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On the throne
water. Sept. 20th, Wayne surprised near Paoli. Sept. 26th, Howe enters Phila. Oct. 4th, Battle of Germantown. Oct. 7th, second Battle of Stillwater. Oct. 17th, Burgoyne's surrender. Dec. 11th, Washington goes into
winter-quarters at Valley Forge. 1778. Feb. 6th, treaty with France signed. June 18th, Philadel
phia evacuated by the British. June 28th, Battle of Monmouth. Massacre of Wyoming. July 11th, French fleet arrives off Sandy Hook. Aug., unsuccessful invasion of Rhode Island. Nov. 12th, Massacre of Cherry
Valley. Dec. 29th, British take Savannah.
take Stony and Verplanck's Point. July, Tryon ravages
French fleet arrives off Newport. August 6th, Battle of
Oct. 7th, Battle of King's Mountain. Exploits of Marion. 1781. Jan., Arnold ravages Va. Jan. 17th, Battle of the Cowpens.
Jan., Feb., Morgan and Greene's retreat. March 15th, Battle of Guilford C. H. April 25th, Battle of Hobkirk's Hill. British posts in Carolina captured. Sept. 6th, British take Forts Trumbull and Griswold, Conn. Sept. 8th, Battle of Eutaw Springs. Oct., French and Americans besiege Cornwallis at Yorktown. Oct. 19th, sur
render of Cornwallis. 1783. Sept. 3d, treaty of peace signed between Great Britain and
U. S. Nov. 3d, Americans disband their army. Nov. 25th, N. Y. evacuated by the British. Dec. 23d, Wash
ington resigns his commission. 1787. Shays's Rebellion in Mass. Constitution of the U. S. framed
by a convention at Philad. 1788. First permanent settlement in Ohio, at Marietta. 1789. Government organized under the Federal Constitution.
Washington elected first president. Cincinnati founded. 1790. Indian War; Gen. Harmer defeated in Indiana. 1791. Vermont admitted into the Union. St. Clair defeated by
On the 1792. Kentucky admitted. Columbia River explored.
1794. Whiskey Rebellion in Pa. Gen. Wayne ends the Indian England
War. Jay's treaty with Great Britain. 1796. Tennessee admitted. Washington's Farewell Address. 1797. John Adams becomes president. 1799. Naval engagements with French vessels. Dec. 14th, death
of Washington. 1800. Washington made the capital. Treaty with France. 1801. Jefferson becomes president. Tripolitan War. 1802. Ohio admitted. 1803. Louisiana purchased. U. S. frigate Philadelphia captured
by the Tripolitans. 1804. The Philad. retaken by Decatur. Tripoli bombarded. 1807. Burr tried for treason, and acquitted. U. S. frigate Ches
apeake attacked by the Leopard. 1809. Madison becomes president. 1811. Harrison gains the battle of Tippecanoe. 1812. June 18th, war with Great Britain declared. Hull's invasion
of Canada, retreat, and surrender. Unsuccessful attack
on Queenstown. U. S. gains brilliant naval victories. 1813. Americans defeated at Frenchtown; take York, U. C.; be
sieged in Fort Meigs; take Fort George ; repulse the
Niagara. Jackson's campaign in the Creek country. 1814. July 5th, Battle of Chippeway. July 25th, Battle of Lun
dy's Lane. Americans besieged in Fort Erie. Aug. 24th, Battle of Bladensburg; British enter Washington and burn the public buildings. Sept. 11th, Battle of Plattsburg. Sept. 13th, British repulsed at Baltimore. Dec.
15th, Hartford Convention, 1815. Jan. 8th, Battle of New Orleans. Feb. 18th, peace with
Great Britain proclaimed. Decatur settles with the
mitted. Erie Canal commenced.
1819. Spain cedes Florida to U. S. Alabama admitted. 1820 1820. Maine, before a part of Mass., admitted.
1821. Missouri admitted. Missouri Compromise passed.
On the throne
1823. Com. Porter suppresses West Indian pirates.
1824. La Fayette visits America. England 1825. John Quincy Adams inaugurated as president.
1826. July 4th, death of John Adams and Jefferson.
1829. Jackson inaugurated, seventh president. 1830 1832. Ravages of the cholera. Black Hawk's War. Nullification
in S. C. U, S. Bank vetoed. 1833. Jackson removes the deposits from U. S. Bank. 1835. Second war with Seminoles. Great fire in New York. Texan
Revolution commences. 1836. Battle of San Jacinto. Arkansas admitted. 1837 1837. Michigan admitted. U. S. recognizes independence of Texas.
