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3. A passage between men standing on What can we expect, but that her languisbings cach side.
should end in death?
D.cay of Piety. The earl's servants stood ranged on both sides,
His sorrows bore him off; and softly laid and made the king a lane. Bacon's Henry VII.
His languisb'd limbs upon his homely bed. Dryd. LA'NERET. n. s. A little hawk.
2. To be no longer vigorous in motion ;
not to be vivid in appearance. LANGUAGE. n. s., (langage, French; lin.
The troops with hate inspir’d, gua, Latin.)
Their darts with clamour at a distance drive, 1. Human speech.
And only keep the languish'd war alive. Dryden. We may define language, if we consider it more materially, to be letters, forming and pro
3. To sink or pine under sorrow, or any
slow passion. ducing words and sentences; but if we consider it according to the design thereot, then language
What man who knows is apt signs for communication of thoughts.
What woman is, year, what she cannot chuse
But must be, nili his free hours languisb out
For assur'd bondage ? Skakspeare's Cyınbeline. 2. The tongue of one nation as distinct
THe land shall mourn, and every one that from others.
dwelleth therein; shall lugguisby
· Hosta, O! good my lord, no Latin;
I have been talking with a suitor here, I am not such a truant since my coming,
A man that linguisbes in your displeasure. As not to know the language I have liv'd in.''
Shekspeare. Sbakspeare. I was about fifteen when I took the liberty to He not from Rome alone, but Greece,
chuse for myself, and have ever since dansuisbed Like Jason, brought the golden fleece;
under the displeasure of an inexorable Jather. To him that language, though to none
Spectator. Of th' others, as his own was known. Denbam. Let Leonora consider, that, at the very time 3. Style; manner of expression.
in which she languishes for the loss of her lover, Though his language should not be refin'd, there are persons just perishing in a shipwreck. It must not be obscure and impudent.
Spectator. Roscommon. 4. To look with sofiness or tendei ness. Others for language all their care express, What poems think you soft, and to be read And value books, as women, men, for dress :
With languishing regards, and bending head? Their praise is still the stile is excellent;
Dryden. The sense, they humbly take upon content. Popey LA'NGUISH. n. s. (from the verb.) Soft LA'NGUAGED. adj. [from the noun.} Having various languages.
And the blue languisb of soft Allia's eye.
Then forth he walks, LA'NGUAGE-MASTER. N. s. [language and Beneath the trembling languish of her beam, master.) One whose profession is to With soften'd soul.
Tbomson's Spring. teach languages.
LA'NGUISHINGLY. adv. (from languishThe third is a sort of language-master, who is **ing.) to instruct them in the stile proper for a miuis- 1. Weakly ; feebly; with feeble softness.
Spectator. Leave such to tune their own dull rhimes, LA’NCUET. n. s. (languette, French.] Any
and know, thing cut in the form of a tongue.
What's roundly smooth, or languishingly slow.
Pope. LA'NGUID. adj. [languidus, Latin.) 2. Dully; tediously 1. Faint; weak; feeble.
Alas! my Dorus, thou seest how long and Whatever renders the motion of the blood languishingly the weeks are past over since our loucuid, disposeth to a acid acrimony; what last talking,
Sidney. accelerates the motion of the blood, disposeth to an alkaline acrimony.
LA'NGUISHMENT. n. s. [languissamment,
Årbuthnot. No space can be assigned so vast, but still a
French; from languisb.] larger may be imagined; no motion so swift or 1. State of pining. banguid, but a greater velocity or slowness may By that count which lovers' books invent, sill be conceived.
The sphere of Cupid forty years contains; 2. Dull; heartless.
Which I have wasted in long languishment, I'll hasten to my troops,
That seem’d the longer for my greater pains. And fire their languid souls with Cato's virtue.
2. Softness of mien. La'sGUIDLY.adv. (from languid.] Weak- Humility it expresses, by the stooping or bendly; feebly.
ing of the head; languishment, when we hang it The menstruum work'd as larguidly upon the
Dryderio coral as it did before.
Boyle. LA'NGUOR. n. s. [languor, Latin ; lan. LA'NGUIDNESS. n. s. [from languil.]
gueur, French.) Weakness; feebleness; want of strength.
