, to ascend the Tombighie from JeGirrey's town to its highest navigable point

THE NORTH WESTERN ARMY. - portare of 50 miles would ilien bring him to Bear creek : following the course of that creek, which is Yesterday afternoon, at 2 o'clock, lieutenant Ardeep and gentk, he would soon reach the Tenneskee; neason, of the United States army, reached this ciafter which he night it at with the current to the ty, bearer of despatches from brigadiergoneral Wils muth of Dick i.ver, where a part of his curg Lam llull, to the departnıent of war, of which the og'i he deposited, and thence distributed through following copies have been obtained for publie tjon. the "pper country, or he may Hoat to the Obin, und

Nat. Intel. 19th Sent. thence ascenil the Cumberland to N sille.

MONTREAL, Sept. 8, 1812. This teitier of time rutes would be infinitely pre Sir The inclosed despatch was prepared on my ferable to the present cirannel thrigh which gools arrival at fort Gcorge, and it was my intention to are brought into our country, is cruent upon the have forwardled it from that place by in:jor Witra slottest examination. From Phil delphia to Nash-rell, of the Michigan volim cars. I made aplicarilie, the merchant at thus time hes to transport lustion to the commanding officer at that prosi, is.d was goods over a course of one thousare five hurled refused; he stating that he was not authorisoil, anal m:les; thiec hundred and three of which consis of general Brock was then it York. We wie immedilui Cortinge from Pintuckel via io Pittsburg: one diely embarkei for this place, and major Witherell thousand and fif v-four by Pitsburg to the mouth of lobtained liberty at Kingston in go home on perole. Cumberland, and thence one hundrel and ciglt This is the first opportunity I have had to forward miles, against a strong current to Nishville. But the dispatches. fri Nashville to Mcllroy's town at the junction

The iourth United States' regiment is destined for of the Albania and Tom, is no mxe thu Quebec, with a part of the first. The hole consist Hree hunded and fifir miles, a clue south course, ofalitite over three hundred. aal over a level country ; that is, only forty-seven Så: George Prevost, without any request on my mies further than the distance between Philichop via part, has offered to take my puole, and permit me anul Pittsbury. But following the route which rucn- io proceed to the staico. chandize must take, and you would only have one Lieutenant Anderson, of the eighth regiment, is beundred and thirty-five miles of lanıl carriage, and the bearer of my despatches. lle was formerly a about three hundred and forty by water, a conside- lieutenant in the artillery, resigned his commisrible part of which would be on the Aiarana, where Son on account of being appointed marshal of the the tide ilowe. But ihe great advantage in his new territory of Michigan During the cumprir lielis ronte, would be in piliin an end to the matural!bed a command in the artillery; and I recommend trade which we carry on with lululelphia anci Balti- him to you as a valuable vilicu. fare; a trade which affords not the kast encour

I!c is particularly acquainted with the state of ment to the western farmer, and which can only belt

things previous and at the time when the capitulasupported!! y qiraraing our country of the gold and tion took place. lle will be able to give you correct silver. When we come to import from the Mobile, information on any points about which you may our commerce will then assume it3 natural course. think proper to enquire. The productions of our country will then be exchang

Tam very re:pecifiilly, el for a return cargo which can be paid for ind de

Your mosi Chunt servant, lircred at the head of zlobile rivor; a place to which

VILLLII TIULL. a Spanish frigate once ascended, and to which ves lior. W. Erstis, te's of several hundred ivns may come with the Sec'ry of the department of war. mitest (25. Inagnition looks forwd to the moment when all

Fort Corp, 11:51:51 20,1812. the southern indians shall be pushed across the 9.5

SJ-Erclosed arr the articles of capitiitin, liv essiypi: when the delig?trul countries now occu- which the fori of leweit lies been silirenstercato pied by them shall be covered with a numerous id major encral Brock, con mindrglis Pritorn ? Thiste industrious populatis; and when a city, the onpo- jesty's forces in Crper Cuda, ond by vich the rium of a vast commerce, shall be seen to fourish on troops Irive become prisosiers of war. Wy situation the spot where some liuts, inhabited by lawless sa-lat present furbids me tion detailing the particular

