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Convention with Colombia. this rank in the navy of his country, together with the
names of the commander by whose orders he is actEXECUTIVE PROCEEDINGS OF THE SENATE. ing, and of the national vessel commanded by him;
IN SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, and the said certificate shall further contain a decla
Tuesday, February 22, 1825. ration, purporting that the only object of the visit is The following written message was received from to ascertain whether the merchant vessel in question the president of the United States, 'by Mr. Everett, is engaged in the slave trade, or not; and, if found to bis secretary:
beso engaged, to take and deliver her to the officers The president of the senate pro tempore:
and tribunals of her own country, being that of one I transmit to the senate a convention, signe by the of the two contracting partics, for trial and adjudicaplenipotentiaries of the United States, and of the re- tion. public of Colombia, at Bogota, on the 10th of Decem In all such cases, the commander of the national ber, 1824, together with the documents appertaining vessel, whether belonging to the United States, or to to the negotiation of the same, for the constitutional the republic of Colombia, shall, when he makes deconsideration of the senate, with regard to its ratifi- livery of his capture, either to the officers or to the trication.
JAMES MONROE. bunals of the other power, deliver all the papers found Wushington, 21st Feb. 1825.
on board the captured vessel, indicating her national
character, and the objects of her voyage, and, togeTHE CONVENTION.
ther with them, a certificate, as above, of the visit, In the name of God, author and legislator of the signed with his name, and specifying his rank in the Universe: the United States of America and the re- navy of his country, as well as the name of the vessel public of Colombia, being desirous to co-operate for commanded by him, together with the name and prothe complete suppression of the African slave trade, fessional rank of the boarding officer, by whom the by making the law of piracy, as applied to that traffic said visit has been made. under the statutes of their respective legislatures, This certificate shall also contain a list of all the immediately and reciprocally operative on the vos- papers received from the master of the vessel detainsels and citizens of each other, have respectively ed, or visited, as well as those found on board the furnished to their plenipotentiaries the necessary and said vessel; it shall also contain an exact description full powers to conclude a convention for that pur- of the state in which the vessel was found when depose; that is to say: the United States of America, to tained, and a statement of the changes, if any, which Richard Clorga ANDERSON, jun. a citizen of said have taken place in it, and of the number of slaves, states, and their minister plenipotentiary to the said if any, found on board at the moment of the detenrepublic, and the epublic of Colombia, to PEDRO tion. Gual, secretary of state and of foreigo relations; Art. III. Whenever any merchant vessel of either who, after a reciprocal communication of their re- nation shall be visited under this convention, on susspective full powers, have agreed upon and concluded picion of such vessel being engaged in the slave the following articles:
trade, no search shall, in any such case, be made on Art. 1. The commanders and commissioned offi- | board the said vessel, except what is necessary for cers of each of the two high contracting parties, duly ascertaining, hy due and sufficient proofs, whether authorized under the regulations and instructions of she is or is not engaged in that illicit traffic. Nonerson their respective governments to cruise on the seas shall be taken out of the vessel so visited, though and coasis of Africa, and of the West India Islands, such reasonable restraints as may be indispensable for the suppression of the slave trade, shall be em for the detention and safe delivery of the vessel, may powered, under the conditions, limitations and re- be used against the crew by the commanding oficee strictions, hereinafter specified, to detain, examine, of the visiting vessel, or under his orders; nor shall capture, and deliver over for trial and adjudication, any part of the cargo of the visited vessel be taken by some competent tribunal of whichever of the two out of her, tillafter her delivery to the officers or tricountries it shall be found, on examination, to belong bunals of her own nation, excepting only when a reto, any ship or vessel concerned in the illicit traffic of moval of all or a part of the slaves, if any, found on slaves, and carrying the nag of the other, or owned board the visited vessel, shall be indispensable, either by any citizens of either of the two contracting par- for the preservation of their lives, or form any other ties, except when in the presence of a ship of war of urgent consideration of