1. Faintness; wearisomeness.
Well hoped I, and fair beginnings had, To LA'NGUISH. vo'n.: [languir, French; That he my captive languor should redeein. Innguio, Latin.]'
Spenser. 1. To grow feeble; to pine away; to lose For these, these tribunes, in the dust I write strength.
My heart's deep languor, and my soul's sad tears. Let her languish
Shakspeare. A drop of blood a-day; and, being aged, 2. Listlessness; inattention. Die at this folly Sbukspeure's Cymbeline. Academical disputation gives vigour and briskWc and ou's fathers do lanjuist of such dis- ness to the mind ihus exercised, and relieves the
Esdras, languor of private study and editation, Waitse
$. Softness ; laxity.
A candle lasteth longer in a luntborn than at To isles of fragrance, lily-silver'd vales
Bacon. Diffusing linga or in the parting gales. Duncia. Amongst the excellent acts of that king, one # (In physick.)
hath the pre-eminence, the erection and insti
tution of a society, which we call Solomon's Languer and lassitude signifies a faintness, which may arise from want or decay of spirits,
house; the noblest foundation that ever was, through indigestion, or too much excrcise; or
and the lantborn of this kingdom.
Bacon's Atlantis. from an additional weight of fluids, from a dimi.
O thievish night, nution of secretion by the common discharges.
Why should'st thou, but for some felonious end,
In thy dark lantborn thus close up the stars LA'NCUOROUS. adj. [languoreux, French.] That'nature hung in heav'n, and fill'd their lamps Tedious; melancholy. Not in use. With everlasting oil ?
Milton. Dear lady, how shall I declare thy case,
Vice is like a dark lantborn, which turns its Whom face I left in languorous constraint ? bright side only to him that bears it, but looks
black and dismal in another's hand. To LANTATE. V. a. (lanio, Latin.) To
Gov. of the Tongue
Judge what a ridiculous thing it were, that the tear in pieces ; ' to lacerate.
continued shadow of the earth should be broken LANIFICE. 7. s. (lanificium, Lat.] Wool- by sudden miraculous eruptions of light, to prelen manufacture.
vent the art of the lantern-maker. The moth breedeth upon cloth and other la
More's Divine Dialogues. nifices, especially if they be laid up.dankish and Our ideas succeed one another in our minds,
Bacon. not much unlike the images in the inside of LA'NIGEROUS. adj. [laniger, Lat.] Bear
Junthorn, turi.ed round by the heat of a candle.
Locke. ing wool. LANK. adj. (lancke, Dutch.)
2. A lighthouse;. a light hung out to 1. Loose ; not filled up; not stiffened guide ships. out; not fat; not plump; slender.
Caprea, where the lantborn fix'd on high
Shines like a moon through the benighted sky, The commons hast thou rack'd; the clergy's
While by its beams the wary sailor steers. bags
Addison. Are lank and lean with thy extortions, Sbaksp.
Name not Winterface, whose skin's slack, LA'NTERN jaws. A term used of a thin Lank, as an unthrift's purse.
visage, such as if a candle were burning We let down into the receiver a great bladder well tied at the neck, but very lank, as not con
in the mouth might transmit the light. laining above a pint of air, but capable of con
Being very lucky in a pair of long lantborra
Beyle. taping tea times as much.
jaws, he wrung his face into a hideous grimace.
Spectator. Muist earth produces corn and grass, but both Tow rank and top luxuriant in their growth. LANU'GINOUS. adj. [lanuginosus, Latin.] Lest nut my land so large a promise boast, Downy; covered with soft hair. Let the luik cars in length of stem be lost.
LAP, n. s. [læppe, Saxon ; lappe, German.] Now, now my bearded harvest gilds the plain, 1. The loose part of a garment, which Thus dreams the wretch, and vainly thus dreans may be doubled at pleasure.
If a joint of meat falls on the ground, take it Till his lank purse declares his money gone. up gently, wipe it with the lap of your coat, and Dryden. then put it into the dish.