causes which have led to this unfortunate event. I course, at once passed over to Amherstburg, and ac. will, howcrer, generally observe, that afier the sur- copied the tomahawkind scalping knjte. There be. render of Michulliniackinae, almost every tribe and ing now a vast munile. of Indians at the British post, nation of Indians, excepting a part of the Miamie: they were sent to the river Huron, Brownstown, and and Delawares, north from beyond Lake Superior, Megungo to intercept my commun.c:tion. Toepen Best Hom beyond the Mississippi, south from the this communication, I det:cled major Varleus of Obio and Waasl., and east from crery part of Upper the Ohio volunteers with two hundred men to proCuad., and from all the intermediate country, join- ceed as far as the river Riisit, under an expectation" ed in open hostility, under the British stanúard, he would meet captair Brush wil one hundred and against the army i commanded, contrary to the most fifty men, volunteers from the state of Chio, ard a so eun assurances of a large portion of them to re- quantity of provision for the army. in ambuscade main neutral; even the Oitava chiefs from Arbe-was formed at Brownstown, and major Vanhorn's croich, who formed the delegation to Washington detachment defeated and returned to can:p without the list summer, in whose friendship I know you effecting the object of the espedition. h great confidence, are among the hostile tribes, In my letter of the 7th inst. you huve tlie particni. and several of them distinguished leaders. Among lars of that transaction with a return of de bed the vast number of chiefs who led the hostile bands, and wounded. Under this sudden und unexpi Cied Tec!imseli, Marpot, Logan, Walk-in-the-water,Split-change of things, and having received an espress Lög, &c. are considered the principals. This nume- from general Hall, commanding opposite the British rous assemblage of savages, under the entire iníiu-shore on the Niagara river, by which it appeared that ence and direction of the British commander, ena- there was no prospect of any co-operation from illat bled him totally to obsiruct the only communication quarter, and the two senior officers or the artillery which I had with iny comtry. This communication baring stated to me an opinion that it would be exJu been opened from the settlements in the state o tremely difficult, if not impossible, to pass the 'Tur00, 200 miles through a wilderness, by the fa- key river and river Aux Carrard, with the 24 poundtigues of the army, which I marched to the frontier ers, and that they could not be insported by water, on the river Detroit. The body of the Licke being as the Queen-Charlotte, which carried eighteen 24 commanded by the British armed ships, and the pounders, lay in the river Loirojt above the mouth of shores and rivers by gun boats, the army was totally the river Aux Cannard; and as it appeared indispendeprived of all communication by Wilter. On this sably necessary to open the comunication 10 the extensive road it depended for transportation of pro- river Raisin and the Mami, I found myself compel. visions, military stores, medicine, clothing and eve- led to suspend the operation ag:unist Åml erstburg, ry other suppli, on pack horses-all its operations and concentrate the main force of the army at De. were successful until its arrival at Detroit, and in a troit. Fully intending, at that time, after the comfew days it passed into the enemy's country, and all munication was opened, to re-cross the river, and oppositjon seemed to fall before it. One month it pursue the object at Amhersiburg, and strongly deremain si in possession of this country, and was feri sirous of contiming protection to a very large num. $i:)! its resources. In diferent directions, detach-ber of the inhabitants of Upper Canada, who had ments pentdated sixty miles in the settled part of voluntarily accepted it under my proclamation, I the prurince, and the inhabitants seenied satisfied established a fortress on the banks of the river, a with the change of situation, which appeared to be little below Detroit, c:lculated for a garrison of three taking placs--the militia from Amherstburg were hundred men. On the evening oi tlie 711, and morndwili deserting, and the whole country, then under sing of the dih inst. the army, excepting the ga rison the control tile army, was asking for protection of 250 infantry, and a coins ofarulcrisis, all under The Indians generally, in the first instance,::ppeared the command of major Denny of the Ohio volun. to be ventralized, and determined to take no part in teers, re-crossed the river, and encomper at Detroit. the cast. The fort of Amherstburg was eighteen in pursuance of the object of opening the co:12.11.umiles below my encampment. Not a single cannon nication, on whom I considered the existence of the op or:ris on wheets suitable to carry before that army depending, a deiaclimanit of six hundred men, Pice. I consulied my officers, whether it was ex- under the con nand of lieutenant-colonel Miller, potent to make an attempt on it with the bayonet was immecliately ordered. For a pericular account an, without Canon, to make a break in the first of the proccedings of this detachment, and the me ince. The council I called as of the opinion it morable battle which was fought at Maguaro, which want. The greatest industry was exerted in mak- reflects the highest honor on the American arms, I is preparation, and it was not until the 7th of Aus. refer you to my letter of the 13th August inst, a that two 24 pounders, and three howitzers were pre- duplicate of which is enclosca, marked G. Nothing pared. It was then my mention to have proceeded however but bonor was acquired by this viciory; on the enterprize. While ihe operations of the ar- and it is a painful consideration, that the blood of my were delayed by these preparations, the clowds seventy-five gallant men could only open the commuori diversiig had been for some time and seemed still nication, as fir as the points of iheir bayonets ex. thickly to be gothering around me. The surrender tended. The necessary care of the sick and wounded of 1 cullimackinac opened the northern hive of In- and a very severe storm of rain,rendered their return to dians, and they were swarming down in every direc- camp indispensably necessary for their own con fort, ton. Reinforcements from Niagara had arrived at Captain Brush, with his small detaclıment, and the Amerstringider the command ofcolonel Procior. provisions being still at the river Raisin, and in a The desertion of the militia ceased. Besides the re-situation to be destroyed by the savages, on the 13th inforcements that came by water, I received infor- inst. in the evening, i permitted ceis. M'Arihur and

