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ligent mind, he employed that chaste, hope I shall stand acquitted, but for simple, but at the same time nervous having paid so imperfect and inade. and impressive style of oratory which quate a tribute to the memory of my seemed admirably adapted to the clu- departed friend.” cidation and discussion of important MrCANNING.—“Of all the instances business: it seemed to combine the wherein the same course has been a force and precision of legal argument dopted, as that which my Noble Friend with the acquirements and knowledge has pursued with so much feeling and of a statesman.
good taste on this occasion, I do not “ Of his political opinions it is not remember one more likely than the necessary for me to enter into any de- present to conciliate the general approtailed statement: they are sufficiently bation and sympathy of the House. known, and do not require from me.“ I, sir, had not the happiness (a hapa any comment or illustration. I am piness now counterbalanced by a proconfident that his political opponents portionate excess of sorrow and regret) will admit, that he never courted po- to be acquainted personally, in private pularity by any unbecoming or un- life, with the distinguished and amiworthy means: they will have the able individual whose loss we have to candour to allow, that the expression deplore. I knew him only within the of his political opinions, however firm, walls of the House of Commons. And manly, and decided, was untinctured even here, from the circumstance of with moroseness, and unembittered my absence during the last two seswith any personal animosity or ran- sions, I had not the good fortune to corous reHection. From these feelings witness the later and more matured he was effectually exempted by the exhibition of his talents; which (as I operation of those qualities which am informed, and can well believe) at formed the grace and the charm of his once kept the promise of his earlier private life.
years, and opened still wider expecta“But successful as his exertions were, tions of future excellence. both in this House and in the Courts “ But I had seen enough of him to of Law, wnsidering the contracted span share in those expectations, and to be of his life, they can only be looked sensible of what this House and the upon as the harbingers of his maturer country have lost by his being so prefame, as the presares and the antici- maturely taken from us. pations of a more exalted reputation. “ He had, indeed, qualifications emiBut his career was prematurely closed. nently calculated to obtain and to deThat his loss to his family and his serve success. His sound principles friends is irreparable, can be readily his enlarged views_his various and conceived; but I may add, that to this accurate knowledge the even tenor House and the country it is a loss of of his manly and temperate eloquence no ordinary magnitude : in these times-the genuineness of his warmth, when it will be severely felt. In these times, into warmth he was betrayed-and, however, when the structure of the above all, the singular modesty with constitution is undergoing close and which he bore his faculties, and which rigorous investigation, on the part of shed a grace and lustre over them all; some with the view of exposing its these qualifications, added to the known defects, on the part of others with that blamelessness and purity of his private of displaying its beauties and pertec- character, dich not more endear him to tions; we may derive some consolation his friends, than they commanded the froin the reflection, that a man not respect of those to whom he was oppossessed of the advantages of heredia posod in adverse politics; they ensurtary rank or of very ample fortune, ed to every effort of his abilities an atwas enabled, by the exertion of his tentive and fuvouring audience ; and own honourable industry—by the suc- secured ior him, as the result of all, : Cessful cultivation of his native taltnts, solid and unenvied reputation. to vindicate to hiinseit a station and “I cannot conclude, sir, without adaninence in society, which the proud- verting w a topic in the latter part of est and wealthiest might envy and the speech of my noble friend, upon admire.
which I most entirely concur with “I ought to apologize to the House, him. It would not be seemly to mix not, I trust, for having introduced the with the mournful subject of our presubject to their notice, for of that I sent contemplation any thing of a controversial nature. But when, for the tigable industry, and stérn integrity, second time within a short course of must be a severe public loss : but no years, the name of an obscure borough man, who has not had the happiness is brought before us as vacated by the the blessing, I might say—to have loss of conspicuous talents and charac- known him as a friend ; who lias not ter, * it may be permitted to me, with witnessed the many virtues and enmy avowed and notorious opinions on dearing qualities that characterized him the subject of Parliamentary Constitu- in the circle of his acquaintance, can tion, to state, without offence, that it adequately conceive the irreparable is at least some consolation for the im- chasm in private life this lamentable puted theoretical detects of that con- event has made. stitution, that in practice it works so “ In my conscience I believe, there well. A system of representation can- never lived the man, of whom it could not be wholly vicious, and altogether more truly be said, that, whenever he inadequate to its purposes, which sends was found in public life, he was reto this House a succession of such men spected and admired—whenever he as those whom we have now in our was known in private life, he was most remembrance, here to develope the ta- affectionately beloved. lents with which God has endowed “ I will no longer try the patience of them, and to attain that eminence in the House: I was anxious, indeed, the view of their country, from which that they should bear with me for a they may be one day called to aid her few moments, whilst I endeavoured, counsels, and to sustain her greatness not to add my tribute to the regard and her glory.”