humanity, or for the safety of its own nation; and it is further agreed, thať any ship the person charged with the navigation of the sain or ressel, so captured, shall either be carried, or vessel after her capture. And any of the slaves so sent, by the capturing officer, to some port of the removed, shall be duly accounted for to the governcountry to which it belongs, and there given up to ment of that country to which the visited vessel bethe competent authorities, or be delivered for the longs, and shall be disposed of according to the laws same purpose to any duly commissioned officer of of the country into which they are carried; the reguthe other party, it being the intention of the high con- lar bounty, or head money, allowed by law, being, in tracting powers, that any ship or vessel, within the each ibstance, secured to the captors, for their use purview of this convention, and seized on that ac- and benefit, by the receiving government. count, shall be tried and adjudged by the tribunals Art. IV. Whenever any merchant vessel of cither of the captured party, and not by the captor. nation shall be captured under this convention, it
Art. 11. Whenever any naval commander, or com- shall be the duty of the commander of any ship bemissioned officer, of either of the two contracting longing to the public service of the other, charged parties, shall, on the high seas, or any where not with the instructions of his government for carrying within the exclusive jurisdiction of either party, into execution the provisions of this convention, at board, or cause to be boarded, any merchant vessei the requisition of the commander of the capturing vesbearing the flag of the other power, and visit the sel, to receive into his custody the vessel so captured, same as a slave trader, or on suspicion of her being and to carry or send the same, for trial and adjudicaconcerned in the slave trade; in every such case, tion, into some port of his country, or its dependen. whether the vessel so visited shall or shall not be cies. In every such case, at the time of the delivery captured and delivered over, or sent into the perts of the vessel, an authentic declaration shall be drawn of her own country for trial and adjudication, the up in triplicate, and signed by tbe commanders, both boarding officer shall deliver to the master or come of the delivering and receiving vessels; one copy signinander of the visited vessel, a certificate, in writing, ed by both, to be kept by each of them, stating the signed by the said boarding officer, and specifying circumstances of the delivery, the condition of the
captured vessel at the time of the delivery, including |tised during the search or detention of the said vesthe name of her master or commander, and of every sel, contrary to the provisions and meaning of this other person, not a slave, on board at that time, and convention, to award reasonable costs and damage3 exhibiting the number of the slaves, if any, then on to the sufferers, to be paid by the commanding or board her, and a list of all the papers received or found boarding officer convicted of such misconduct. on board at the time of capture and delivered over The government of the party thus cast in damages with her. The third, copy of the said declaration and costs, shall cause the amount of the same to be shall be left in the captured vessel, with the papers paid, in each instance, agreeably the judgment found on board, to be produced before the tribunal of the court, within twelve months from the date charged with the adjudication of the capture. And thereof. the commander of 'e capturing vessel shall be autho In case of any such vesation and abuse occurring rized to send any one of the officers under his com- in the detention or search of a vessel detained under mand, and one or two of his crew, with the captured this convention, and not afterwards delivered over for vessel, to appear before the competent tribunal, as trial, the persons aggrieved, being such as are speciwitnesses of the facts regarding her detention and fied above, or any of them, shall be heard by any capture; the reasonable expenses of such witnesses, court of admiralty of the country of the captors, bein proceeding to the place of trial, during their de- fore which they make complaint thereof; and the tention there, and for their return to their own coun- commander and boarding officer of the detaining vestry, or to their station in its service, shall be allowed sel shall, in such instance, be liable, as above, in by the court of adjudication, and defrayed, in the costs and damages, to the complainants, according to event of the vessel being condemned, out of ihe pro- the juugment of the court; and their government shall aceds of its sale. In case of the acquital of the vessel, equally cause payment of the same to be made, within the expenses, as above specified, of these witnesses, twelve months from the time when such judgment shall be defrayed by the government of the capturing shall have been pronounced. officer.