ainn a very considerable force under the con- Cass to select from their regiment four hundred of Dan of' m .jor Chambers, on the river Le French, their most effective men, and proceed an upper riti to'ır fikirlp.eces, and collecting the militia on route though the woods, which I had sent an express bis route, evidently destined for Amhersthurg; and to captain Brush to také, and had directed the milia in ciddion to this combination, and increase of force, tia of the river Raisin to accompany hini as a reina Cotary to all my expectations, the Wyandots, forcement. The force of the enemy continually Chinpowas, 011.was, Pol Wainies, Mansces, Dela- increasing, and the necessity of opening the comu. Martes, &c. withi whom I had the most friendly inter-)nication, and acting on the defensive, becoming more

apparent, I had, previous to detaching cos. Ir je items impossible for me to sustain my situation. thur and Cass on the 11th insi. evacuated and delitos limpossible in the nature of things that an arıny stroyed the fort on the opposite bank. On the isil could have beun furnished with the necessary sup: in the evening, gen. Brock arrived it Amhaustburg por provisions, military stores, clothing and about the hour colonels M'Arthur and Cass marcineri, frunforts for the sick, on pack l'orscs, through a wil. of which at that time I had received no infomation. derness of two hundred miles, filled wiu hostile saOs the 15th I received a summons tiom bija io sur-vages. It wis impossible, sir, that this little aning; render fori Détroit, of which the paper mikil... rom down by fatigue, by sickness, by wounds, and is a copy:

My ansirer is marked B. At this we leths, couldhave su ported itself not only an inst had received no informtion trum cols. M'Arthur and the collected force of all the northern nations of InCass. An express was immediately sent stingly diuns; but against the united strength of upper Caescorted w.th orders for them to return. On the nuda, whose population consists of more than twin15th, as soon as general Bruck receivei my letters, ty times the number contained in the territory of wiihis batteries opened upon the town and tort, ani con- lanigan, wned by the ; rincipal part of the regular tipued until evening the evening all the Briwish forces of the province, and the wealth and influence ships of war came neurly as far up the river as Sand-jof the north west and other trading establishments wich, three miics bei Detroit. Atly light on the amount the Indians, which have in their employnient 16th (at which tune I hu receivesi no informat:on and under their citire control more than two thoufrom cols. M'Arthur and Cass, my expresses, sent the sand white men. Before I close this disputch it is a evening before, and in the nigat,, l.vmg beci predut I owe my respectable associates in command, vented from passing by numerous bodies of Indians) colonels M'Arthur, Finley, Cass, and lieutenantthe cannonude recomieneed, and in a short time i colonel Miler, to express my obligations to then: for received information, that tie British army, and In- the proup and judicious manner they have performdians, were landing below the Spring wells, underled their respective duties. It augt bas taken piece the cover of their shups of war. At this time the during the campaign, which is hororable to the amur, whole effective force at my disposal at Detroit du trese offices are entitled to a large share of it. If not exceed eight hundred men. Being new troops, the last act should be disapproved, so part of the and unuccustomed to a camp life; having perform- conswe belongs to them. Lave likewise to expre:s ed a laborious march; having been engasged in a my obligation to general Taylor, who has perforried number of battles and skiinishes, in which mang the duty of quarter-master-general, for his great ex. had fallen, and more had received wounds, in addi-ertions in procuring every thing in his department tion to wbich a large nunber being sick, and unpro- which it was possible to finish for the convenience vided with merlicine, and the comforts necessary for of the army; likewise to brigade major Je nup for the their situation ; are tie general causes by which the correct and punctual manner in which he has disa strength of the army was thus reduced. The fort at charged his duty; and to the army generally for their this time was filled with women, children, and the old iscrtion, and the zeal tiey have manifested for and decrepid people of the town and country; they the public interest. The death of Dr. Foster soun were ursate in the town, and it was entirely ojxonanil fier he arrived at Detroit,was a severe misfortune to exposed to the enemy's batteries. Back of ihe fort, the army; it was increased by the capture of tlie above or below it, there was no safety for them on Chachaga packet, by which ine ncdicine and hospia account of the Indians. In the first instance, the tal stores were lo:t. He was commencing the best ene ny's fire was principally directed against ou arrangements in the department of winch he was the batteries ; towards the close, it was directed against principal, with the very small means he possessed. the fort alone, and almost every shot and sheil hau i was likewise deprived of the necessary services of their effect