and veneration in which his memory Mr MANNERS SUTTON.-" I know ought, and assuredly will be held; not whether I ought, even for a mo- but whilst I endeavoured, however ment, to intrude myself on the House: feebly, to discharge a debt of gratiI am utterly incapable of adding any tude, and do a justice to my own feel-, thing to what has been so well, so ings." feelingly, and so truly stated on this Mr Wynn said, “ that his Noble melancholy occasion ; and yet I hope, Friend (Lord Morpeth), and his Right without the appearance of presump- Hon. Friend who had last spoken tion, I may be permitted to say, troin (Mr M. Sutton , had expressed themthe bottom of iny heart, I share in selves concerning their departed friend every sentiment that has been ex- with that feeling of affection and esteem pressed.
which did them so much honour, and “ It was my good fortune, some few which was heightened by their habits years back, to live in habits of great of intimacy, and their opportunities of intimacy and friendship with Mr observing his character ; but the vir, Horner: change of circumstances, my tucs by which he was distinguished quitting the profession to which we were not confined within the circle of both belonged, broke in upon those his acquaintance, or concealed from habits of intercourse ; but I hope and the view of the world. Every one who believe I may flatter myself the feeling saw Mr Horner had the means of was mutual. For myself, at least, I judging of his temper, his mildness, can most honestly say, that no change and his personal virtues ; for they were of circumstances--no difference of po- seen by all. He carried with him to litics no interruption to our habits public lite, and into the duties and the of intercourse, even in the slightest business of his public station, all that degree diminished the respect, the gentleness of disposition, all that ameregard, and the affection I most sin- nity of feeling, which adorned his pricerely entertained for him.
vate life, and endleared him to his pri“'I'his House can well appreciate the vate friends. Amidst the heats and heavy loss we have sustained in him, contests of the House, amidst the veas a public man. In these times, in- heinence of political discussion, amidst dced in all times, so perfect a combi- the greatest conflicts of opinion and nation of commanding talents, indefa- opposition of judgment, he maintained
the same mildness and serenity of disMawes in 1806, died member for Higham thusiasm for his own opinions, or con* Mr Windham, who represented St position and temper. No eagerness of
debate, no warmth of feeling, no enFerrers in 1810.
viction of the errors of others, ever commanding eloquence had been rising betrayed him into any uncandid con- with the important subjects on which struction of motives, or any asperity it had been employed-how every towards the conduct of his opponents. Session he had spoken with still inHis loss was great, and would long be creasing weight and authority and regretted."
effect, and had called forth new reSir S. Romilly said, " that the long sources of his enlightened and comand most intimate friendship which prehensive mind and not be led to he had enjoyed with the Honourable njecture, that, notwithstanding the Member, whose loss the House had to great excellence which, in the last deplore, might, he hoped, entitle him session, he had attained, yet if he had to the melancholy satisfaction of saying been longer spared, he would have a few words on this distressing occa- discovered powers not yet discovered sion. Though no person better knew, to the House, and of which perhaps or more highly estimated, the private he was unconscious himself. He should virtues of Mr Horner than himself, very ill express what he felt upon this yet, as he was not sure that he should occasion, if he were to consider the be able to utter what he felt on that extraordinary qualities which Mr Horsubject, he would speak of him only ner possessed apart from the ends and as a public man.
objects to which they were directed. “Of all the estimable qualities which The greatest eloquence was in itself distinguished his character, he con- only an objecî of vain and transient sidered as the most valuable, that in- admiration; it was only when ennodependence of mind which in him was bled by the uses to which it was ap80 remarkable. It was from a con- plied, when directed to great and virsciousness of that independence, and tuous ends, to the protection of the from a just sense of its importance, oppressed, to the enfranchisement of that, at the same time that he was the enslaved, to the extension of knowstoring his mind with the most various ledge, to dispelling the clouds of ignoknowledge on all subjects connected rance and superstition, to the advancewith our internal economy and foreign ment of the best interests of the counpolitics, and that he was taking a con- try, and to enlarging the sphere of spicuous and most successful part in human happiness, that it became & all the great questions which have national benefit and a public blessing; lately been discussed in Parliament, that it was because tħe powerful tahe laboriously devoted himself to all lents, of which they were now dethe painful duties of his profession. prived, had been uniformly exerted in Though his success at the bar was not the pursuit and promoting of such at all adequate to his merits, he yet objects, that he considered the lees steadfastly persevered in his labours, which they had to lament as one of and seemed to consider it as essential the greatest which, in the present state to his independence, that he should of this country, it could possibly have look forward to his profession alone sustained." for the honours and emoluments to Mr W. ELLIOT." Amongst his owhich his extraordinary talents gave ther friends, sir, I cannot refuse to myhim so just a claim.