Art. VIII. Copies of this convention, and of the Art. V. Whenever any capture shall be made un- laws of both countries which are or may be in force, der this convention, by the officers of either of the for the prohibition and suppression of the African contracting parties, and no national vessel of that slave trade, shall be furnished to every commander of country to which the captured vessel belongs, is cruis- the national vessels of either party, charged with the ing on the same station where the capture takes place, execution of those laws; and in case any such comthe commander of the capturing vessel shall, in such manding officer shall be accused, by either of the two oase, either carry or send his prize to some conve- governments, of having deviated, in any respect, from pient port of its own country, or of any of its dependen- the provisions of this convention, and the instructions cies, where a court of vice admiralty has jurisdiction, of his own government in conformity thereto, the goand there give it up to competent authorities for trial vernment, to which such complaint shall be addressand adjudication. The captured vessel shall then be ad, agrees hereby to make inquiry into the circumlibelled according to the practice of the court taking stances of the case, and to inflict on the officer comcognizance of the case; and, if condemned, the pro- plained of, in the event of his appearing to deserve it, ceeds of the sale thereof, and its cargo, if also con- a punishment adequate to his transgression. demned, shall be paid to the commander of the cap Art. IX. The high contracting parties declare that turing vessel, for the benefit of the captors, to be the right which, in the foregoing articles, they have distributed among them according to the rules of each reciprocally conceded, of detaining, visiting, their service respecting prize money.
capturing and delivering over for trial, the merchant Art. Vi. The commander and crew of any vessel vessels of the other engaged in the African slave captured under this convention, and sent in for trial, trade, is wholly and exclusively grounded on the conshall be proceeded against conformably to the laws of sideration of their having made that traffic piracy by the country whereinto they shall be brought, as pi- their respective laws; and further, that the reciprocal rates engaged in the African slave trade; but every concession of the said right, as guarded, limited and witness belonging to the capturing vessel shall, upon regulated by this convention, shall not be construed the criminal trial for piracy, be liable to be challeng- so as to authorize the detention or search of the mered by the accused person, and set aside as incompe- chant vessels of either nation, by the officers of the tent, unless he shall release his claim to any part of nary of the other, except vessels engaged or suspected the prize money, upon the condemnation of the ves to be engaged, in the African slave trade; or for any sel and cargo.
other purpose whatever, than that of seizing and deArt. VII. The right reciprocally conceded by the livering up the persons and vessels concerned in that two contracting parties, of visiting, capturing and de- traslic, for trial and adjudication by the tribunals livering over for trial,' the merchant vessels of the and laws of their own country, nor be taken to affect, other, engaged in the traffic of slaves, shall be ex- in any other way, the existing rights of either of the ercised only by such commissioned officers of their high contracting parties. And they do also agree and respective navies, as shall be furnished with instruc- engage to use their influence, respectively, with tions for executing the laws of their respective coun- other maritime and civilized powers, to the end that tries against the slave trade.
the African slave trade may be declared to be piracy For every vesatious and abusive oxercise of this under the law of nations. right, the boarding officer, and the commander of the Art. X. It is further agreed by the contracting parcapturing or searching vessel, shall, in each case, beties, that it shall be allowed and free to either of them personally liable, in costs and damages, to the master to renounce this convention, and all the rights and and owners of any merchant vessel delivered over, liabilities created by it, at any time, on giving sis detained or visited by them, under the provisions of months' notice thereof to the other contracting party. this convention. Whatever court of admiralty shall have cognizance
Art. Xl. The present convention, consisting of eleof the cause, as regards the captured vassel, in each ven articles, shall be ratified, and the ratifications case, the same court shall be competent to hear the exchanged in the city of Washington, within the term complaint of the master or owners, or of any person of six months from the signature hereof, or sooner, if or persons on board the aid vessel, or interested in possible. the property of her cargo at the time of her deten In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiation; and, on due and sufficient proof being given to ries have signed the same, and affixed thereunthe court, of any vexation and abuse having been pracok to their seals.
