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Acheson, Hon. Dean, Secretary of State..
Bissell, Hon. Richard, Deputy Administrator, ECA...
Collins, Gen. J. Lawton, Chief of Staff, United States Army---
Duncan, Admiral Donald, B., Deputy Chief of Naval Operations.--
Allied Powers, Europe---
Humelsine, Hon. Carlisle, Deputy Under Secretary of State.
Katz, Hon. Milton, ECA special representative for Europe
Miller, Hon. Edward G., Jr., Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-
Spoffoid, Hon. Charles M., United States Deputy to North Atlantic
Total government expenditures versus defense expenditures, West-
ern Europe. ----
Information on the operations of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Co.: Letter to
Senator Brewster from Paul Dickens, United States Treasury repre-
sentative, Embassy of the United States, London, United Kingdom.
MUTUAL SECURITY ACT OF 1951
THURSDAY, JULY 26, 1951
UNITED STATES SENATE
Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to call, in room 219, Senate Office Building, at 10:30 a. m., Senator Tom Connally (chairman of the committee) presiding. .
Present: “Senators Connally, Green, Gillette, Wiley, Smith of New Jersey, Hickenlooper, Lodge, and Brewster. Also present: Senator Dworshak. The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
The committee has before it for consideration the foreign aid program.
We have the pleasure of having with us this morning the Secretary of State, who will open the hearing by presenting a statement. Do you have a prepared statement, Mr. Secretary? Secretary ACHESON. Yes, I have, Mr. Chairman.
The CHAIRMAN. You will be subject to questioning after the statement; is that right?
Secretary ACHESON. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. Very well. All right, Mr. Secretary, you may proceed.
STATEMENT OF HON. DEAN ACHESON, SECRETARY OF STATE
Secretary ACHESON. Mr. Chairman, members of the committee, I am very happy to appear before your committee in support of the Mutual Security Program. I know that many of you have recently been abroad to study at first hand some of the problems involved in such a huge undertaking. All of you are familiar with the main problems with which we are confronted and with the objectives of our policy.
But I would like to review with you some of the major reasons why we believe that this program is an essential and vital part of our country's defense and foreign policies.
The Mutual Security Program is based on our demonstrable need for strength and support in the rest of the free world. The need for such support is as great today as it has ever beeen. The present armistice negotiations in Korea, irrespective of their final outcome, have not affected, and will not affect, that fundamental fact. It is essential that we do not take the easy course and delude ourselves into thinking otherwise.
When the fighting was going against us in Korea it was easier to persuade ourselves and our friends abroad of the necessity for a