Swift. A leagre and lank with fasting grown, Acd nothing left but skin and bone;
2. The part of the clothes that is spread They just keep life and soul together. Swift. horizontally over the knees as one sits 2. Milton seems to use this word for faint; down, so as any thing may lie in it. languid.
It feeds each living plant with liquid sap, He, piteous of her woes, rear’d her lank head, And fills with flow'rs fair Flora's painted lop. And gave her to his daughters to imbathe
Spenser. In nectar'd lavers strew'd with asphodil. Milton. Upon a day, as love lay sweetly slumb'ring LA'NKNESS. 1. s. (from lank.] Want of
'All in his mother's lap, plumpness.
A gentle bee, with his loud trumpet mur.
m'ring, LA'NNER. 11. s. (lanier, Fr. lannarius, Lat.] About himn flew by hap. Spenser. A species of hawk.
I'll make my haven in a lady's lap, LA'NSQUENET, n. s. [lance and knecht,
And 'witch sweet ladies with my words and looks. Dutch.)
She bids you 1. A common foot soldier.
All on the wanton rushes lay you down, 2. A game at cards.
And rest your gentle head upon her lap, LANTERN. n. s. (lanterne, French; la.
And she will sing the song thac pleaseth yon. terra, Latin: it is by mistake often
Our stirring written lantborn.]
Can from the lap of Egypt's widow pluck 1. A transparent case for a candle.
The ne'er-lust-wearied Antony. Sbakspeare.
Heav'ns almighty sire
Shakspeare. Himself into her lip in fruitful show'rs.
Crasbac. thorn in the poop, but 'tis in the nose of thee; Men expect that religion should cost them no chou azt she knight of the burning lamp.
pains, and that happiness should drop into their Sbakspeare 2.105.
He strugeles into breath, and cries for aid; LA'PFUL. n. s. (lap and full.] As muck Then, helpless, in his mother's lup is laid. as can be contained in the lap. He creeps, he walks, and issuing into man,
One found a wild vine, and gathered thereof Grudges their life from whence his own began :
wild gourds his lapful, and shred them into the Retchless of laws, affects to rule alone,
pot of pottage.
2 Kings. Anxious to reign, and restless on the throne.
Will four per cent. increase the number of
Dryden. lenders? if it will not, then all the plenty of TO LAB. v. a. [from the noun.]
money these conjurers bestow upon us, is but 1. To wrap or twist round any thing: like the gold and silver which old women believe
He hath a long tail, which, as he descends from other conjurers bestow by whole lapfulls on poor a tree, he laps round about the boughs, to keep
Locke. himself from falling. Grew's Museum. LA'PICIDE. n. s. [lapicida, Lat.] A stoneAbout the paper, whose two halves were cutter.
Dict. painted with red and blue, and which was stiff LA'PIDARY. n. s. (lapidaire, Fr.] One like thin pasteboard, I lapped several times a who deals in stones or gems.
siender thread of very black silk. Newton. 2. To involve in any thing.
As a cock was turning up a dunghill, he espied
a diamond: Well (says he), this sparkling foollery As through the flow'ring forest rash she fled,
now to a lapidary would have been the making In her rude hairs sweet flow'rs themselves did
of him; bui, as to any use ot' mine, a barley-corn lap,
had been worth forty on't. L'Estrange. And flourishing fresh leaves and blossoms did
Of all the many sorts of the gem kind reckenwrap.
oned up by the lapidaries, there are not above The thane of Cauder 'gan a dismal conflict,
three or four that are original. Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lapi in proof;
Woodward's Nat. Hist. Confronted him. Shakspeare's Macbeth.
To LA'PIDATE. v. a. [lapido, Latin.] To When we both lay in the field, Frozen almost to death, how he did lap me,
stone ; to kill by stoning.
Dici. Ev’n in his garments, and did give himself, LAPIDA'TioN. 1. s. [lapidatio, Lat. lapiAll thin and naked, to the numb cold night. dation, Fr.] A stoning.
Sbakspeare. LAPÍ'Deous. adj. [lapideus, Lat.] Stony ; Ever against eating cares,
of the nature of stone. Lep me in soft Lydian airs.