captain Partidge by sickness, the only officer of the It now became necessary either to fight the enemy corps of engineers attached to the army: Di the in the field; collect the whole force in the fort; or officers and men have gone to their respective honi's, propose terms of capitulation. I could not have car- excepting the 4th Cnited States' regiment, and a riel into the field more than six hundred men, and small part of the first, and captain Dyson's company left any adequate force in the fort. There were lanci-of artillery. Captain Dyson's company was left it ed at that time of the enemy a regular force of much amhertsburg, and the others are with me prisonersmore than that number of Indians. Considering they amount to about three hundred and forts; I this great inequality of force, I did not think it ex- have only to solicit an investigation of my conduct peclieat to adopt the first measure. The second must as early as my situation, and the state of things will have been attended with great sacrifice of blooc, and admit; and to add the further request, that the fo. po possible advantage, bec:luse the contest could not vernment will not be inmindful of my associates in have been sustained more than a day for the want of captivity, and of the families of those brave men who powder and but a very few days for the want of pro- have fallen in the contest. visions. In addition to this, colonels M'Arthur and I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your most Cass would have been in a most hazardous situation. Jobedient servant, I feared nothing but the last alternative. I have dar

W. HULL, BRIG. GEX. ed to adopt it-I well know the high responsibility Commanding the N.I.army of the U. States. of the measure, and I take the whole of it on myself.

Hon. W. EESTIS, It Was dictated by a sense of duty, and a full conric

Sec’ry of the department of war. tion of its expediency. The bands of Sittages which had then joined the British force were numerous - Copies of letters from brigadier generul Tull to the deFondany former example. Their numbers have since partment of war, accompanying the preceding disiacreased, and the history of the barbarians of the patch. north of Europe, does not fumish examples of more

SANDWICH, August 7, 1812. grectly violence than these savages have exhibited. Sili-On the 4th inst. major Van Bom, of colonel A large portion of the brave and gallant officers and Findley's regiment of Ohio volunteers, was detach. men I commanded would checrfully have contested ed from this army, with the command of 240 men, until the last cartridge had been expended, and the principally riflen en, to proceed to the river Raisin, baronis tor to the sockets. I coud not consent to land further, if necessary, to mcci and reinforce copt. Laç useless sacrifice of stel brave men, when I kucw Brusli, of the state of Ohio, commanding a company

of volunteers, and escorting provisions for this army., though orders were given for the purpose, tinfortos At Brownstown, a large body of Indians had formed nately they were not executeil

. Hjors Funborn and an ambuscade, and the major's detachment received Morrison, of the Ohio volunteers, were associated a leavy fire, at the distance of fifty yards from the with lieutenant colonel Miller, as field ofhcers in this enemy. The whole detachment retreated in disor- coumand, and were highly distinguished by their der. Mjor Vanhorn made erery exertion to form, exertions in forming the line, and thic tirin and intreand prevent the retreat, that was possible for a brave pid manner they led their respeetive communids io and gallant officer, but without success. By the re-action. tum of killed and wounded, it will be perceived, that Captain Baker of the 1st United St.tes' regiment, the loss of officers was uncommonly great. Their captain Brevort of the second, end e- ptain llull of ellorts to rally their companies was the occasion the 13th, my aid-de-camp and lieutenant l'histler of of it.

llie ist requested permission to join the detachment I am, very respectfully,

as volumecrs. Licutenant colonel Miller assigned You most ubedient servant, commands to captain Baker and lieutenant Whistler,

WILLIAM HULL, and captains Brevort and Hull, at his request, attendHon. W. Ecstis, secretary of war.

ed his person and aided him in the general aitanze. Report of killed in Major Panhorn's defat.

ments. Lieutenant colonel Mller has mentioned the Capta rs Gilchrist, Ullery, A'Callough of the spies, conduct of these officers in terms of high approbation. Bærstler severely wounded, and not expected to re

In addition to the captains who have been warned, cover (pince dead); lieutenant Pentz; ensigns Roby lleurenent colonel Miller has mentioned capts. Buss and Allison ; 10 privales.--Total 17.

ton and Fuller of the 4th reginient, captains SaunNumber of wounded, as yet unknown.

