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Review--The Cottage of Pella.

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we

JEWESS.

“ Fall of Jerusalem,” with which The poem begins with a invocation poem, the scenes exhibited in “ the of Bernice to the Evening Star; and Cottage of Pella” are closely con- her address, her soliloquy, her medinected. To the author of “ the Fall tations, her reflections, proceeding of Jerusalem” this poem is therefore from a bosom agitated with conflicting very properly inscribed. Between passions, and awed into painful soJerusalem and Pella, however, al- lemnity, by the dreadful events which though we may trace a correspond- engrossed her thoughts, are well conence in geographical situation and ceived, and not unhappily expressed. chronological antiquity, must | The following stanza we quote with not expect to find much resemblance. pleasure. The former is big with incident; ex

Evening Star! whose silvery eye bibiting in its final overthrow a com

Beams complacent and serene, plication of the most astonishing Dost thou light beneath the sky events, whether viewed in relation to Realms where war hath never been ?" the fulfilment of prediction, or sur

Bernice, a Christian female, falling veyed in reference to fact, that ever in company with a Jewess, who had filled the pages of history. Pella, an

survived her kindred and the destrucobscure village, rendered memorable

tion of Jerusalem, enters into converonly by furnishing an asylum to the sation with her; and as they walk toChristians, who, through a singular wards Pella, the latter thus describes interposition of Divine Providence,

the murder of her parents in that ever escaped impending carnage, can only memorable siege. be considered as affording an episode to the grand catastrophe, which blazes in all its awful grandeur, from a mag- “Ah! 'tis happiness to see nificent temple, and a celebrated city, E'en the graves where kindred lie; involved in destructive flames.

Happiness denied to me, It is only by making these compa

Last of all my kindred I! rative estimates that we can properly

“ But they have no burial-place

'Midst Jerus'lem's smouldering fanes ; appreciate the little work before us ; There, with Judah's perish'd race, and these allowances being duly made, Lie their scorch'd and pierc'd remains. “ The Cottage of Pella” needs not

“Once, I saw my brothers dwell, shrink from investigation.

Meek in peace as unwean'd twins; Dr. Johnson defines a drama to be Lions in the war!--they fell, a poem accommodated to action; a

Cover'd with their country's sins : poem in which the action is not re- “I had parents; but the sword lated, but represented; and in which

Spared not e'en the hoary head;

At the altar of the Lord, therefore such rules are to be obsery

There my aged father bled ! ed as make the representation pro

“ While his corse the frantic wife bable.” According to this definition, Clasp’d, the steel was at her heart; the poem before us is strictly drama- Kindred flow'd their streams of life tical. The various scenes which we

Death and murder could not part. are called to witness rise in an embo- “O'er them, like a wolf at bay, died form, and pass before us in re

Stood an iron-sinew'd shape; gular succession. We have no out

Death was mercy in that day,

When 'twas misery to escape ! rages committed on probable fact ;

“ Thither, thither, quick I ran, por bave we any supernatural agency

Woo'd his stroke with suppliant breath; introduced, but such as the gospel But the cruel-hearted man warrants us to expect in accomplish- E'en denied the boon of death! ing that moral transformation of the

“Thence I rush’d; but through the fight, soul, in which divine grace displays Safely, as a spirit, past; its saving efficacy.

Not an arm was rais'd to smite, The characters which offer them

Not a stone at me was cast. selves to our notice are not numerous,

“Months and moons seem'd brief and slow,

While I wander'd, spirit-bound; but they are diversified, and well sus- Yet no friend so kind as thou tained; and, in pursuing the narra- Hath my broken spirit found. tive, the author has contrived to bring

“ Christian, wilt thou soothe my state, into view several interesting events Lead me to some resting-place? just at a time when expectation has Nor in Abraham's daughter hate been excited, without leading us to

All the guilt of Abraham's race!” hope that it will receive gratification.

pp. 24, 25.