Done at the city of Bogota, this tenth day of De-president of the United States, upon this subject, be
cember, in the year of our Lord one thou-fore a general council of said Creek nation, to the
RICHARD CLOUGH ANDERSON, jr. espressed a willingness to emigrate beyond the Mis-
sissippi, those of Tokaubatchee excepted: The message, convention, and accompanying do These presents, therefore, witness, that the concuments were read.
tracting parties have this day entered into the followOn motion,
ing convention: Ordered, That they be referred to the committee Art. 1. The Creek nation cede to the United on foreign relations, to consider and report thercon, States all the lands lying within the boundaries of and that the convention be printed, in confidence, for the state of Georgia, as defined by the compact herein the use of the members.
before cited, now occupied by said nation, or to which Saturday, Feb. 26. Mr. Barbour, from the commit- said nation have title or claim; and also, all other tee on foreign relations, to whom was referred, on the lands which they now occupy, or to which they have 22d instant, the convention with the republic of Co- title or claim, lying north and west of a line to be run lombia, of the 10th of December, 1824, reported the from the first principal falls upon the Chatahoochie same without amendmeni.
river, above Cowetau town, to Ocfuskee Old Town, Tuesday, March 8. The convention with the repub- upon the Tallapoosa, thence to the Falls of the Coolic of Colombia was read.
saw river, at or near a place called the Hickory On motion by Mr. Benton,
Ground, Ordered, That the convention, together with the Art. 2. It is further agreed between the contractmessage and documents accompanying the same, be ing parties, that the United States will give, in exprinted, in confidence, for the use of the members. change for the lands hereby acquired, the like quan
Wednesday, March 9. The senate being in commit- tity, acre for acre, westward of the Mississippi, on the tee of the whole
Arkansas river, commencing at the mouth of the CanaOn the question, will the senate advise and consent dian Fork thereof, and running westward between said to the ratification of the 1st article, it was determin- rivers Arkansas and Canadian Fork, for quantity, ed in the negative, yeas 12, nays 28.
But, whereas said Creek nation have considerable imThe convention having been reported to the senate, provements within the limits of the territory hereby, as amended
ceded, and will moreover have to incur expenses in On the qu ion, as before stated in committee of their removal, it is further stipulated, that, for the purthe whole, it was determined in the negative, ayes 12, pose of rendering a fair equivalent for tho losses and pays 28—(the vote being the same.)
inconveniences which said nation will sustain by reSo the 1st article of the convention was rejected. moval, and to enable them to obtain supplies in their
On the question to agree to the resolution to ratify new settlement, the United States agree to pay to the the convention, with the exception of the 1st article, nation emigrating from the lands herein ceded, the it was determined in the negative, nays 40, (yeas, sum of four hundred thousand dollars, of which none).
amount there shall be paid to said party of the second So the convention was rejected.
part, as soon as practicable, after the ratification of this treaty, the sum of two hundred thousand dollars.
And as soon as the said party of the second part shall Important Indian Treaty.
notify the government of the United States of their JOHN QUINCY ADAMS,
readiness to commence their removal, there shall be PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: paid the further sum of one hundred thuiisand dolTo all and singular to whom these presents shall come, lars. And the first year after said emigrating party greeting:
shall have settled in their new country, they shall reWhereas, a treaty between the United States of ceive, of the amount first above named, the further America and the Creek vation of Indians, was made sum of twenty five thousand dollars. And the second and concluded on the twelfth day of February, in the year the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars. And fear of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and annually thereafter, the sum of five thousand dollars, iwenty-five, at the Indian Springs, by the commis- until the whole is paid. sioners, on the part of the United States, and the Art. 3. And, whereas, the Creek nation are now chiefs of said nation, on the part and in behalf of said entitled to annuities of thirty thousand dollars each, sation, which treaty is in the words following, to wit: in consideration of cessions of territory heretofore
Articles of a convention, entered into and conclud- made, it is further stipulated that said last mentioned ed at the Indian Springs, between Duncan G. CAMP- annuities are to be hereafter divided in a just propora BELL and James MERIWETHER, commissioners on the tion between the party emigrating and those that may part of the United States of America, duly authoriz- remain. ed, and the chiefs of the Creek nation, in council as Art. 4. It is further stipulated that a deputation sembled.