ders and Brown of the Ohio volunteers, and captain

Delandre of the Michigan volunteers, who were atDetroit, August 13, 1812. tached to his command, and distinguished by their S11amThe main body of the army having re-crossed valor. It is impossible for me in this comniunca. the river at Detroit, on the night and mining of the tion to do justice to the officers and soldiers, who 8th inst. six hundred men were immediately detach- gained the victory which I have described. They eil under the comin.and of lieutenant colonel Miller, have acquired high honor to themselves, and are to open the communication to the river Raisin, and justly entitled to the gratitude of their country. protect the provisor", which were under the escort Major Muir of the 41st regiment commanded the of captain Brush. This del chinent consister of the British in this action. The regulars and volunteers 4uh United Staies' regiment and two small detach- consisted of about four hundred, and a larger numments under the command of lieutenant Stansbury ber of Indians. Major Muir and two subalterns were an l ensign MʻLabe, of the 1st reziment; detach- wounded, one of them since dead. About forty Indiments from the Ohio and Michigan volunteers, aans were found dead on the field, and Tecumseh cops of art.lterists, with one six pounder and in their leader was slightly wounded. The number of howitzer under the command oflieutenant Eastman, wounded Indians who escaped has not been ascerand a part of captains Smith and Sloan's cavalry tained. Four of major Muir's detachment have been commanded by captain Sloan of the Ohio volunteers. made prisoners, and if.een of the 41st regiment killLieutenant colonel Muller marched from Detro t on ed and wounded. The militia and volunteers at. the afternoon of the 8th instant, and on the 9th about tached to his command were in the severest part of 4 o'clock P. M. the van guurd, commanded by captain the action, and their loss must have been great-it Selling of the 4th United States' regiment, was fir- has not yet been ascertained. el on by an extensive line of British troops and In.

I have the honor to be, dins at the lower part of Mag'uago about fourteen

Your most obcdient servant, mil's from Detroit. At this time the main body was

W. HULL, B416. Ger. nurching in tivo columns, and captain Snelling main

Commanding N. W. army. tainech his position in a most gallant manner, under Hon. W. Eustis, secretary of war. a very heavy fire, until the line was formed and ad- Return of killed and wounded in the action fought vuced to the ground le occupied, when the whole,

near Muguago, August 9, 1812. excepting the rear gurd, was brought into action.

4th United States' regiment 10 non-commissionThe enemy were formed behind a temporary breast ed officers and privates killed, and forty-five youndwork of logs, the Indians extending in a thick wood et ; captain Baker of the 1st regiment of infantry; on their lof. Lientenant colonel Miller ordered his lieutenant Larabee of the 4th ; lieutenant Peters of whole line to avance, and when within a small dis. the 4th; ensign Whistler of the 17:11, doing duty in tance of the enemy made a general discharge, and the 411; lieutenant Silly, and an ensigh,,"

whose proceeded with charged bayonets, when the whole Dame has not been returned to me, were woundert. Britis! line and Indians comnienced a retreat. They were pursued in a most vigorous manner about two led and 13 wounded.

In the Olio and Michigan volunteers, 8 were kill

W. IIULL. miles, and the pursuit discontinued only on account of the litigue of troops, the approach of evening,

MICHILIMACKINAC. and t'ia necessity of returning to take care of the Extract of a tetter from licutenant Hanks, desessed, lete commands woul. The juclicious arrangements niade by

ant Michelinnackinac, to gen. Hull, catei liente. di colonel Miller, and ihe gallant manner in

DET!"IT, Acerst 4. whici.it y were executed, justly entitle him to the SIR.-Itake the earliest opportunity to acquaint your excellency hig'si lwnor. From the moment the line commenc

of the surrender of the guirison of Virkeliwackinuar, under my. ed the flie, it continually moved on, and the enemy captain Charles Roberts, on the ixth ult. the particulars of plach

conamanr. 10 lijs Britannie majesty's foro sunder the command of mainance their position until foreeri ai the point of are as follows: On the 16ti, I was infirmed by the Lord om in the balconet: The bodians on the left, under the tot, that he had discovered from an Indian blant several na command of Tecumseh, fought with great (bstina. intended to make an imtu diale ittnek ovi tort Michilimackime. cy, but were continually forced and compelled to re. I was inclined, from the evolueas I had discovered in some of the treat. The victory was complete in every part oi'the principal counts of the Ottawa and Chippewa nations, who had hud line, and the success would have been more brilliant Suites i place co fielever in this report. I inmediawly called had the cavalry chargeil ihe enemy on the retreat, preting

of the Ante ricon y temel then on the island, in which when a most favorable opportunity presented. Al-'seph, to watch the fuoriuns of the Indiauts. Captain Daaruan, of

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