671 Review Memoirs of the Mexican Revolution. 672

The preceding stanzas, we conceive, spirit of enterprise which stands unpawill set this poem in a favourable ralleled in the history of the human light, and render all further observa character. Hunted by superior numtions on its merits unnecessary. bers, issuing from those nations

In the concluding pages we have through which their names struck some valedictory verses presented to terror, driven from every asylum in George Bennet, Esq. on his leaving which they sought retreat, and at England for the island of Otaheite, as length extirpated by their pursuers, a Christian missionary.

We have the Buccaniers finally disappeared, also a shorter poem, entitled Alinè, and their spirit seemed to be comand another bearing the name of mitted to the deep. Ages have passed Mahomet. These are not without away since these astonishing adventheir respective excellencies, but, com- turers ceased to infest the seas; during pared with “ The Cottage of Pella,” which period, lulled to repose in the they are of minor consideration. arms of superstition, the invaders of

Mexico swinging in their hammocks,

oppressing the natives, smoking seReview.--Memoirs of the Mexican gars, making grimaces at the crosses Revolution, including a narrative of ing the precious metals from the

before which they kneel, and extractthe Expedition of Gen. Xavier Mina. bowels of the earth by the sweat and To which are annexed some observavations on the practicability of open

groans of the unhappy sufferers, have ing a commerce between the Pacific again raised from its torpor, that and Atlantic Oceans. By w. Davis spirit, which, under various circumRobinson, 2 vols. 8vo. pp. 767. Lon- stances, animated the Crusaders

, Cordon. Lackington, Hughes

, Harding, has appeared enshrined in the body of

tes, and the Buccaniers. This spirit Mavor, and Lepard. 1821.

Mina, the hero of Mr. Robinson, in There is an indescribable something the volumes before us. connected with the word Mexico, which It appears from the introduction operates upon the mind like the wand to these volumes, that the author has of a magician. We felt its sorceries visited Mexico in person, and been thrilling through every sensitive part, an eye-witness of many scenes which and, without riding the broomstick, he describes. It is also obvious from find ourselves transported in an instant the interesting narrative which runs across the Atlantic, where, mounted through the introduction, that he reon the isthmus, we gaze upon the ceived from the Spaniards an excess waves of two vast oceans which beat of brutality which far exceeded the against the shores.

measure of his offences, and this may Perched on this point of elevation, in some degree account for the dewe look back upon departed ages, graded light in which they are repreand perceive the sword of murderous sented in his pages, and for that Cortez, and the shades of perishing, tincture of colouring which the eye of but unoffending Indians, flit before impartiality cannot but perceive. us. Our countenances lengthen at the But independently of these circumsight; we become thoughtful; we stances, the account which the author shake our heads at Spain, and say, gives of his own personal suffering, Although vengeance has long been the inanner of his being taken into slumbering, it will surely awake, and custody, his imprisonment, and treatadminister retributive justice both to ment, in violation of the most sothe oppressor and the oppressed. lemn engagements, bears all the

The discovery of America, by pour-marks of sterling truth. ing into the treasuries of Spain the perused his details with a mixture of gold and silver of Mexico, dạzzled astonishment and indignation ; and, the eyes of Europe ; and, in the form after making all the allowance which of maritime knight-errantry, gave a

reason can demand, for the prejudices resurrection to that spirit of chivalry which inhumanity and injustice might which the conquests of reason over excite in the mind of a tortured victim, superstition and ignorance were con- we cannot avoid concluding, that the signing to the tomb. The Crusaders Spanish character remains unaltered were metamorphosed into Buccaniers, in Mexico ; and that, could the groans whose daring intrepidity exhibited a which the victims of cruelty have there

We have

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Review-Memoirs of the Merican Revolution.