from the said parties of the second part, may be sent Whereas, the said commissioners, on the part of out to explore the territory herein offered them in the United States, have represented to the seid Creek exchange; and if the same be not acceptable to them, nation, that it is the policy and earnest wish of the then they may select any other territory, west of the general government, that the several Indian tribes, Mississippi, on Red, Canadian, Arkansas, or Missouri within the limits of any of the states of the union, rivers--the territory occupied by the Cherokees and should remove to territory to be designated on the Choctaws excepted; and is the territory so to be sewest side of the Mississippi river, as well for the bet- lected shall be in the occupancy of other Indian tribes, ter protection and security of said tribes, and their then the United States will extinguish the title of such improvement in civilization, as for the purpose of occupants for the benefit of said emigrants. enabling the
United States, in this instance, to comply Art. 5. It is further stipulated, at the particular with the compact entered into with the state of Geor- request of the said parties of the second part, that the gia, on the twenty-fourth day of April, in the year payment and disbursement of the firsi sum herein one thousand eight hundred and two: And the said provided for, shall be made by the present rommiscommissioners having laid the late message of the laers negotiating this treaty.
Art. 6. It is further stipulated, that the payments time and in the manner as stipulated, for the first irrappointed to be made, the first and second years, stalment provided for in the preceding treaty. Upon after settlement in the west, shall be either in money, the ratification of these articles, the possession of merchandise or provisions, at the option of the emi- said reservations shall be considered as passing to grating party
the United States, and the accruing rents of the preArt. 4. The United States agree to provide and sent year shall pass also. support a blacksmith and wheelwright for the said In testimony whereof, the said commissioners on party of the second part, and give them instruction in the part of the United States, and the said agriculture, as long, and in such manner, as the pre William McIntosh and the chiefs of the Creek sident may think proper.
nation, have hereunto set their hands and seals, Art. 8. Whereas the said emigrating party cannot at the Indian Springs, this fourteenth day of prepare for immediate removal, the United States February, in the year of our Lord one thoustipulate, for their protection against the encroach sand eight hundred and twenty-five. ments, hostilities and impositions of the whites, and
DUNCAN G. CAMPBELL, (1. s.) of all others; but the period of removal shall not ex
JAMES MERIWETHER, (l. s.) tend beyond the first day of Septeinber, in the year
U. Slates' commissionerse eighteen hundred and twenty-six.
(L. S. Art. 9. This treaty sball be obligatory on the con
[. And eight other chiefs.] tracting parties, so soon as the same shall be ratified Witnesses at execution, by the president of the United States, by and with the WM. F. Hay, Secretary. consent of the senate thereof.
WM. HAMBLY, Uniteil Stales' Interpreter. In testimony whereof, the commissioners aforesaid,
and the chiefs and head men of the Creek na Now, therefore, be it known, that I, John QUINCY tion, have hereunto set their hands and seals, Adams, president of the United States of America, this twelfth day of February, in the year of our having scen and considered the said treaty, together Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty with the separate article, do, in pursuance of the adfive.
vice and consent of the senate, as expressed by their DUNCAN G. CAMPBELL, (L. S.] resolution of the third instant, accept, ratify and con
JAMES MERIWETHER, (L. S.) firm the same, and every clause and article thereof. Commissioners on the part of the United Stales. In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal WILLIAM MCINTOSH,
[L. s.] of the United States to be hereunto affixed, Head chief of Coucetas.
having signed the same with my hand. Etommee Trslunnuggee,
Done at the city of Washington, this seof Cowetau, his x mark, (L. s.]
venth day of March, in the year of our [And about fifly other chiefs.]
Lord one thousand eight hundred and Executed on the day as above written, in presence
twenty-five, and of the independence of of JOHN CROWELL,
the United States, the forty-ninth. Agent for Indian afairs.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS,
H. CLAY, secretary of stale.
Whereas, by a stipulation in the treaty of the In
CHRONICLE. dian Springs, in 1821, there was a reserve of land
Died, on the 20th inst. near Germantown, Penn. made to include the said Indian Springs for the use col. Thomas Forrest, a distinguished revolutionary of general William McIntosh, be it therefore known oficer, and lately a member of congress. He was in to all whom it may concern, that we, the undersign the 78th year of his age. ed chiefs and head men of the Creek nation, do here.
