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Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services and the

Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

61-768

WASHINGTON : 1979

COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

JOHN C. STENNIS, Mississippi, Chairman HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington

JOHN TOWER, Texas HOWARD W. CANNON, Nevada

STROM THURMOND, South Carolina HARRY F. BYRD, JR., Virginia

BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona SAM NUNN, Georgia

JOHN W. WARNER, Virginia JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa

GORDON J. HUMPHREY, New Hampshire GARY HART, Colorado

WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine
ROBERT MORGAN, North Carolina

ROGER W. JEPSEN, Iowa
J. JAMES EXON, Nebraska
CARL LEVIN, Michigan

FRANCIS J. SULLIVAN, Staff Director

John C. TICER, Chief Clerk

COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES

HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington, Chairman FRANK CHURCH, Idaho

MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon J. BENNETT JOHNSTON, Louisiana

JAMES A. MCCLURE, Idaho DALE BUMPERS, Arkansas

LOWELL P. WEICKER, JR., Connecticut WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky

PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico JOHN A. DURKIN, New Hampshire

TED STEVENS, Alaska HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio

HENRY BELLMON, Oklahoma
SPARK M. MATSUNAGA, Hawaii

MALCOLM WALLOP, Wyoming
JOHN MELCHER, Montana
PAUL E. TSONGAS, Massachusetts
BILL BRADLEY, New Jersey

DANIEL A. DREYFUS, Staf Director

D. MICHAEL HARVEY, Chief Counsel
STEVEN G. HICKOK, Staff Director for the Minority

(II)

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OCTOBER 1, 1979. To: Members of the Committee on Armed Services and Members of

the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. From: Senator Henry M. Jackson.

At the invitation of the People's Republic of China, I visited China from August 7 to August 25. My visit proved a timely opportunity to continue the direct discussions with Chinese leaders, held during my visits there in July 1974 and February 1978, and with Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping during his historic trip to this country.

I had long and frank conversations with China's top leadership during my August visit. I was honored to exchange views with Premier Hua Guofeng, whom I was meeting for the first time. It was also a delight to carry on my traditional forthright discussion with Vice Premier and Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces Deng Xiaoping.

In addition, I met in Beijing with Deputy Chief of Staff Wu Xiuquan, Vice Minister of Petroleum Industry Qin Wencai, Vice Minister of Foreign Trade Chen Jie, Ambassador Hao Deqing and other high officials. We also had the rare chance to travel to areas of China not yet frequently seen by Americans and meet with key provincial military and political leaders. We visited Xian, with its breathtaking archeological excavations; Urumqi and Yining in the westernmost province of Xinjiang, and Hohhot in Nei Monggol (Inner Mongolia). Our party was cordially received by all the Chinese whom we met.

Accompanying me and my family were Dr. Dorothy Fosdick of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee staff; Dr. Dwight H. Perkins, chairman of the Department of Economics and professor of modern China studies and of economics, Harvard University; Prof. Kenneth Pyle, director, School of International Studies, and professor of history, University of Washington; Capt. John S. McCain, director, Navy Senate Liaison Office, and a small group of other associates.

I am particularly grateful for the generous hospitality of my host, the Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs, and its president, Hao Deqing. It seems I was the first American to be invited to lead a question and answer session with the institute staff, an occasion I greatly enjoyed. I also want to thank Ambassador Chai Zemin and the Embassy of the People's Republic of China here in Washington, D.C., for their essential contributions to the success of our visit.

I have set forth, in this brief report, some basic impressions and findings following my third visit to China.

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