There might fall down into the lapidcous matIndulgent fortune does her care employ,
ter, before it was concreted into a stone, some And smiling, broods upon the naked boy;
small toad, which might remain there imprisonHer garment srieads; and laps him in the folds,
ed, till the matter about it were condensed. Ray. And covers with her wings from nightly colds.
LAPIDE'SCENCE. n. s. (lapidesco, Lat.) Here was the repository of all the wise con- Stony concretion. tentions for power between the nobles and com- Of lapis ceratites, or cornu fossile, in subtermons, lapt up safely in the bosom of a Nero and raneous cavities, there are many to be found in a Caligula.
Swift. Germany, which are but the lapidescencies, and To LAP. V. n. To be spread or turned
putrefactive mutations, of hard bodies. Brown.
LAPIDESCENT. adj. (lapidescens, Lat.) over any thing. The upper wings are opacous; at their hinder
Growing or turning to stone. ends, where they lep over, transparent, like the LAPIDIFICA'Tion. 1. s. [lapidification, wing of a fly.
Grow. French.] The act of forming stones. TO LAP. V. n. [larpian, Saxon ; lappen,
Induration or lapidification of substances more Dutch.) To feed by quick reciproca. LAPIDI'FICK. adj. (lapidifique, French.]
soft is another degree of condensation. Bacon. tions of the tongue.
Forming stones. The dogs by the river Nilus' side being thirsty, lap hastily as they run along the shore. Digby.
The atoms of the lapidifiek, as well as saline They had soups served up in broad dishes,
principle, being regular, do concur in producing and so the fox fell to lapping himself, and bade
Grew. his guest heartily welcome. L'Estrange.
LA'PIDIST. n. s. [from lapides, Lat.) А The tongue serves not only for tasting, but
dealer in stones or gems. for mastication and deglutition, in man, by lick- Hardness, wherein some stones exceed all ing; in the dog and cat kind by lapping.
other bodies, being exalted to that degree, that
Ray on Creation. art in vain endeavours to counterfeit it, the faca To LAP. v. a. To lick up.
titious stones of chemists in imitation being eaFor all the rest
sily detected by an ordinary lapidist. Ray. They'll take suggestion, as a cat laps mi?k.
LA'PIS. n. s. (Latin.] A stone.
The lapis lazuli, or azure stone, is a copper Two horrid lyons rampt, and seiz’d, and tugg'd ore, very compact and hard, so as to take a high off, bellowing still,
polish, and is worked into a great variety of toys. Both men and dogs came; yet they tore the
It is found in detached lumps, of an elegant blue hide, and lapt their fll. Chapman's Iliad. colour, variegated with clouds of white, and LA'PDOG. n. s. [lap and dog.) A little
veins of a shining gold colour: to it the painters
are indebted for their beauriful ultra-marine codog, fondled by ladies in the lap. One of them made his court to the lap-dog, to
lour, which is only a calcination of lapis lazuli.
Hill. improve his interest with the lady. Collier. These, if the laws did that exchange afford,
La'pper. n. s. [from lap.] Would save their lap-dog sooner than their lord.
1. One who wraps up.
Dryden. They may be lappers of linen, and bailiffs of Lap-dogs give themselves the rousing shake,
Szeift. And sleepless loyers just at twelve awake. Popa. 2. One who laps or licks.
LA'PPET. K. s. [diminutive of lap.] The sprout of that fig-tree which was to hide the part of a headdress that hangs loose.
nakedness of lapsed Adam. Decay of Piety. Hos naturally do you apply your hands to
All publick forms suppose it the most princi
pal, universal, and daily requisite to the lipsing exch other's lappets, and ruffles, and mantuas?
state of human corruption. Decay of Piety. Swift.
These were looked on as lapsed persons, and LAPSE. 2. 3. (lapsus, Lat.)
great severities of penance were prescribed them, 1. Flow; fall; glide ; smooth course. as appears by the canons of Ancyra. Stilling fleet. Round I saw
LA'PWING: n. s. [lap and wing.) A Hill, dale, and shady woods, and sunny plains, clamorous bird with long wings. And liquid lipse of marm'ring streams. Milton. Ah! but I think him better than I say,
Nains of the mind are preserved in the me- And yet would hercin others eyes were worse : mory, potwithstanding lipse of time. Hale. Far from her nest the lapwing cries away ; 2. Petty errour; small mistake; slight of. My heart prays for him, though my tongue do fence; little fault.