Bunker's Fill. The subscriptions in Boston, and by agree to relinquish all the right, title and control of the Creek nation to the said reserve, unto him, the other places in Massachusetts, to the Bunker Hill mosaid William McIntosh and his heirs, forever, in as nument, amounts to 35,287 dollars, exclusive of the full and ample a manner as we are authorized to do. 10,000 dollars granted by the state. Big B. W. Warrior.
Gold. Salisbury, N. C. February 15–Within a few [. And by five other chiefs. weeks past, considerable quantities of gold have been JOHN CROWELL,
found on the land of Matthias Barringer, in Cabarrus
Agert for Indian affairs. county, seventeen miles south east of this place. July 25, 1825.
Mr. Barringer was digging for gold on the banks of a
branch, when he struck a vein of the precious metal, Whereas, the foregoing articles of convention running into a hill, and, pursuing ita short distance, have been concluded between the parties thereto: it became very rich. It was about four inches wide; And, whereas, the Indian chief, general William and, in that space, yielded 140 or 150 weight of ore, McIntosh, claims title to the Indian Spring reserva- which, when purified, will probably make 5 or 6000 tion, (upon which, there are very extensive build- dollars worth of gold. ings and improvements), by virtue of a relinquish This gold differs considerably in its character from ment to said McIntosh, signed in full council of tire what has heretofore been found, either in Cabarrus nation: And, whereas, the said general William or Montgomery. It is found in veins of quartz, McIntosh hath claim to another reservation of land running through slate-rock, while the other is found on the Ocmulgee river, and by his lessce and tenant, in loose sand and gravel, in, perhaps, an alluvial is in possession thereof:
soil. Now, these presents further witness, that the said Mr. Barringer's gold appears to be combined with general William McIntosh, and also the chiefs of the an ore that seems to be less pure, while the speciCreek nation, in council assembled, do quit claim, mens heretofore found contain nothing but the pure convey and cede to the United States, the reserva- metal, or at most, but little drogs. When melted, its tions aforesaid, for, and in consideration of, the sum color is somewhat different from the metal found at of twenty-five thousand dollars, to be paid at the Mr. Parker's, resembling more the yellow of brass.
PRINTED BY WILLIAM OGDEN NILES, AT THE FRANKLIN PRESS, TATER-STREET, EAST OF SOUTE-STREET.
BALTIMORE, APRIL 2, 1825.
(VOL. XXVIII. WHOLE NO. 707
THE PAST-THE PRESENT FOR THE FUTURE.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
(PMr. Clay has published an address to his late this republic, is not so great as may be generally constituents, rindicatory of his conduct in the late pre- imagined. sidential election, &c.; but not implicating others,
"There is a tide in the affairs of men, as was anticipated. It is inserted in the following
"Which, takeu at the flood, leade on to fortane." pages, and, notwithstanding its great length, will be The emphasis with which the general pronounced read by every body. It has excluded several arti- this Shakesperian quotation, and that peculiar flash. cles which we had laid off for the present sheet. The of his eye, so usual with him when excited, convinced stock of materials on hand, to make up the Register, me that he had no very remote reference to his own is not only very extensive but uncommonly valua- prospects. He asked me if I did not believe that a ble, just now.