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been compelled to utter, be permitted dence. The parity of Iturrigaray's intentions to reach our ears, we should find them was known then, and is still acknowledged, by to be in dreadful accordance with every enlightened Creole in the country. His those that had been extorted from the horrors of anarchy, and from French intrigue.

sole object was to save the kingdom from the unhappy Indians, who perished in the In the adoption of these measures, the viceroy mines of Hispaniola.

was cordially supported by the cabildo, who, The Revolution in Mexico, which by an energetic memorial, pointed out that these volumes detail, originated in the those measures would alone inspire confidence. commotions of Europe, and proceeded remain as the representative of the king; that

The memorial proposed, that the viceroy should upon the same principles with those the existing authorities should retain the same which finally established the indepen- power as before ; but that a governing junta dence of Hayti, though with a widely should also be established, composed of the different result. The Creoles of Mex- royal audencia, the archbishop, the municipaico, although suffering from the most tical and secular bodies, the nobility, principal

lity, and deputies from the several ecclesiastyranical despotism, manifested an

citizens, and military. invincible attachment to the interests “In the formation of such a junta, it was obof Ferdidand, both when information vious that Creoles would be blended with Euof his captivity reached them, and ropeans: but the latter, dreading the ascendency when orders were brought from Eu- which the Creoles might gain from a popular

government, opposed this loyal and rational rope to transfer to France the alle overture, and secretly determined on boldly regiance of America. The Europeans in moving the viceroy. This resolution was Mexico received the French emis- promptly carried into effect; and, privately saries, who spread themselves over arming themselves, they arrested the unsusthe continent, to bring over the Cre- pecting, viceroy and his family, on the night of oles to the adoption of French autho- prisoners to the Peninsula.

the 15th of September, 1803, and sent them rity, with open arms; but the Creoles This act excited universal indignation viewed their conduct with indignation, among all classes of Americans, by whom the and, publicly burning their procla- viceroy was held in the highest estimation. His mation, with cries of Vive Ferdinando administration had been characterized by a VII.! expelled these political intruders predecessors. He was not only benign and just

course very different from that of any of his from their soil. The progress of the in his decisions, but indefatigable in the meaMexican. Revolution, founded upon sures he adopted for the internal improvement these unsuccessful efforts to transfer of the kingdom. It was, indeed, his populathe dominion to the French, Mr. Ro- rity among the Americans, that excited the binson thus describes.

jealousy of the old Spaniards.

“These circumstances, conjoined with the "While the French gained ground in the Pen- subsequent massacre of several distinguished insula, and Spain was torn by contending fac- Americans, and the arrest and banishment of tions, the defection of the European Spaniards others who had espoused the viceroy's plans, became so glaring as to produce, in the short highly incensed the Mexicans. In this state of space of six months, an indiscriminate rising of fermentation arrived Iturrigaray's successor, the colonists. Without concert, from the same Venegas, bringing with him from Spain remotives, and with the same views, the Creoles wards, distinctions, and offices, for those Euattempted, and, in some instances, effected the ropeans who had been conspicuous instruments deposition of their perjured chiefs; declaring, at in deposing the late viceroy. the same time, their determination to hold their “ The conduct of Venegas, during his career country for their legitimate monarch.

in the Peninsula, had not been calculated to in"This course of conduct was no sooner made spire confidence among the people over whom known in Spain, than, in place of being viewed he was sent to preside. He had delivered

up as an evidence of loyalty, or as a great political one or two armies, and had otherwise acted in event growing out of imperious circumstances, a manner calculated to make him a very obit was considered by the Cadiz regency as an noxious character in the eyes of thé Amerioutrageous rebellion, aud war was declared against Caraccas, in the month of August, 1810. “ These events, combined with the recollecBut we must confine ourselves more particu- tion of their former grievances, operated powerlarly to Mexico.

fully on the minds of the Mexicans; and, at Don Jose Iturrigaray, viceroy at that pe- length, the rancour, which had been so long riod, on receiving intelligence of the critical smothered in their breasts, barst forth : for, situation in which Ferdinand was involved, and being no longer able to bear with such flagrant looking with a cautious eye on the strange injustice, finding that every day added new orders of Ferdinand, those of the council of the weight to their oppressions, and seeing no hope Indies, and of Murat, and aware likewise of the of redress but through their own exertions, local dangers which threatened the kingdom, they entered into a plan to hurl their tyrants from the known hatred existing between the from their seats of power. Creoles and Europeans, proposed calling a jun. “In this conspiracy were engaged many of ta, to be formed by a representation from each the most distinguished men in the kingdom, province, in order to adopt a provisional govern principally

ecclesiastics and lawyers. It was ment, in which the people might have confi- 1 conducted with the greatest secrecy, and

cans.