self the melancholy consolation of pay“ In the course of the last twelve ing my humble tribute of esteem and years the House had lost some of the affection to the memory of a person, inost considerable men that ever had of whose rich, cultivated, and enlightenlightened and adorned it: there was ened mind I have so often profited, this, however, peculiar in their present and whose exquisite talents--whose
: loss. When those great and eminent ardent zeal for truth-whose just, semen to whom he alluded were taken date, and discriminating judgment from them, the House knew the whole whose forcible, but chastened eloquence extent of the loss it had sustained, for -and, above all, whose inflexible virthey had arrived at the full maturity tue and integrity rendered him one of of their great powers and endowments. the most distinguished members of But no person could recollect---how, in this House, one of the brightest ornaevery year, since his lamented friend ments of the profession to which he had first taken part in their debates, belonged, and held him forth as a his talents had been improving, his finished model for the imitation of the faculties had been developed, and his rising generation.
" The full amount of such a loss, at
every great question. Notwithstandsuch a conjuncture, and under all the ing these differences, he had orten various circumstances and considera- said in private, that Mir Horner was tions of the case, I dare not atumpt one of the greatest ornaments of his to estimate. My Learned Friend (Sir country ; and he would now say in S. Romilly) has well observed, that, public, that the country could not have if the present loss be great, the future suffered a greater loss. The forms of is greater: for, by dispensations far Parliament allowed no means of exabove the reach of human scrutiny, pressing the collative opinion of the he has been tiken fioin us at a period House on the lonou due to his memwhen he was only in his mas 10- ory; but it must be consolatory to wards those liyin studio in the stíte, his friends to .see that if it had been in which, so far as human foresight possible to have come to such a vote, it could discern, his merits must have would certainly have been unanimous." placed him, and which would have The saljict of this well-merited given to his country the full and praise, and ot all these sincere but inripened benefits of his rare and admi- eft:ctual regrets, was born at Edinrable qualities.”
burgh, on the 12th of August 1778. Mr C. GRANT “ had known his la- In ihe monih of October 1786, he enmented friend before he had distin- tered the high school of that city; and guished himself so much as he had having remained at this seminary for subsequently done, and could not be six years, during the four first of which silent when such an opportunity oc- he was the pupil of Mr Nicol, and the curred of paying a tribute to his mem- two last of the celebrated Dr Adam, ory. Whatever difference of opinion he passed on to the university in Octhey might have on public questions, tober 1792. In November 1795, he he could suspend that difference to was placed under the care of the Rev. admire his talents, his worth, and his Mr Hewlett in London, with whom virtues. It was not his talents alone he lived, and who superintended his that were developed in his eloquence. education for a period of two years. His eloquence displayed his heart : He then returned to Edinburgh, and through it were seen his high-minded applied himself to the study of the law, probity, his philanthropy, his benevo- and passed advocate in the year 1800. lence, and all those qualities which Soon after, he took up his residence in not only exacted applause, but excited London, with the view of preparing love. It was the mind that appeared himself for the English bar. In 1806, in speeches that gave them character. be was appointed by the East India He would not enter into the account Company one of the cominissioners of his private life, although his private for the liquidation of the debts of the virtues were at least on a level with Nabob of Arcot; but resigned this his public merits. Amid all the cares laborious situation in little more than and interests of public lite, he never two years, finding that the duties lost his relish for domestic society, or which it imposedon hiin, were incombis attachment to his family. The patible with the application due to his Last time that he (Mr G) conversed professional pursuits. In October 1806, with him, he was anticipating with he was returned Member of Parliapleasure the arrival of a season of lei- ment for St Ives. The following year, sure, when he could spend a short he was elected Meinber for Wendover, time in the bosom of his family, and and was called to the English bar. amid the endearments of his friends. In 1813, he was chosen to represent, When he looked at his public or pri- the borough of St Mawes in the prevate conduct, his virtues, or his ta- sent parliament. lents, he would be allowed to have The disease which proved fatal ta earned applause to which few other Mr Horner was an induration and men ever entitled themselves.”
