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Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services and the
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1979
COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES
JOHN C. STENNIS, Mississippi, Chairman HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington
JOHN TOWER, Texas HOWARD W. CANNON, Nevada
STROM THURMOND, South Carolina HARRY F. BYRD, JR., Virginia
BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona SAM NUNN, Georgia
JOHN W. WARNER, Virginia JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa
GORDON J. HUMPHREY, New Hampshire GARY HART, Colorado
WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine
ROGER W. JEPSEN, Iowa
FRANCIS J. SULLIVAN, Staff Director
John C. TICER, Chief Clerk
COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES
HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington, Chairman FRANK CHURCH, Idaho
MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon J. BENNETT JOHNSTON, Louisiana
JAMES A. MCCLURE, Idaho DALE BUMPERS, Arkansas
LOWELL P. WEICKER, JR., Connecticut WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky
PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico JOHN A. DURKIN, New Hampshire
TED STEVENS, Alaska HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio
HENRY BELLMON, Oklahoma
MALCOLM WALLOP, Wyoming
DANIEL A. DREYFUS, Staf Director
D. MICHAEL HARVEY, Chief Counsel
OCTOBER 1, 1979. To: Members of the Committee on Armed Services and Members of
the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. From: Senator Henry M. Jackson.
At the invitation of the People's Republic of China, I visited China from August 7 to August 25. My visit proved a timely opportunity to continue the direct discussions with Chinese leaders, held during my visits there in July 1974 and February 1978, and with Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping during his historic trip to this country.
I had long and frank conversations with China's top leadership during my August visit. I was honored to exchange views with Premier Hua Guofeng, whom I was meeting for the first time. It was also a delight to carry on my traditional forthright discussion with Vice Premier and Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces Deng Xiaoping.
In addition, I met in Beijing with Deputy Chief of Staff Wu Xiuquan, Vice Minister of Petroleum Industry Qin Wencai, Vice Minister of Foreign Trade Chen Jie, Ambassador Hao Deqing and other high officials. We also had the rare chance to travel to areas of China not yet frequently seen by Americans and meet with key provincial military and political leaders. We visited Xian, with its breathtaking archeological excavations; Urumqi and Yining in the westernmost province of Xinjiang, and Hohhot in Nei Monggol (Inner Mongolia). Our party was cordially received by all the Chinese whom we met.
Accompanying me and my family were Dr. Dorothy Fosdick of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee staff; Dr. Dwight H. Perkins, chairman of the Department of Economics and professor of modern China studies and of economics, Harvard University; Prof. Kenneth Pyle, director, School of International Studies, and professor of history, University of Washington; Capt. John S. McCain, director, Navy Senate Liaison Office, and a small group of other associates.
I am particularly grateful for the generous hospitality of my host, the Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs, and its president, Hao Deqing. It seems I was the first American to be invited to lead a question and answer session with the institute staff, an occasion I greatly enjoyed. I also want to thank Ambassador Chai Zemin and the Embassy of the People's Republic of China here in Washington, D.C., for their essential contributions to the success of our visit.
I have set forth, in this brief report, some basic impressions and findings following my third visit to China.