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Review- Quinze Jours à Londres.

676

tended to almost every city in the kingdom. tional character, could not be formed. A simultaneous insurrection was intended in | We can assure them that our Author's the provinces; and the plot had nearly reached maturity, when it was checked by one of those remarks are made with fairness and accidents which frequently prevent the accom- impartiality, and that his work is not plishment of great projects; else, it is highly written-as some Englishmen’s Tours probable that Venegas would have been the in France have been—with a design last viceroy on the Mexican throne.

either to censure or to praise indiscri“One of the conspirators, in a death-bed confession, revealed not only the plot, but the minately; but that it is evidently the names of many of his principal accomplices. production of an observant character, Venegas was alarmed at the magnitude of the and of a reflecting mind. We beplan, but was in hopes, that by seizing the lieve that he has “ nothing extenuated, principals he should be able to check it; and he took the most prompt and active measures has written with candour and in good

nor set down aught in malice;" he to arrest those who were denounced. In the humour; in the composition of his province of Guanaxuato, the head of the conspiracy was Dr. Hidalgo, the rector of Dolores; work he did not forget his motto, “riin which town, and the adjacent one of San | dentem dicere verum;" and he has well Miguel el Grande, many of the conspirators re- learned the maxim of Horace: “dulce sided.

est desipere in loco.“Venegas despatched orders for the arrest of Hidalgo and his party; but, as some of their

We present to the notice of our colleagues were in the confidence of the vice- readers two or three extracts from roy, and knew the measures he was adopting, this amusing and interesting work. they immediately despatched private couriers The first quotation we select, affords to apprize the rector of what was in agitation. the English a kind of negative meritThe intelligence was received by, Captain Don that they are not in general such Ignacio Allende, who commanded a small body of the king's troops in San Miguel. He flew swearers as the French have been to Hidalgo, at Dolores, with the information. taught to consider them. Speaking They at once agreed that flight was of no avail; of the word proverbial in France, as they knew that, if taken, death was inevitable, characteristic of Englishmen on acand therefore resolved on making a desperate count of their addiction to the ipfaeffort to save themselves and their party. Allende having brought over his men, and the

mous practice of swearing, our Author proscribed party being in readiness, the tocsin says, of revolt was sounded, on the night of the 10th “Je ne l'ai pas entendu prononcer of September, 1810: and thus commenced the civil wars of Mexico, which form the subject que j'ai passés à Londres. On m'a

une seule fois pendant les quinze jours of the following sketch.”-pp. 18—23.

assuré qu'il n'etait en usage que par. (To be continued.)

mi la dernière class du peuple, et seulement quand la colere ou l'ivresse

se mettent de la partie. Review.- Quinze Jours à Londres. The next extract we transcribe,

affords Britons praise of a positive The British press has long teemed kind, for their devout attention to with an abundance of publications by divine service. The Author having Tourists visiting France. “ Trips” been at church with a friend, gives and “ Excursions” to Paris, and us the following account of the gene

Tours” and “ Travels” in France, ral demeanour of the congregation, have been issued, till the public have and contrasts it with the conduct at been supplied even to satiety. It is churches on the continent. but fair, therefore, that when animad- J'avoue que je fus etonné, saisi versions on our rival kingdom have même d'une espèce de respect relibeen plentifully made; when severe gieux en voyant l'ordre, le silence, le restrictures on its manners and customs cueill menť qui y regnaient. L'office have been extensively circulated; etait commencé quand nous entrâmes, and when its inhabitants have been et nous occasionâmes un leger mouvepourtrayed with all their imperfec- ment pour nous placer. Personne cetions on their heads;" it is only just pendant ne parut faire attention à that the French should examine the nous. L'esprit et les yeux d'aucun ascharacter of John Bull; and per-sistant ne se dérangèrent de leur ochaps a consideration of this kind gave cupation pour nous.