contraction of the lungs; a malady, Lord LASCELLES “hoped to be the existence of which is not marked cused for adding a few words to what by any decided symptom; and which had been said, though he had not the is wholly beyond the reach of medihonour of a private acquaintance with cal aid. He died at Pisa on the 8th of Mr Horner, whom he knew only in February 1817, aged thirty-eight years this House, where they had almost and six months, and was interred in the uniformly voted on opposite sides op Protestant burying-ground at Leghorn. ON THE SCULPTURE OF THE GREEKS. in every thing which respects the fine
arts very different from ourselves; and -Γενoιμαν
we must endeavour to determine the 'I,' das imisi TORTE
nature and the causes of their taste, Προβλημα' αλιελυσον, άκραν
without allowing ourselves to be seΤσι πλακα Σενια
duced by the depravity of our own. Τας ιερας όπως προσι
The character of the individual was τοιμ’ αν 'Αθανας.
every thing among the Greeks. They Sophoclis Ajax, v. 1217. cultivated his moral part, and they For the last two thousand years, a perfected his physical part, because few blocks of marble, cut in resem- his physical and his moral qualities blance of the human body, have form- were alike necessary for the purposes ed the almost solitary subject of uni- of the state. The case is very differform opinion among all men, and ex- ent among modern nations. What cited, without qualification, the uni- signifies the beauty, or even the virtue versal admiration of the world. The of an individual, to the overgrown Romans took them from the Greeks, empires of the west ? Removed, as we and were not ashamed to confess them- are, to an inconceivable distance from selves overcome by the artists of a na- the Greeks in our appreciation of the tion which they had subdued. In the model, it is no great wonder that we midst of wars and of triumphs, the should have little in common with nations of Modern Europe treat these them on the principles of the imitaa marbles as they do cities and provinces tion. Much difficulty might have gain possession of them by victories, been spared us, had the numerous and cede them by treaties. The an-, writings of the Greek artists descende cients who have written concerning ed to our hands; these, however, have them, speak of them, like ourselves, all perished in the lapse of centuries; and in hyperbolical expressions of enthu- a few scattered notices, gathered from siasm; and by the general consent the allusions of their poets and philoof Greeks, Romans, and Barbarians, sophers, are all that we have in their these master-pieces of art have been room. Among the moderns, on the raised to the rank of so many unfail- other hand, systems concerning the ing standards, by a comparison with theory, as well as the practice of the which alone the excellencies of the arts, on the essence of the beautiful, productions of nature herself can be on the ideal, and on the principles of duly appreciated and admired. It is imitation,-have been so multiplied, yet more wonderful, that though these that which ever side we take in any of admirable figures have for some cen- these very difficult questions, we are turies been made the subject of un- sure to meet with abundance of celeceasing imitation, they maintain to brated writers with whom we must this hour an undisputed superiori- contend, and jealous opinions which ty over all the productions of the we must either confute or reconcile. moderns. We are never weary of ask- Those authors who, in treating of ing, by what art they have been pro- the history of the arts, have recogduced? --and this problem has never nised the superiority of the Greeks yet been entirely solved. In order to over their modern imitators, have geanswer it in a satisfactory manner, it nerally attributed this superiority to is not enough to shew wherein consists the influences of climate, of religion, the perfection of the ancient statues, of political liberty, of the facility with and by what rules of execution they which the naked figure was studied, have been rendered so perfect as they and the recompenses with which their are ; it is necessary to go deeper into artists were distinguished. They have the subject, and to examine what may thought that the genius, the physical have been the causes of this perfection; beauty, and a certain charm of characthat is to say, by what train of actions tēr, which they regard as having been and opinions the Greeks arrived at the peculiar to the Greeks, were the proforination and realization of those duct of the temperature of their cliprinciples by which it has been pro- mate. They have said, that the veduced. To do this well, we must for- neration of the Greeks for the statues get our own habits and manners; we of their gods, and the majestic ideas must transport ourselves into Greece of religion, had elevated the imaginaherself-into the country of a people tion of artists above the sphere of VOL. I.