majority of the citizens of the United States were, at
all times, ripe for revolution? And, on my answering Mr. Calhoux, vice president of the United States, in the negative, he rose on his feet and gesticulated. left the seat of government on Thursday last, for Pen- with great earnestness—"The mass of the people, dleton, S. C. where he intends to spend the summer. said he, are ripe, always ripe, for novelty and innova
tion—but they do not know it. They may have Gex. LAFAYETTE arrived at Savannah on the 19th pure hearts, and real patriotism. But a mere name, ult. and was received by a great concourse of joyous a hero, can "ind himself among the multitude, people. We are careful to preserve the papers, that, captivate the imagination, and lay the judgment as soon as allowed, we may give a regular account asleep. A popular hobby will carry him to the highof the attentions paid to the illustrious guest of the est destiny known to the constitution, and as much nation by our warm-hearted brethren of the south. higher as his ambition may prompt him to go. I have
little faith, (continued he), in the stability of repub"GENERAL JACKSON'S PRIVATE OPINIONS." A long lics. They fall an easy prey to the passions of amarticle under this head, said to have been copied from bitious rivals for power. I was once tempted, by the ibe “Nashville Whig,” has had an extraordinary run insolence of governor Rabun, of Georgia, to march a through the newspapers. It professed to be written hostile army into that state. Had I done so, it would by a late officer of the southern army, who, for fif-have been in pursuit of personal revenge; I should teen years, had been on terms of intimacy, and in have had no other motive. But, if the work of rethe "closest friendship,” with the general; which venge had been begun, other enemies and other mo"friendship” is shewn by retailing to the world a tives would have arisen out of the contest. Heaven! prirate.conversation, that, if it ever occurred, ought to only, could predict the catastrophe!" blast the reputation of any man. It states that he, This thing has not been before noticed in the (the general), at first, believed the people would al- REGISTER, because of the proof which it bore on the most unanimously ridicule his pretensions to the pre-face of it that it was a miserable manufacture, and sidency--that no serious efforts would be made to put should not now have been referred to but for the reathe reins in the hands of a military man—and that, son that several friends hare invited attention to it. therefore, he was indignant at the efforts of some par. Enough has been said to shew what is my opinion tizan newspapers on his behalf: but that he changed of it; but, being on the subject of "private opinions," his opinions, and directed his adherents in the legis- I shall give the substance of some which the general Jature of Tennessee to pass the resolutions (anti-cau- expressed to me on the morning of the 9th February, cus) that they did, though well aware that his defec- the day on which the president was chosen, that were tive education would, in some degree, render him/ alike honorable to himself as they may be useful to "obnoxious to those poignant shafts of satire and de- others. Though I had frequently seen and conversed rision which the event, thus far, realized.”
with him during the last and then present session of The following are the concluding and the most congress, and always with much freedom on his part pointed paragraphs of this article:
and real respect on mine, and, notwithstanding we “), (that is, the writer), merely hinted my senti- had spent many hours together, he never before had ments of his abilities in general terms, and remarked, referred to the presidential question. He seemed without having a particular allusion to his case--that a resolved to avoid it, and it was not proper in me to man's elevation to any office, which is filled by a gene- press it upon him: but now he spoke of the elections ral suffrage of the people, could not, in the nature of made by the people and of that about to be made by things, depend so much upon his peculiar fitness for the house of representatives, with a great deal of that office, as upon the management of partizans frankness and feeling. With the former he oxpressed among the canaille, and the possession of some shining himself gratified—the poll that had been made for excellence, calculated to captivate the passions of the him was honorable, and he was thankful for the confilower order of politicians, which constitutes the elec-dence which the people had reposed-he could never tire strength, not only of legislative bodies, but of the forget it: but there was no assumption of merit in whole nation.
himself that he deserved it-it was the people's own " Would to God!" said the general, "it were other-business, and they had done as they pleased. He then wise. He whose breast glows with a pure amor pa- expressed himself after the following manner: He tria, and, in all his political relations, acts according- had no doubt but that a large portion of the citizens ly, will seldom be exalted by his fellow citizens. In would be satisfied with the choice about to be made, the first place, it requires no small share of address and he seemed to think it most probable that it would and perseverance to make one's self a prominent ob- devolve on Mr. Adams. lle further observed that ject in the public eye. This once effected, he may many, in his opinion, were unpleasantly situated, sride in the whirlwind and direct the storm.” But seeing that they were compelled to act either against unobtrusive merit is always loo meritorious to be sought Mr. Adams or himself--but that this was a matter of by the rulgar, or to go, itself, begging for public ho- small importance compared with an adherence to the pors. Whilst this state of things exists, you may be provisions of the constitution, and the prompt and assured, that the space between order and anarchy, in harmonious election of a president, which now be
VOL. XXVIU. -5.