On ne voyait rise to “ Quinze Jours à Londres.” point là, comme dans certains autres

In only a fortnight, however, some pays, des jeunes gens se promenant of our readers may think that a correct en long et en large pour y estimate of London, and of our na- quelqu'un de leur connaissance; des

découvrir

677
Religious Intelligence.

678 femmes faisant avec les yeux des túre en bâtissant des chateaux de signes qu'elles tâches de ne rendre in- carte, et les lois de l'equilibre et du telligible que pour celui à qui ils sont mouvement en jouant au bilboquet.” addressés, des gens causant de la par- This comparison may be thought tie de plaisir qu'ils ont le projet de severe, but we deem it just. Let it be faire en sortant de l'eglise. L'atten- remembered too, that these strictures tion due au service divin n'y etait pas are made by the native of a country interrompue à chaque instant, d'abord whose attachment to dramas is notopar un loueur de chaises qui vient rious almost to a proverb. If then a vous en demander le prix, ensuit par Frenchman objects to school-boy's un, deux, ou trois quêteurs qui vien- theatricals, on account of their imnent vous recommander les pauvres moral tendency, surely Englishmen et surtout les besoins de l'eglise; enfin and Christians should entirely abolish par un bedeau distribuant des mor- them. Tantæne animis celestibus ceaux de pain benit, que les enfans iræ?A free translation will better s'arrachent avec avidité. Nul objet express our meaning—“ In heavenly etranger ne vient vous troubler, et minds can such affections dwell ?” chacun parâit exclusivement occupé On the whole, we think, that “A du Dieu dans le temple duquel il se Fortnight in London” is a pleasing trouve.”

accession to the pamphlets of the day. The former part of these remarks, It is not, we believe, yet translated ; our readers will readily admit to be but to those of our readers who are just, and the latter part of them we conversant with the French language, found too true in a recent excursion (now almost the language of Europe, to France. Such was the levity of we strongly recommend its perusal; the congregation, in the cathedral of assuring them that it contains just reNotre Dame in Paris, for instance, marks and candid strictures on Lonand so great was the disturbance don and its inhabitants ; and that if created by the “ loueur" and loueuse they do not find “ Quinze Jours à “ des chaises,” by the “ quêteurs, Londres" a bonne bouche, they will at and by both Frenchmen and foreigners at least deem it a pleasing brochure. promenading the church to view the chapels, the confessionals, the altars, and the pictures, that we were re- RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. minded of the hubbub of the royal exchange, and the tumult of a Jewish West Lancashire Missionary Associasynagogue. We can only transcribe tion.-On Tuesday June 19th, the first one short extract more, which quota- anniversary of this branch society, tion gives a useful admonition to pa- which was rather respectably than rents and instructors of youth, re- numerously attended, was held in the specting the absurd custom of chil- music hall, Bold-street, Adam Lodge, dren's acting plays before their Esq. in the chair. The principal

“ to show how Garrick did speakers were, the Rev. Dr. Thorpe, not act.” Our Author's animadver- Rev. Joseph Jowett, Rev. W. Rawson, sions are upon the representation of Mr. Adam Hodgson, Rev. T. Garnsey, one of Terence's comedies at West- Rev. R. Cox, Rev. W. Morton, Rev. minster school; what then would he F. Parry, Rev. C. Wilson, Rev. Mr. have said to the spouting at our Aca- Holt, Rev. C. Miller, and the Rev. R.

Hear his remarks, and re-P. Buddicom. These gentlemen, in member the adage—“Fas est ab hoste their respective speeches, took an ex

tensive survey of the condition of the " Il n'est propre qu' á inspirer aux heathen world, combated most powerjeunes gens le goût dangereux du fully the objections that had been theatre, et a nous fournir quelques urged against missionary exertions, mauvais histrions, au lieu de nous and from the advantages which had former des citoyens utiles. Les pare already resulted from their active tisans des représentations theatrales co-operations, argued the duty of condans les colléges, vous diront que les tinuing to persevere in a good cause. jeunes gens y acquierent de la grace, It appeared from the Report, that

Sans doute, a peu since the formation of this branch près comme on apprend l'astronomie association, £670. 9. 2d. had been en lisant des almanachs, l'architec- transmitted to the parent institution.

friends,

demies?

doceri.”

de l'aisance ..

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