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In witnessing any legal instrument, remember the words of scripture," that
BUSINESS MAN’S ASSISTANT.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS OF DEEDS, ETC. Deeds, especially Deeds to convey lands, must be executed, attested by the requisite number of witnesses, acknowledged, (or proved), and recorded in accordance with the laws of the several States where the property is situated. Without acknowledgment or recording, except in the States of Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina, they may avail against the grantors and their heirs, (except in the case of a married woman,) but not against attaching creditors, or subsequent purchasers.
In New Hampshire, Vermont, Ohio and Michigan, two subscri. bing witnesses are indispensable. In the other States it is customary for one or more persons to subscribe as witnesses, and it is indispensable if the Deed is not acknowledged.
There should be a seal of wax or wafer for each signature of a party to a Deed. In some States, as in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Alabama and Georgia, a scroll of ink with a pen will answer for a seal.
In Rhode Island and Vermont, Deeds are recorded by the town clerks of the several towns where the lands lie. In the other States they are recorded by recording officers, acting under various names, for the county where the lands lie.
In New Hampshire and Vermont a Deed may be put on record without the acknowledgment, but will be available only against the claims of creditors and subsequent purchasers for sixty days.
Form of Acknowledgment of Deeds in Maine, New Hampshire,
Massachusetts, l'ermont, Rhode Island," and Connecticut, by
Husband and Wife.t Commonwealth (or, State] of
County of —, 88. [town and date.]
Then personally appeared the above named A. B. [and C. B. his wife, and severally) and acknowledged the foregoing instrument to be his [their] free act and deed ; before me.
R. C., Just. of the Peace.
By a Person Conveying by a Power of Attorney. Commonwealth (or State] of
County of - 88. [town and date.]
Then personally appeared the above named D. C., who signed and sealed the foregoing instrument as the attorney of the above
* In Rhode Island the wife must be examined privily and apart from her hus. band, and shall declare that the deed, &c., is her voluntary act; and that she does not wish to retract the same.
t If the Grantor be unmarried, omit that part which relates to the Wife.' If the Grantor be a single woman, let it appear in the Certificate. A wife need not join in an acknowledgment unless the property be held in her right.