And how in fields the lapwing Tereus reigns, These are petty errors and minor lapses, not considerably injurious unto truth. Brown.
The warbling nightingale in woods complains.
Drydes. The weakness of human understanding all will confess; yet the confidence of most practi- La'PWORK. n. s. slap and work.] Work cully discos i: ; and it is easier to persuade
in which one part is interchangeably them of it from other's lapses than their own. wrapped over the other.
Glinville's Scepsis. A basket made of rcupine quills: the ground This scripture may be usefully applied as a is a packthrcad caul woven, into which, by the cautiva to guard against those lapses and failings, Indian women, are wrought, by a kind of lap10 which our infirmities daily expose us. Rogers. work, the quills of porcupines, not split, but of
It hath been my constant business to examine the young onesintire; mixed with white and black whether I could find the smallest lapse in stile or in even and indented waves. Grew's Mus&um. propriety through my whole collection, that I LA'RBOARD. n. s. The left-hand side of might send it abroad as the most finished piece.
a ship, when you stand with your face 3. Transition of right from one to an
to the head : opposed to the starboard.
Or when Ulysses on the larboard shunn'd In a presentation to a vacant church, a layman cught to present within four months, and a
Charybdis, and by the other whirlpool steer'd.
Millon. clergy man within sis, otherwise a devolution, or
Tack to the larboerd, and stand off to sea, lapse of right, happens.
Veer starboard sea and land.
Dryden. To LAPSE, V.K. (from the noun.] LA'RCENY. n. s. [larcin, Fr. latrocinium, 1. To glide slowly; to fall by degrees. Lat.] Petty theft.
This disposition to shorten our words, by re- Those laws would be very unjust, that should treaching the vowels, is nothing else but a ten- chastize murder and petty larceny with the saine dency to live into the harbarity of those north- punishment.
Spectator. ern fiations from whom we are descended, and LARCH. 11. s. (larix, Lat.) A tree. masse languages all labour under the same de- Some botanical criticks tell us, the poets have fecta
Sreift. not rightly followed the traditions of antiquity, 2. To fail in any thing; to slip; to com- in metamorphosing the sisters of Phaëton into mit a ferlt.
poplars, who ought to have been turned into I have ever verified my friends,
hurch trees; for that it is this kind of tree which Of whom he's caief, with all the size that verity
sheds a gum, and is commonly found on the Would without lapsing suifer. Sbakspeare.
banks of the Po.
Addison To lapse in fulness
LARD. 11. s. [lardım, Lat. lard, French.) Is sorer than to lie for need; and falshood
1. The grease of swine. Is worse in hings than beggars. Shakspeare. So may thy pastures with their flow'ry feasts, 3. To sip, as by inadvertency or mistake. As suddenly as lard, fat thy lean beasts. Donne.
Horner, in his characters of Vulcan and Ther- 2. Bacon ; the flesh of swine.
Addison. On which with eager appetite they dine, Let there be no wilful perversion of another's A sav'ry bit, that serv'd to relish wine. Dryden. meaning; no sudden seizure of a lapsed syllable
The sacrifice they sped; to play upon it.
Watts. Chopp'd off their nervous thighs, and next pre4. To lose the proper time. Myself stood out:
T' involve the lean in cauls, and mend with lard. For which if I be lapsed in this place,
Dryder. I shal pay dear.
Shakspeare's Twelfil Night. T. LARD. v. a. (larder, French; from the As an appeal may be deserted by the appel- noun.] Lane's laping the term of law, so it may also be deserted by a lapse of the term of a judge.
1. To stuff with bacon. Ayliffe's Parergon.
The larded thighs on loaded altars laid. Dryd. s. To fall by the negligence of one pro
No man lards salt pork with orange peel, prietor to another.
Or garnishes his lamb with spitch-cockt eel.
King. If the archbishop shall not fill it up within six 2. To fatten. months ensuing, it lapses to the king. Ayliffe.