Van Buren becomes president. Financial distress. Trou
bles on the Canada line. 1841. Harrison, inaugurated as president March 4th, dies April
4th. Tyler succeeds. Difficulties in the Cabinet. 1842. North-eastern boundary settled with England. Dorr's Re
bellion in Rhode Island. 1845. Polk president. Texas and Florida admitted. 1846. Iowa admitted. Mexican War commences. May 8th,
Battle of Palo Alto. May 9th, Battle of Resaca de la Palma. Sept. 24th, Capitulation of Monterey. Americans conquer California. N. W. boundary settled with
Vera Cruz. April 18th, Battle of Cerro Gordo. Aug. 20th,
13th, Chapultepec. Sept. 14th, Americans enter Mexico. 1848. Discovery of gold in California. July 4th, peace with Mex
ico proclaimed. Wisconsin admitted. 1849. Taylor inaugurated. 1850. Descent of Lopez on Cuba. July 9th, death of the presi
dent. Fillmore succeeds. Sept. 18th, Omnibus Bill
passed. California admitted. 1852. Difficulty with England on the fishery question. 1853. Pierce inaugurated. World's Fair. The Koszta difficulty.
Perry enters the Bay of Jeddo. 1854. Japanese make a treaty with the U. S. Kansas and Ne
braska Bill passed. Missouri Compromise repealed.
On the throne
1859. Expedition to Paraguay. John Brown seizes the U. S.
arsenal at Harper's Ferry; is taken, and with six com
panions hanged. Oregon admitted. 1860. Arrival of Japanese embassy. Dec. 20th, Secession ordi
nance passed by South Carolina. 1861. JANUARY 9th, Mississippi secedes; 11th, Alabama and Flor
ida secede; 19th, Georgia secedes ; 26th, Louisiana se
cedes; 30th, Kansas admitted. FEBRUARY 1st, Texas secedes ; 4th, Peace Conference assem
bles at Washington—"Confederacy” formed at Montgomery, Ala. ; 8th, Davis elected provisional president
of “the Confederate States”. MARCH 4th, Lincoln inaugurated. APRIL 13th, Fall of Sumter; 15th, President calls for 75,000
men; 17th, Virginia secedes ; 18th, Confederates seize Harper's Ferry; 19th, Volunteers attacked in Baltimore;
20th, Confederates seize Norfolk navy yard. May 3d, President calls for 82,748 men; 6th, Arkansas
secedes ; 20th, North Carolina secedes. JUNE 3d, Union victory at Philippi, Va.; 8th, Tennessee
secedes; 10th, Union repulse at Big Bethel, Va.; 11th,
Union victory at Romney, Va.
Rich Mountain, Va.; 14th, Union victory at Carrick's
mond ; 21st, Union defeat at Bull Run, Va.
Hatteras Inlet, N. C., captured.
Confederates take Lexington, Mo.
Royal, S. C.; 8th, seizure of Mason and Slidell.
N. Y. banks suspend specie payments.
FEBRUARY 6th, Capture of Fort Henry, Tenn. ; 8th, Capture
of Roanoke Island, N. C.; 16th, Capture of Fort Donelson,
Tenn. ; 22d, Davis inaug rated for a term of six years. MARCH 6th-8th, Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. ; 8th, Ram Vir
ginia sinks the Cumberland and Congress; 9th, Engagement between the Monitor and Virginia ; 14th, Capture of Newbern, N. C.; 23d, Union victory at Winchester, Va.
On the throne
APRIL 4th, McClellan commences his Peninsular campaign;
6th, 7th, Battle of Shiloh ; 7th, Capture of Island No. 10, Miss. River; 11th, Capture of Fort Pulaski, Ga.; 25th, Capture of Beaufort, S. C.-Capture of New Or.
leans; 28th, Capture of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, La. May 4th, Yorktown, Va., taken; 6th, Union victory at
Williamsburg, Va.; 9th, Pensacola taken; 10th, Gen.
Surrender of Memphis, Tenn. ; 25th, Battle of Oak Grove,
White Oak Swamp and Charles City Cross Roads, Va. July 1st, Battle of Malvern Hill, Va.; President calls for
300,000 more men.
Union victory at Cedar Mountain; Aug. 26th-Sept. 1st,
30th, Union defeat at Richmond, Ky.
victory at South Mountain, Md. ; 15th, Capture of Har-
Ky. ; 19th, Union victory at luka, Miss.
Union victory at Perryville, Ky.
Union repulse at Vicksburg, Miss. ; 31st, Battle of Mur
freesboro, Tenn. (Dec. 31st-Jan. 3d, 1863.) 1863. JANUARY 1st, Emancipation Proclamation ; 11th, Capture
of Arkansas Post, Ark.
Grierson's raid in Miss. (April 17th-May 1st.)
Union defeat at Chancellorsville, Va.; 3d, Confederates
victory at Big Black River, Miss.