Now Falstaff sweats to death, 6. To fall from perfection, truth, or faith. And lards the lean earth as he walks along. Once more I will renew
Shakspeare. His lapsed pos’rs, though forfeit, and inthrall'd
Brave soldier, doth he lie By sin to foul exorbitant desires. Milton.
Larding the plain? Sbakspeare's Henry v.
s. To mix with something else by way of
Your zeal becomes importunate ;
I've hitherto permitted it to rave
And talk at large; but learn to keep it in,
Lese it should take more freedom than I'll girSbakspeare. it.
Addio Let no alien internose
6. At LARGE. Diffusely ; in the full ex To lard with wit thy hungry Épsum prose.
Discover more at large what cause that was.
For I am ignorant, and cannot guess. Sbudspear *T'is fine, say'st thou.
It does not belong to this place to have the Swearing by heaven; the poets thi:k this no
point debated at large.
Watts thing, theirplays are so much larded withit.Collier. LA'RDER. n. s. [lardier, old French; from LARGELY. adv. (from large.]
lard.) The room where meat is kept 1. Widely ; extensively.
2. Copiously; diffusely; amply.
Watt whereas in a cool and wet lurder it will keep 3. Liberally ; bounteously. longer.
How he lives and eats:
How largăly gives; how splendidly he treats.
Those, who in warmer climes complain
From Phæbus'-rays they suffer pain,
By gen'rous wines beneath the shade.
Swij And now, lest he should want hereafter, starves. 4. Abundantly; without sparing.
King They their fill of love, and love's disport, LA'RDERER. 1. s. [from larder.) One Touk largely; of their mutual guilt the seal. who has the charge of the larder.
Milto LÄ'RDON. n. s. (Fr.) A bit of bacon.'
LA'RGENESS. n. s. (from large.]
London excells any other city in the whol 1. Big; bulky.
world, either in largeness, or number of inhab
Sprat Charles II. asked me, What could be the rea
Nor must Bumastus, his old honours lose, son, that in mountainous countries the men were commonly larger, and yet the cattle of all sorts
In length and largeness like the dugs of cows. smaller ?
2. Greatness ; comprehension. Great Theron, large of limbs, of giant height.
There will be occasion for largeness of min Warwick, Leicester, and Buckingham, bear a
and agreeableness of temper. large boned sheep of the best shape and deepest
Collier of Friendshi staple.
Mortimer. 3. Extension; amplitude. 2. Wide ; extensive.
They which would file away mosd from th Their former large peopling was an effect of
largeness of that offer, do in most sparing tern the countries impoverishing.
The ample proposition that hose makes,
In all designs begun on carth below,
Falls in the promis'd largeness.
Sbakspear and large. Abbot's Description of the World.
Knowing best the largeness of my own hea: 3. Liberal ; abundant; plentiful.
towards my people's good and just contentmen Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup deep and
King Cberla large.
Shall grief contract the largeness of that hear Vernal suns and showers
In which nor fear nor anger has a part. Wall:
Man as far transcends the beasts in largere Diffuse their warmest, burgest influence. Thomsor.
of desire, as dignity of nature and employmens 4. Copious ; diffusive.
Glanvilo Skippon gave a large testimony under his
If the largeness of a man's heart carry him b hand, that they had carried themselves with
yond prudence, we may reckon it illustriou great civility.
4. Wideness. many things which have been said before.
Supposing that the multitude and largeness Feltor on the Classics.
rivers ught to continue as great as now; 18 S. At LARGE. Without restraint; with.
can easily prove, that the extent of the ocea could be no less,
Bent'. out confinement.
If you divide a cane into two, and one speak LARGESS. n. s. (largesse, French.) A pre
Bacon. And liberal largess, are grown somewhat light
Sbudspear Reduc'd their shapes immense; and were at He assigned two thousand ducaes, for a bount large,
to me and my fellows: for they give greThough without number still.
Milton. largesses where they come. Bacon's Necu da The children are bred up in their father's À pardon to the captain, and a lorgess way; or so plentifully provided for, that they are Among the soldiers, had appeas'd their fury. left at large. Spratt.